Are There Additional Covid
Bollinger says that as of now, none of the new coronavirus variants call for any new prevention strategies. We need to continue doing the basic precautions that we know work to interrupt spread of the virus, he says.
Ray concurs: There is no demonstration yet that these variants are biologically different in ways that would require any change in current recommendations meant to limit spread of COVID-19, he says. Nonetheless, we must continue to be vigilant for such phenomena.
Ray stresses that both vaccination and human behavior are important. It is striking to note that 99% of COVID-19 deaths are now occurring in unvaccinated people, when most adults in the USA have been vaccinated, he says. The more people who are unvaccinated and infected, the more chances there are for mutations to occur. Limiting the spread of the virus through maintaining COVID-19 safeguards gives the virus fewer chances to change. It also reduces the spread of more infectious variants, if they do occur.
Vaccines are the medical miracle of 2020, but we need to re-emphasize basic public health measures, including masking, physical distancing, good ventilation indoors and limiting gatherings of people in close proximity with poor ventilation. We give the virus an advantage to evolve when we congregate in more confined spaces, he says.
Is The Johnson & Johnson Vaccine Safe For Women
The CDC and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices approve vaccination with the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine among people 18 years and older. However, women younger than 50 years old should be aware of the rare but increased risk of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome .
TTS is a serious condition that involves blood clots with low platelets. The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are not associated with this risk. You may feel more comfortable choosing one of these vaccines if you are a woman under 50.
How Reliable Are The Tests For Covid
Two types of diagnostic tests are currently available in the US. PCR tests detect viral RNA. Antigen tests, also called rapid diagnostic tests, detect specific proteins on the surface of the coronavirus. Antigen test results may come back in as little as 15 to 45 minutes you may wait several days or longer for PCR test results.
The accuracy of any diagnostic test depends on many factors, including whether the sample was collected properly. For PCR tests, which are typically analyzed in a laboratory, test results may be affected by the conditions in which the test was shipped to the laboratory.
Results may also be affected by the timing of the test. For example, if you are tested on the day you were infected, your test result is almost guaranteed to come back negative, because there are not yet enough viral particles in your nose or saliva to detect. The chance of getting a false negative test result decreases if you are tested a few days after you were infected, or a few days after you develop symptoms.
Generally speaking, if a test result comes back positive, it is almost certain that the person is infected.
A negative test result is less definite. There is a higher chance of false negatives with antigen tests. If you have a negative result on an antigen test, your doctor may order a PCR test to confirm the result.
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What Does Fda Approval Mean
An FDA-approved vaccine has undergone the FDAs standard process for reviewing the quality, safety and effectiveness of medical products. With FDA approval, you can be very confident that the vaccine meets the FDAs high standards for safety, effectiveness, and manufacturing quality.
Before granting approval, the FDA carefully reviews very specific data and information about the vaccine. For the Pfizer vaccine , this data builds upon the extensive data and information that was submitted to receive Emergency Use Authorization . This includes preclinical and clinical data and information, manufacturing details, vaccine testing results, and inspections of the sites where the vaccine is made. The FDA conducts their own analyses of the information to make sure the vaccine is safe and effective and meets their standards for approval.
Full approval may reassure some people who have been hesitant about getting vaccinated. In fact, 30% of unvaccinated adults recently surveyed by the Kaiser Family Foundation said they would be more likely to get vaccinated when one of the vaccines receives full FDA approval.
For How Long After I Am Infected Will I Continue To Be Contagious At What Point In My Illness Will I Be Most Contagious
People are thought to be most contagious early in the course of their illness, when they are beginning to experience symptoms, especially if they are coughing and sneezing. But people with no symptoms can also spread the coronavirus to other people. In fact, people who are infected may be more likely to spread the illness if they are asymptomatic, or in the days before they develop symptoms, because they are less likely to be isolating or adopting behaviors designed to prevent spread.
A full, 14-day quarantine remains the best way to avoid spreading the virus to others after you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19. However, according to CDC guidelines, you may discontinue quarantine after a minimum of 10 days if you do not have any symptoms, or after a minimum of seven days if you have a negative COVID test within 48 hours of when you plan to end quarantine.
If you are fully vaccinated and have been around someone with or suspected of having COVID-19 you do not need to quarantine. However, as of July 2021, the CDC recommends that you be tested thre to five days after exposure, and wear a mask in public indoor settings for 14 days or until you receive a negative test result.
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Vaccine Side Effects Not Signs Of Contagion
Some people experiencing short-lived symptoms from the COVID-19 vaccinefever, chills, nausea, headachehave wondered if the shot has left them contagious. The answer is: no, it has not.
Doctors say it is normal to have side effects after the vaccine, with stronger ones more likely after the second dose in fact, it is a sign the vaccine is working. But if you have a fever or other side effects which continue for longer than 24 hours, you should call your doctor, as it likely means you were exposed to the virus before getting vaccinated, or sick from something else entirely.
Another thing to consider: If youve had COVID-19 before, your side effects might be worse.
If youve had COVID before, then your body, for the most part, should have some type of immunity to COVID, said Dr. Joseph Pepe, administrator of the Florida Department of Health in Charlotte County. If you get vaccinated, what ends up happening is its like youve been vaccinated once already by having it naturally. And so what ends up happening is when you get that first shot, your body will more likely react to it as if it were the second shot, just because of the fact that youve already demonstrated immunity to it, and your body identifies the vaccine and reacts to it, which is a good thing.
Pepe says if youre feeling symptoms, youre not contagious and there is no need to get a test unless the symptoms have exceeded that 24-hour period.
Vaccination Card And Your Second Shot
At your first vaccination appointment, you should have received a vaccination card that tells you what COVID-19 vaccine you received, the date you received it, and where you received it. Bring this vaccination card to your second vaccination appointment.
- If you did not receive a COVID-19 vaccination card at your first appointment, contact the vaccination provider site where you got your first shot or your state health department to find out how you can get a card.
- If you have lost your vaccination card or dont have a copy, contact your vaccination provider directly to access your vaccination record.
- If you cannot contact your vaccination provider directly, contact your state health departments immunization information system . You can find state IIS information on the CDC website. Vaccination providers are required to report COVID-19 vaccinations to their IIS and related systems.
- If you enrolled in v-safe or VaxText after your first vaccine dose, you can access your vaccination information using those tools.
- If you have made every effort to locate your vaccination information, are unable to get a copy or replacement of your vaccination card, and still need a second shot, talk to a vaccination provider.
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Coronavirus Has Been Around For The Past Year It Has Created Doubts And Feelings Of Anxiety Everywhere People Are Losing Their Family Members And It Is Just Very Painful To Watch However On The Positive Side Scientists Have Developed Vaccines Covid
Coronavirus has been around for the past year. It has created doubts and feelings of anxiety everywhere. People are losing their family members and it is just very painful to watch. However, on the positive side scientists have developed vaccines. COVID-19 vaccines are being administrated at a large scale. But apparently, there are a few side effects as well of the COVID-19 vaccine. Having side effects raise questions in our minds. One of the most common questions is are the coronavirus vaccines side effects contagious? What if someone in my family gets it? Well, here is everything you need to know about it.
What Are The Known Side Effects Of The Vaccines
As with many vaccines, there are some side effects, says Dr. Scheraga, but those side effects are relatively mild. The side effects are mainly:
- Arm soreness at the site of the injection
- Swollen lymph nodes
The data shows that side effects are more commonly felt after the second dose of Pfizer or Modernas vaccine rather than after the first dose. With Johnson & Johnsons vaccine, commonly reported side effects were arm soreness, headache, muscle aches and nausea. Most of the side effects occurred one or two days after vaccination.
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What Is The Difference Between A Pcr Test And An Antigen Test For Covid
PCR tests and antigen tests are both diagnostic tests, which means that they can be used to determine whether you currently have an active coronavirus infection. However, there are important differences between these two types of tests.
PCR tests detect the presence of the virus’s genetic material using a technique called reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, or RT-PCR. For this test, a sample may be collected through a nasal or throat swab, or a saliva sample may be used. The sample is typically sent to a laboratory where coronavirus RNA is extracted from the sample and converted into DNA. The DNA is then amplified, meaning that many of copies of the viral DNA are made, in order to produce a measurable result. The accuracy of any diagnostic test depends on many factors, including whether the sample was collected properly, when during the course of illness the testing was done, and whether the sample was maintained in appropriate conditions while it was shipped to the laboratory. Generally speaking, PCR tests are highly accurate. However, it can take days to over a week to get the results of a PCR test.
It may be helpful to think of a COVID antigen test as you would think of a rapid strep test or a rapid flu test. A positive result for any of these tests is likely to be accurate, and allows diagnosis and treatment to begin quickly, while a negative result often results in further testing to confirm or overturn the initial result.
What Share Of The Population Has Been Fully Vaccinated Against Covid
The following chart shows the share of the total population that has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. This represents the share that have received all doses prescribed by the vaccination protocol. If a person receives the first dose of a 2-dose vaccine, this metric stays the same. If they receive the second dose, the metric goes up by 1.
This data is only available for countries which report the breakdown of doses administered by first and second doses.
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Can Children Get A Covid
Several COVID-19 vaccines have been authorized for emergency use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration . One of these vaccines is authorized for people age12 and over, with authorization for younger children likely in the months ahead. Johns Hopkins Medicine views all authorized COVID-19 vaccines as highly effective at preventing serious disease, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19.
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How Can I Protect Myself And My Family Against The Delta Variant
Keep yourself updated on the level of COVID-19 transmission in your community and follow local guidance. In general, the higher the rate of transmission, the higher the risk of potential exposure in public settings. Here are some key ways to protect yourself and your loved ones:
- Avoid crowded spaces and keep your distance from others.
- Keep all indoor spaces well ventilated .
- Wear a mask when in public places where there is community transmission and where physical distancing is not possible.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub.
- When its your turn, get vaccinated. WHO-approved COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective.
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What Types Of Medications And Health Supplies Should I Have On Hand For An Extended Stay At Home
Try to stock at least a 30-day supply of any needed prescriptions. If your insurance permits 90-day refills, that’s even better. Make sure you also have over-the-counter medications and other health supplies on hand.
Medical and health supplies
- prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood-pressure monitoring equipment
- fever and pain medicine, such as acetaminophen
- cough and cold medicines
- soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- tissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers, tampons, sanitary napkins
- garbage bags.
Will My Vaccine Side Effects Be Worse If I’ve Had Covid
Side effects from the second shot are sometimes more intense than the first. However, people who have already had COVID-19 might experience more significant side effects even after their first dose of the vaccine.
In a way, this is a good sign that your body is recognizing the fragment of the virus and mounting an immune response to fight it, Juthani says. The immunity developed from the vaccine is much stronger than immunity from natural infection, so it is still worth getting vaccinated.
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Natural Immunity And Disease Prevention
Vaccines help your immune system get ready to protect against a disease without making you sick.
You may become naturally immune after being exposed to a disease. However, the risks of severe complications or even death are much greater than the risks of a severe reaction after getting a vaccine.
For example, if your child gets meningitis naturally, they have a 1 in 10 chance of dying. Those that survive have a 1 in 5 chance of:
- loss of limbs
- brain damage
An infected person can also spread the disease to others in the community before they show symptoms. Groups at risk include:
- older adults
- those with underlying health conditions
Delta Variant: What We Know About The Science
On July 27, 2021, CDC released on the need for urgently increasing COVID-19 vaccination coverage and a recommendation for everyone in areas of substantial or high transmission to wear a mask in public indoor places, even if they are fully vaccinated. CDC issued this new guidance due to several concerning developments and newly emerging data signals.
First, a significant increase in new cases reversed what had been a steady decline since January 2021. In the days leading up to our guidance update, CDC saw a rapid and alarming rise in the COVID-19 case and hospitalization rates around the country.
- In late June, the 7-day moving average of reported cases was around 12,000. On July 27, the 7-day moving average of cases reached over 60,000. This case rate looked more like the rate of cases we had seen before the vaccine was widely available.
Second, new data began to emerge that the Delta variant was more infectious and was leading to increased transmissibility when compared with other variants, even in some vaccinated individuals. This includes recently published data from CDC and our public health partners, unpublished surveillance data that will be publicly available in the coming weeks, information included in CDCs updated Science Brief on COVID-19 Vaccines and Vaccination, and ongoing outbreak investigations linked to the Delta variant.
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If I Get Sick With Covid
It varies. Most people with mild cases appear to recover within one to two weeks. However, recent surveys conducted by the CDC found that recovery may take longer than previously thought, even for adults with milder cases who do not require hospitalization. The CDC survey found that one-third of these adults had not returned to normal health within two to three weeks of testing positive for COVID-19. Among younger adults who did not require hospitalization and who did not have any underlying health conditions, nearly one in five had not returned to normal health within two to three weeks after testing positive for COVID-19. With severe cases, recovery can take six weeks or more.
Some people may experience longer-term physical, cognitive, and psychological problems. Their symptoms may alternately improve and worsen over time, and can include a variety of difficulties, from fatigue and trouble concentrating to anxiety, muscle weakness, and continuing shortness of breath.