Is It Legal Considerations Or Political Concerns Stopping President Biden From Issuing A Nationwide Vaccine Mandate
I think it’s a combination of the two. Actually, there are different constraints, not based on individual rights, but based on federalism and also separation of powers. What I do think we’re likely to see is some incentives and conditions on things like participation in Medicare for hospitals and maybe skilled nursing facilities, nursing homes. But that’s very different from the kinds of mandates that we’re seeing employers adopt and that we’re seeing at least a couple of local jurisdictions consider for patrons of certain businesses.
Could Your Local Or State Government Require You To Get The Vaccine What About The Federal Government
Local and state governments can enforce a vaccination because of a legal precedent set by the 1905 Supreme Court ruling in Jacobson v. Massachusetts, which let states require their residents get smallpox vaccinations.
New York City will this month begin requiring proof of vaccination for dining inside restaurants, entering fitness centers and taking part in other indoor activities.
At the same time, some states, like Florida, are using their authority to enforce the opposite, and have banned agencies and businesses from requiring proof of vaccination.
Understand the State of Vaccine and Mask Mandates in the U.S.
And as for the federal government, that’s a no. The director of the C.D.C., Rochelle Walensky, confirmed in July that there would be no nationwide mandate.
If You Have A History Of Allergic Reactions To Other Vaccines Or Infused Or Injectable Medication
If you’ve had an immediate allergic reaction to an infused or injectable medication — such as a biologic for an inflammatory or autoimmune disease — you should consider it a precaution to the vaccine and discuss it with your doctor.
The CDC says: “These persons should be counseled about the unknown risks of developing a severe allergic reaction and balance these risks against the benefits of vaccination.”
The ACAAI says to consider these questions:
- Do you have a history of severe allergic reaction to an injectable medication ?
- Do you have a history of a severe allergic reaction to a prior vaccine?
- Do you have a history of a severe allergic reaction to polyethylene glycol , a polysorbate or polyoxyl 35 castor oil containing injectable or vaccine?
The ACAAI states that if you answer yes to any of these questions, you should speak to a board-certified allergy and asthma doctor before getting the vaccine.
Keep in mind that there’s a difference between having an allergic reaction to an infused or injectable medication and a side effect of the medication.
“We need to determine if a patient has had an anaphylactic reaction to an infused or injected medication. They should likely avoid COVID-19 vaccines for now. For people with milder reactions, it is more of a risk versus benefit decision-making process,” says Nilanjana Bose, MD, a board-certified rheumatologist with the Rheumatology Center of Houston.
If You Have A History Of Allergic Reactions To Food Pets Or Other Environmental Triggers
The CDC says that a history of allergic reactions, even severe reactions, to food, pets, venom, latex, or other environmental triggers is not a contraindication to getting a COVID-19 vaccine. A contraindication is issued when a vaccine may greatly increase a person’s risks of adverse effects due to an existing condition.
This means you can get a COVID-19 vaccine if you have a history of allergies to these things, although of course you should ask your doctor if you have any specific concerns or questions.
“Individuals with common allergies like those to foods, medications, environmental factors, venom, and latex are no more likely to have an anaphylactic reaction than the general public,” says Robyn J. Kreiner, MD, a board-certified allergist and immunologist at Strauss Allergy & Asthma in Long Island, New York.
From Free Pizza To Free Tuition Colleges Try Everything To Get Students Vaccinated
The other kind of common requirement applied to adults who are over the age of 18 has been university requirements — college attendance requirements. College students in many states are required by law, not just by the of the college, to get a meningitis vaccine because of a higher incidence of meningitis outbreaks in the kind of congregate setting on campuses. And we’ve seen these same groups sort of lead the charge on vaccination requirements for COVID.
Pennsylvania Does Not Require People To Show Proof Of Residency To Get A Vaccine
In Pennsylvania, you don’t need proof of residency to get vaccinated — in fact, the state prohibits vaccine providers from requiring it.
Pennsylvania has vaccinated a greater proportion of out-of-staters than Florida, despite being a lesser-known spot for vaccine seekers. At the time of publication, about 6.7% of people vaccinated in Pennsylvania were not residents of the state.
That’s more than 53,000 out-of-staters at least partially vaccinated in Pennsylvania, according to state data. Many of those people could be healthcare workers and long-term care facility staff who live out of state but work in Pennsylvania, but the state is also offering vaccines to seniors and people with high-risk health conditions.
Q After Getting A Flu Shot I Always Get The Flu Will This Cause Me To Get Covid
A. No, you cannot become infected, or infect others, from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, because the vaccine contains no live virus. Instead, the vaccine directs your body to produce a protein that teaches your body how to fight off the virus. Some people develop flu-like symptoms, such as mild fever and muscle aches, after getting a flu vaccination. These symptoms are not the same as having influenza.
Q: Once Fully Vaccinated What Should I Keep Doing To Protect Myself And Others
- A: You should still take steps to protect yourself and others in many situations, like wearing a mask, staying at least 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces. Take these precautions whenever you are:
- In public
- Gathering with unvaccinated people from more than one other household.
- Visiting with an unvaccinated person who is at increased risk of severe illness or death from COVID-19 or who lives with a person at increased risk.
Can I Switch To A Different Covid Vaccine Brand If Booster Shots Are Needed
Welcome to Pandemic Problems, an advice column from The Chronicle’s engagement reporters that aims to help Bay Area residents solve their pandemic-related conundrums — personal, practical or professional. Send your questions and issues to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Today’s question is fielded by The Chronicle’s Kellie Hwang.
Dear Advice Team: I was disappointed to learn that the Moderna vaccine is only 85% effective in adults over 65 based on clinical trials. I am 72 with no comorbidities and had a definite response of typical short-term side effects after the second dose of Moderna. This gave me confidence that the shot was working.
But since most of my older friends and relatives were injected with the Pfizer vaccine, I am wondering whether I can switch to Pfizer for any subsequent booster shots a year from now, as has been predicted? I really want the maximum protection out there because I live alone and do not want to even be a carrier of COVID as nobody really is clear about the long-term effects of the disease for those who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms.
Thank you for your attention to this question.
Dear Reader: These are some interesting questions and concerns that you raise. Let’s break it down.
However, experts say the effectiveness of the Moderna vaccine for your age group in the real world likely is even higher than in the trials.
Right now, people in the U.S. should receive the same brands in a two-dose vaccine regimen.
Map: These States Are Opening Up Vaccinations To People From Out Of State
Is your Covid-19 vaccination just across state lines?
In addition to making every adult eligible for the shots Monday, several states lifted their residency requirements, meaning that providers will vaccinate even nonresidents.
As of Monday, 18 states and one territory, including California, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Puerto Rico, no longer have residency requirements. Check the map below to see if your state is on the list.
Nigel Chiwaya is a deputy data editor for NBC News.
Q What Happens If They Run Out Of The Vaccine Before I Get My Second Shot
A. CDC is structuring shipments in such a way that 21 or 28 days after the first shipment, the same number of doses will be shipped, so providers will have enough vaccine for a second dose. The 21- or 28-day requirement between doses is a minimum requirement, not a maximum. If, for some reason, you are unable to receive the second dose at the recommended interval, you can receive the second dose at a later date.
How Long Do I Have To Wait Between The First And Second Dose Of The Covid
Your second shot is recommended at 21 days for Pfizer and 28 days for Moderna. However, if you get the second shot at any time after the recommended date, you are still considered fully vaccinated. You should not get the second dose earlier than 21 days for Pfizer or 28 days for Moderna. The Janssen vaccine is only one dose.
Ny Ends Covid Vaccine Residency Rule: Anyone Can Get Vaccinated In State
The vaccine site inside the Expo Center at the New York State Fairgrounds is seen in a file photo.Dennis Nett | email@example.com
New York — New York is ending its residency requirement for Covid-19 vaccines, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said today.
Anyone can now come to the state and get a shot, Cuomo said during a press conference in New York City.
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said last week he wanted to roll out vaccine clinics for visiting tourists. The state approved, according to NBC New York.
Cuomo said today the residency requirement will end statewide.
“Anyone from out of state can get a vaccine in New York,” he said. “If you’re tourist and you come to New York, we’ll give you a vaccine.”
The moves comes as demand for Covid vaccines is falling in New York and throughout the rest of the nation. Anyone 16 and up can now get a shot in New York and the state’s mass vaccination sites are all taking walk-ins with no appointments required.
Cuomo announced new efforts today to try to boost the rate of shots in New York:
All State University of New York and City University of New York schools will require vaccines for in-person students before the fall semester. Cuomo is encouraging private colleges to do the same.
Have Private Companies Required Vaccines For Their Employees In The Past
It’s very common for health care employers to require flu shots and a whole host of other shots as a measure to protect patients, but also to some extent to protect health workers themselves. So, for example, many require hepatitis vaccinations in addition to flu shots and all of the kind of childhood vaccines that we we tend to get as a condition of attending school.
Q Besides Health Care Workers Who Will Be Able To Administer The Vaccine
A. Dentists, pharmacists, and pharmacy technicians have had their scope of practice extended by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation to allow them to administer the COVID-19 vaccine. IDPH has authorized Emergency Medical Technicians – Intermediate and Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians to administer the COVID-19 and influenza vaccines after successful completion of an IDPH approved vaccine training program.
Will Getting The Vaccine Negatively Impact A Persons Immigration Status
No. The federal government has confirmed that it will not consider COVID-19 treatment as part of a determination of whether someone is a “public charge” or as it relates to the public benefit condition for certain individuals seeking an extension of stay or change of status, even if the vaccine is paid for by Medicaid or other federal funds.
How Common Are Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis To The Covid
The answer is reassuring: Allergic reactions are not common and anaphylactic reactions are very rare. Anaphylaxis to the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, which include those from Moderna and Pfizer, is estimated to occur in 2.5 to 11.1 cases per 1 million doses, mostly in people with a history of allergy, according to a March 2021 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association .
The researchers investigated allergic reactions after more than 60,000 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine administrations. They found that acute allergic reactions were reported in 1,365 individuals overall . Allergic reactions occurred slightly more frequently with Moderna vaccine patients than Pfizer vaccine patients .
People with anaphylaxis had an average age of 41 and 94 percent were female. More than 60 percent had an allergy history and 31 percent had an anaphylaxis history. The average time to anaphylaxis onset was 17 minutes. One patient was admitted to intensive care, 56 percent received epinephrine — importantly — and all recovered.
The CDC also of the data they gathered from people who received a Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine between December 14 and 23, 2020. There were 21 cases of anaphylaxis and 83 cases of non-anaphylaxis allergic reaction after administration of 1,893,360 first doses of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine.
I Would Like To Have A Baby One Day Is It Safe For Me To Get A Covid
Yes. The CDC recommends COVID-19 vaccination for people trying to get pregnant now, or who might become pregnant in the future. There is no evidence that antibodies made following COVID-19 vaccination or that vaccine ingredients will cause any problems with becoming pregnant now or in the future. In fact, there is no evidence that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems in women or men. Learn more at COVID-19 Vaccines for People Who Would Like to Have a Baby | CDC.
Q It Took Four Years To Develop The Mumps Vaccine How Can The Covid
A. Many things helped this vaccine get developed so rapidly. Significant resources were invested to fund the basic research and clinical trials, accelerating timelines greatly. Joining existing trial sites instead of developing new sites was a time saver. The virus has a good vaccination target and relatively low mutation rate. Additionally, the amount of infection in the communities allowed scientists to quickly compare vaccinated to unvaccinated populations and conclusively shows the vaccine worked. Last, but not least, are the huge number of brave volunteers willing to try the “novel” vaccines during the clinical trials.
Q How Much Will This Vaccine Cost Me Is It Covered By My Insurance
A. There is no cost for the vaccine. However, vaccination providers can charge an administration fee for giving the shot that is reimbursed by the patient’s public or private insurance company or, for uninsured patients, by the Health Resources and Services Administration at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. No one can be denied a vaccine if they are unable to pay a vaccine administration fee.
How Do I Report If I Have Any Side Effects After Getting The Covid
V-safe is a smartphone-based tool that uses text messaging and web surveys to provide personalized health check-ins after you receive a COVID-19 vaccination. Through v-safe, you can quickly tell CDC if you have any side effects after getting the COVID-19 vaccine. Depending on your answers, someone from CDC may call to check on you and get more information. And v-safe will remind you to get your second COVID-19 vaccine dose if you need one. To sign up for v-safe, please visit V-safe After Vaccination Health Checker | CDC.
If you have any concerns, you can also call your healthcare provider. You or your provider can report any side effects to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System , which is a national system run by the federal government.
Vaccine Tourism: Virginians Are Crossing State Lines To Get Covid
When the first batch of COVID-19 vaccines went out to states in December, John and his wife assumed they would receive theirs soon.
“She’s 68. I’m 73,” said John, who lives in Virginia Beach. He didn’t want to include his last name because he fears retribution for this story.
“My wife is a heart attack survivor and a cancer survivor — two considerable preexisting conditions in our minds should have popped her to the top of the list.”
Instead, they received word it could be over a month before they got their shots. They became resigned to waiting that long, until late January when John heard that a clinic in northeastern North Carolina was giving vaccines to Virginians.
He and his wife quickly registered online and received their shots two days later.
“It was an enormous relief,” John said. “Just the sensation of getting back into the car and going, ‘Wow, we got vaccinated.’”
With demand for vaccines outpacing supply, Virginians are crossing state lines to receive shots. They are taking advantage of a patchwork of vaccination rules and procedures across the country due to the lack of a standard national rollout process.
Still, many Virginians are frustrated with the wait and have had better luck in North Carolina and Maryland.
Vaccine tourism, as some people call it, is occurring across the country. In Florida, more than 57,000 residents from other states have received shots. Ohio health officials also say 21,500 doses have gone to people from elsewhere.
Q: Is It Possible To Compare The Effectiveness Of The Three Covid
A: No. The only way to accurately compare the effectiveness of vaccines is by direct comparison in head-to-head clinical trials, which did not occur for these vaccines. Furthermore, the clinical trials for these vaccines occurred in different geographic regions and at different points in time with varying incidence of COVID-19.
What Should I Do If I Experience Symptoms After Receiving A Covid
Some people have side effects after being vaccinated , which are normal signs that your body is building protection. These side effects may affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days. If you develop respiratory symptoms like runny nose, cough, or loss of sense of smell or taste, you should consider getting tested for COVID-19 or talk to your healthcare provider. It is possible to get COVID-19 even after you get the vaccine. Stay home if you are sick and avoid close contact with others. You may wish to check with your employer about how this will impact your work.
If you have any significant pain or discomfort, talk to your healthcare provider, who may recommend over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. To reduce pain and discomfort where you got the shot apply a clean, cool, wet washcloth over the area, and use or exercise your arm. To reduce discomfort from fever, drink plenty of fluids and dress lightly. In most cases, discomfort from fever or pain is normal, but contact your healthcare provider if:
- the redness or tenderness where you got the shot increases after 24 hours
- your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days
Can You Go To Another County Or State To Receive The Covid
MEMPHIS, Tenn. – Wednesday Shelby County Health Director Dr. Alisa Haushalter said they cannot turn outsiders away.
“It’s a federal asset, and we cannot turn someone away if they’re out of state or out of the county. That’s important for people to recognize, just like others can’t turn our people away if they go to their county because it’s a federal asset,” Dr. Haushalter said.
WMC followed up with the Shelby County Health Department to ask who specifically relayed those instructions.
They replied, “The Shelby County Health Department has received specific guidance from Tennessee Department of Health that no one who is eligible to be vaccinated can be turned away even if they are not a Shelby County residents.”
The department also said they are unable to provide information on the number of outsiders who may have been vaccinated.
Shelby County Mayor Lee Harris said they have to stick to what state and federal partners tell them to do.
“We don’t have the permission to do anything about it, in other words, anyone from Shelby County as far as I know can go to any site in America, and anyone in America can go to any site in Shelby County,” Harris said.
Both Harris and Haushalter ask that the public follow the instructions and stick to the phases.
Covid Questions: Can I Get Two Different Types Of Vaccines
Q: If the science now says that once you have COVID-19 and are recovered you have at least several months of immunity, why are those people not told to wait to get vaccinated and let those who have not had COVID-19 go first? Wouldn’t this save more lives and stem the pandemic faster?
A: Scientifically this is likely to be a sound approach; but in feasibility, this is a nightmare. We have people who have been infected and detected and those infected, but never assessed. In addition, there is no hard-and-fast period of time that renders someone susceptible or not. Finally, prior infection may not connote as much protection as new variants of SARS-CoV-2 are emerging.
– Jonathan L. Temte, MD/PhDAssociate Dean for Public Health and Community Engagement, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Q: If a person gets, say, the J&J vaccine can they later get the Moderna or Pfizer vaccine? And how long will they have to wait to get the second vaccine?
A: There are no studies at this time to assess either the safety or the effectiveness of following one vaccine with another at a later time. Accordingly, there is currently no guidance for these questions.
– Jonathan L. Temte, MD/PhDAssociate Dean for Public Health and Community Engagement, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Q: Where do we stand on COVID-19 vaccines?
– UW Health
For more COVID-19 resources, visit coronavirus.uwhealth.org
Do Vaccination Mandates Increase Adoption Of The Vaccine
I should be careful here because my expertise is in the legal constraints and ethical constraints, not necessarily on sort of evaluating the effectiveness of these interventions. But my understanding is that vaccine mandates, even relatively soft mandates that impose alternative public health measures like masking or frequent testing on individuals, can make a difference at the margins.
I think part of what we’re seeing in the response to surveys of people who have not yet been vaccinated about what would get them to change their minds is that a fair number of those survey respondents said, “I’ll get the vaccine when I’m required to.”
The Indicator from Planet Money
Vaccination: Side Effects And Adverse Events After Covid
Vaccine side effects fall into one of three categories:
1) Local reactions, at or near the injection site
This discussion addresses the local and systemic side effects. Although COVID-19 vaccination will help protect you from getting COVID-19 disease, you may have some short term local or systemic side effects from the vaccination, which are normal signs that your body is building protection against COVID-19.
While we do not yet know all of the possible vaccine side effects, some vaccinated people have had local reactions such as pain or redness or tenderness at the injection site. In terms of systemic side effects, a small number of vaccine recipients have had transient symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, chills, fever, headache or other body aches for a few days. These local or systemic side effects do NOT mean that the vaccine has given you a COVID-19 infection. Rather, these expected side effects mean that the vaccine is causing your body’s immune system to react and create antibodies to fight off the virus that causes COVID-19 if you are exposed in the future.
A small number of vaccine recipients have experienced swollen lymph nodes. For the two mRNA vaccines, these expected side effects are more common in younger people than older people and with the two-dose vaccine series, they are more common after the 2nd dose than after the first dose.
To reduce pain and discomfort where you or your child got the shot:
- Drink plenty of fluids.