When Will Kids Under 5 Be Able To Get A Covid
Almost exactly a year ago, the first COVID-19 vaccines became available in the U.S. Today, they’re approved or authorized for nearly every age group except young kids. But clinical trials involving children as young as 6 months are underway now, and some may have results by the end of the year.
Right now, the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is the only one authorized in the U.S. for use in kids under the age of 18. The original emergency use authorization and, later, full approval from the Food and Drug Administration covered people ages 16 and up. The FDA then authorized it for 12- to 15-year-olds in May and for 5- to 11-year-olds in early November.
My Child Goes To School In Ma But Is Not A Permanent Resident Can They Get The Vaccine
Yes. The Massachusetts COVID-19 Vaccination program is intended for individuals who live, work, or study in the Commonwealth. Your child may also get their second dose in Massachusetts if they received the first dose in another state. Please be sure to keep the vaccination card you were given at the time of their first dose.
You can receive a copy of your COVID-19 vaccination record by contacting your primary care provider or by reaching out to the location where you were vaccinated. Learn how to contact each location.
If A Child Or Youth Does Not Have An Ontario Health Card
If your child does not have a health card, they can use another form of government-issued identification such as a passport or birth certificate. If they dont have one of these, you need to complete the following two steps:
Recommended Reading: Cvs Pcr Test Cost
Where Can I Get My Child Vaccinated For Covid
The COVID-19 vaccine for kids under 12 is free regardless of immigration status, just like it is for adults. It is available in pediatricians’ offices, doctor’s offices, public health clinics and places accessible to children. A good place to start would be calling your pediatrician or local health clinic for a recommendation on where to go.
Parents may also use this vaccine finder link to find a clinic that has the child vaccine available.
Global Equity And Public Health Goals
In the context of ongoing global COVID-19 vaccine supply constraints, the focus of immunization programs must remain on protecting sub-populations at highest risk of hospitalizations and deaths, according to the WHO Prioritization Roadmap. There is now overwhelming evidence that immunisation of all adults with COVID-19 vaccines provides important health returns on investment. Adult immunisation is feasible in all countries with the right investments and is being actively pursued in almost all countries. However, the benefits of vaccinating children to reduce the risk of severe disease and death are much less than those associated with vaccinating older adults. Countries with few or no vaccine supply constraints should consider the issues of global equity when making policy decisions about vaccinating children and adolescents. Any guidance on vaccine use prioritization, including booster dose policy, cannot ignore the current, on-going profound inequities in global vaccine access. While higher-income countries expand their vaccination programmes to adolescents, children, and, in some countries, booster doses to a large proportion of their populations, many lower-income countries still lack sufficient vaccine supply to offer a primary vaccination series to their highest priority-use groups, including older adults and health care workers who comprise only a small proportion of their populations.
Read Also: How Much Does Cvs Charge For Covid Test
When Will A Covid
Pfizer and Moderna are both conducting studies of their vaccines in children ages 6 months to 4 years.
Pfizer is conducting vaccines in children ages 6 months to 4 years. In December, officials said they would expand clinical trials to include a third dose of the 3-microgram vaccine for children ages 2 to 4. The two doses were well tolerated, but did not deliver as strong of an immune response as researchers would like. The company said they plan to apply for an emergency use authorization for this age group in the first half of 2022 if the three-dose results are successful.
It is unclear when Moderna’s preliminary results will be released.
Is It Okay To Get The Covid
Yes. It is safe for children with health conditions to get the COVID-19 vaccine. The vaccine will protect our most vulnerable kids. Protecting kids with underlying conditions, such as obesity, diabetes and asthma, is extra important. These children might be at higher risk of serious illness with COVID-19. In addition, children who have congenital heart disease, genetic conditions or conditions affecting the nervous system or metabolism also might be at higher risk of serious illness with COVID-19.
Recommended Reading: Cvs Pcr Test For Travel Cost
Things To Know About Covid Vaccines And Kids Hearts
A pediatric cardiologist answers questions about the risk of myocarditis after a COVID infection or vaccine and concerns for youth with congenital heart disease.
While many parents may be eager to protect their kids from COVID-19, they may be concerned about reports that some young people have experienced heart inflammation after getting the COVID vaccine.
And families whose children already have an underlying congenital heart condition may especially be trying to weigh such side effect risks against the risks of a COVID infection.
These are understandable concerns, said Jesse Hansen, M.D., pediatric cardiologist at University of Michigan Health C.S. Mott Childrens Hospital who also sees patients in the pediatric post-COVID syndrome clinic.
But theres reassuring news: This heart inflammation known as myocarditis and pericarditis after COVID vaccination is very rare. Most cases have also been mild and short-lived, with patients recovering after a few days.
In fact, heart inflammation occurs at much higher rates from a COVID infection itself, studies find.
Vaccine Safety And Eligibility
Health Canada has approved the Pfizer-BioNTech Comirnaty mRNA vaccine for children ages 5 to 11. All COVID-19 vaccines for adults and children follow the same review and approval process.
Like all COVID-19 vaccines in Canada, vaccines for children are free, safe and effective. When you get your child vaccinated, you protect them from severe illness from COVID-19 and reduce the spread of infection in your community.
Also Check: How Much Is The Pcr Test At Cvs
What Other Steps Can Parents Take To Protect Children Against Covid
Parents should remember that an individual is not fully immunized and protected by the vaccine until 14 days after the second dose of the Pfizer vaccine. Masks are recommended for anyone who is unvaccinated, or not fully immunized, when indoors with people outside of their household. If rates of COVID-19 are high where you live, masks may be recommended indoors for vaccinated individuals as well.
Parents can continue to encourage other simple habits that help prevent colds, flu, and COVID-19, such as washing hands often, coughing or sneezing into an elbow, throwing away used tissues quickly, and avoiding crowded places and people who are ill when possible.
In The Us Children Ages 5 To 11 Can Get Kid
Children younger than 5 cant get COVID-19 vaccines in the U.S. yet, but there are steps you can take to protect them from infection over the holidays.
Surround them with adults and siblings who are vaccinated, boosted if eligible, advises Dr. Rochelle Walensky, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
She also encourages taking COVID-19 home tests before gatherings.
The CDC recommends that anyone whos not vaccinated including children ages 2 and older wear masks indoors in public. If your child is younger than 2 or cannot wear a mask for other reasons the agency suggests limiting visits with unvaccinated people. And it says to keep a distance between the child and others in public places.
Adults might also opt to wear a mask indoors in public to set an example for young children, the CDC says. But in virus hot spots, it says everyone should wear masks in those settings, regardless of whether theyre vaccinated.
Matthew Binnicker, an expert in viral infections at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, says it might be a good idea to have everyone masked at family gatherings if unvaccinated children are present, since theres still a chance vaccinated adults can spread the virus.
He also suggests limiting gatherings to 10 people or less.
Those are the kind of functions in the context of COVID and particularly in the context of omicron that you do not want to go to, he says.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is A Rapid Test At Cvs
Most Children And All Teens Can Get Covid
CDC recommends everyone ages 5 years and older get a COVID-19 vaccine to help protect against COVID-19.
Vaccines Authorized For
Children 4 years and under:
Children 511 years old:
Teens 1217 years old:
Everyone 18 years and older:
J& J / Janssen
Widespread vaccination for COVID-19 is a critical tool to best protect everyone from COVID-19 and COVID-19 related complications. Children and teens who are fully vaccinated can safely resume many activities that they did prior to the pandemic.
Everyone ages 16 years and older can get a COVID-19 booster shot. Learn more about booster shots.
How Do I View My Minor Childs Vaccination Records
Check your email for the COVIDâ19 vaccination record if both the following conditions apply:
- The minor was vaccinated at CVS PharmacyÂ®
- An email address was provided at scheduling/checkâin
A record of the vaccination should have been immediately sent to that address. It would have been sent from with a subject line of âFor Your Records.â
Also Check: Coronavirus Test Cost Cvs
Why Can’t Kids Get A Jab Right Now
Unlike the doses for everyone 12 and older, five to 11-year-olds are going to be given one-third of the dose that everyone else is getting.
That’s what’s been tested and found to be safe and effective for children.
But it means getting slightly different equipment and training up nurses and doctors to be able to administer that slightly smaller dose, which is going to take a few weeks.
“We have to get the special one third dose vials into the country,” Professor Murphy said.
“We have to get them tested, we have to get them distributed to our wonderful pharmacies and GPs and clinics.”
The government had already flagged that it was unlikely the younger age group would be able to get a jab this year.
Kids 5 To 11 Can Get Vaccinated: What To Know
And the same appears to be true for this younger group, Li said. Kids under 5 are getting just 3 micrograms in each dose right now in the Pfizer trials, he explained, but they’re still investigating the efficacy of that dose.
For the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, the right dose in kids under 6 appears to be just 25% of the adult dose, Dr. Bill Hartman, principal investigator for UW Healths KidCOVE Moderna pediatric vaccine trial, told TODAY. In children ages 6 to 11, the company deemed a 50 microgram dose effective, which is half the size of the adult dose.
Hartman anticipates that Moderna will be able to begin interpreting data about its vaccine in younger kids in mid-January and the company will decide whether or not to pursue an emergency use authorization at that time. When the emergency use authorization comes through from the FDA, that’s when kids who received a placebo during the trial will be able to switch to the actual vaccine or another vaccine that’s authorized for their age group, he explained.
You May Like: How Much Is Rapid Testing At Cvs
Should Children Get Covid Vaccines What The Science Says
A student in Bogor, Indonesia, receives a Sinovac jab in a COVID-19 vaccination campaign for school kids aged 1218.Credit: Adriana Adie/NurPhoto/Getty
At a time when much of the world is still struggling to access COVID-19 vaccines, the question of whether to vaccinate children can feel like a privilege. On 19 July, vaccine advisers in the United Kingdom recommended delaying vaccines for most young people under 16, citing the very low rates of serious disease in this age group. But several countries, including the United States and Israel, have forged ahead, and others are hoping to follow suit when supplies allow.
Nature looks at where the evidence stands on children and COVID vaccines.
What Else Do Parents Need To Know About Covid
If you have any questions about the COVID-19 vaccine for your child, Dr. Sude suggests you talk with your pediatrician as soon as possible.
Dr. Murray agrees. Find a trusted health care provider, and have a conversation with them, he says. There is a lot of misinformation out there and we dont want any of that to prevent someone from getting a vaccine.
Kathy Katella contributed to the reporting of this story.
Note: Information provided in Yale Medicine articles is for general informational purposes only. No content in the articles should ever be used as a substitute for medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. Always seek the individual advice of your health care provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Don’t Miss: Cvs Testing Cost
What Parents Need To Know
While parents wait, it’s important to remember that researchers are working quickly but carefully. “No corners were cut in the development of this vaccine,” Talaat said. “The reason we were able to get vaccines out so very quickly is that there was a tremendous amount of resources, in terms of financial resources, but also in terms of expertise, personnel and staff.”
Plus, researchers working on pediatric vaccine trials have the benefit of building on the data we already have for the millions of COVID-19 vaccine doses given to adults, Talaat explained. And thats not usually the case for pediatric vaccines.
To keep an eye out for potential side effects, parents are asked to monitor their children for two years in the Pfizer trial and 14 months in the Moderna trial. Monitoring starts out with daily assessments through an electronic diary system in the weeks after the kids receive the vaccine and eventually slows down to weekly checks, Li explained. But there are certain checkpoints down the line that all parents and kids have to participate in, Hartman said.
Are The Side Effects From Pfizers Vaccine Different In Children Than In Adolescents
The side effects for children from this clinical trial are comparable to those from the adolescent study. According to the FDA, the most commonly reported side effects in the adolescent trial were pain at the injection site, fatigue, headache, chills, muscle pain, fever, and joint pain. If they arise, side effects generally are gone within one to three days.
What’s more, according to documents Pfizer presented to the FDA, fever, fatigue, headache, chills, and muscle pain were generally milder and less frequent in 5- to 11- year olds than they were in adolescents.
Its important to note that allergies to Pfizers vaccine ingredients are rare. The vaccine does not contain eggs, preservatives, or latex. If you have any questions about allergies, talk to your childs pediatrician before vaccination.
Though uncommon, the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines in some individualsparticularly in males ages 16 to 29have been linked to an increased risk of myocarditis and pericarditis .
In most cases, symptoms appeared within a few days of the second dose. With medical attention, including medication and rest, most felt better quickly, according to the CDC.
I can say that in the adolescent group, these conditions are very, very rare, Dr. Murray says. And for children ages 5 to 11 in this trial, the dose is one-third of what was given to the older population.
You May Like: Cost Of Rapid Test At Cvs
First Shot Vs Second Shot
As was the case for adults, kids had a tougher time with systemic side effects after their second dose of vaccine. Lowell Gordon, MD, Medical Director and Pediatrician at Families Together of Orange County Community Health Center, explains that this isnt because children are getting a different dosage of vaccine for their second dose, but because of how their immune system reacts the second time.
More side effects may be felt after the second shot because the immune cells from the first shot are ready to respond more quickly and more aggressively the second time around, says Dr. Gordon. But this is a good thing, he explains. This tells us that the body is making antibodies in response as intended, Dr. Gordon assures.
What This Means For You
All the doctors we spoke to agreed that COVID-19 vaccine side effects in children are generally mild and manageable. They also assured parents that any uncomfortable side effects can be effectively managed with over-the-counter medication, and at-home comforts like cold compresses, rest, and extra fluids.
If you have any questions about the vaccines or their side effects, you should contact your childs pediatrician. They know your child and their health history and can address any continued questions or concerns you may have.
Recommended Reading: Cvs Rapid Test Price
Myths And Facts About Covid
Accurate vaccine information is critical and can help stop common myths and rumors. It can be difficult to know which sources of information you can trust. Learn more about finding credible vaccine information.