Icipant In Programs At The Swedish Public Employment Service
Deduction from sick pay has been re-introduced
As of 1 April 2022, a deduction from sick pay will be reintroduced if you participate in a program at the Swedish Public Employment Service. This means that you will not receive activity compensation during the first day that you are ill.
Remember to report to the Swedish Public Employment Office the first day you fall ill. If you are ill for more than 7 days, you have to have a doctor´s certificate.
The Swedish Public Employment Agency has more information on their website about what you need to do it you fall ill.
How Well Are The Covid
On June 7, the CDC issued a press release regarding their study of the effectiveness of vaccines in fully vaccinated people. The study found that the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines authorized by the Food and Drug Administration reduced the risk of infection by 91% for fully vaccinated people and 81% for partially vaccinated people. The study also is among the first to show that mRNA vaccination benefits people who get COVID-19 despite being fully vaccinated or partially vaccinated .
The results of this study also suggest that fully or partially vaccinated people who become infected with COVID-19 might be less likely to spread the virus to others. With fully or partially vaccinated study participants, the virus was 40% less detectable in their noses. It was also detected in six fewer days as compared to those who werent vaccinated when they became infected.
In addition, people who were partially or fully vaccinated were 66% less likely to test positive for the SARS-CoV-2 infection for more than one week in comparison to those who were unvaccinated. The CDC adds that while these indicators are not a direct measure of a persons ability to spread the virus, they have been associated with a reduced spread of other viruses like varicella and influenza .
Advice For Recovered Cases Who Are Significantly Immunosuppressed For The 7 Days Following Their Clearance From Isolation Date
People who are significantly immunosuppressed are more likely to be infectious after day 7 and may still be able to spread the virus.
Please follow these measures until day 14 following your positive test result to further reduce any remaining risk of spreading the virus.
If you are not sure if this applies to you, please discuss with your treating doctor.
- do not enter high-risk settings, including hospitals, residential aged care facilities, correctional and detention facilities
- this does not apply if you need to access urgent medical care, or are a resident in one of these settings.
- if you need to access medical care, please inform the treating facility that you have recently been released from isolation and are immunosuppressed.
Minimise contact with anyone who is at higher risk of severe illness if infected with COVID-19.
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/4omicron Showing More Asymptomatic Carriers
Recent data shows more asymptomatic cases in Omicron variant than other COVID variants. A recent report of NDTV shows that out of the total number of new COVID cases that have been traced in Mumbai till January 3, 90% are asymptomatic. While it is too early to reach a conclusion as this, but with limited testing, this alarming data can’t be ignored.
Until January 4, 2022 India has reported 37,379 new Covid-19 cases, and 1,892 Omicron cases so far. The country has reported 124 deaths in last 24 hour.
What It Means To Be An Asymptomatic Carrier
If you’re an asymptomatic carrier of a disease, it means you have the disease but don’t show any symptoms.
In the case of COVID-19, this can be a serious threat because of the way this virus spreads: People who are unaware that they have the virus may not stay home or take precautions, such as wearing a mask or staying six feet apart from others, when they leave their homes.
There’s a lot of confusion about what “asymptomatic” really means — part of that comes from a lack of data about asymptomatic COVID-19 carriers, but a large part of that stems from the many different uses of the word “asymptomatic.”
People can contract the novel coronavirus and be truly asymptomatic — meaning the virus infects them and runs its course without ever producing symptoms.
Then there are people who are “presymptomatic,” which refers to the time period between infection and appearance of symptoms. With many viruses, people are contagious during presymptomatic phases, and we know this to be true about COVID-19.
Whole Foods, June 2020. Reopening phases have spurred stores to take extra precautions, such as limiting cash payments.
Someone may be presymptomatic for several days, and if that person wasn’t self-isolating during the presymptomatic phase , they could have passed the virus onto everyone they came into close contact with.
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What Do I Do About Covid
Getting vaccinated against COVID-19, including getting a booster dose, is strongly recommended to protect you from getting COVID-19 again.
You should wait for 3 months after a confirmed COVID-19 infection before you get your next COVID-19 vaccine dose.
Please talk to your GP or regular health professional about the best timing for you based on:
- your medical conditions
- new variants of COVID-19, and
- other factors.
Its Still Good To Be Cautious
While this is encouraging news, Dr. Cardona stresses that fully vaccinated people still need to be careful as everything opens up again.
Virus transmission may still occur from those who are infected and asymptomatic, or ill without knowing it, especially in crowded areas with a lack of physical distancing, respiratory precautions and hand washing. Other factors to consider are ongoing community transmission and immunization rates.
If you havent been vaccinated or havent completed the vaccination series, she recommends doing so. And if you have a unique circumstance that delays your ability to complete your series of shots as scheduled, still get the second dose. Dr. Cardona says restarting the series isnt necessary.
The CDC also recommends that fully vaccinated people wear masks indoors in public for maximum protection from the delta variant and to lessen the risks of transmission. You should also wear a mask if you have a weakened immune system, an underlying medical condition or are at high risk for severe disease.
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What’s Known About How Contagious An Asymptomatic Person Might Be
No matter what, if you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19, you should self-quarantine for the entire 14-day incubation period. Even if you feel fine, you’re still at risk of spreading the coronavirus to others.
Most recently it has been shown that high levels of the virus are present in respiratory secretions during the “presymptomatic” period that can last days to more than a week prior to the fever and cough characteristic of COVID-19.
This ability of the virus to be transmitted by people without symptoms is a major reason for the pandemic.
Don’t Leave Home While You’re Still Contagious
A person with COVID-19 is thought to be most contagious in the days immediately leading up to symptom onset and throughout the first several days of his or her symptoms.
But, it can take several more days for a person’s immune system to actually clear the virus from the body.
“Most studies show that by the end of 10 days of infection, your body has cleared the active virus,” says Dr. Septimus. “A person with COVID-19 is likely no longer contagious after 10 days have passed since testing positive for coronavirus, and 72 hours after resolution of his or her respiratory symptoms and fever,” Dr. Septimus explains.
When it comes to staying home long enough to ensure you’re no longer contagious, follow these guidelines:
If you had symptoms, the criteria for ending isolation include:
- 10 days have passed since your symptoms first began and
- 24 hours with no fever without the use of fever-reducing medications and
- Your other COVID-19 symptoms are improving
If you were asymptomatic, the criteria for ending isolation include:
- 10 days after your positive viral test
This means that, even if your symptoms are clearing up and you’re feeling better, it’s imperative that you continue following isolation guidelines to ensure you don’t spread COVID-19 to others.
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When Do I Need To Get A Covid
People should not be tested for COVID-19 in the 12 weeks following clearance.
This means you do not need to do workplace screening, be tested as a contact or tested for COVID-19 if you have symptoms during this time.
You should get tested if you are identified as a household or high risk or moderate risk contact of someone infected with COVID-19, and it is longer than 12 weeks since your clearance from isolation.
If you develop new symptoms of COVID-19, and it is longer than 12 weeks since your clearance from isolation from your original infection, you should isolate and get tested for COVID-19. Where possible, this should be a PCR test.
If your test is negative, you should stay in isolation until you feel better so you do not spread your infection to others. If your test is positive, follow the information for people who test positive to COVID-19.
If you develop symptoms and it is less than 12 weeks since your clearance from isolation, you do not need to get tested for COVID-19, however to stop the spread of other infections, you should remain in isolation until symptoms resolve. Seek medical help if required.
You DO NOT need a test to be cleared from isolation.
How Long Do The Covid
The jury is still out on that one. According to Dr. Cardona and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the exact timeframe for protection is unknown at this time. When you think about it, we all tolerate vaccines differently. So, the scientific community is still studying natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity concerning COVID-19.
We dont know exactly how long the vaccines will protect us after being fully vaccinated. However, the CDC and experts are still working to determine the answer to this question and will keep us informed of any changes. But the one thing we do know is that getting vaccinated is still the safer choice for preventing serious illness for you, your loved ones and the benefit of our communities.
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Is Asymptomatic Spread Unusual
While its confounding to many people that a virus can spread before the person who is infected with it even knows that they are sick or showing any symptoms, Beckham said its not unusual. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is whats known as an RNA virus.
With RNA viruses and other respiratory viruses, its quite common for people to be asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic. Thats probably an important way for them to spread, Beckham said.
West Nile virus is a good example, Beckham said.
If you take everyone who gets infected , about 80% are asymptomatic. A lot of these viruses cause asymptomatic infections. Thats probably because our innate immune defenses fight off the virus before the infection gets going, Beckham said.
Mosquitos rather than humans spread West Nile, so asymptomatic spread is a separate issue. But, with viruses like Zika and Dengue, a person can be infected and not have symptoms. Yet, that person may have enough of the virus in their body that a mosquito who bites them can become infected with the virus, and in turn, spread it to other people.
What About The Breakthrough Cases Of Covid
Reports of breakthrough cases of COVID-19 among the fully vaccinated have many people doubting the vaccines effectiveness. However, the CDC says that these breakthrough cases are not an indication that the vaccines dont work. So far, breakthrough infections have occurred among a small amount of fully vaccinated people, even with the delta variant. These infections have been mild so far as compared to those who were unvaccinated. While there have been some outliers, the CDC reports that fully vaccinated people are much less likely to be hospitalized or die than people with similar risk factors who are not vaccinated. Because this is a constantly evolving situation, they are working with state and local health departments to investigate breakthrough cases of COVID-19.
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Adjusting Public Health Measures
As COVID-19 continues to circulate in Canadian communities, jurisdictions will adjust PHMs as required to manage resurgences of COVID-19 cases within their jurisdictions, based on the level of transmission and other indicators. Federal, provincial, and territorial guidance for PHMs will also be adjusted and updated based on new knowledge, expert scientific opinion, experiences to date, and risk assessments. Up-to-date and evolving information regarding COVID-19 can be found at COVID-19 epidemiology update.
The adjustment of PHMs has been challenging during the COVID-19 pandemic, and jurisdictions have had to make decisions in the context of ongoing uncertainties due to:
- Gaps in available evidence and readily evolving scientific information
- Emergence of more transmissible variants of concern that cause surges in cases globally
- Potential for immune escape, particularly associated with VOCsFootnote a
- Segments of the population that remain unvaccinated because they are either not eligible or choose not to be vaccinated and
- The proliferation of misinformation and disinformation which impacts individual acceptance of various PHMs.
More information can be found in the Adjusting Public Health Measures in the Context of COVID-19 Vaccination document.
Most People With Covid
If youre exposed to COVID-19 your first impulse may be to get tested immediately. But getting tested too soon in the incubation period may lead to a false-positive result and, even worse, a false sense of security.
An infections incubation period is the length of time between when you first become infected and when you begin to experience symptoms. For COVID-19, that timeline stretches anywhere from the first day after your exposure through the 14 days that follow. And you can be contagious at any point even if you dont have any symptoms.
We know it can be confusing to keep track of the all the different guidelines and recommendations. Heres a timeline of COVID-19s incubation period with answers to some of your most pressing questions. If you have tested positive for COVID-19, or have been exposed its important to check in with your doctor who can monitor your symptoms and determine treatment and give guidance on quarantine and testing.
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The Truth About Covid
Asymptomatic spread has been one of the most mysterious and haunting aspects of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
Do people without any symptoms of COVID-19 help spread the virus? The alarming answer is yes.
Evidence continues to mount that a large percentage of people who test positive for COVID-19 dont have any obvious symptoms.
What Determines How Many Infections Are Transmitted
The number of people infected by someone with COVID-19 depends on:
- The viral shedding rate. This is a measure of how much virus an infected person releases. It is affected by the viral load, usually measured as the quantity of virus in a nose or throat swab, and may also be influenced by specific disease symptoms. For instance, coughing expels virus particles and someone who coughs a lot increases the chance of onward transmission.
- The duration of viral shedding. This is the length of time over which an infected person sheds virus and so is infectious to others.
- The contact rate. This is the number of contacts an infected carrier has with others in the community.Unaware that they are infected, pre-symptomatic or asymptomatic carriers might shed virus while maintaining contact with others in their communities, thereby contributing to transmission. How much they contribute to the spread of infection will influence control strategies for COVID-19.
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How Likely Are Children To Catch And Transmit The Virus In School Settings
Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 can occur in schools and clusters have been reported in all types of school settings . Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in schools appears to be affected how widespread the virus is in the broader community.
Most children do not develop symptoms when infected with the virus, or they develop a very mild form of the disease. However, research has shown that children can become infected, and can spread the virus to other children and adults while they are infectious.
While the Delta variant and other identified SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern appear to be more transmissible in both children and adults than previous variants, children do not appear to be more likely to be infected with or transmit the Delta variant.
Should Children And Teachers Wear Masks In Schools
Within the community, the use of face masks is recommended, particularly in indoor settings when it is not possible to maintain physical distancing. However, in school settings, implementing this measure is challenging, as children may have a lower tolerance to wearing masks for extended periods of time, and may fail to wear them properly.
In primary schools, the use of face masks is recommended for teachers and other adults when physical distancing cannot be guaranteed, but it is not recommended for students. In secondary schools, the use of face masks is recommended for both students and adults living in areas with community transmission of SARS-CoV-2. The use of masks should be seen as a complementary measure, rather than a stand-alone measure to prevent transmission within schools.
Visors are not recommended as a substitute for face masks as there is no evidence they are effective. However, they may be considered in settings people cannot communicate when wearing a face mask, such as when working with children who have hearing impairment.
Physical distancing, respiratory etiquette, hand hygiene, and staying at home when ill are all still important measures for reducing transmission in schools, irrespective of whether masks are being used.
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