Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am
All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am
All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am
All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am
All countries
Updated on August 11, 2022 4:51 am
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Can Covid Be Transmitted Through Touch

Q: Is Hand Sanitizer Effective Against Covid

Can COVID-19 be transmitted through touching your ears?

A: The best way to prevent the spread of infections and decrease the risk of getting sick is by washing your hands with plain soap and water, advises the CDC. Washing hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds is essential, especially after going to the bathroom before eating and after coughing, sneezing, or blowing ones nose. If soap and water are not available, CDC recommends consumers use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Q: Are There Any Vaccines Or Other Medical Products Available To Prevent Covid

A: Yes. The FDA issued emergency use authorizations for three COVID-19 vaccines and on August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine. More information on the approval can be found here.

Additionally, the FDA is working with other vaccine developers, researchers, and manufacturers to help expedite the development and availability of medical products such as additional vaccines,monoclonal antibodies, and other drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19.

For information about vaccine clinical trials for COVID-19 visit and the COVID-19 Prevention Network. Note: The information on is provided by the sponsor or principal investigator of a clinical trial. The listing of a study on the site does not reflect evaluation or endorsement of the trial by the Federal government.

Q: If I Vape Tobacco Or Nicotine Am I At Risk For Complications From Covid

A: E-cigarette use can expose the lungs to toxic chemicals, but whether those exposures increase the risk of COVID-19 or the severity of COVID-19 outcomes is not known. However, many e-cigarette users are current or former smokers, and cigarette smoking increases the risk of respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

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Child And Youth Settings

Operators of child and youth settings should be aware of COVID-19 risks and what measures they can take to lower them. These measures need to consider:

  • cultural, linguistic and social contexts
  • the diverse needs of children or young people
  • advice, guidance and resources from local public health authorities and partners

When developing a plan, local public health and education authorities, and their partners can use the following resources.

Q: Is An Approval Different From An Emergency Use Authorization Does It Change The Availability Of Covid

How far a sneeze can propel droplets of coronavirus  and live for 45 ...

A: Emergency use authorizations can be used by the FDA during public health emergencies to provide access to medical products that may be effective in preventing or treating a disease. In determining whether to issue an EUA for a product, after the FDA receives an application, it evaluates the data submitted, conducts its own analyses and assesses any known or potential risks and any known or potential benefits. For COVID-19 vaccines that received emergency use authorization from the FDA, the agency evaluated data submitted by the manufacturers about the COVID-19 vaccines safety and effectiveness, and conducted its own analyses, before reaching each decision and found it to be clear and compelling to support its use for the prevention of COVID-19. Emergency use authorization is a tool that the FDA can use in a declared public health emergency, like the pandemic that we are in now, in order to more rapidly make potentially life-saving products available under very specific conditions.

An application for approval for a COVID-19 vaccine provides FDA with a wealth of data and information, such as information about safety and effectiveness in the population who will receive the vaccine.

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Use Caution In Closed Spaces And Crowded Places

The risk of COVID-19 is higher when you’re around someone who has COVID-19 in closed spaces and crowded places. You’re at higher risk in settings where these factors overlap or involve activities such as:

  • singing
  • close-range conversations
  • heavy breathing

If a space feels stuffy or smelly, it probably isn’t well ventilated. If you feel the space isn’t well ventilated or is too crowded, follow all individual public health measures while in that space. You may also choose to:

  • avoid that space
  • limit the amount of time spent in the space

Learn more about:

Should I Wear A Face Mask

The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is primarily transmitted through viral particles that float in the air or through droplets containing virus. Even people who are infected but do not have symptoms, or have not yet developed symptoms, can infect others. Masks reduce the amount of virus we breathe in and breathe out. Combined with the vaccine, masks provide a one-two punch that reduce the risk of spread to children who are not yet eligible for vaccines, to people with weakened immune systems, and to others who are unvaccinated. Masks also provide additional protection for the wearer, even those who are fully vaccinated.

In July 2021, the CDC advised all people vaccinated and unvaccinated to wear masks in public indoor places in areas of the country with widespread transmission of the virus. The CDC has always advised unvaccinated people to mask indoors, and also advises anyone at increased risk to wear a mask indoors, regardless of the level of community transmission.

Transmission is much less likely to occur outdoors, and masks are not needed in most outdoor settings.

What kind of mask should you wear? Although the CDC recommends masks made of two or more layers of washable, breathable fabric, surgical masks have been shown to be more effective than cloth masks at filtering out smaller particles. Regardless of the type of mask you wear, make sure it completely covers your nose and mouth and fits snugly against the sides of your face without leaving any gaps.

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Q: Is There A Shortage Of Personal Protective Equipment Such As Gloves Masks And N95 Respirators Or Of Ventilators

A: The FDA has been working closely with PPE and ventilator manufacturers to understand their supply capabilities during this pandemic. The agency is also aware of challenges throughout the supply chain that are presently impacting the availability of PPE products and is taking steps to mitigate shortages that health care facilities are already experiencing.

The FDA issued new guidance to give ventilator manufacturers and non-medical device manufacturers more flexibility to start making new ventilators and parts. We adjusted our screening of PPE and medical devices at U.S. ports of entry to expedite imports of legitimate products into the U.S. With CDC we took action to make more respirators, including certain N95s, available to health care personnel for use in health care settings. Read more about PPE.

The FDA encourages manufacturers and health care facilities to report any supply disruptions to the device shortages mailbox at .

Q: Am I Currently Eligible For A Covid

Can coronavirus spread through surfaces?

A: Everyone ages 16 and older can get a booster shot.

The FDA amended the emergency use authorization for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to allow for the use of a single booster dose for people ages 16 and 17 after completion of primary vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine.

The FDA-authorized Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine and the FDA-approved Comirnaty are the only COVID-19 vaccines currently available for people ages 16 and 17. Individuals ages 16 and 17 should only receive the Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine or Comirnaty as their booster dose.

If you are 18 or older and received the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine or Comirnaty for your primary vaccination series at least 6 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines. They are:

  • Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
  • Comirnaty

If you are 18 or older and received the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine as your primary vaccination at least 2 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines.

The FDA-approved Comirnaty and the two authorized formulations of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for ages 12 and older, when prepared according to their respective instructions for use, can be used interchangeably without any safety or effectiveness concerns.

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More: Want To Be Able To Edit Your Tweets Convince ‘everyone’ To Wear A Mask

For more detailed information about cleaning and disinfecting electronics such as your smartphone, see Harvard For Health’s full guide to cleaning and disinfecting electronics.

Alexis E. Carrington, M.D., a dermatology research fellow at the University of California, Davis, and Ayodola Adigun, M.D., M.S., an attending in pediatric and adult psychiatry at Columbia University Irving Medical Campus and a clinical instructor at Yale Child Study Center, are contributors to the ABC News Medical Unit.

Q: How Important Is It To Make Sure Approved Vaccines Are Available Versus Other Public Health Measures Do You Have The Resources To Do This Quickly

A: Evaluating the data with the goal of approving safe and effective vaccines is a top priority for the FDA. We are aligning resources to not only prioritize COVID-19 vaccines, but also support our broad public health mission. We recognize the pressing need and public health imperative of approving vaccines and are expediently conducting a high-quality review. We are using sprint teams, which include staff members from across all the offices in the FDA, to help support the experts in the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research in doing their vaccine work, including review of applications submitted for approval.

We recognize that an approved vaccine may encourage more people to get the vaccine. We firmly believe that everyone should get their COVID-19 vaccine now. For those who have waited until there is more information available on the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine, the FDA has been carefully monitoring the safety and effectiveness of all COVID-19 vaccines that the agency has authorized under EUA and the data strongly support the use of the vaccines. We also realize that for some, FDA approval of a COVID-19 vaccine may bring additional confidence and encourage them to get the vaccine. We are committed to prioritizing our review, but we are also committed to following our rigorous processes.

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People At Risk Of More Severe Disease Or Outcomes

COVID-19 can result in severe illness for some people in our communities. Those who are at risk of developing more severe disease or outcomes from COVID-19 are people:

  • who aren’t fully vaccinated
  • of any age who are immunocompromised, including those:
  • with an underlying medical condition, such as cancer
  • taking medications which lower the immune system, such as chemotherapy
  • living with obesity, such as having a body mass index of 40 or higher
  • Learn more about:

    Follow Public Health Measures

    Prevent the Spread

    While we do not yet fully understand all modes of transmission and their relative importance, it is likely that multiple modes of transmission occur.

    The public health measures that we have been practising continue to be effective in preventing the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19. To protect yourself and others, use multiple personal preventive practices at once in a layered approach. With the increased circulation of some variants of concern, it is even more important that you strictly follow recommended personal preventive practices.

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    How Close Are You To Others

    If someone’s infected – maybe without realising it because they have no symptoms – they’ll be releasing the virus as they breathe, especially if they cough.

    Some of that will be carried in droplets, most of which will quickly fall to the ground but could reach your eyes, nose or mouth if you’re within 2m of them.

    So the advice is to avoid being face-to-face if you’re that close.

    The infected person will also release smaller particles called aerosols.

    Indoors, these can accumulate in the air and be a hazard. Outside they should rapidly disperse.

    Q: Should I Take Ivermectin To Prevent Or Treat Covid

    A: No. While there are approved uses for ivermectin in people and animals, it is not approved for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19. Read more about why you should not use ivermectin to treat or prevent COVID-19.

    Read this Consumer Update to learn more about some of the available COVID-19 treatments and how to get more information about them.

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    Coronavirus Disease : How Is It Transmitted

    We know that the disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people in several different ways.

    • Current evidence suggests that the virus spreads mainly between people who are in close contact with each other, for example at a conversational distance. The virus can spread from an infected persons mouth or nose in small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing or breathe. Another person can then contract the virus when infectious particles that pass through the air are inhaled at short range or if infectious particles come into direct contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth .

    • The virus can also spread in poorly ventilated and/or crowded indoor settings, where people tend to spend longer periods of time. This is because aerosols can remain suspended in the air or travel farther than conversational distance .

    • People may also become infected when touching their eyes, nose or mouth after touching surfaces or objects that have been contaminated by the virus.

    Further research is ongoing to better understand the spread of the virus and which settings are most risky and why. Research is also under way to study virus variants that are emerging and why some are more transmissible. For updated information on SARS-CoV-2 variants, please read the weekly epidemiologic updates.

    Q: Are There Going To Be Any Animal Drug Shortages Due To The Covid

    New Study Shows COVID-19 Can Be Spread By Just Speaking Or Breathing

    A: The FDA has been and is continuing to closely monitor how the COVID-19 outbreak may impact the animal medical product supply chain.

    We have been reaching out to manufacturers as part of our approach to identifying potential disruptions or shortages. We will use all available tools to react swiftly to help mitigate the impact if a potential disruption or shortage is identified.

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    How To Know If A Person Is Infected

    Often people do not even know that the person around them is suffering from an illness or is infected. In such a situation, it can be avoided by paying attention to common symptoms. Talking about common symptoms, they include cold, cough and flu. However, people without symptoms in the coronavirus case have also infected others.

    What Outdoor And Indoor Activities Are Considered Safe Does It Matter If Ive Been Vaccinated And Do I Still Need To Wear A Mask

    In July 2021, the CDC advised all people vaccinated and unvaccinated to wear masks in public indoor places in areas of the country with substantial or high transmission of the virus. The CDC has always advised unvaccinated people to mask indoors, and also advises anyone at increased risk to wear a mask indoors, regardless of the level of community transmission. Spread of the virus is much less likely outdoors, but you may still consider wearing a mask outdoors in crowded settings.

    Whether youre vaccinated or not, youll need to follow federal, state, tribal, and local laws, and workplace or business requirements around mask wearing and physical distancing.

    To check the level of virus transmission in your area, visit the CDC’s COVID Data Tracker. Areas with substantial or high transmission appear in orange or red.

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    How To Protect Yourself

    There are COVID-19 vaccines available, and you are encouraged to be vaccinated when it becomes available to you. You should still try to limit your contact with other people. CDC guidelines suggest:

    • Work from home if you can.
    • Avoid travel when possible. This is especially important if you or someone you live with is older or has a health condition that raises the chances of serious COVID-19 illness.
    • Visit with family and friends by phone and computer instead of in person.
    • If you must go out, stand at least 6 feet away from people.
    • Wear a face mask when you go out if you are not vaccinated.
    • If youre sick, stay in a separate bedroom away from others in your home.
    • Do your shopping, especially for groceries or drugstore items, online if possible.
    • Keep your pets away from people and animals outside your home. Cats should stay indoors as much as possible.
    • Clean up pet waste properly. Wash your hands afterward and after you touch them, their food, or their toys.
    • If you have COVID-19 symptoms, limit contact with your pet. If you cant have someone else take care of your animals, wear a face mask when youre around them, and wash your hands before and after you interact with them.


    Q: Products Online Claim To Prevent Or Treat Covid

    Avoiding Close Contact (Social Distancing) To Reduce Spread of COVID

    A: The FDA advises consumers to be beware of websites and stores selling products that claim to prevent, treat, or cure COVID-19. If you have a question about a product sold online that claims to treat, prevent, or cure COVID-19, talk to your health care provider or doctor.

    Watch this video and read this Consumer Update to learn how to protect yourself and your family from coronavirus fraud.

    Please report websites selling products with fraudulent claims about treatment or prevention of COVID-19. If you have experienced a bad reaction to a product sold with COVID-19 claims, report it to the FDAs MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program:

    • Complete and submit the report online or
    • Download and complete the form, then submit it via fax at 1-800-FDA-0178.

    Include as much information as you can about the product that caused the reaction, including the product name, the manufacturer, and the lot number .

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