Covid Can Be Transmitted By Fully Vaccinated People At Home: Lancet Study
All participants in the study had mild COVID-19 illness or were asymptomatic
London: Fully vaccinated people can contract and pass on Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in household settings, but at lower rates than unvaccinated people, according to a study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal.
Researchers led by Imperial College London, UK, found that vaccinated people clear the infection more quickly, but the peak viral load among them is similar to that seen in unvaccinated individuals, which may explain why they can still readily pass on the virus at home.
The researchers noted that most COVID-19 transmission is known to occur in households yet there is limited data on the risk of transmission of the Delta variant from vaccinated people with asymptomatic or mild infections in the community.
“Vaccines are critical to controlling the pandemic, as we know they are very effective at preventing serious illness and death from COVID-19,” said Professor Ajit Lalvani of Imperial College London, who co-led the study.
“However, our findings show that vaccination alone is not enough to prevent people from being infected with the Delta variant and spreading it in household settings,” Lalvani added.
The study enrolled 621 participants, identified by the UK contact tracing system, between September 2020 and September 2021.
The authors point to vaccine waning as important evidence for all eligible people to receive booster shots.
Sex With Someone You Live With
If you live in the same house as asexual partner and you both have no symptoms, then you can continue having sex as normal for your relationship.
However, if you or your partner have any symptoms of COVID-19 a fever, dry cough, tiredness or loss of taste or smell you will need to keep your distance from each other for 14 days to avoid passing the virus on. During this time, you should avoid sex or any kind of physical intimacy, such as kissing and cuddling.
If your partner is having sex with other people who dont live with you, your risk of getting COVID-19 will be higher.
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The latest coronavirus threat really hits below the belt.
A new study claims the coronavirus can not only rob you of your taste and smell it may leave men infertile and could be transmitted sexually.
The study, published last month in JAMA, a monthly open-access medical journal published by the American Medical Association, found the presence of COVID-19 in 15% of semen samples collected.
Researcher Dr. John Aitken likened it to the Zika virus. It should be emphasized spermatozoa have a demonstrable capacity to carry viral infections from the male to the female reproductive tract, As happens during the sexual transmission of Zika, for example, he told local San Antonio Fox 8. Zika virus is a mostly mosquito-borne virus that can also be sexually transmitted.
The study also found that COVID-19 in human sperm leads to a build-up of angiotensin II, which is a hormone that regulates kidney function and blood pressure. Increased levels of this hormone cause an immune response against the invading COVID-19 virus particles that increases the availability of reactive oxygen species that causes cell death Prolonged exposure to elevated angiotenstin II levels can lead to cell death in sperm.
The study notes it could ultimately result in a loss of male fertility.
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The Catalan Hiv/sti Surveillance Systems
We used epidemiological data from all STI confirmed cases reported to the Catalan HIV/STI Registry of Catalonia through the Epidemiological Repository of Catalonia , an electronic database that collects data reported from health care professionals and laboratories by means of standardized notification forms and epidemiological questionnaires, both electronically or in paper. According to the mandatory notification of diseases and outbreaks Catalan regulation , nominal notification of syphilis, gonorrhoea, and LGV cases has been mandatory since 2007 and chlamydia since 2015 the notification of HIV cases was voluntary between 2001 and 2010 when it also became mandatory and nominal. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control guidelines are used for case definition criteria and all reported cases are reviewed by epidemiologists from the Epidemiological Surveillance Network of Catalonia to ensure completeness and validity of the data.
Are Any Forms Of Intimacy And Sex Completely Safe Right Now
Six feet of separation required by social distancing may not entirely slow you down. Masturbation, phone sex with a partner who doesnt live with you, and sex toys could play a big role in sexual intimacy, particularly in this moment. And if youre not in the mood for sex and are wondering how anyone can engage in intimacy in this moment, thats also normal. People have different psychological responses to stress. If living through a pandemic has dampened your sexual desire, it will return once life returns to normal.
If you do have a regular intimate partner, keep in mind that coronavirus is not the only issue that you should be concerned about. You should use contraception if you are not planning on conceiving, and you should use a condom to protect against sexually transmitted infections. For more information, see the Harvard Health Birth Control Center.
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Are There Any Long Lasting Effects Of Covid
There are some viruses, most notably Mumps, that can cause something called viral orchitis. This is a severe inflammation/infection of the testicles, which, when it occurs in adolescents and young boys, can cause permanent damage to the testicles and lead to infertility. Studies on Severe acute respiratory syndrome , which is from the same coronavirus class as COVID-19, revealed that some patients developed viral orchitis as a part of the disease. Testicular tissue expresses a high amount of the enzyme ACE2, which the SARS-COV-2 viruses bind to as a part of how they infect cells. Therefore, it is theoretically possible that COVID-19 may cause a similar effect on the testicles. However, it is important to note that to date, this is still purely speculative, and there have been no reported cases of testicular infection associated with COVID-19 at this point.
You Can’t Get Coronavirus Through Sex: Study
MONDAY, April 27, 2020 — You can’t hug or shake hands these days without risking coronavirus infection, but new research finds that sexual intercourse might be safe.
Researchers analyzed semen samples from 34 men in China an average of one month after they were diagnosed with mild to moderate cases of COVID-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus.
Laboratory tests did not detect the coronavirus in any of the semen samples, and there was no evidence of the virus in the men’s testes, according to the study published online recently in the journal Fertility and Sterility.
While this small study suggests that the chances of sexual transmission of the coronavirus are remote, it wasn’t comprehensive enough to fully rule out the possibility, the researchers noted.
“The fact that in this small, preliminary study that it appears the virus that causes COVID-19 doesn’t show up in the testes or semen could be an important finding,” said study co-author Dr. James Hotaling, an associate professor of urology specializing in male fertility at University of Utah Health.
“If a disease like COVID-19 were sexually transmittable, that would have major implications for disease prevention and could have serious consequences for a man’s long-term reproductive health,” he said in a university news release.
Along with the small number of patients, another limitation of the study was that none of them were severely ill with COVID-19, the authors noted.
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Kissing Is Extremely Risky
On March 11, Vox spoke to virologist Dr. Angela Rasmussen, who shared that kissing is the riskiest thing to do with another person right now.
Anna Muldoon, a former science policy adviser at the US Department of Health and Human Services and current PhD candidate researching the infectious disease and social crises at Arizona State University, was asked if oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, and handjobs are less risky than kissing.
She said, Yes, thats true. Heres the thing, yes, kissing is probably the most efficient way to spread the virus. does not appear to sexually transmit. However, all sex is close contact. Youre breathing on each other, youre hopefully touching each other a lot. I guess I could imagine everybody showering, sanitizing yourself when you came into the house, and showering beforehand and making sure youre never face-to-face, but it doesnt sound like a lot of fun. The short line on this is all sex is close contact. Its the definition of close contact. So theres no way to have it without risking transmission.
Muldoon recommends that those living with an infected individual sleep in their own room and do their best to disinfect things they share.
Can You Get Covid
All close contact with an infected person can expose you to the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 whether you’re engaged in sexual activity or not.
The virus spreads by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs, sneezes or talks. These droplets can be inhaled or land in the mouth or nose of a person nearby. Coming into contact with a person’s spit through kissing or other sexual activities could expose you to the virus. People who have COVID-19 could also spread respiratory droplets onto their skin and personal belongings. A sexual partner could get the virus by touching these surfaces and then touching his or her mouth, nose or eyes. In addition, the COVID-19 virus can spread through contact with feces. It’s possible that you could get the COVID-19 virus from sexual activities that expose you to fecal matter.
There is currently no evidence that the COVID-19 virus is transmitted through semen or vaginal fluids, but the virus has been detected in the semen of people who have or are recovering from the virus. Further research is needed to determine if the COVID-19 virus could be transmitted sexually.
The safest type of sexual activity during the COVID-19 pandemic is masturbation. Be sure to wash your hands and any sex toys used, both before and after masturbating. You might also consider engaging in sexual activity with partners via text, photos or videos, ideally using an encrypted platform to provide privacy protection.
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How The Height Of Your Heels Can Boost Your Orgasm
During the coronavirus lockdown, sex is safe.
The coronavirus can be transmitted from a simple cough but it does not appear to transmit through semen, according to new research.
An international group of scientists in the US and China found no evidence of COVID-19 in the semen of 34 adult Chinese men who had, on average, tested positive for the deadly virus a month prior, according to the findings published Friday in the journal Fertility and Sterility.
The authors note that their findings were admittedly based on a small sample size, but were still significant because they showed the virus might not show up in testes.
If a disease like COVID-19 were sexually transmittable that would have major implications for disease prevention and could have serious consequences for a mans long-term reproductive health, study co-author Dr. James M. Hotaling says in a press release.
The new findings also set COVID-19 apart from diseases including Ebola and Zika, which can be sexually transmitted.
How Safe Is Intimacy With A Partner
True, many forms of intimacy require a closer distance than the six feet of separation recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .
Yet this does not mean that you should isolate yourself from your spouse or partner and stop being intimate at all. If both of you are healthy and feeling well, are practicing social distancing and have had no known exposure to anyone with COVID-19, touching, hugging, kissing, and sex are more likely to be safe. Similarly, sharing a bed with a partner who is healthy should not be an issue.
Be aware, though, that the CDC reports that some people may have the virus and not yet have symptoms during the early part of the incubation period . Additionally, some people never develop obvious symptoms of COVID-19 . In either case, its possible that the virus might spread through physical contact and intimacy.
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A Critical First Step In Understanding The Potential Routes Of Transmission Is Knowing Which Tissues The Virus Is Capable Of Infecting
Researchers in Florida are hoping to learn if the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 can be detected in semen and transmitted sexually.
“We hypothesize that SARS-CoV-2 may be present in the semen and be a source of transmission,” said Ranjith Ramasamy, MD, associate professor of urology at the Miller School of Medicine and director of male reproductive medicine and surgery at the University of Miami Health System and the Miller School.
“Understanding the potential for COVID sexual transmission is critical because of the tremendous potential ramifications,” he said.
The UM researchers are hoping to find at least 200 men who tested positive for COVID-19 to enroll in a study to determine the interaction of the virus with semen. So far, 30 men are enrolled in the study.
Ramasamy said that a critical first step in understanding the potential routes of transmission and their ramifications is knowing which tissues the virus is capable of infecting.
“Previous SARS strains have shown an ability to cross into the male reproductive tract, where it can be sexually transmitted,” he said.
Ramasamy cited studies that estimate that 20% of men with asymptomatic COVID infection may have orchitis, an infection in one or both testes.
“We want to identify how long the presence lasts in semen and investigate whether COVID infection leads to orchitis and male infertility,” he said.
The Claim: Pfizer Trial Documents Say Vaccinated People Can Transmit Vaccine To Others Through Skin Contact With ‘devastating’ Results
Fears about people inoculated against COVID-19 exposing those who havent gotten a dose of the vaccine, with potentially dangerous consequences, continue to spread online even after theyve been debunked.
In one of the latest versions of a recirculating claim about potential reproductive problems for women who are vaccinated or exposed to someone who is vaccinated, points to a document about Pfizers clinical trial as evidence of the risks to pregnant women.
Stay away from the vaxxed, the post says in all capital letters. It is official, from Pfizers own documents.
The post presents information in the Pfizer document about the exposure of pregnant women to those who have gotten the vaccine, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s guidance says pregnant women are excluded from most clinical trials.
It goes on to claim that an unvaccinated woman who gets exposed to a woman who was vaccinated can have a miscarriage, spontaneously abort, poison a baby while breast feeding or have children with cognitive difficulties.
It also says if a man touches or breathes the same air as a vaccinated woman before having sex, then his partner can have an adverse event and she should avoid having children.
The account that posted the claim did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
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Answered By Infectious Diseases Expert Sara Bares Md
Close contact with someone who has COVID-19, whether engaged in sexual activity or not, can expose you to the virus. Masks are just one layer of protection. Since respiratory droplets are the primary mode of transmission, the risk would be reduced if the person with COVID-19 is also wearing a mask.
However, people with COVID-19 could also spread respiratory droplets onto their skin and the surfaces around them. If you touch these surfaces and then touch your mouth, nose or eyes, the virus could be transmitted. Further, the virus can spread through contact with feces. Sometimes sexual activities can expose you to fecal matter.
Although there is currently no evidence that the COVID-19 virus transmits through semen or vaginal fluids, it has been detected in the semen of people recovering from COVID-19. We would thus recommend avoiding any close contact, especially very intimate contact like unprotected sex, with someone with active COVID-19 to minimize the risk of transmission.
Sex With Someone You Dont Live With
During the pandemic, some countries are asking people not to hook up or have sex with people they dont live with to limit the spread of the virus. Make sure you stay up-to-date with the guidance in your area.
Limiting the spread of COVID-19 during sex
If you do decide to have sex with someone you dont live with, there are a few things you can do to lower the risk of getting or passing on COVID-19.
- Avoid kissing or exchanging saliva with anyone you dont live with.
- Avoid sexual activities which include licking around the anus, such as rimming.
- Use condoms or dental dams every time you have sex, including oral sex.
- Consider wearing face masks while having sex to lower the chance of passing COVID-19 onto your partner.
- Take a shower and wash your hands and body thoroughly with soap and water before and after sex.
- If you use sex toys, wash these thoroughly with soap and water and do not share them.
- Consider sexual arousal techniques that dont involve physical contact like dirty talking or mutual masturbation while physically distancing.
- Reduce the number of sexual partners you have overall, and/or at the same time.
- Avoid having sex or being intimate with your partner if they are feeling unwell, or think they may have COVID-19.
If you are a sex worker, consider going online, sext or use videos and chat rooms, or taking a break from your business as usual activities if you can.
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Interrupted Time Series And Data Analysis
We analysed STI reported cases between August 1st 2017 and August 1st 2020 in Catalonia. We have included three years of follow-up not only in order to estimate the reported cases we would have had from lockdown – from March 13th to August 1st, 2020- but also to capture potential seasonal or cyclic changing patterns. For each of the mentioned variables, among the STI reported confirmed cases, the total number and its distribution in the respective categories were calculated, before lockdown, during lockdown , on de-escalation phases , and during the new normality phase . The main objective of the de-escalation plan was to ensure maintaining the protection of public health while gradually recovering the common daily life and economic activities after the lockdown. This transition to a new normality was gradual, asymmetrical, and coordinated with the autonomous communities . We used these dates as change points for an interrupted time series analysis of daily STI reported cases . Reported cases were modelled as autoregressive integrated moving average processes to estimate expected number of STI reported cases in each specific study period since lockdown based on pre-lockdown data. We calculated the overall drop in number of STI reported cases, to estimate the magnitude of the decline in STI reported cases with historical data comparing the observed and expected values.