What Can I Do If Im Worried About Covid Vaccines
Firstly, Emma says that âif youâre experiencing any unexpected bleeding, missed periods and heavy and uncomfortable periods, theyâre real and theyâre distressing events. However based on your reporting and other reporting from women around the world, trial data from vaccines and previous data from other types of vaccination, these issues appear to be uncommon. If they do occur they appear to be very unlikely to persist for a long time, at most one or two cycles.â
âThe most important thing is to accept vaccination when offered the opportunity because this is the main way weâre going to end the pandemic togetherâ. However, Emma advises that if youâre experiencing irregular bleeding or disruption to your periods for more than one or two cycles, you should talk about this with your GP. She also adds that âanyone who has had a period after 12 months without menstruation should see their GP, irrespective of whether this is a âone-offâ or a continuing problem.â
Periods are a much more complex picture than we are able to explore with the ZOE COVID Study app currently, but we want to thank you for continuing to contribute daily, as itâs incredibly important to build up a nationwide picture of trending symptoms and hotspots. Your contributions are invaluable and crucial in helping us to continue our research.
Stay safe, and keep logging.
What To Consider About Covid
Your decision to be vaccinated during pregnancy should be based on your risk for exposure to the virus and how sick you might get if you do get the virus. Given the latest available data about COVID-19 risk in pregnancy and the safety of the vaccines, the CDC, ACOG, and SMFM strongly recommend getting vaccinated now.
If you wish to wait until after you give birth, it is important to control your exposures by limiting interactions with people outside of your household and using protective measures .
Why Am I Experiencing Pms Symptoms After Covid Vaccination
At different points in the menstrual cycle, women experience different levels of chemical messengers called cytokines. These are signalling molecules made by cells of the immune system, that help mediate and regulate immunity and inflammation.
These messenger molecules can contribute towards PMS symptoms, along with other hormones that vary across the cycle. They also play a role in the cramping and discomfort experienced by many women at the time of their periods also.
Emma explains that âwhen you have a vaccination, cytokines can also be increased, which could lead to similar symptoms that you might normally experience at different times across your menstrual cycle. This too wouldnât be surprising given that the same messengers might be involved, so it can be difficult to distinguish between the two.â
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Do Covid Vaccines Affect Pregnancy Fertility Or Periods We Asked The World Health Organization
Misinformation about the impact of COVID-19 vaccines on pregnant people and how it may affect fertility and menstruation have spread like wildfire, triggering warnings from health professionals that not enough pregnant women are getting jabbed.
But studies have yet to link any vaccine-related problems with pregnancy and foetal development, or menstrual cycles and fertility in women or men. In fact, studies and experts say it is more dangerous not to get the vaccine.
The latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States concluded that COVID-19 vaccines are well-tolerated by people who are pregnant, planning a pregnancy or lactating, further suggesting the benefits of having the vaccine far outweighs the risks.
The CDC study is one of the largest of its kind and drew data from a survey of more than 17,000 individuals.
To understand the data behind various studies and to get the facts, Euronews Next spoke to Dr Liudmila Mosina, Technical Specialist on Vaccine-preventable Diseases and Immunization at the World Health Organization regional office for Europe.
Do Covid Vaccines Affect Menstruation
As more and more people are offered the vaccine, there are increasing numbers of reports in the media about whether menstrual cycles might be affected by vaccines offered to combat COVID-19.
We spoke to Professor Emma Duncan from Kingâs College London, who specialises in genetics and endocrinology, to find out what might be going on here, and her thoughts on whether vaccines are having any effect on periods.
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What About In Pregnancy
The science is also clear the vaccine is safe in pregnancy. In studies of pregnant women in Canada and the United States who received the vaccine, minor side effects were similar to non-pregnant adults, and pregnancy complications and baby outcomes were similar to the background rate.
Research has shown thereâs additional benefit of vaccination in pregnancy, with the baby gaining some protection against COVID. Antibodies have been found in cord blood and in breastmilk, suggesting temporary protection for babies .
Getting vaccinated at any stage of pregnancy will provide this additional benefit.
A Study Shows The Vaccine Accumulating In The Ovaries
This theory comes from a misreading of a study submitted to the Japanese regulator.
The study involved giving rats a much higher dose of vaccine than that given to humans .
Only 0.1% of the total dose ended up in the animals’ ovaries, 48 hours after injection.
Far more – 53% after one hour and 25% after 48 hours – was found at the injection site . The next most common place was the liver , which helps get rid of waste products from the blood.
The vaccine is delivered using a bubble of fat containing the virus’s genetic material, which kick-starts the body’s immune system.
And those promoting this claim cherry-picked a figure which actually referred to the concentration of fat found in the ovaries.
Fat levels in the ovaries did increase in the 48 hours after the jab, as the vaccine contents moved from the injection site around the body.
But, crucially, there was no evidence it still contained the virus’s genetic material.
We don’t know what happened after 48 hours as that was the limit of the study.
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Myth: Now That We Have A Vaccine For Covid
FACT: The thousands of viruses that cause various diseases are very different. Many change year by year, making it difficult to develop one vaccine that works for a long period of time.
Developing vaccines for some disease-causing viruses is tough. For example, the virus that causes HIV can hide and make itself undetectable by the human immune system, which makes creating a vaccine for it extremely difficult.
The common cold can be caused by any one of hundreds of different viruses, so a vaccine for just one of them would not be very effective.
What Should Pregnant Women Consider Before Getting The Vaccine
The CDC recommends expectant women who may be hesitant to contact their health care provider.
Key considerations to discuss might include:
- The unknown risks of developing a severe allergic reaction
- The benefits of vaccination
The CDC also said all women under the age of 50 “should be aware of the rare risk of TTS ” after receiving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. This risk was no seen with the Moderna of Pfizer mRNA vaccines, officials said.
Pregnant women should also consider their risks of contracting COVID-19 as the potential for severe illness is increased, experts said.
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How Many People Have Changes To Their Periods After Covid Vaccination
Weâve received app reports from around 3,000 ZOE COVID Study users who described changes to their periods after vaccination. These included early or unexpected bleeding, missed or late periods, and particularly heavy or uncomfortable periods, for example.
Regarding this, Emma explains that âthe average age of menopause in the UK is 51, but anywhere between 45-55 is considered usual. Leading up to the menopause, periods become increasingly irregular. So in these early days, with the vaccine rollout including many perimenopausal women who may be experiencing irregular periods anyway, itâs difficult to be sure that these changes were due to the vaccine itself.â
As of the end of June, now that all adult people who menstruate have been offered the vaccine, reports of an irregularity to the menstrual cycle have increased slightly but were still less than 0.5% of all vaccinated women using the app.
Emma reassures us that ââthese rates are still very lowâ and adds âthere are many reasons why women experience period irregularities.â
Prevent The Spread Of Covid
After you are fully vaccinated, you may be able to participate in many of the activities that you did before the pandemic. Learn more about what you can do when you have been fully vaccinated.
If you have a condition or are taking medications that weaken your immune system, you may NOT be fully protected even if you are fully vaccinated. Talk to your healthcare provider. Even after vaccination, you may need to continue taking all precautions.
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Why Has My Menstrual Flow Changed After Covid Vaccination
Some women have reported having a particularly heavy period and others an unusually light one. Emma explains that âone possible reason might be that the uterus lining itself also contains the same chemical messengers, cytokines, that regulate inflammation and if these are affected by immunisation some women might notice some changes in bleeding.â
Emma also mentions that âsome women may be taking NSAIDs like ibuprofen or aspirin to help deal with vaccine after-effects like fever or aches and pains, so these too may make a small difference in menstrual flow.â
Those taking oral contraceptives, a typically good indicator and regulator of the menstrual cycle, have also reported irregular bleeding. Emma explains âthat the most common reason for women on oral contraceptives to have breakthrough bleeding is unreliable absorption of the pill . Given that about 1% of women fall pregnant on the pill every year, this is not unusual.â
What Are The Risks Of Covid
Pregnant people are at a higher risk of severe complications, hospitalization, and even death from COVID-19 when compared with their non-pregnant, age-matched counterparts, according to Dixon.
If you are a woman and youre pregnant, you’re at greater risk of having severe exacerbations, and admission, intubation, and potentially death from coronavirus, she told CTVs Your Morning on Wednesday.
According to a recent study , expectant mothers with a COVID-19 diagnosis were at higher risk of preeclampsia, infections, admission to hospital intensive care units and death.
The risk of death for these women with COVID-19 was 1.6 per cent, which was 22 times higher than for pregnant women without the disease, the study said.
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Brain Hacks: 4 Ways To Avoid Emotional Hijacking
We can all agree the human brain is one of the most fascinating organs. The three-pound, jelly-like mass has as many neurons as there are stars in the milky way and consumes 20% of the bodys energy. Its the command center of the body and is what makes it possible to carry out all of our daily functions.
However. Its not perfect.
Out of all the incredible things our brain can do, its No. 1 function is to keep us alive. And that means its constantly looking for and responding to anything it perceives as a threat to our survival. Way back in the caveman days, threats were pretty straightforward animals, weather and the occasional interaction with another caveman. The process to deal with it was just as simple: Your brain looked for emotional cues to decide if the situation was pleasant, unpleasant or neutral and initiated an action to either approach, avoid or ignore it.
It makes sense, even today. If you ran into a bear, your emotional response would be fear, which would signal your brain the situation is unpleasant and you need to avoid it somehow. Your brains response would then be to prepare your body to either act against the threat or escape through a raised heart rate , rapid breathing and shutting down certain bodily functions .
But what about when a car cuts you off in traffic? Or your mother-in-law critiques your parenting? Or you find out skinny jeans are under attack?
What Could Testicular Pain Or Irritation Be A Symptom Of
According to Dr. Parekh, ED, testicle pain or irritation could be symptoms of other medical conditions. If you experience any of these, talk to your healthcare provider immediately.
Testicle swelling could be a sign of a lot more worrisome things. It could be a sign of an STD, an infection or an indicator of testicular cancer. ED could be a sign of heart disease, diabetes or other medical conditions. Men need to voice their concerns to their providers. But they shouldnt be worried about the vaccines causing these symptoms.
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People Who Are Breastfeeding
COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for all people 12 years and older, including people who are breastfeeding. Clinical trials for the COVID-19 vaccines currently used in the United States did not include people who are breastfeeding. Because the vaccines have not been studied in people who are breastfeeding, there are limited data available on the:
- Safety of COVID-19 vaccines in people who are breastfeeding
- Effects of vaccination on the breastfed baby
- Effects on milk production or excretion
COVID-19 vaccines cannot cause infection in anyone, including the mother or the baby, and the vaccines are effective at preventing COVID-19 in people who are breastfeeding. Recent reports have shown that breastfeeding people who have received mRNA COVID-19 vaccines have antibodies in their breastmilk, which could help protect their babies. More data are needed to determine what protection these antibodies may provide to the baby.4-7
What Else Does The Science Say
Since the vaccine rollout began, six billion doses of COVID vaccines have been administered around the world, including Pfizer and Moderna, the recommended vaccines in Australia for under-60s, including pregnant women. Pfizer is the only vaccine offered in New Zealand.
There has not been a concurrent epidemic of infertility nor miscarriage.
Several populations of women have been followed up after vaccination. Women who have received COVID vaccinations have no difference in compared to unvaccinated women.
Studies have demonstrated no difference in embryo implantation rate for women who had received vaccination against COVID prior to having in vitro fertilisation compared to unvaccinated women.
Studies have also looked for an effect of the vaccine on male fertility. These have demonstrated no change in sperm volume, concentration, motility and total motile sperm count when comparing samples taken before and after COVID vaccination.
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Safety And Effectiveness Of Covid
Evidence about the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy, although limited, has been growing. These data suggest that the benefits of receiving a COVID-19 vaccine outweigh any known or potential risks of vaccination during pregnancy.
Additional clinical trials that study the safety of COVID-19 vaccines and how well they work in pregnant people are underway or planned. Vaccine manufacturers are also collecting and reviewing data from people in the completed clinical trials who received a vaccine and became pregnant.
Will You Recommend That Your Patients Get Vaccinated Are You Getting Vaccinated
With the exception of some very rare instances of individuals with unique health concerns, we recommend the COVID 19 vaccine to all of our patients. We believe that in the vast majority of cases, the benefits outweigh the risks, and the vaccine is much safer than contracting COVID-19.
Some of us are breastfeeding, some of us are pregnant or are planning to be pregnant in the near future we all have patients, friends, and family that we want to protect, and we are all frontline healthcare workers. We are grateful to be vaccinated, and hope that others will take advantage of this opportunity to protect themselves, their children, and the other members of their communityWhile the overall risk of experiencing a severe course of COVID-19 is low, if youre pregnant you have an increased risk of getting severely ill if you contract COVID-19.
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Can I Get A Different Vaccine For My Second Dose Are There Any Possible New Side Effects
A super appears on a pink background: COVID-19 vaccine questions
A person seated on a chair speaks directly to the camera to ask a question: Can I get a different vaccine for my second dose? Are there any possible new side effects?
Cut to a doctor in an exam room, then a super appears:
- Dr. Anne Pham-Huy
- Chair, Immunize Canada
The doctor responds to the person’s question.
Dr. Anne Pham-Huy: It’s important for people to get their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as they’re eligible. This will help protect them against COVID-19 and its variants.
mRNA vaccines can be used interchangeably, meaning either can be used as a second dose. mRNA vaccines use the same technology and provide excellent protection.
Now if you received the AstraZeneca vaccine for your first dose, it is recommended that you get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine for your second dose, and this has been studied and proven to be safe and efficacious.
However, there is a possibility of increased short-term side effects when mixing COVID-19 vaccines, and this can include, maybe, your arm is more sore, more headaches, a bit of fatigue, and feeling ill. But luckily, these side effects are temporary and resolve without complications.
Vaccine interchangeability is not a new concept. Similar vaccines from different manufacturers have been used for a number of diseases when vaccine supply or public health programs change.
Cut to a white screen with a pink border: Got questions?