How Close Are You To Others
If someone’s infected – maybe without realising it because they have no symptoms – they’ll be releasing the virus as they breathe, especially if they cough.
Some of that will be carried in droplets, most of which will quickly fall to the ground but could reach your eyes, nose or mouth if you’re within 2m of them.
So the advice is to avoid being face-to-face if you’re that close.
The infected person will also release smaller particles called aerosols.
Indoors, these can accumulate in the air and be a hazard. Outside they should rapidly disperse.
Q: What Are The Most Important Things I Need To Know To Keep Myself And Others Safe When I Go To The Grocery Store During The Pandemic
A: There are steps you can take to help protect yourself, grocery store workers and other shoppers, such as wearing a face covering, practicing social distancing, and using wipes on the handles of the shopping cart or basket. Read more tips in Shopping for Food During the COVID-19 Pandemic – Information for Consumers.
Q: What Treatments Are Available For Covid
A: On October 22, 2020, the FDA approved the antiviral drug Veklury for use in adults and pediatric patients for the treatment of COVID-19 requiring hospitalization. Veklury should only be administered in a hospital or in a healthcare setting capable of providing acute care comparable to inpatient hospital care.
This approval does not include the entire population that had been authorized to use Veklury under an Emergency Use Authorization originally issued on May 1, 2020. In order to ensure continued access to the pediatric population previously covered under the EUA, the FDA revised the EUA for Veklury to permit the drugs use by licensed healthcare providers for the treatment of suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in hospitalized pediatric patients 3.5 kg to less than 40 kg or hospitalized pediatric patients less than 12 years of age weighing at least 3.5 kg. For additional information on the authorized use of Veklury under the EUA, refer to the Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers.
Clinical trials assessing the safety and efficacy of Veklury in this pediatric patient population are ongoing.
The National Institutes of Health provides more information about treatment options.
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Q: Should I Get My Pet Tested For Covid
A: Routine testing of pets for COVID-19 is not recommended at this time. There is currently no evidence that animals are a source of COVID-19 infection in the United States. Based on the limited information available to date, the risk of pets spreading the virus is considered to be low. If your pet is sick, consult your veterinarian.
Animal testing is reserved for situations when the results may affect the treatment or management of people and animals. If your veterinarian thinks your pet is a candidate for testing, they will consult the state veterinarian and public health officials. Do not contact your state veterinarians directly: they do not have the client/patient-veterinarian relationship that would allow them to fully understand the situation and they are also actively involved in other animal disease-related emergencies as well as response to COVID-19.
Q: Are There Any Approved Products That Can Prevent Or Treat Covid
A: No. Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals are drugs. The FDA has not approved any drugs for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of COVID-19 in animals. The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Center for Veterinary Biologics regulates veterinary biologics, including vaccines, diagnostic kits, and other products of biological origin. Similarly, APHIS CVB has not licensed any products to treat or prevent COVID-19 in animals.
The FDA has taken action against unapproved products claiming to prevent or cure COVID-19. The public can help safeguard human and animal health by reporting any products claiming to do so to or 1-888-INFO-FDA .
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Is There Anything I Can Do To Make Surfaces Resistant To Sars
EPA regulates the claims on pesticide product labels. EPA-registered surface disinfectants kill viruses at the time they are used. After use, if new viral particles come into contact with the surface, a previously applied disinfectant will not protect against these new particles.
EPA has published interim guidance on amending product registrations to add claims of residual efficacy againstr SARS-CoV-2. For more information, see EPAs list of all products with residual efficacy that can be used against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19.
There are some antimicrobial pesticides that EPA calls materials preservatives that can be incorporated into articles. Known as treated articles, these plastics, textiles or other materials are treated with or contain a materials preservative to protect the article itself from mold or bacteria that can cause odor, discoloration or deterioration.
Treated articles cannot claim that they are effective against viruses and bacteria that cause human illness. This means that they are not appropriate for controlling COVID-19.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that you clean contaminated surfaces with liquid disinfectant products to prevent the spread of disease. Read CDC’s recommendations.
Breakthrough Cases For Vaccinated People Are Rare But Do Happen
When a vaccinated person tests positive for COVID-19, many either have no symptoms or mild symptoms. It rarely results in hospitalization or death. Fully vaccinated people experience symptoms that are more like a common cold, such as cough, fever, or headache, with the possible loss of taste and smell.
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Q: What Should I Do If I Think My Pet Has The Virus That Causes Covid
Pets infected with this virus may or may not get ill. Of the pets that have gotten sick, most only had mild illness and fully recovered. Serious illness in pets appears to be extremely rare.
Pets that do have symptoms usually have mild illness that can be taken care of at home. If you think your pet is sick with the virus or if you have concerns about your pets health, talk to your veterinarian. Most pets that have gotten sick from the virus that causes COVID-19 were infected after close contact with a person with COVID-19.
If your pet is sick and you think it might be from the virus that causes COVID-19, talk to your veterinarian.
If you are sick with COVID-19 and your pet becomes sick, do not take your pet to the veterinary clinic yourself. Call your veterinarian and let them know you have been sick with COVID-19. Some veterinarians may offer telemedicine consultations or other plans for seeing sick pets. Your veterinarian can evaluate your pet and determine the next steps for your pets treatment and care.
Can The Coronavirus Sars
It is possible to contract an infection involving bacteria or viruses via surfaces. Right now, there is very little risk of getting a glass that has been used by someone that is currently shedding the virus. This is because people with symptoms have to stay home. The risk of contracting the virus by drinking from a glass that has been used by someone who does not have any symptoms yet, but still turns out to have the virus, is small, but present. To minimise that risk as much as possible, it is important to ensure that the glass is properly cleaned. The same goes for crockery and cutlery. In most cases, infection occurs via droplets from sneezing / coughing and via hands. For that reason, you should follow the current hygiene guidelines and measures which apply to everyone.
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What Makes The Outdoors Safer
Researchers say infections can happen outdoors, but the chances are massively reduced.
Fresh air disperses and dilutes the virus.
It also helps to evaporate the liquid droplets in which it is carried.
Even so, there are a handful of cases where it’s believed that infections did happen outside.
One study found that two men in China talking face-to-face for at least 15 minutes was enough to spread the virus.
Cdc Updated Surface Guidance
- It is possible for people to be infected through contact with contaminated surfaces or objects , but the risk is generally considered to be low, the CDC said in its updated guidelines.
- Routine cleaning performed effectively with soap or detergent, at least once per day, can substantially reduce virus levels on surfaces, the CDC said, per ABC News.
- CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said disinfection is only recommended in indoor-setting schools and homes where there has been a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19, within the last 24 hours.
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Where Are The Risks Greatest
All the evidence points to the vast majority of Covid infections happening indoors.
The virus is transmitted through human interaction, especially when people are together for a long period of time.
That means the virus can spread in several different ways.
Either infected droplets can land on people close by, or contaminate surfaces that others touch.
And if rooms are stuffy, tiny virus particles can accumulate in the air and get inhaled.
Q: What Is An Emergency Use Authorization And How Is It Being Used To Respond To Covid
A: In certain types of emergencies, the FDA can issue an emergency use authorization, or EUA, to provide more timely access to critical medical products that may help during the emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternative options.
The EUA process is different than FDA approval, clearance, or licensing because the EUA standard may permit authorization based on significantly less data than would be required for approval, clearance, or licensing by the FDA. This enables the FDA to authorize the emergency use of medical products that meet the criteria within weeks rather than months to years.
EUAs are in effect until the emergency declaration ends but can be revised or revoked as we evaluate the needs during the emergency and new data on the products safety and effectiveness, or as products meet the criteria to become approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA.
- Learn more about EUAs in this video
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This Is The Only Way You Can Get Covid From Surfaces Doctor Warns
“What has to happen is you have to have a significant amount of virus on whatever that thing is.”
In the fight to control our current pandemic, scientists have been heavily researching COVID-19 for months to better understand exactly how the virus spreads. Discoveries made since the beginning of the pandemic have helped change public health guidelines, shifting from a primary focus on sanitizing surfaces in the early days to now avoiding poorly ventilated and crowded areas . In fact, doctors now say the only way to catch COVID from surfaces is the unlikely scenario of touching an item teeming with the virus and then touching your mouth, eyes, or nose.
During a live YouTube Q& A from the Association of American Medical Colleges on Aug. 18, two doctorsAtul Grover, MD, PhD, executive director of the AAMC Research and Action Institute, and AAMC Chief Scientific Officer Ross McKinney, Jr., MDdiscussed just how likely you are to contract COVID through touching objects.
“The risk of virus spread by contact with itemswhich are called fomitesis really pretty small,” McKinney, Jr. said. “What has to happen is you have to have a significant amount of virus on whatever that thing is.” And you have to do more than just touch that virus-laden object because COVID “doesn’t go through your skin,” the doctor said. “You have to transfer it from wherever you touch it, from that to your nose, mouth, or eyes for you to become infected. So, it’s unlikely.”
Q: What Is The Fdas Role In Approving Vaccines And What Is Being Done To Produce A Covid
A: The FDA regulates vaccines. Vaccines undergo a rigorous review of laboratory, clinical and manufacturing data to ensure the safety, effectiveness, and quality of these products. Vaccines approved for marketing may also be required to undergo additional studies to further evaluate the vaccine and often to address specific questions about the vaccine’s safety, effectiveness, or possible side effects.
On August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine, known as the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, now known as Comirnaty , for the prevention of the disease in individuals 16 years of age and older. The vaccine also continues to be available under emergency use authorization , including for children 5 through 15 years of age, and for the administration of a third dose in certain immunocompromised individuals. More information on the approval can be found here.
On December 11, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization for the use of thePfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine. On December 18, 2020, the FDA issued an EUA for the use of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. And on February 27, 2021 the FDA issued an EUA for the use of the . The issuance of an EUA is different than an FDA approval of a vaccine.
In addition to supporting product development for high priority COVID-19 vaccines, the FDA continues to expedite clinical trials for additional vaccine candidates, providing timely advice to and interactions with vaccine developers.
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How To Protect Yourself And Others
Getting a COVID-19 vaccine is the best way to protect yourself from COVID-19.
Use your own judgement on how to protect yourself in public places. Wearing a face mask, practicing social distancing and avoiding crowded indoor places will all help protect you and others from COVID-19.
You should also do the important things needed to prevent the spread of the virus.
Hand Sanitizer Do: Rub Your Hands Until They’re Dry
When using a hand sanitizer, don’t just let your hands air dry. For the sanitizer to be most effective, rub your hands together until they’re dry.
Hand sanitizers should be at least 60% alcohol. The most commonly used safe version is ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol.
Don’t use a sanitizer with methanol. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned that methanol is toxic and can be absorbed through the skin. It also warned that more than 100 sanitizers have been mislabeled as ethanol. You can find the list of hand sanitzers to avoid on the FDA’s website.
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Q: Products Online Claim To Prevent Or Treat Covid
A: The FDA advises consumers to be beware of websites and stores selling products that claim to prevent, treat, or cure COVID-19. If you have a question about a product sold online that claims to treat, prevent, or cure COVID-19, talk to your health care provider or doctor.
Please report websites selling products with fraudulent claims about treatment or prevention of COVID-19. If you have experienced a bad reaction to a product sold with COVID-19 claims, report it to the FDAs MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program:
- Complete and submit the report online or
- Download and complete the form, then submit it via fax at 1-800-FDA-0178.
Include as much information as you can about the product that caused the reaction, including the product name, the manufacturer, and the lot number .
Q: Should I Purchase Personal Protective Equipment Such As Facemasks Or N95 Respirators For Me And My Family
A: No. Surgical masks and N95s need to be reserved for use by health care workers, first responders, and other frontline workers whose jobs put them at much greater risk of acquiring COVID-19. The cloth face coverings recommended by CDC are not surgical masks or N95 respirators. Surgical masks and N95s are critical supplies that must continue to be reserved for health care workers and other medical first responders, as recommended by CDC.
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Catching Covid From Surfaces Is Very Unlikely So Perhaps We Can Ease Up On The Disinfecting
Dr Hassan Vally, Associate Professor in Public Health, La Trobe University.
A lot has happened over the past year, so you can be forgiven for not having a clear memory of what some of the major concerns were at the beginning of the pandemic.
However, if you think back to the beginning of the pandemic, one of the major concerns was the role that surfaces played in the transmission of the virus.
As an epidemiologist, I remember spending countless hours responding to media requests answering questions along the lines of whether we should be washing the outside of food cans or disinfecting our mail.
Oh my. This is scary. has found covid can live on surfaces such as banknotes, glass and stainless steel for up to 28 days
I also remember seeing teams of people walking the streets at all hours wiping down poles and cleaning public benches.
But what does the evidence actually say about surface transmission more than 12 months into this pandemic?
Before addressing this, we need to define the question were asking. The key question isnt whether surface transmission is possible, or whether it can occur in the real world it almost certainly can.
The real question is: what is the extent of the role of surface contact in the transmission of the virus? That is, what is the likelihood of catching COVID via a surface, as opposed to other methods of transmission?