I Have Had Covid Why Should I Get Vaccinated
UABs Jeanne Marrazzo, M.D., explains the importance of getting vaccinated after having COVID, which vaccine to get and when to get it.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, since the beginning of the pandemic, there have been more than 36 million cases of COVID-19 reported in the United States.
Those who have had COVID-19 may be wondering whether they should get vaccinated. The University of Alabama at Birminghams Jeanne Marrazzo, M.D., director of the Division of Infectious Diseases, explains why those people who had COVID-19 should get vaccinated, which vaccine to get and how long to wait before getting the vaccine.
Q: If I have had COVID, should I still get vaccinated?
A: Absolutely. Even before vaccines were available, we were seeing not a small number of reinfections in young people who had previously been infected.
We are not surprised by this because, when you get COVID-19, your body does make antibodies but those antibodies are not enough to keep you safe in the long run.
Remember, COVID-19 is a common cold virus that has gone crazy, and you know you are not immune to the common cold, unfortunately. So, if you have had COVID-19, you are vulnerable to getting it again, and getting the Delta strain.
Q: Which vaccine should I get?
They are all working well against the Delta variant, which is the one we are most worried about.
You’ve Lost Your Sense Of Taste Or Smell
Did you experience a weird stint where you couldn’t taste or smell anything? Dr. Chekijian, a Yale Medicine emergency medicine doctor and assistant professor at Yale School of Medicine, says it could have been coronavirus. “One sign that you were likely infected is a loss of smell and sometimes taste,” she explains. “Although other viruses or medical conditions can do this too, right now, it may mean you’re infectedeven in the absence of other symptoms.”
/13the Medicines You Can And Cannot Take Along With Your Covid Vaccine
Coronavirus vaccines are being prioritized for elderlies and the ones over 45, with comorbidities.
From statins, anticoagulants, immunosuppressants to blood sugar pills, most people with comorbidities rely on maintenance medications to regulate vital functioning and thus, need to be used regularly.
However, with the arrival of COVID vaccines, there also have been some unfortunate discoveries. The usage of blood-thinning medications and strangely enough, derma fillers have been brought to question since they have been found to trigger some unique immune responses. Predisposition to some conditions or routine medicines may also make some develop unusual rashes and swellings.
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/13those With Surgeries And Vital Organ Damage
Clinical studies conducted so far have observed that those with fatal complications can safely take their COVID vaccine, without suffering from side-effects. Dr Pandit agrees to the same and adds that people who have had cardiac problems in the past, suffered from heart attacks, renal failure or liver problems can tolerate the vaccine well with their drugs. Those on blood thinners should check the type of medication they are on, before administration.
Doctors do suggest that people who develop a heart attack in the week prior to the vaccination date skip the dose since they are still in recovery and the heavy medicinal doses may cause abject reactions.
If you are on a therapeutic drug used to support or treat the immune system, taking a vaccine after getting a go-ahead from the doctor will be a safer bet.
What About If Youre Asymptomatic And You Still Have The Vaccine
Its thought roughly one in three people are carrying the virus but dont necessarily know it as they dont display any symptoms. If you happen to be asymptomatic or incubating Covid-19 when you have the vaccine, PHE says it is unlikely to have a detrimental effect on the illness.
Theres currently no evidence of any safety concerns from vaccinating individuals with a past history of Covid-19 infection, or with detectable antibodies.
Experts are still learning about Covid-19. The information in this story is what was known or available at the time of publication, but guidance could change as scientists discover more about the virus.To keep up to date with health advice and cases in your area, visit gov.uk/coronavirus and nhs.uk.
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If You Have A Breakthrough Infection You Should Still Get A Booster
First, its important to know that there simply isnt much data on this particular question yet. For one, the CDC is only tracking breakthrough infections that end in hospitalization or death, which are extremely rare. So we dont even necessarily have a clear picture of mild breakthrough cases.
But the general consensus is that people who are fully vaccinated and have a breakthrough infection should still get boosted if theyre in an eligible category.
We know their initial immunity maybe didnt hold up, or didnt hold up as well, and we know there is a drop-off even after they get an infection, so we would still recommend a booster, Gendlina said.
The timing, however, is not clear-cut. Gendlina said people are probably protected for about 90 days after an infection, but theyre technically eligible before then. And she said it may be safest to just go ahead and get your booster dose as soon as your symptoms have cleared up and you meet the criteria for ending isolation.
But again, at this point, there is no data, added William Schaffner, an infectious disease specialist with Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
We cant tell you what the optimal or necessary time is, he added. If you ask me, just as a clinician, I would wait a couple of months.
How Does Getting One Variant Protect Me From Another
When your immune system responds to one virus, it provides some degree of protection against similar viruses, Maragakis said. But the more different the viruses are, the more likely your immune system might not be able to recognize them, she said, and thats why health experts are concerned about variants.
Studies show that the currently available COVID vaccines are effective against the current COVID variants.
A study published in July in the New England Journal of Medicine found that two doses of the Pfizer vaccine was 88% effective at preventing symptomatic disease from the delta variant, compared to about 95% for the original virus strain. Data from Israel estimated lower effectiveness against symptomatic disease, but said that the protection against severe illness remains high.
The concern, though, is that the more the virus is allowed to circulate, the more variants may emerge and we may see a time that a variant escapes the currently available vaccine. And at that point, we would have to modify the vaccines and re-vaccinate people against the new variant, Maragakis said.
Researchers can study the effectiveness of a previous infection against variants by taking antibodies from people who have had COVID-19 and testing their ability to neutralize the different variants in the laboratory.
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What Does Covid Look Like After Being Vaccinated
The PCR tests we use to detect SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, are very sensitive and can detect a positive case even if you have low levels of the virus in your system. This means a person can test positive for SARS-CoV-2 but still not have symptoms of COVID-19.
There is always a chance a vaccinated person could pass the virus onto a non-vaccinated person without having symptoms themselves.
But vaccinated people who develop COVID-19 will likely have a lower viral load than unvaccinated people, meaning theyre less likely to spread the virus.
One study estimated those who were vaccinated with either Pfizer or AstraZeneca were 50% less likely to pass it on to an unvaccinated household contact than someone who wasnt vaccinated. This transmission will likely reduce again if both household members are vaccinated.
But if youre not vaccinated and contract COVID-19, youre much more likely to spread the virus.
Johnson & Johnson Says Covid Booster Shot Produces Strong Immune Response
In a study posted to the preprint server BioRxiv, researchers at Rockefeller University in New York City looked at how different types of immunity would protect against potential variants. To do so, they designed a modified version of the coronavirus spike protein with 20 naturally occurring mutations to test how antibodies would work against it.
These modified spike proteins were tested in lab dishes against antibodies from people who had recovered from Covid-19, from those who had been vaccinated and from those who had hybrid immunity. The spike proteins were able to evade the antibodies from the first two groups, but not antibodies from people with hybrid immunity.
Another study, from researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found among those who had been previously infected, vaccination reduced the risk of reinfection by more than twofold, compared to natural infection alone.
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The immunological advantage from hybrid immunity, according to Crotty, stems in part from what are called memory B cells: immune cells that churn out the antibodies that fight off the virus.
Memory B cells are basically antibody factories with the lights turned off, Crotty said. If the virus gets past your first line of defense, which is the circulating antibodies, the memory B cells can turn on and make more antibodies.
Memory B cells are basically antibody factories with the lights turned off.
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People Who Already Had Covid Are More Likely To Experience Swollen Lymph Nodes After Vaccination
A new study has found that certain vaccine side effects are more common in people who have already had COVID. The study, which was made available April 22 as a preprint on medRxiv, analyzed 947 people who were monitored after their vaccination for side effects265 of whom had previously been infected with COVID. The researchers found that one unusual side effectswollen lymph nodes or lymphadenopathywas much more common in those who had previously had COVID. According to the study, less than 1 percent of people with no history of COVID reported experiencing lymphadenopathy after vaccination, while 4 percent of those who had been infected with the virus experienced this side effect. And for more on vaccine reactions, Doing This After Your Vaccine Can Make Side Effects Worse, Doctors Say.
How Long To Wait After Having Covid Before Getting The Vaccine
HuffPost UK reader Judy asked: I had Covid on 22 November 2020, how long should I wait to get the vaccine?
With thousands of Covid-19 cases emerging each day, its no surprise some people coming down with the virus are also being called up for their vaccine.
More than 15 million people have been given a first dose of the vaccine in the UK, with the clinically vulnerable and over-65s now being called up for the jab.
But what should you do if youve tested positive for Covid-19 and youve also been called forward for your vaccine? Or if you feel unwell on the day?
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Vaccine For Patients With A History Of Anaphylaxis Or Multiple Allergies
Patients with a history of anaphylaxis or multiple allergies donot need to be vaccinated in a hospital.
However, there are specific considerations for patients with a history of anaphylaxis or multiple allergies.
The Australian Government strongly recommends that people who are immunocompromised receive the COVID-19 vaccination.
ATAGI have produced guides to help providers:
Vaccine Recipients Who Had Been Infected With Covid Experienced Higher Heart Rates
The researchers found that those who had previously been infected with COVID had higher heart rates than those who had not been infected. However, this was only the case for the first dose. According to the study, people who had been previously infected experienced heart rate increases of more than 1.5 BPM after the first dose between the first and fifth day after vaccination. However, those who had not been previously infected only experienced an increase of less than 0.5 BPM in the same time frame after the first dose. For the second dose, both those previously infected and those who hadn’t had COVID saw an increase of more than 1.5 BPM between the first and fifth day after vaccination.
“We identified a rapid rise in heart rate the day after vaccination, and one that was more robust after the second dose, unless the participant had prior COVID-19 infection,” the researchers stated in the study.
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People Whove Suffered From Covid
COVID-19 vaccines are on the move, getting into more and more arms with each passing day. Vaccines have been one of the best developments of 2021, offering light at the end of the tunnel that has been this whole pandemic. While eligibility is being granted to more people every week, those whove had COVID-19 are more likely to stop for a bit and think about the effects that the vaccine could have on their bodies.
COVID-19 is a strange virus, affecting people in widely different ways. While some experienced the illness and made a full recovery, many are still coping with long term side effects. Should people who had COVID-19 still get their shot? Heres what you should know:
Most People Should Get Their Shot
Even if youve already been infected with COVID-19, you should still be able to get the shot and immunity. People whove had COVID-19 may already have some protection from the virus, but its important to pair that with the vaccine since that ensures theres full and rounded out protection, one that was designed in a lab and not subject to your bodys specific response.
Studies suggest that people whove had COVID-19 may only need one shot to be fully immunized when compared to others. Theres no reason to think that having the disease and later getting the shot would result in any negative side effects.
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You May Have A Sore Throat
“5 -17.4% of patients have reported a sore throat as early COVID-19 symptoms, in published medical studies,” says Dr. Lee. “ENT specialists think not enough attention has been paid to a sore throat as a COVID symptom, because most medical papers focus on people with severe and more advanced COVID infections.”
What Are The Chances Of Being Reinfected With Covid
If youve had COVID-19, whats the likelihood that you could contract the virus a second time if you dont get vaccinated against it?
Were not seeing very many secondary infections, says Dr. Englund. But she says its also relatively early on in the pandemic. Scientists are still learning about coronavirus, and if youve had the virus and arent vaccinated, its unclear how long it will take before you can be reinfected with COVID-19.
Its much better to get yourself vaccinated. Then you dont have to worry moving forward until we learn more about whether we need booster shots or not, Dr. Englund clarifies.
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How Well Do The Covid
Anyone who gets COVID-19 can become seriously ill or have long-term effects . The COVID-19 vaccines are the best way to protect yourself and others.
Research has shown the vaccines help:
- reduce your risk of getting seriously ill or dying from COVID-19
- reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19
- protect against COVID-19 variants
The 1st dose should give you some protection from 3 or 4 weeks after you’ve had it. But you need 2 doses for stronger and longer-lasting protection.
There is a chance you might still get or spread COVID-19 even if you have a vaccine, so it’s important to follow advice about how to avoid catching and spreading COVID-19.
Do I Need A Booster Jab If Ive Already Had Covid
Booster jabs are now rolling out across the UK for people at the most risk from COVID-19.
But given that being fully vaccinated on top of a previous COVID infection provides such strong protection, should we be already offering people in this group a booster jab?
Tim says, â If youâre not yet eligible for a booster, but have had a previous infection and two vaccines, I wouldn’t be too worried as your protection will be very high. Itâs important we focus on the number of high-risk people who remain unvaccinated, which is still too high, as we fall behind the rest of Europe, slowing our progress in reducing rates of infection and bringing the pandemic to an end.â
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Can You Still Pass The Virus To Others Even If Youve Been Vaccinated
Researchers are currently studying whether someone whos been vaccinated can carry the virus and pass it on to others.
Its looking like the vaccine actually cuts down on the transmissibility of the virus. So if youve been vaccinated, theres much less likelihood that youre going to get exposed to the virus and be able to pass it on to others.
She clarifies that some of the early data has not been peer reviewed yet, although it has been published. So researchers are still finalizing this information. But she says early research indicates that being vaccinated for COVID-19 can make you 90% less likely to have an asymptomatic infection and transmit the virus to those around you.
It looks like the vaccine truly is not only protecting you, but it is protecting those around you.