What Are Coronavirus Mutations
Mutations are changes in the genetic material of the coronavirus. They are a completely natural and common process that occurs constantly during virus replication. As a result, over time, many different variants of the virus come into existence. Viral mutations can become dangerous when they give rise to or cause:
For more information and recommendations on the new SARS-CoV-2 virus variants please visit the Robert Koch Institute site.
Voluntary Reporting By State Health Departments
When the United States began widespread COVID-19 vaccination, CDC put in place a system where state health departments could report COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections to CDC.
On May 1, 2021, after collecting data on thousands of vaccine breakthrough infections, CDC changed the focus of how it uses data from this reporting system.
- One of the strengths of this system is collecting data on severe cases of vaccine breakthrough COVID-19 since it is likely that most of these types of vaccine breakthrough cases seek medical care and are diagnosed and reported as a COVID-19 case.
- Persons with asymptomatic or mild cases of vaccine breakthrough infections may not seek testing or medical care and thus these types of vaccine breakthrough cases may be underrepresented in this system. For this reason, CDC relies on a variety of additional surveillance approaches to ensure that it is collecting information on all types of vaccine breakthrough cases.
Venues Where The Nhs Covid Pass Is Required For Visitors
Nightclubs, dance halls and discotheques
You must always prove your vaccine-or-test COVID-19 status to visit all nightclubs, dance halls and discotheques.
You do not need to prove your vaccination status if:
- the venue is not acting as a nightclub
- they are holding an exempt event
Other venues acting as nightclubs, dancehalls and discotheques
You must also prove your COVID-19 status to visit all other venues that:
are open at any point between 1am and 5am
serve alcohol after 1am
have a dancefloor
provide music, whether live or recorded, for dancing
Unless they are holding an exempt event .
Venues meeting these criteria must make sure that everyone in the venue from 1am is vaccinated, has completed a recent negative test, or is exempt .
Venues can choose how they do this. For example, if youre attending a venue, such as a late night bar with a dancefloor, you may have to prove your COVID-19 status to gain access, even if you enter and leave before 1am.
You May Like: How Much Does Covid Testing Cost At Cvs
Storing Your Nhs Covid Pass In Google Wallet
From 6 December, if you get your NHS COVID Pass through the NHS App or by using the Google Chrome web browser on an Android phone, youll be able to store your NHS COVID Pass to your device.
Youll see the Google save to phone button within the NHS App. You can then show your NHS COVID-19 status at events and venues in England and for international travel.
The NHS COVID Pass will be saved on your Android phone home screen and also accessible in Google Pay. It is available to Play Protect certified mobile devices running Android 5 or above.
You can use the NHS COVID Pass and store it using the Apple Wallet or Google Pay in the Welsh language. Access your COVID Pass using the NHS website and click the Cymraeg button at the top of the screen to change the language from English to Welsh.
Who Else Can Take The Vaccine
The vaccine has been found to be safe and effective in people with various conditions that are associated with increased risk of severe disease.
This includes hypertension, diabetes, asthma, pulmonary, liver or kidney disease, as well as chronic infections that are stable and controlled.
Further studies are required for the impacts on immune-compromised persons. The interim recommendation is that immune-compromised persons who are part of a group recommended for vaccination may be vaccinated, though when possible, not before receiving information and counselling.
Persons living with HIV are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 disease. Limited safety data exists on HIV-infected persons with well controlled disease from the clinical trials. Known HIV-positive vaccine recipients should be informed, and when possible, counselled in relation to the available data.
Vaccination can be offered to people who have had COVID-19 in the past. But given the limited vaccine supply, individuals may wish to defer their own COVID-19 vaccination for up to 6 months from the time of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Read Also: Cvs Rapid Test Price
Who Is At Risk Of Covid
By now, we know that anyone can get COVID-19 the vaccinated and unvaccinated, those who have had it already and those who havent. In the same vein, anyone can get COVID-19 again.
Its important to note that were still learning a lot about reinfections and whos at risk for those reinfections, Dr. Esper says. But doctors do know that some people are at higher risk of reinfection for COVID-19 than others.
Storing Your Nhs Covid Pass In Apple Wallet
If you get your NHS COVID Pass through the NHS App or Safari web browser using an Apple iPhone, you can store your NHS COVID Pass in Apple Wallet.
You can store separate passes in Apple Wallet for:
- entry into events and venues in England
- international travel
You can then show either the domestic or international NHS COVID Pass, even if your device is offline.
To add your NHS COVID Pass to the devices wallet, tap the Add to Apple Wallet button within the NHS COVID Pass service.
If you store an offline version of your NHS COVID Pass into your Apple Wallet it will only be valid until the expiry date shown on the NHS COVID Pass. The expiry date will not refresh automatically. This means you will need to store an updated NHS COVID Pass to your Apple Wallet before you next plan to use it if your original NHS COVID Pass has or is due to expire.
Also Check: Cvs Antigen Test Cost
How To Protect Yourself From Getting Covid
Being infected once is not a hall pass to ignore safety protocols like masking, hand washing and physical distancing. Even if reinfection doesnt cause you to become sick, you could still become a transmitter of the virus and infect others.
The number one way to protect yourself and your family from this virus is to be vaccinated, but its not a silver bullet, Dr. Esper says. We have to keep everything on the table and do everything that we can. That includes wearing masks, social distancing, good ventilation, hand washing and everything else weve been doing for the last year and a half.
What Do I Have To Keep In Mind When Visiting Hospitals Or Care Facilities
Residents of care facilities may be visited without limitation to the number of persons. Visitors must wear an FFP2 mask without an exhalation valve. In addition, the facilities can stipulate mandatory testing for visitors. In this case, appropriate tests are offered on site.
Visitors in hospitals must wear an FFP2 mask. The obligation to wear an FFP2 mask also applies to patients when they are outside the room or receive visitors. Regardless of their vaccination or recovery status, visitors are required to present a current negative Corona test result upon entry.
In doctors offices, patients and staff with direct contact to patients must wear an FFP2 mask.
Also Check: How Much Is Rapid Test At Cvs
Where Must I Wear An Ffp2 Mask
Pursuant to the Infection Protection Measures Ordinance, FFP2 masks are protective masks without a valve which comply with the FFP2 standard or similar standards .
An FFP2 mask must be worn in the following areas:
- On public transport
- In doctors offices by patients and visitors
- In doctors offices by staff with direct contact with patients
- In hospitals by visitors and by patients who are outside of their room
- In care facilities by visitors and by staff who carry out activities close to the body and also at the request of the person in need of care
Children under the age of 6, do not have to wear a mask. Children between the ages of 6 and 13 do, however, have to wear a medical face mask at the specified locations.
A list of the areas for which there is an obligation to wear a mask can be found in the SARS-CoV-2 Basic Protective Measures Ordinance.
What Countries Have A Particularly High Concentration Of Coronavirus Cases
Germanys government is constantly examining which countries should be classified as virus variant areas. The Robert Koch Institute publishes a list of the areas affected which is constantly updated. If you would like to obtain further information about the current number of cases in Germany, the RKI uses an interactive dashboard to show the changes to the infection rates in the German states.
Recommended Reading: Hank Aaron Dies After Vaccine
How You Can Demonstrate Your Covid
If you live in England, you can use the NHS COVID Pass to prove your COVID-19 status. The NHS COVID Pass provides valid proof of your COVID-19 status based on your COVID-19 vaccination details, test results, medical exemption or clinical trial participation.
A valid text or email confirmation from NHS Test and Trace can also be used as proof that you have completed a negative PCR test or negative rapid lateral flow test within the past 48 hours.
The venue or event will check your COVID-19 status. If you do not meet the requirements, the responsible person is legally required to deny you entry to the venue or event.
What The Nhs Covid Pass Letter Tells You: Translated Versions And Alternative Formats
If you request an NHS COVID Pass letter, the letter you receive will be in English.
You can get information about what the letter tells you in other languages and alternative formats.
However, youll still need to show the original English letter to demonstrate your COVID-19 status, for example when travelling abroad. You do not need your letter in a language to match the country youre planning to travel to.
Also Check: Does Cvs Rapid Test Cost Money
Do I Have To Go Into Quarantine As A Contact Person Of A Confirmed Corona Case
There is no general quarantine obligation. In individual cases, the health authority responsible may request you to go into quarantine.
If you are the contact person of an infected person, you are strongly advised to reduce your own contacts over a period of five days. This applies especially to contacts in risk groups. In addition, you should test yourself daily over this period with an antigen test and observe whether you develop Corona-specific symptoms.
Answers To More Questions About:
CDC does not keep vaccination records or determine how vaccination records are used. To update your records with vaccines you received while outside of the United States, you may:
- Contact the immunization information system in your state. You can find state IIS information on the CDC website.
- Contact your healthcare provider or your local or state immunization program through your states health department.
The CDC-labeled white COVID-19 Vaccination Record Cards are only issued to people vaccinated in the United States. CDC recommends you keep your documentation of being vaccinated in the other country as proof of vaccination. CDC also recommends checking with your primary care provider or state health department for options to document your vaccination status domestically.
If you have received all recommended doses of a COVID-19 vaccine that has been authorized or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or is listed for emergency use by the World Health Organization , then you are considered to be fully vaccinated. This currently includes the following vaccines:
Visit the clinical considerations webpage for more information.
While COVID-19 vaccines were developed rapidly, all steps were taken to make sure they are safe and effective:
Learn more about developing COVID-19 vaccines.
Yes, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19 because:
Don’t Miss: How Long Does The Cvs Rapid Test Take
What Does Being Fully Vaccinated Involve
In Australia right now, being fully vaccinated means you have completed a primary course of an approved COVID-19 vaccine.1-3 It takes up to 2 weeks after your second dose for your body to build protection against the virus.4
The following vaccines are currently provisionally approved for use in Australia:5
- COMIRNATY Pfizer
- VAXZEVRIA AstraZeneca
- SPIKEVAX Moderna
- COVID-19 Vaccine Janssen Janssen-Cilag .
Provisional approval means that the vaccine has met the high standards of safety, effectiveness and quality required for use in Australia. This allows for temporary registration and inclusion on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods for up to 2 years, with an option to extend provisional registration beyond this initial period.6
Find out more about vaccines and COVID-19.
The Australian Government Department of Health also has information on approved COVID-19 vaccines.
You can download the Approved Product Information or the Consumer Medicine Information for COMINARTY, VAXZEVRIA, SPIKEVAX and COVID-19 Vaccine Janssen from the Therapeutic Goods Administration website.
As of 1 November 2021, the following vaccines are recognised for the purpose of travel to Australia:7
- BBIBP-CorV for people aged 1860 years of age
- Covaxin .
A booster dose is an extra dose of a vaccine, given after the primary course. Although not mandatory, it is recommended to maintain your immunity against COVID-19.8
Find out more about advice on COVID-19 booster doses.
What If My Household Has People Who Are Fully Vaccinated And Others Who Arent
If only some people in your household are fully vaccinated, you should take precautions as if your household is unvaccinated. This means you should wear masks and stay 6 feet apart when visiting with people from other partially or unvaccinated households and avoid those gatherings if possible.
You can visit with people from one fully-vaccinated household at a time as long as no one in your household is at risk of severe COVID-19 illness.
Recommended Reading: How Much For Covid Test At Cvs
Do I Still Need To Wear A Mask
Wearing a mask can help protect you and those around you from COVID-19,24 including people who are unable to get vaccinated, such as young children.25 Even if you are fully vaccinated, you may still need to wear a mask in certain places, such as in indoor areas or on public transport.3
You may not be aware you are infected with COVID-19 if you have mild or no symptoms. Wearing a mask can reduce your risk of spreading the virus to those around you. It can also reduce your risk of getting COVID-19 when in contact with an infected person.26
When there is low community transmission of COVID-19, wearing a mask when you are well is not generally recommended. Follow the advice from your state or territory, which is guided by the level of transmission and the need to stop the spread of infection.26
Is Coronavirus After Vaccination Dangerous
Breakthrough coronavirus infections can cause mild or moderate illness, but the chances of serious COVID-19 are very low, especially for people who are not living with a chronic health condition.
The COVID-19 vaccines are very effective in keeping you from having to go to the hospital, being put on a ventilator or dying due to severe coronavirus disease, including COVID caused by the delta coronavirus variant.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , as well as Johns Hopkins Medicine and other health care organizations, recommend COVID-19 vaccines for everyone 12 years old and over.
You May Like: Cvs Rapid Testing Price
Providing Proof Of Your Result
When you arrive at the border, you must present an accepted negative molecular test result or proof of a previous positive molecular test result taken between 14 and 180 days that includes:
- Traveller name and date of birth
- Name and civic address of the laboratory/clinic/facility that administered the test
- The date on which the test was taken
- The type of test taken
- The test result
Keep proof of your test results with you for the 14-day period that begins on the day you enter Canada.
What You Need To Know About Covid
Explore top articles, videos, research highlights and more from the AMAyour source for clear, evidence-based news and guidance during the pandemic.
The three COVID-19 vaccines available in the United Statesfrom Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech and Johnson & Johnsonare doing exactly what they were meant to do: protect against severe illness and hospitalization. But with the more dangerous Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 spreading rapidly, the U.S. is seeing more COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections.
Nevertheless, the fact remains that getting vaccinated is effective in preventing people from getting severely ill or dying from the disease. Even as new COVID-19 variants appear, vaccines continue to hold their ground. But since no vaccine is perfect, it is expected that we will see some COVID-19 breakthrough infections.
More than 161 million people in the U.S. have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Meanwhile, the CDC reports that there have been more than 10,000 COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough cases. However, while the CDC initially tracked all breakthrough COVID-19 infections, as of May 1 the agency shifted to only tracking those linked to hospitalization or death. Over 5,100 patients with COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections were hospitalized or died.
Don’t Miss: Did Hank Aaron Die From Vaccine