Children Aged 5 To 11 Years
COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for all children aged 5 to 11 years.
Only the paediatric formulation of Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine is registered for use in children aged 5 to 11 years. The paediatric formulation differs from the adolescent/adult formulation in its concentration and recommended dosing . Children aged 5 to 11 years should not receive the adolescent/adult formulation of the Pfizer vaccine.
AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines are not registered for use in children aged 5 to 11 years.
Booster doses are not recommended for people aged < 18 years, and there are currently no registered COVID-19 vaccines for use as a booster in this age group. Severe COVID-19 in children is uncommon and the primary course of COVID-19 vaccines generates a strong immune response. The benefit from additional doses of vaccine is likely to be small and current evidence does not suggest that booster doses are needed.
Direct benefits of vaccinating young children
Children aged 5 to 11 years in the following groups are most likely to benefit from COVID-19 vaccination because of their increased risk of severe outcomes and/or exposure:
- children with medical risk factors for severe illness
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
- children living in crowded conditions or outbreak areas.
Most children with SARS-CoV-2 infection are asymptomatic or have a mild illness. Vaccinating children aged 5 to 11 is anticipated to prevent:
Indirect benefits of vaccinating young children
Do Both Coronavirus Vaccine Doses Need To Be The Same To Work
Although no studies have yet been published to confirm it, its extremely likely mixing vaccines will still produce a strong immune response, according to Matthews.
This isnt to say the vaccines are identical the Oxford adenoviral vaccine works differently from the Pfizer and Moderna mRNA jabs. While the Oxford vaccine prompts some of your cells to reproduce genetic instructions , the mRNA vaccines instead deliver these instructions straight to your cells.
The bottom line of it is that all the approved vaccines are designed to make cells in your body to produce these spikes, which mimics how the coronavirus works. They all trick your immune system into thinking its infected with COVID-19, preparing it for a real thing. While their methods differ, the outcome is the same, says Matthews.
So, from a biologists perspective, theres no reason why you couldnt mix the two.
Sure, its not forbidden by the laws of physics that there might be some biology at play that we dont know about. But, at the moment, youd have to be on some really powerful hallucinogenic drugs to come up with why it wouldnt work.
In fact, some scientists predict two doses from different manufacturers will produce a better immune response than sticking to one type. After all, the idea of mixing vaccines has been previously shown to boost immunity against diseases such as SARS.
In short: not only is mixing vaccines probably safe, but it could soon be the norm.
Read more about COVID-19:
Why Are People Aged 12
Booster doses are not currently recommended for those younger than 18 years old. Severe COVID-19 disease is uncommon in this age group. The primary course of COVID-19 vaccines generates a strong immune response, so the benefit from additional doses of vaccine is likely to be minor.
Furthermore, there is currently very little information on the safety of repeated mRNA vaccine doses in this age group.
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What Is The Difference Between Emergency Use Authorization Vs Normal Approval Of A Vaccine
Of the three vaccines approved for use in the United States, only the Pfizer vaccine has received formal approval from the F.D.A. The other two vaccines — Moderna and Johnson & Johnson — have been authorized for emergency use. An emergency use authorization is surprisingly similar to a standard approval. It includes the same basic steps preclinical testing, Phase 1 safety trials, Phase 2 expanded trials and Phase 3 efficacy trials that would be required in the traditional approval process. The main difference is that, in an emergency, the F.D.A. gives the application priority and speeds up its own review of the research. One way to do that is to solve logistical concerns early, while waiting for clinical trials to finish. For instance, the F.D.A. worked with the vaccine companies to solve manufacturing and distribution issues before the firms had completed their clinical trials or submitted applications for emergency use. In an interview with Scientific American magazine, the former F.D.A. commissioner Dr. Stephen Hahn said that in an emergency, the agency can prioritize an application over other demands to reduce the four-to-six-month review process to just several weeks.
Does My Booster Vaccine Need To Be The Same Brand As My Initial Vaccine
If possible, yes. The CDC recommends that booster doses match the original mRNA vaccines people received earlier this year. This subsequent dose should be given at least 28 days after the second dose of the vaccine. If you absolutely cannot find a matching dose of vaccine, it would be OK to get the other one.
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What If It Has Been Less Than Six Months Since I Was Vaccinated
While people who are severely immune-compromised can get a third shot sooner, everyone else who qualifies should wait until at least six months after getting a second shot. Getting a booster too soon is probably a waste of a dose and may not increase your antibodies in a meaningful way there is also a lack of data on the safety of booster shots given early.Tara Parker-Pope
Verify: Yes The First And Second Dose Of The Covid Vaccines Are The Same
SPOKANE, Wash As of Tuesday afternoon, 2.59% of Washingtons population had been fully vaccinated, according to Johns Hopkins University. In Idaho the percentage is a bit lower 2.12% of the population.
Its certainly progresses, but were still a long way from achieving so-called, herd immunity. The data shows that far more people have received their first shot and are still waiting for their second dose. The KREM 2 Verify Team has received numerous questions about the second dose and whether its different from the first.
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Why Is This Important
When the immune system first encounters a vaccine, it activates 2 important types of white blood cells.
First up are the plasma B cells, which primarily focus on making antibodies against the pathogen .
Unfortunately, this cell type is short-lived. Your body might be swimming in antibodies within just a few weeks. But without the second shot there is usually a rapid decline in antibodies against the pathogen.
Then there are the T cells, each of which identifies a particular pathogen to kill it.
Some of these memory T cells linger in the body for decades until they meet their target. This means immunity from vaccines or infections can sometimes last a lifetime. But you usually won’t have many of this cell type until there is a second exposure to that pathogen, which happens through the booster dose.
On second exposure to the same vaccine, the body can respond by creating a stronger immune response to fight the virus if required.
It is not yet known how long the COVID-19 vaccine protection will last. Clinical trials are currently happening to find out if we will need annual or longer booster doses to ensure long term immunity.
With new COVID-19 vaccine developments every day, its normal to have questions or concerns, and possibly feel hesitant about getting a vaccine. That’s why we’re providing accurate, evidence-based answers to questions about COVID-19 vaccines.
The Us Center For Disease Control And Prevention Said The Booster Dose Will Be Available For People Who Are Considered Mildly Or Severely Immunocompromised
As the world continues to battle the COVID-19 pandemic, doctors have urged people to get their due vaccines. Additionally, depending on the efficacy and waning effect of the COVID vaccine doses researchers have highlighted the need for antibody amplifiers or booster shots for immunocompromised people.
The announcement has however flooded the internet with questions regarding the difference between the original Pfizer shots and the COVID-19 booster vaccine. People are curious about the eligibility, necessity, and performance of the booster shots. Here are all the necessary details about the Pfizer booster shots and whether it is the same as the original vaccine.
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Who Will Be Offered A Covid
The CDC has recommended COVID-19 booster shots for:
- Frontline health and social care workers
- Those living in residential care homes for older adults
- Frontline health and social care workers
- All adults aged 18 years or older
- All those aged 16-49 years with underlying health conditions that put them at higher risk of severe COVID-19
- Adult caregivers
Agreements With Moderna Pfizer And Astrazeneca
With the CanSino deal falling through, and the VTF revising its recommendations based on clinical trial data from other countries, Minister of Public Services and ProcurementAnita Anand announced on August 5, 2020, that the federal government had committed to purchasing doses of the Moderna and PfizerBioNTech vaccines. In anticipation of a COVID-19 vaccine, the Canadian government purchased more than 75 million hypodermic needles and syringes.
After the NRC found that its current lab would not meet good manufacturing practices Prime Minister Trudeau announced on August 31 a federal investment of $126 million to “design, construct, commission and qualify a new biomanufacturing facility”the Biologics Manufacturing Centre, which was projected to be completed by the end of July 2021. It would be built next to the NRC’s current Royalmount site in Montreal and have a production capacity of approximately 2 million does per-month”.
In September 2020, the federal government committed to purchasing 20 million doses of the OxfordAstraZeneca vaccine. It also announced that it would make a $440 million investment in the COVAX initiative, to help fund the equitable procurement of COVID-19 vaccines worldwide.
In November 2020, Conservative Party leader Erin O’Toole criticized the federal government for focusing too heavily on the CanSino agreement, arguing that he “would not have put all our eggs in the basket of China.”
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Is The Vaccine Fda Approved
On August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first fully authorized COVID-19 vaccine from Pfizer. The vaccine, which has been known as the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, and will now be marketed as Comirnaty for the prevention of COVID-19 disease in individuals 16 years of age and older. The same Pfizer vaccine remains under emergency use authorization for children between 12 and 15 years of age.
What Happens If I Contract The Virus Between The First And Second Dose
If your vaccine requires two doses, you’re not fully protected against Covid-19 while youre waiting for your second shot. There have been a few reports of people appearing to become infected with the virus after receiving their first shot. In most cases, its not known whether the patients already had the virus when they were given the vaccine, or whether they were exposed after vaccination but before their bodies had built up enough immunity to fight off the virus. You should still plan on getting the second dose on schedule, but check with your doctor first. And remember, even after two doses, no vaccine offers 100 percent protection. But even if you do catch the virus after vaccination, it’s likely that you will experience mild illness because your body, has antibodies ready to fight off the virus.Katherine J. Wu
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We Mustnt Take This For Granted
Despite the amazing progress that has been made in vaccinating the world against Covid, its hard to get people to crow about it. The failure to hit targets for distribution of vaccine to low-income countries and the inadequate levels of vaccine uptake in some countries including the United States have people focusing on what hasnt been achieved, not what has.
Its really hard to celebrate when were still in such a mess, said Graham, who is a proponent of developing vaccine production capacity in all regions of the world, so that places like Africa dont have to wait for vaccine donations from wealthy countries next time.
There is also a fear that people will assume the next time will be easier or even more successful, that what happened with Covid will lead to complacency.
I think the danger is that the world interprets what has been done as just something that were positioned to do, whatever the future threat is, said Hatchett. And the fact of the matter is were not.
If we want to be able to respond even as well as we did to Covid, then we have to make those investments in R& D going forward, Hatchett said. But people dont understand that. That nuance is completely lost.
We need to worry about next time. But we also need to recognize what happened this time. And that is a miracle.
Common Temporary Side Effects
The second shot produces a stronger immune system response, so reactions are more common. These temporary symptoms are expected, normal reactions when receiving a vaccine. Each person reacts differently to a vaccine, so its possible you wont experience any symptoms.
Below are the reported reactions to the mRNA vaccines:
- Injection site discomfort, such as pain, swelling, redness, or bruising
- Muscle pain
- Lymph node swelling
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Scheduling Your Second Shot
- Planning for your second shot is important.
- If you need help scheduling your vaccination appointment for your second shot, contact the location that set up your first appointment.
- If you are having trouble or have questions about using a vaccination management or scheduling system, reach out to the organization that enrolled you in the system. This may be your state or local health department, employer, or vaccination provider.
- Scheduling an appointment for your second shot at the time you get your first shot is recommended, but not required.
- If you need to get your second shot in a location that is different from where you received your first shot , there are several ways you can find a vaccine provider for your second dose.
The Difference In Doses
The first dose, Sandy said, primes the immune system to recognize the virus that causes COVID-19.
The second shot boosts your immunity, further providing you more protection from becoming seriously ill from the virus that causes COVID-19, she said. The second dose not only induces cellular immunity for longer protection, but it provides you with better protection against variant strains.
The COVID-19 vaccines manufactured by Pfizer and Moderna arent the first vaccines requiring two doses. Several required childhood vaccines require two or more doses to provide the best protection against disease possible.
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Is It True That Cosmetic Injections Can Cause An Allergic Reaction To The Vaccine
A rare side effect of the vaccine has been seen in a few people who have previously been injected with dermal fillers, also called wrinkle fillers, which are gel-like substances used to smooth wrinkles and facial lines around the nose and mouth, plump lips and restore volume to sunken cheeks.
In a few cases, people have developed swelling in the parts of the face that had been treated with the fillers. One to two days after getting the vaccine during the Moderna clinical trials, three women developed swelling where they had previously been injected with cosmetic fillers. A 29-year-old woman developed swelling in her lips two days after the vaccine, and reported she had previously had a similar reaction to the flu shot.
The American Society for Dermatologic Surgery said the side effect also has been seen after viral and bacterial illnesses, other vaccinations and dental procedures. The group said people with dermal fillers should not delay or avoid the Covid vaccine. The side effect is rare, temporary and responds to treatments such as oral corticosteroids and an enzyme called hyaluronidase. The swelling also can resolve without treatment. The side effect has not been seen with wrinkle-relaxing injections like Botox or Dysport. If youre concerned or not sure what type of injection youve gotten in the past, check with the doctor who gave you the cosmetic treatment.Tara Parker-Pope
Why Children And Teens Should Get Vaccinated For Covid
There are approximately 28 million children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old in the United States, and there have been nearly 2 million cases of COVID-19 within this age group during the pandemic. COVID-19 can make children very sick and cause children to be hospitalized. In some situations, the complications from infection can lead to death.
Children are as likely to be infected with COVID-19 as adults and can
- Get very sick from COVID-19
- Have both short and long-term health complications from COVID-19
- Spread COVID-19 to others, including at home and school
As of mid-October 2021, children ages 5 through 11 years have experienced more than 8,300 COVID-19 related hospitalizations and nearly 100 deaths from COVID-19. In fact, COVID-19 ranks as one of the top 10 causes of death for children ages 5 through 11 years.
Children who get infected with COVID-19 can also develop serious complications like multisystem inflammatory syndrome a condition where different body parts become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. Since the pandemic began, more than 2,300 cases of MIS-C have been reported in children ages 5 through 11 years. Children with underlying medical conditions are more at risk for severe illness from COVID-19 compared with children without underlying medical conditions.
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