Throughout The Rest Of Your Body:
Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after getting a mRNA COVID-19 vaccine , should not get another dose of either of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after receiving Johnson & Johnsons Janssen COVID-19 vaccine, should not receive another dose of that vaccine.
Deltaand Omicroncould Lead To ‘hyperlocal Outbreaks’
If Deltaand now Omicroncontinue to accelerate the pandemic, Dr. Wilson says the biggest questions will be about the heightened transmissibility. The answer could depend, in part, on where you liveand how many people in your location are vaccinated, he says. I call it patchwork vaccination, where you have these pockets that are highly vaccinated that are adjacent to places that have 20% vaccination, Dr. Wilson says. The problem is that this allows the virus to hop, skip, and jump from one poorly vaccinated area to another.
In some cases, a low-vaccination town that is surrounded by high vaccination areas could end up with the virus contained within its borders, and the result could be hyperlocal outbreaks, he says. Then, the pandemic could look different than what weve seen before, where there are real hotspots around the country.
So, instead of a three- or four-year pandemic that peters out once enough people are vaccinated, an uptick in cases would be compressed into a shorter period of time. That sounds almost like a good thing, Dr. Wilson says. Its not. If too many people are infected at once in a particular area, the local health care system will become overwhelmed, and more people will die, he says. Thats something we have to worry about a lot.
Alert Those You Came In Close Contact With
There may be a period of panic after testing positive not just for your own health, but for the health of others you may have been around recently.
As soon as possible, identify anyone with whom you came in close contact while contagious and alert them that you’ve tested positive.
You’re contagious with COVID-19 as early as:
- Two days prior to symptom onset or testing positive
If you have COVID-19, close contact is defined as:
- Being within 6 feet of someone for a combined total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period while contagious
Bottom line: It’s incredibly important to let people know that they have been exposed, so they can take the necessary quarantine precautions and get tested as recommended.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is The Rapid Test At Cvs
How Can I Protect Myself While Caring For Someone That May Have Covid
You should take many of the same precautions as you would if you were caring for someone with the flu:
- Stay in another room or be separated from the person as much as possible. Use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if available.
- Make sure that shared spaces in the home have good air flow. If possible, open a window.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains 60 to 95% alcohol, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry. Use soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Extra precautions:
- You and the person should wear a face mask if you are in the same room.
- Wear a disposable face mask and gloves when you touch or have contact with the person’s blood, stool, or body fluids, such as saliva, sputum, nasal mucus, vomit, urine.
- Throw out disposable face masks and gloves after using them. Do not reuse.
- First remove and throw away gloves. Then, immediately clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Next, remove and throw away the face mask, and immediately clean your hands again with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
What Should I Do If Im Fully Vaccinated And Ive Been Exposed To The Coronavirus
If youre fully vaccinated and youve come in contact with someone infected with COVID-19, you dont need to quarantine unless you have possible COVID symptoms.
Even if you dont have any symptoms, the CDC recommends that you:
- Get tested 5-7 days after exposure.
- Wear a mask indoors in public for 14 days after exposure or until your COVID-19 test result is negative.
You May Like: How Much Is A Cvs Covid Test
What Is Viral Load
Viral load refers to the amount of virus present in someones bodily fluids at a given point in time. Scientists can measure this by looking at your blood, or more commonly in COVID, swabs of your nose and throat.
Generally, higher viral loads are thought to correspond to a more contagious individual.
However, this isnt always clear in reality. For example, some people with COVID who dont have symptoms and have low viral loads transmit more, as they are less likely to follow social distancing, mask wearing, and stay at home.
The evidence on how viral load relates to severity of disease is mixed. Some studies find no relationship between the amount of virus in swabs and poorer outcomes, but others find an increased death rate with increasing viral load.
What Is The Incubation Period For The Omicron Variant
Omicron is now the most dominant strain of coronavirus in the U.S., and its incubation period may be shorter than those of previous variants. Research is just beginning. But some scientists who’ve studied Omicron and doctors who’ve treated patients with it suggest the right number might be around 3 days.
Some early research suggests Omicron may be more contagious than the Delta variant. But health experts are still looking into how sick it can make people and how well vaccines and treatments work against it.
They expect vaccines and booster shots to help protect people from serious illness, hospitalization, and death. If youre fully vaccinated and you get a breakthrough infection of Omicron, youre less likely to become seriously ill than an unvaccinated person.
Don’t Miss: Cvs Rapid Testing Price
What Is The Incubation Period For Covid
Viruses are constantly changing, which sometimes leads to new strains called variants. Different COVID-19 variants can have different incubation periods.
When researchers set out to learn the incubation period for the original strain of the coronavirus, they studied dozens of confirmed cases reported between Jan. 4 and Feb. 24, 2020. These cases included only people who knew that theyd been around someone who was sick.
On average, symptoms showed up in the newly infected person about 5.6 days after contact. Rarely, symptoms appeared as soon as 2 days after exposure. Most people with symptoms had them by day 12. And most of the other ill people were sick by day 14. In rare cases, symptoms can show up after 14 days. Researchers think this happens with about 1 out of every 100 people.
Some people may have the coronavirus and never show symptoms. Others may not know that they have it because their symptoms are very mild. Current studies might not include the mildest cases, and the incubation period could be different for these.
What We Know About Vaccine Breakthrough Infections
- Vaccine breakthrough infections are expected. COVID-19 vaccines are effective at preventing most infections. However, like other vaccines, they are not 100% effective.
- Fully vaccinated people with a vaccine breakthrough infection are less likely to develop serious illness than those who are unvaccinated and get COVID-19.
- Even when fully vaccinated people develop symptoms, they tend to be less severe symptoms than in unvaccinated people. This means they are much less likely to be hospitalized or die than people who are not vaccinated.
- People who get vaccine breakthrough infections can be contagious.
CDC is collecting data on vaccine breakthrough infections and is closely monitoring the safety and effectiveness of all Food and Drug Administration approved and authorized COVID-19 vaccines.
Because vaccines are not 100% effective, as the number of people who are fully vaccinated goes up, the number of vaccine breakthrough infections will also increase. However, the risk of infection remains much higher for unvaccinated than vaccinated people.
The latest data on rates of COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations and deaths by vaccination status are available from the CDC COVID Data Tracker.
Also Check: How Much Is Rapid Testing At Cvs
Can You Get Covid After Being Vaccinated
Yes. Breakthrough COVID-19 cases happen in people who are fully vaccinated, and they seem to happen more frequently now that the delta variant is circulating widely and immunity may be waning among those who got the vaccine many months ago. All three available coronavirus vaccines are very good at protecting you against severe forms of COVID-19, but they are not 100% effective in preventing infection. Breakthrough COVID can be caused by the delta variant, which is more contagious than some other coronavirus variants.
What You Need To Know About Covid
Explore top articles, videos, research highlights and more from the AMAyour source for clear, evidence-based news and guidance during the pandemic.
The three COVID-19 vaccines available in the United Statesfrom Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech and Johnson & Johnsonare doing exactly what they were meant to do: protect against severe illness and hospitalization. But with the more dangerous Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 spreading rapidly, the U.S. is seeing more COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections.
Nevertheless, the fact remains that getting vaccinated is effective in preventing people from getting severely ill or dying from the disease. Even as new COVID-19 variants appear, vaccines continue to hold their ground. But since no vaccine is perfect, it is expected that we will see some COVID-19 breakthrough infections.
More than 161 million people in the U.S. have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Meanwhile, the CDC reports that there have been more than 10,000 COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough cases. However, while the CDC initially tracked all breakthrough COVID-19 infections, as of May 1 the agency shifted to only tracking those linked to hospitalization or death. Over 5,100 patients with COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections were hospitalized or died.
Also Check: How Long Cvs Rapid Test
If Youre Sick Or Caring For Someone Whos Sick
If youre infected with COVID-19, even if not ill, follow the advice of your local public health authority for isolating at home. Most people with mild symptoms will recover on their own.
Adults and children with mild COVID-19 symptoms can stay at home while recovering. You dont need to go to the hospital.
If youre caring for someone at home who has or may have COVID-19, you should follow the appropriate precautions to prevent the spread of illness.
Learn more about:
The only way to confirm you have COVID-19 is through a laboratory test.
Follow the testing directions provided by your local public health authority if you have:
- been exposed to a person with COVID-19
People who are partially or fully vaccinated may still be asked to get a COVID-19 test.
If youve been tested and are waiting for the results, follow instructions:
- on how to quarantine or isolate and
- from your local public health authority
Learn more about:
How Long Does It Take To Be Fully Vaccinated
If you receive the single-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine, you are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after you get the shot.
If you get the Pfizer vaccine, there is a 21-day period between the first and second doses. If you get the second dose exactly three weeks after the first one, you will be considered fully vaccinated five weeks after the first dose.
If you receive the Moderna vaccine, there is a 28-day waiting period between the first and second dose, so it will take a week longer to be fully vaccinated.
Read Also: How Long Does Rapid Testing Take At Cvs
Sick And Immunocompromised People
These guidelines do not apply to moderately or severely ill people with COVID-19 or people with weakened immune systems. Immunocompromised people should always isolate for at least 10 days, and up to 20 days for people who were severely sick with COVID-19.
If a person does not have access to repeat COVID-19 testing after five days in isolation, or does not want to retest, the CDC recommends that people take precautions until day 10 by continuing to wear a well-fitted mask around others at home and in public.
Most Breakthrough Infections Are Mild
Because people who are vaccinated have had some immunity, some antibodies, a majority of these breakthrough cases are going to be asymptomatic, said Dr. Sanghavi. According to the data, reported by CDC and other publications, it seems like around 25% to 30% of the patients who have had breakthrough infections are completely asymptomatic.
There are about 50% to 60% of the patients who would have some symptoms, but are mild and still may not need hospitalization, he added. “The severity of the symptoms of these COVID breakthrough infection cases would be milder, but in certain patients you may still need all the aggressive care that we provide to an unimmunized person who gets a COVID infection.
For 90% of the patients, the breakthrough infection would be mild, but for 10% of the patients, they would still require hospitalization, said Dr. Sanghavi. But then 1% to 2% of those hospitalized from breakthrough infections may still die, unfortunately. So, its still a concern.
That is the reason why everybody should get vaccinatedbecause even if you are immunosuppressed and get a breakthrough infection, that infection would be mild as compared to a regular infection, he said.
Also Check: How Long Does A Cvs Rapid Test Take
What Can I Expect Postcovid
Everyone will have a different experience in their recovery from COVID-19. Some people may recover in days, some in weeks. But for others, it could be months. Although each case is unique, people recovering from more severe symptoms are likely to face a longer recovery period.
Schedule regular appointments with your GP to discuss your symptoms and how best to manage them. Your GP will tell you about any medicines that might suit your needs.
Common symptoms you may experience during your recovery:
- change in sense of taste or smell
- anxiety and/or low mood
If you have any of the following symptoms, call emergency services on 000 immediately and tell the phone operator youve previously been diagnosed with COVID-19.
- severe shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- severe chest pain or pressure
- a new or returning fever
- worsening ability to concentrate and increased confusion
- difficulty waking up
Can My Child Get A Covid
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now recommends a COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5 and older. Johns Hopkins Medicine encourages all families to have eligible children vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine. Currently, Pfizers vaccine is the only approved COVID-19 vaccine for children.
We encourage you to use all available local and state resources, including retail pharmacies, to get the COVID-19 vaccine. You can also review our resources to help find a vaccination site for your child.
Don’t Miss: Cvs Nasal Swab Test
Myth: All Events Reported To The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System Are Caused By Vaccination
FACT: Anyone can report events to VAERS, even if it is not clear whether a vaccine caused the problem. Because of this, VAERS data alone cannot determine if the reported adverse event was caused by a COVID-19 vaccination.
Some VAERS reports may contain information that is incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental, or unverifiable. Vaccine safety experts study these adverse events and look for unusually high numbers of health problems, or a pattern of problems, after people receive a particular vaccine.
Recently, the number of deaths reported to VAERS following COVID-19 vaccination has been misinterpreted and misreported as if this number means deaths that were proven to be caused by vaccination. Reports of adverse events to VAERS following vaccination, including deaths, do not necessarily mean that a vaccine caused a health problem.
Learn more about VAERS.
Vaccination For People Who Have Had Covid
For people who have had COVID-19 confirmed by a nucleic acid amplification test , a single dose of the vaccine is required. The infection triggers the immune system’s response the same way a 1st dose of the vaccine does. The dose of vaccine given to someone who has had COVID-19 has a booster effect the same way a 2nd dose of the vaccine does. It would be preferable to wait eight weeks or more after diagnosis before being vaccinated.
For COVID-19 cases confirmed by epidemiological link or who have only received a positive result for a serological or antigenic test, two vaccine doses are necessary. The epidemiological link and serological or antigenic test cannot confirm beyond doubt that a person has had COVID-19. The administration of two doses is necessary to ensure that the person is adequately protected against COVID-19.
A person who has had COVID-19 may choose to receive a 2nd dose of the vaccine. Giving two doses of vaccine to someone who has had COVID-19 is not dangerous.
For people who had COVID-19 when they were given the 1st dose or in the days after they were vaccinated, two doses are required.
For people with a weakened immune system or on dialysis, three doses are necessary, regardless of whether they have had COVID-19. For further information, see the Additional or booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine page.
Recommended Reading: Cvs Test Results How Long Covid