Q: Should Food Facilities Perform Any Special Cleaning Or Sanitation Procedures For Covid
A: CDC recommends routine cleaning of all frequently touched surfaces in the workplace, such as workstations, countertops, and doorknobs. Use the cleaning agents that are usually used in these areas and follow the directions on the label. CDC does not recommend any additional disinfection beyond routine cleaning at this time.
View the current list of products that meet EPAs criteria for use against SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19.
Restaurants and retail food establishments are regulated at the state and local level. State, local, and tribal regulators use the Food Code published by the FDA to develop or update their own food safety rules. Generally, FDA-regulated food manufacturers are required to maintain clean facilities, including, as appropriate, clean and sanitized food contact surfaces, and to have food safety plans in place. Food safety plans include a hazards analysis and risk-based preventive controls and include procedures for maintaining clean and sanitized facilities and food contact surfaces. See: FSMA Final Rule for Preventive Controls for Human Food.
Q: What Is A Monoclonal Antibody
A: Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced molecules that act as substitute antibodies that can restore, enhance or mimic the immune system’s attack on cells. Monoclonal antibodies for COVID-19 may block the virus that causes COVID-19 from attaching to human cells, making it more difficult for the virus to reproduce and cause harm. Monoclonal antibodies may also neutralize a virus.
What Is The Treatment For E Cuniculi
Treatment aims to reduce inflammation and prevent formation of spores. If a diagnosis is made or clinical symptoms indicate E. Cuniculi to be the cause of disease, a 28-day course of oral fenbendazole, e.g. PanacurT, at 20 mg/kg once a day is the general treatment of choice, plus anti-inflammatory drugs such as corticosteroids.
However, many new treatments are being trialled and looked into, so your vet may decide to treat your rabbit with a different drug or combination of drugs. If a secondary bacterial infection is also present, the treatment regime will probably also include antibiotics.
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Q: Am I Currently Eligible For A Covid
A: Everyone ages 16 and older can get a booster shot.
The FDA amended the emergency use authorization for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to allow for the use of a single booster dose for people ages 16 and 17 after completion of primary vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine.
The FDA-authorized Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine and the FDA-approved Comirnaty are the only COVID-19 vaccines currently available for people ages 16 and 17. Individuals ages 16 and 17 should only receive the Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine or Comirnaty as their booster dose.
If you are 18 or older and received the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine or Comirnaty for your primary vaccination series at least 6 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines. They are:
- Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
If you are 18 or older and received the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine as your primary vaccination at least 2 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines.
The FDA-approved Comirnaty and the two authorized formulations of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for ages 12 and older, when prepared according to their respective instructions for use, can be used interchangeably without any safety or effectiveness concerns.
Q: Can My Pet Get Covid
The virus that causes COVID-19 can spread from people to animals including pets in some situations, mostly during close contact. If a person inside the household becomes sick, isolate that person from everyone else, including pets and other animals.
We know that most pets that get infected do so after close contact with their owner or other household member with COVID-19. Consult CDCs website for the latest recommendations about how to protect pets from the virus.
If you are sick with COVID-19 , you should avoid contact with your pets and other animals, just like you would with people.
- When possible, have another member of your household care for your pets while you are sick.
- Avoid contact with your pet including petting snuggling, being kissed or licked, sharing food, and sleeping in the same bed.
- If you must care for your pet or be around animals while you have COVID-19, wear a mask and wash your hands before and after you interact with them.
Talk to your veterinarian if your pet gets sick or if you have any concerns about your pets health.
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Q: Is The Monoclonal Antibody Actemra Approved For The Treatment Of Covid
A: No. Actemra is not approved as a treatment for COVID-19. However, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for use of Actemra by healthcare providers for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults and pediatric patients who are receiving systemic corticosteroids and require supplemental oxygen, non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation, or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation .
Actemra is a monoclonal antibody that reduces inflammation by blocking the interleukin-6 receptor. In the case of COVID-19 infection, the immune system can become hyperactive, which may result in worsening of disease. Actemra does not directly target SARS-COV-2. Actemra is a prescription medication given by intravenous infusion that is FDA-approved for multiple inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis.
Monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19 may only be administered in settings in which health care providers have immediate access to medications to treat a severe infusion reaction, such as anaphylaxis, and have the ability to activate the emergency medical system , if necessary. Please speak with your doctor or contact your local or state public health department for more information.
Q: Will There Be Animal Food Shortages
A: There are no nationwide shortages of animal food, although in some cases the inventory of certain foods at your grocery store might be temporarily low before stores can restock. Animal food production and manufacturing are widely dispersed throughout the United States and no widespread disruptions have been reported in the supply chain.
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What Is Rivm National Institute For Public Health And The Environment Doing
In the Netherlands, we are alert to new and existing diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. Just as humans can catch infectious diseases, animals can also become infected. A small proportion of infectious diseases that animals can catch are also infectious to humans these are known as zoonoses. Sometimes animals can also catch infectious diseases from humans these are known as anthropozoonoses.
For that reason, RIVM is also looking at the extent to which animals can become infected with SARS-CoV-2 and could play a role in spreading the virus. RIVM is working with various professionals, including experts in healthcare and veterinary medicine.
Care For Rabbits When You Are Away
You have a responsibility to make sure that your rabbit is cared for while you are away. Someone looking after a rabbit for you must look after the rabbits needs every day. When someone is looking after your rabbit in your absence, they are legally responsible for its welfare and you should make sure that they understand its needs and any special requirements it may have. You should provide contact details to deal with an emergency medical situation.
Many rabbits prefer to stay in a familiar environment, but you should make suitable arrangements with a neighbour or pet sitter. You should make sure that they can meet all your rabbits needs.
You may wish to consider whether a good boarding facility would be better, where your rabbit can be monitored and cared for by someone knowledgeable on how to look after rabbits.
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I Am A Pdsa Client And I Want To Have My Rabbit Neutered What Do I Do
Sadly, PDSA are not able to offer preventive services such as neutering at the moment. This is because, we are facing a huge demand for our services, and at present, our priority is treating pets in need of urgent or lifesaving treatment. We hope to start providing preventive services again at some point, but its likely that a reduced service will continue into the foreseeable future. We recommend that our clients try to find another veterinary practice for their rabbits neutering – try a local private practice, or use the RCVS website to find vets in your local area. Dont worry, even if your rabbit is neutered elsewhere, they will stay registered with us should they become unwell at any point. We really appreciate your patience and support during this difficult time.
Keeping Your Rabbit Inside
Rabbits can live quite happily indoors and they should be provided with secure accommodation where they can feel safe, sleep, use a particular area as a toilet, and be confined to when unsupervised.
If let loose indoors particular attention should be given to restricting access to areas where there are electrical cables which rabbits may chew through. As rabbits are prone to heat stroke attention should also be given to where their accommodation is situated as central heating systems can cause health problems.
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Q: Are Chloroquine Phosphate Or Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate Approved By The Fda To Treat Covid
A: No. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate and some versions of chloroquine phosphate are FDA-approved to treat malaria. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is also FDA-approved to treat lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
On March 28, 2020, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for chloroquine phosphate and hydroxychloroquine sulfate to treat adults and adolescents hospitalized with COVID-19 for whom a clinical trial was not available or participation was not feasible. Based on FDAs continued review of the scientific evidence available, the criteria for an EUA for chloroquine phosphate and hydroxychloroquine sulfate as outlined in Section 564 of the FD& C Act are no longer met. As a result, the EUA for these two drugs was revoked on June 15, 2020. Read more about this action.
Q: What Is The Fdas Role In Regulating Potential Treatments During A Public Health Emergency
A: The FDA carries out many activities to protect and promote public health during a public health emergency, including helping to accelerate the development and availability of potential treatments, protecting the security of drug supply chains, providing guidance to food and medical device manufacturers, advising developers on clinical trial issues, and keeping the public informed with authoritative health information.
The FDA is committed to supporting the development of new drugs, and the potential repurposing of existing drugs, to address COVID-19 by working with potential drug makers and sponsors to rapidly move products into clinical trials, helping to ensure that trials are properly designed and safe, and protecting the public from potentially unsafe products.
A: Yes, the FDA has approved Veklury for certain COVID-19 patients. Read more about the approval here.
Additionally, during public health emergencies, the FDA may in certain circumstances authorize use of unapproved drugs or unapproved uses of approved drugs for life-threatening conditions when there are no adequate, approved, and available options and other conditions are met. This is called an Emergency Use Authorization .
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Tpwd Officials Say The Disease Is Almost Always Fatal
SAN ANTONIO As most people look to socially distance or take other precautions during the COVID-19 pandemic, another population is being threatened by a separate virus.
According to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Rabbit Hemorrhagic Virus is nearly always fatal and primarily affects adult rabbits.
Tina Gilson, the president of The Alamo City House Rabbits, a group that works with domestic rabbits in San Antonio and South Texas, says they are taking this threat seriously.
Per the Texas Animal Health Commission, the closest reported case to San Antonio is in the Killeen area, but the virus has spread so far and so fast since the spring, theres no reason to believe its not in the rural areas around San Antonio, Gilson said in a statement to KSAT.
Gilson said that indoor living for rabbits is the first step that can be taken to help prevent the spread of the disease and a preventative vaccine.
The vaccine requires a yearly booster, Gilson said. We ask people to schedule that along with their rabbits annual health exam.
Please call to get your bunnies on the vaccination list for RHDV2! Even if your rabbit never goes outside (which it…
Key Messages From The Cdc On Animals & Covid
If you have tested positive for COVID-19 or suspect you may have the virus, you should restrict contact with your companion animals and other animals, whenever possible, just as you would with humans. If someone else is unable to care for your companion rabbits while you are sick, wear a mask when caring for animals. Neither the U.S. Food and Drug Administration nor the U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service have approved any products for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of COVID-19 in non-human animals.
The CDC does not recommend euthanasia of animals that test positive for COVID-19.
At this time, routine testing of animals for COVID-19 isnt recommended. Please do not use any COVID-19 testing materials intended for human use on your companion rabbit.
Currently, the risk of animals spreading COVID-19 to people is low. Companion rabbits in particular are at very low risk of contracting, harboring or transmitting the virus.
There is no evidence COVID-19 can spread to people from the skin, fur, or hair of companion animals.
Contact your veterinarian if your companion animal gets sick or you have concerns about their health. If your companion animal has been in contact someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 in the last two weeks, be sure to let your veterinarian know so they can take safety precautions if your companion animal needs to visit the vet.
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How Is It Spread And Who Is At Risk
Outbreaks of the virus can spread for hundreds of miles and can affect wild and domestic rabbits in the UK and Europe.
The virus is extremely stable and can remain active for many days, even in extreme conditions.
This means that it can easily be transmitted between rabbits by direct contact, or via the droppings of an infected rabbit. Other animals and insects can transmit the virus too. For example, flies, birds, rodents and humans via their clothing or shoes. The disease presents no risk to humans.
When To End Home Isolation Of Your Pet
Follow your veterinarians advice for when it is safe for your pet to be around other people and animals. Your pet can usually go back to normal activities if:
- The pet has not shown symptoms for at least 72 hours without medical care
- It has been at least 14 days since the pets last positive test
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Where Rabbits Live Eat Exercise Go To The Toilet
A rabbits environment is where it lives – not just where it sleeps, eats, exercises and goes to the toilet, but any place that it has access to. The environment also includes all the objects a rabbit comes into contact with and the materials, such as bedding, that it needs to stay healthy and happy.
Consideration should be given to providing enough space with adequate ventilation, with protection from predators and extreme temperatures.
A rabbit should have access to suitable places and supplies to:
- rest and sleep in comfort
- eat and drink undisturbed
- hide when afraid or feeling insecure
- shelter from the weather including wind, cold, rain and sun
- interact with companions
- chew whenever it feels the need
- look out for companions or danger
Q: How Long Does It Take To Approve Covid
A: On August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine, known as the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, now known as Comirnaty , for the prevention of the disease in individuals 16 years of age and older. The vaccine also continues to be available under emergency use authorization , including for children 5 through 15 years of age, and for the administration of a third dose in certain immunocompromised individuals. More information on the approval can be found here.
Each review of a COVID-19 vaccine for approval is unique and the amount of time it takes may be different. Having safe and effective approved COVID-19 vaccines is a top priority for the FDA. The process involves incredible expertise and attention to detail, which is critical to ensuring that the FDAs rigorous standards are met.
Our team is reviewing tremendous amounts of data. Vaccine applications have the equivalent of hundreds of thousands of pages of data and other information more than what is submitted as part of an EUA. When a BLA comes in, we have to make sure there is accurate safety and effectiveness information and manufacturing data. We also conduct inspections and develop testing protocols to make sure that every lot of vaccine that is released meets rigorous quality standards.
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Q: Should I Wear A Face Covering Or Mask When I Go Out In Public
A: The CDC recommends wearing masks in public when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain. Effective February 2, 2021, masks are required on planes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation traveling into, within, or out of the United States and in U.S. transportation hubs such as airports and stations. Read more about the CDCs Mask Requirement.
The FDA has authorized the emergency use of face masks, including cloth face coverings, that meet certain criteria for use as source control by the general public and health care personnel in accordance with CDC recommendations during the COVID-19 public health emergency. The FDA also regulates other medical devices, including personal protective equipment such as surgical masks and N95 respirators. The CDC recommends that PPE should be reserved for use by health care workers, first responders, and other frontline workers whose jobs put them at much greater risk of acquiring COVID-19.