/6here’s What We Know So Far
From what has been seen so far, a small percentage of people from Switzerland, who received requisite doses of mRNA vaccines developed extreme hypertension minutes after vaccination. Amongst the reported cases, most patients were over the age of 70 and male. 8 out of 9 patients were previously diagnosed with hypertension.
In India, while there’s not much knowledge that lingers around the matter, several vaccination studies have come forward which mention people recording extremely high blood pressure levels after being inoculated with either Covishield or Covaxin, the two jabs which are available in India.
If Youre Worried About The Safety Of Visiting Your Doctors Office At This Time What Should You Do
Try remote patient monitoring. Youll receive your own blood pressure monitor, and you can then check your blood pressure from home. Then, you either manually enter or automatically upload the results to a dashboard your provider can see.
Some patients have skipped their regular checkups for chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, but that isnt healthy. If you havent had a checkup in the last 6- 12 months, it may be a good idea to follow up with your provider. You may be able to use telehealth and visit over your phone or computer.
You Don’t Drink Enough Water
While drinking water has been shown to boost metabolism and slightly raise blood pressure, being dehydrated can also raise blood pressure. A study in the journal Sports Medicine found that acute body water loss due to sweating can disrupt proper function of the lining of blood vessels, the endothelium, impairing blood pressure regulation. Even mild dehydration can thicken blood and impede blood flow and raise bp, the study found.
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Do You Have Anything Else You Would Like To Add
There are generally no quick fixes for high blood pressure. It is a chronic disease that requires management over many years to prevent the complications of coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and heart failure. But by following a heart healthy lifestyle, working closely with your health care team, and taking your medications every day as prescribed, high blood pressure can be well managed and your risk of complications can be significantly reduced.
Risks Of High Blood Pressure
If your blood pressure is too high, it puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such as the brain, kidneys and eyes.
Persistent high blood pressure can increase your risk of a number of serious and potentially life-threatening health conditions, such as:
- have a relative with high blood pressure
- are of black African or black Caribbean descent
- live in a deprived area
Making healthy lifestyle changes can sometimes help reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help lower your blood pressure if it’s already high.
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/6what Should You Do If You Observe Any Flare
If you have a prior history of cardiovascular complications or have been taking medications for a while, do not attempt to curtail off your medications in lieu of vaccination. Keep taking all medications, maintain proper records and most of all, be aware of the side effects beforehand. Consult a doctor before getting vaccinated, if you are someone who may be more at risk right now.
You Have A Beer Every Day Or Many On Weekends
It has long been known that heavy drinking can boost blood pressure. Research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s annual scientific meeting demonstrated that even moderate alcohol consumptionseven to 13 drinks per weeksubstantially raises a person’s risk for hypertension. Data for the research came from the large, decades-long NHANES study that followed 17,000 U.S. adults between 1988 and 1994. Researchers found that compared with people who never drank, moderate drinkers were 53% more likely to have stage 1 hypertension and twice as likely to have stage 2, while heavy drinkers were 69% more likely to have stage 1 hypertension and 2.4 times as likely to have stage 2.
Descriptive Statistics Of Patients
A flow chart of the data screening procedure is shown in Fig. . A total of 3023 patients were admitted to Huoshenshan Hospital from February 4 to March 23, 2020 and were followed up until March 31, 2020. After excluding 2135 patients without concomitant hypertension, 10 suspected COVID-19 cases, 72 cases without multiple BP measurements during hospitalization , and 3 cases without BP measurement on admission, a total of 803 patients were included in the analysis. Of 803 hypertensive patients, 67 were admitted to the ICU, 30 had respiratory failure, 26 had heart failure, and 35 died. The average follow-up time was ~39 days.
What Are The Best Ways To Control Your Blood Pressure If You Get Covid
Monitor your blood pressure if you are at home, but make sure you are using a monitor thats validated. This just means the monitor has been verified to be clinically accurate. The website validatebp.org is a great resource, as well as your local pharmacist. Second, continue to take your blood pressure medications as prescribed unless your doctor says otherwise. Lastly, stay well hydrated and follow a heart-healthy diet.
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Hijacking A Defense Mechanism
The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 enters human cells by binding to a protein on the cell surface called ACE2. Lee and his colleagues compared levels of ACE2 in the lungs, kidneys, testes and intestines with ACE2 levels in cells lining the upper and lower airways.
They found high levels of ACE2 in airway cilia tiny, flexible projections on the respiratory cell surfaces that sweep the airway clean of foreign particles like dust and invading pathogens.
The virus hijacks this protective feature by binding to ACE2 on cilia and infecting these cells, Lee said. Because most people breathe primarily through their nose, this is mostly likely the site of initial viral contact and infection.
Because hypertension is a risk factor for severe COVID-19, Lee and his colleagues also assessed the levels of ACE2 in sinus tissue samples obtained from hundreds of people with chronic sinusitis. Some of these people were taking common blood pressure medications known as ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers others were not.
Past studies have found that the use of ACE inhibitors for hypertension increases the expression of ACE2 in the kidney and heart, Lee said. But the effect of these medications in the upper airways is more relevant when considering coronavirus infection.
However, Lee and his colleagues found that ACE2 levels in the upper airways did not vary significantly between those people taking blood pressure medications and those who were not.
Uncontrolled High Blood Pressure Increases Your Risk
Managing high blood pressure is always important, but, right now, it’s probably more important for your immediate health than ever before.
“We don’t yet fully understand why untreated high blood pressure puts a person at higher risk for more severe COVID-19 symptoms or complications,” says Dr. Chebrolu. “However, since it may be the difference between being hospitalized and being able to self-treat your symptoms at home, it’s important to be sure your high blood pressure is being effectively managed.”
Managing high blood pressure may look different from person to person, but it generally includes:
- Regularly measuring and tracking your blood pressure
- Taking any blood pressure medications your doctor has prescribed
- Staying committed to healthy lifestyle choices
“If your blood pressure numbers are consistently high, schedule a visit with your doctor,” recommends Dr. Chebrolu. “Your doctor can help you understand the lifestyle changes needed to help manage your blood pressure, as well as whether or not you need to take medications to lower your blood pressure.”
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/6is It Normal For Your Blood Pressure To Rise Post
While COVID vaccination drives have picked up pace, there are also some side effects that can happen once the jab is injected into the body. Fever, weakness, malaise, pain at the injection site being some of the common ones. However, that being said, there could also be some unusual reactions that can strike.
/6can Vaccines Impact Your Blood Pressure Readings
To date, hypertension or an apparent change in blood pressure readings is not a mentioned side-effect of any of the COVID-19 vaccines.
Rising blood pressure levels haven’t also been mentioned as an explicit adverse reaction in either of the safety or clinical trials conducted so far.
However, emerging data present hypertension to be a strange side-effect many may experience after getting a jab of the vaccine.
People who underwent hypertension also recorded symptoms like a headache, chest pain, anxiety and sweating, all associated with a rise in blood pressure levels.
While it is being considered as a ‘rare’ side-effect, experts suggest that hypertension may not be a symptomatic side-effect in itself, but one which may be resulting from stress associated with vaccination.
Another reason fueling the apparent rise in blood pressure levels has also been linked to the ‘white-coat effect, which causes blood pressure readings to be relatively high in diagnostic settings, in comparison to other places.
While inconclusive, risk factors for hypertension may also be determined by one’s apparent risk for cardiac complications, age and other preconditions which may go unnoticed.
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Reasons For Rising Blood Pressure
Fosco said chronic stress due to COVID-19-related loss of personal connections, financial strain, or family difficulties could explain the increase in the rate of high blood pressure.
Changed behaviors may have played a role, with higher intake of food and alcohol, sedentary lifestyles, and weight gain, he said.
Acute and short-term stress related to COVID-19 may have also played a role.
Patients may have felt more psychological tension during transportation to the hospital because of travel restrictions and police controls and a fear of becoming infected with coronavirus after leaving home, Fosco said.
In addition, patients being treated for high blood pressure may have stopped taking their medicine due to preliminary warnings about possible adverse effects on COVID-19 outcomes , he said.
Dr. Nicole Harkin, a cardiologist and founder of San Francisco-based Whole Heart Cardiology, told Healthline that the Argentine findings reflect what shes seen in her own practice.
During the pandemic, weve certainly seen a decrease in routine follow-ups and preventive care, and with that, unfortunately, a rise in patients coming to the hospital with heart attack complications and other emergencies, Harkin said.
All of these things can contribute to worsening health status, Harkin added, and Im not at all surprised by the results of this study that found, on average, higher blood pressure in patients presenting to the emergency room.
How To Manage Your High Blood Pressure During The Covid
The COVID-19 pandemic is stressful for many people. However, those with high blood pressure may feel an increased burden on both their physical and mental health due to the potential risk of more serious illness.
You may be wondering what you can do to help manage your blood pressure as well as your mental and physical health during this time. Try out some of the tips below:
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Does Having High Blood Pressure Increase Your Risk For Covid
Were still learning about underlying health conditions and their impact on COVID-19. As such, its currently unknown whether having high blood pressure increases your risk for contracting the virus.
But could high blood pressure put you at an increased risk of complications if you do contract the virus and get sick? Researchers are working to answer that question.
A recent study investigated more than 2,800 hospitalized individuals with confirmed COVID-19 in China. Investigators made the following observations related to high blood pressure:
- Out of all study participants, 29.5 percent had high blood pressure. Of those with high blood pressure, 83.5 percent were taking medications to manage their condition.
- There was a twofold increase in the risk of death due to COVID-19 in people with high blood pressure when compared to those without high blood pressure.
- Those with high blood pressure who werent taking medications to manage their condition were at a greater risk for death compared to those who took blood pressure medications.
- After a meta-analysis, blood pressure medications like ACE inhibitors and ARBs were associated with a lower risk of death.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recently updated their list of factors that put an individual at increased risk for serious illness due to COVID-19.
While a specific type of high blood pressure pulmonary hypertension is listed as a risk factor for serious illness, general hypertension is currently not.
Avoid High Blood Pressure Hazards
Various factors can be contributors to high blood pressure. Use extra caution with:
- Over-the-counter medications. Decongestants and painkillers called NSAIDs, such as naproxen and ibuprofen, can increase blood pressure. People with heart concerns should limit or avoid them.
- Some prescription drugs. People taking corticosteroids, oral birth control, immunosuppressants, mental health drugs and some cancer medications should monitor their blood pressure.
- Alcohol and caffeine. Limit these no more than three cups of caffeinated beverages a day, for instance.
- Herbs and food combinations. Some herbal supplements such as licorice can raise blood pressure, and foods such as cured meats can interact with some antidepressants.
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Can Kidneys Recover After Covid
As of yet, Sperati says, its uncertain how many people with COVID-19-related kidney damage regain their kidney function.
He says, Patients with acute kidney injury due to COVID-19 who do not require dialysis will have better outcomes than those who need dialysis, and we have seen patients at Johns Hopkins who recover kidney function. We have even had patients in the ICU with acute kidney injury who have required dialysis, and subsequently regained their kidney function. How often that occurs is still not known, but without question, the need for dialysis is a worrisome development in patients with COVID-19.
/6what Should Heart Patients Know
While experts have right now dismissed blood pressure flare-ups as a ‘concerning’ side-effect with COVID vaccines, it has been stressed that people at risk shouldn’t consider rising blood pressure levels a reason enough to delay or dismiss vaccination. Delaying vaccination may also make one prone to adverse COVID complications right now.
As for heart patients, getting the vaccine is absolutely safe and not contra indicatory. Rising blood pressure might be a ‘rare’ and concerning event right now, but can be well-managed. COVID vaccines are also being continuously evaluated, so we’ll need more research to study whether this potential side-effect can be threatening.
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An Opening For Infection Prevention
The discovery of high levels of ACE2 protein in the airway cells might drive the development of new ways to prevent viral infection at the source, the researchers said.
We are now examining how airway cilia detect and react to the virus, Jackson said. There may be ways to promote rhythmic beating of cilia to increase the flow of mucus and help eliminate the virus.
Currently, major efforts are devoted to medications that work systemically through either intravenous or oral delivery, Lee said. But if the virus enters the body through the nasal lining, it also makes sense to explore nasally administered drugs and sprays to prevent infection. The nose is a very favorable location to deliver medications. Our findings also provide strong scientific justification to recommendations made by the health care community to use masks that cover the mouth and nose to prevent coronavirus infection.
- Krista Conger Krista Conger is a science writer in the Office of Communications. Email her at .
People With Diabetes Hypertension Heart Conditions And Other Co
What’s the impact of Covid-19 on high blood pressure? Know here
It has been over a year and the entire world continues to battle Covid-19. Moreover, the second wave of Covid-19 has put more lives in jeopardy than before, including those of youngsters. People with diabetes, hypertension, heart conditions and other co-morbidities fall continue to into the high-risk category and may encounter serious complications if infected.
Dr Sanjay Nagarkar, General Physician, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Pune said: If you have high blood pressure, you will have to put extra effort to take care of yourself and stay healthy during the pandemic. As people with hypertension are at a higher risk of getting sick during Covid-19 and this can also lead to increased morbidity and mortality in the patients.
Know why Covid-19 can be harsh on people with high blood pressure:
Various studies revealed that the mortality and morbidity rates were high in people with hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity. Covid is known to infect the cells that help manage blood pressure. This is how Covid and blood pressure can be linked.
“Since the immunity is weak, people with high blood pressure and other conditions may fall prey to Covid-19. Many people above 60 have high blood pressure and many who are admitted to hospital with Covid-19 have pre-existing hypertension. Furthermore, there are many medications that also raise your risk of hypertension.
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How Coronavirus Affects People With High Blood Pressure
While pneumonia is the most common complication of the virus, it can also damage the cardiovascular system.
High blood pressure damages arteries and reduces the flow of blood to your heart. That means your heart has to work harder to pump enough blood. Over time, this extra work can weaken your heart to the point where it can’t pump as much oxygen-rich blood to your body.
Coronavirus can also damage the heart directly, which can be especially risky if your heart is already weakened by the effects of high blood pressure. The virus may cause inflammation of the heart muscle called myocarditis, which makes it harder for the heart to pump.
If you also have plaque buildup in your arteries, the virus may make those plaques more likely to break apart and cause a heart attack. Past studies have shown that people with heart disease who get a respiratory illness like the flu or earlier types of coronavirus are at higher risk for a heart attack.