What Treatments Are There For Coronaviruses
There is no cure yet for COVID-19.
There are some treatments, including a drug called remdesivir, which has been approved by the FDA but research suggests it may provide only a modest benefit to patients.
Molnupiravir is an oral antiviral COIVD-19 drug undergoing review by the FDA. The goal of oral antivirals is to prevent people from getting sicker so they rehabilitate faster. People who are newly infected with the coronavirus or are newly symptomatic begin taking the drugs within three to five days of symptoms starting. It’s likely that molnupiravir will be given to nonhospitalized adults with mild to moderate COVID-19 who are within five days of symptom onset and have at least one risk factor for severe disease.
The New York Times Coronavirus Drug and Treatment Tracker is following treatments for effectiveness and safety. This resource is updated frequently.
The is a literature curation effort by over 50 faculty members with collaborating institutions that review thousands of papers about COVID-19 research, including treatment, each week.
What Are The Best Ways To Do Contact Tracing
A great resource on contact tracing is the Johns Hopkins COVID-19 contact tracing course, which is available for free on Coursera.
In the U.S., the commitment to contact tracing programs, to getting them to the scale and speed that we need, has really varied by state and by jurisdiction. Its clear across the U.S. right now that very few places that have the programs, the interventions in place, to keep transmission under control. Contact tracing has to be part of that. But there are other interventions to reduce the number of contacts that people have every day to go along with it.
Contact tracing can only work if you can find cases, and we are still not there with testing in the U.S.
SOURCE: Emily Gurley
Guide To Home Quarantine For Positive Covid
Have you or a family member in the same household been diagnosed positive with COVID-19? Heres everything you need to know about home isolation, cleaning practices and waste management during the home quarantine.
The Ministry of Health has advised that if you are COVID-19 positive but experiencing non-life-threatening symptoms, you must remain at home and practice isolation and home quarantine. As the guidelines continue to be updated, we have created an all-in-one guide on quarantining at home.
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There Is A Difference Between Quarantine And Isolation
Quarantine and isolation are not the same – even though you are required in either case to avoid contact with other people so as not to infect them. Quarantine is always required in cases where it is unclear whether someone has become infected, either through contact with an infected person or after returning from a risk area. The COVID-19 incubation time, that is the time between infection and the first positive test or onset of the first symptoms, can be about 10 days. This is why persons exposed to a higher risk of infection are, as a rule, subject to a 14-day quarantine. Contact persons can have their home quarantine shortened from 14 to ten days. This is conditional on a negative test result . For more information, click here or contact your local health office.
Isolation is required when persons have been confirmed as carrying the coronavirus, i.e. persons who have tested positive. If they have no or only mild symptoms, the patients can isolate at home . If they experience severe symptoms, they are isolated at a hospital. Isolation can only be ended if it is certain that the patient is no longer able to infect other persons. This is the case at the earliest after 10 days with at least two symptom-free days.
To Qualify As A Fully Vaccinated Traveller To Canada You Must:
- have received at least 2 doses of a COVID-19 vaccine accepted for travel, a mix of 2 accepted vaccines
- or at least 1 dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine
- have received your second dose at least 14 calendar days before you enter Canada
- Example: if your second dose was anytime on Thursday, July 1, then Thursday, July 15 would be the first day that you meet the 14 day condition
- have no signs or symptoms of COVID-19
- complete your ArriveCAN submission and have ArriveCAN receipt with letter I, V, or A beside your name
- complete arrival test if selected
Vaccines accepted by the Government of Canada for the purpose of travel to and within Canada:
- Bharat Biotech
- Moderna including for children aged 6 to 11 years
- Pfizer-BioNTech including for children aged 5 to 11 years
- Sinopharm BIBP
To qualify as a fully vaccinated traveller, you must have received, at least 14 calendar days by the day you travel:
- at least 2 doses of a vaccine accepted by the Government of Canada for the purpose of travel
- or a mix of 2 accepted vaccines
- or at least 1 dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine
If your proof of vaccination is not in English or French, you need a certified translation in English or French.
Your certified translation must include the stamp or membership number of a professional translation association.
Keep both the original proof of vaccination and the certified translation with you while you travel.
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Tips For Families Isolated Together Due To Covid
As testing for COVID-19 increases across the area, more families may face the question of how to protect all members in their household from the possible spread of the virus if one of them has tested positive.
According to the CDC, isolation is used to separate people infected with the virus, including those who are sick and those with no symptoms, from people who are not infected until it is safe for them to be around others.
Once someone tests positive, it is also recommended that any close contacts which is anyone who has been within 6 feet of the infected person for more than 15 minutes stay home and quarantine until 14 days after the last time they had contact with that person.
Onslow County Health Department Community Relations Officer Victoria Reyes said not every family has a way to isolate members from separate locations or even separate areas of a house but there are ways to limit contact with the infected family member and to help reduce the chance of spreading the virus.
We know that there will be intermingling but you can do as much social distancing as possible within the family unit, Reyes said.
The Health Department says every familys situation is different but they provide as much guidance as possible to help them make the best decisions possible to protect their family while isolated.
In some cases, a parent or caregiver may not be able to isolate from a sick child or another sick family member.
I Got An Antibody Test After I Got Vaccinated And It Came Back Negative Does That Mean The Vaccine Didnt Work For Me
Not all antibody tests are looking for the part of the virus that the vaccine is made from, so all that test was telling that person was that they never had COVID.
None of the tests right now are authorized to determine how well you responded to the vaccine. But the vaccines are really effective. If you indeed took the vaccine, you dont need a test from your pharmacy to confirm youre vaccinated.
SOURCE: Gigi Gronvall
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How To Monitor Your Oxygen Level At Home
COVID-19 can negatively impact how well oxygen is transferred into the bloodstream, but a patient doesn’t always feel short of breath when their oxygen levels are low. Patients at home can monitor the percentage of oxygen in their blood using a pulse oximeter, a relatively inexpensive device that comfortably clamps onto a finger. Products that are FDA-approved for home medical use are best, Barman said.
A reading of 96% or higher is considered healthy, she said. A patient who has a reading of 95% or lower should contact a clinician because that might signal that their lungs are not functioning well.
It can take 30 to 60 seconds to come to a steady reading, Barman said. Also, the monitors may pick up a signal better on one finger than another. If a reading is less than 96%, patients should take a reading on another finger. The highest pulse oximeter number is the correct one — it could read artificially low, but not artificially high. Many pulse oximeters also record a heart rate or pulse. The instructions should indicate which is which.
When Can I Resume Normal Activities After A Covid Infection If I Did Not Have Symptoms
The CDC is monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and has issued interim guidance for ending isolation. This guidance is subject to change so please check the CDC’s site for the latest.
The CDC advises:
You can be around others after 5 days since the date of your positive viral test.
You should continue to wear a well-fitting mask around others at home and in public for 5 additional days after the end of your 5-day isolation period. Avoid people who are immunocompromised or high-risk for at least 10 days.
Do not go to places where you are unable to wear a mask and avoiding eating around others at home and at work until 10 days after the date of your positive test.
If you develop symptoms after testing positive, your 5-day isolation period should start over. Day 0 is your first day of symptoms.
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What Was More Concerning Is That Some People Who Were Included In The Study Retained These Levels For Up To 68 Days
Written by Satata Karmakar | Updated : January 19, 2022 1:31 PM IST
The world is in the grip of the deadly COVID-19 for over two years now, and there have been a lot of developments and research done on this SARS-CoV-2 virus which led to several inventions of new information about it. As we step into the third wave of COVID-19, scientists have discovered a new characteristic of this virus. Research, published recently in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases showed that one in ten people may still be infectious for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, after the 10 day quarantine period, according to a study.
Do We Know At This Point Who Is At Risk Of Developing Long Covid
At this point, theres no data on who is more likely to get long COVID. But there are studies underway that are looking at whether vaccination can help with long COVID.
Its important to note that regardless of whether or not vaccines can help with symptoms, long-hauler COVID patients should get vaccinated for COVID. This will help prevent reinfection as we still dont know how robust the immune response is in long-haul patients.
SOURCE: Gigi Gronvall
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Children And Young People Without Symptoms
The exemption for self-quarantine also applies to:
- children who go to childcare, primary school or secondary school
- secondary school pupils aged 18 or over and
- students under 18 who attend secondary vocational education or higher education .
This exemption only applies if they have no COVID-19 symptoms.
Self-testing by pupils in group 6 and higher
Pupils in group 6 and higher and in secondary school should do a self-test twice a week. Pupils with a cold or other COVID-19 symptoms should do an extra self-test. If the result is positive they should get tested by the municipal health service and stay at home. If the result of the self-test is negative, the pupil can go to school despite their symptoms. They should do another self-test the next day.
How Long Should Quarantine Or Isolation Last
The guidelines for how long to quarantine or isolate may differ from country to country, or may change over time as the virus changes or theres new information about how it spreads. The CDC recently updated its recommendations for quarantine and isolation, but how and where theyre applied might vary.
To get the most updated and relevant information for your family, call your doctors office, your childs school district, or your local health department. The CDC can help you find the health department in your area.
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What Is Isolation Again
Isolation is used to separate people with a confirmed or suspected case of COVID-19 from those who don’t have the virus, according to the CDC. When you’re in isolation, you should stay home and separate from others, ideally in a specific “sick room” or area, and use a separate bathroom if it’s available, per the CDC. If you need to be around other people in your home, the CDC recommends wearing a mask.
The CDC suggests also doing the following when you’re in isolation:
- Monitor your symptoms and seek emergency medical care if you develop trouble breathing or other warning signs of severe COVID.
- Take steps to improve your ventilation at home, if possible.
- Avoid contact with other members of your household and pets.
- Don’t share personal household items like cups, towels, and utensils.
What Should Families With Unvaccinated Children Consider
The virus is still with us and the pandemic is not over, particularly for families with young children and household members who are immune compromised. Consider a few key questions:
- Whom will you be interacting with?
- What is the current proportion vaccinated and the current spread of COVID-19 in my community?
- Where will the interaction take place?
- Is the interaction necessary and what are the policies in place?
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What Should I Do If Multiple People I Live With Test Positive For Covid
Recommendations for this situation depend on vaccination status:
- When multiple members of the household become infected at different times and the people with COVID-19 cant isolate from other members of the household, close contacts who are unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated should
- Quarantine throughout the isolation period of any infected person in the household.
- Continue to quarantine until 14 days after the end of isolation date for the most recently infected member of the household. For example, if the last day of isolation of the person most recently infected with COVID-19 was June 30, the new 14-day quarantine period starts on July 1.
- Get tested 5-7 days after the end of isolation for the most recently infected member of the household.
- Wear a mask when in contact with any person with COVID-19 while that person is in isolation.
- Wear a mask when in contact with other people in the home until quarantine ends.
- Isolate immediately if they develop symptoms of COVID-19 or test positive.
Are Mrna Vaccines New
Although the first mRNA vaccines for humans were tested in 2013and these were rabies vaccinesthe technology had no commercial development opportunities until the COVID-19 pandemic which spurred manufacturers to develop dozens of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 and brought tremendous increases in funding.
This is a technology that has been well studied and already, vaccine manufacturers are developing mRNA vaccines to protect against other diseases such as the flu and HIV. It’s a new era for vaccine technology and production, and a testament to scientific progress and decades of research.
SOURCE: Chris Beyrer
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If You Develop Severe Symptoms
- significant difficulty breathing
- new onset of confusion
- difficulty waking up
If you take an ambulance to the hospital, tell the dispatcher that you have or may have COVID-19.
If you take a private vehicle to the hospital, call ahead to let them know that that you have or may have COVID-19. If possible, only one healthy person should drive you. While in the car:
- you should maintain physical distance
- you and any other passenger should wear a medical mask
- open vehicle windows while travelling to the hospital
Do not use public transportation to seek medical care unless you have no choice.
What Makes Mrna Vaccines So Beneficial
have several advantages. Because the cell itself is going to make the protein, it’s much more likely to be the native protein or have the right properties that the virus would also have.
Another big advantage is that they’re fast to make. If you have the basic platform that to insert the sequence for your particular protein of interest, you can just take out and put another one in. It’s very fast to substitute in a new, different coding sequence for a protein.
SOURCE: Public Health On Call Podcast
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Why Are Black And Other Communities Of Color Being Hit Especially Hard By Covid
Before COVID-19, minority communities were already disproportionately impacted by health inequities. People in those communities already have higher rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and lung disease, so these are the folks who were actually going to be at more risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19. These health inequities result from the financial stresses of being poor and the social stresses of being from a marginalized group with a history of institutionalized, sanctioned mistreatment by law enforcement and other societal institutions.
Theres a confluence of all these different factorsnot having access to food, not having access to good quality housing, being crowded in small houses where there are multiple generations and unable to engage in social distancing or stock up on groceries for several weeks at a time, having to use public transportation, to work in essential jobs, and having less access to health care. These are all manifestations of structural racism.
SOURCE: Lisa Cooper