Are Variants To Blame For Reinfections
Not necessarily. Dr. Esper says the coronavirus doesnt mutate nearly as much as the flu, which changes nearly everything about its appearance from one year to the next. Rather, its COVID-19s infectiousness that makes it so, well, infectious.
This variants infectiousness including its ability to evade immune systems and prevent long-lasting immunity for those people who are infected with it is one of the reasons why its been able to persist and come back, he explains.
Why Are Vaccinated People Still Getting Covid
Weve heard of cases where people who are in between doses or people who have received both doses are still testing positive or becoming infected with COVID-19. How is this possible? Dr. Cardona attributes this to exposure risks or where people are in the vaccination process.
Immunization with the COVID-19 vaccines provides the best protection within two weeks of being fully vaccinated. A person is considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving the second dose of Pfizers or Modernas vaccine or one dose of Johnson & Johnsons. If someone tests positive for COVID-19 or becomes ill a few days later, they most likely were exposed before being fully vaccinated. There are reported cases of illness and/or exposure after the vaccines, but the complications of the disease for those not vaccinated yet has been of greater magnitude.
Vaccines Dont Always Prevent Infection
Fortunately, the vaccines have vastlyoutperformed expectations. For example, in 6.5 million residents of Israel, aged 16 years and older, the PfizerBioNTech mRNA COVID-19 vaccine was found to be 95.3% effective after both shots. Within two months, among the 4.7 million fully vaccinated, the detectable infections fell by 30-fold. Similarly in California and Texas, only 0.05% of fully vaccinated health care workers tested positive for COVID-19.
Vaccine developers often hope that, in addition to preventing illness, their vaccines will achieve sterilizing immunity, where the vaccination blocks the germ from even being able to get into the body at all. This sterilizing immunity means someone whos vaccinated will neither catch the virus nor transmit it further. For a vaccine to be effective, though, it doesnt need to prevent the germ from infecting an immunized person.
Don’t Miss: How Much Does Cvs Covid Test Cost
How Long Do The Covid
The jury is still out on that one. According to Dr. Cardona and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the exact timeframe for protection is unknown at this time. When you think about it, we all tolerate vaccines differently. So, the scientific community is still studying natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity concerning COVID-19.
We dont know exactly how long the vaccines will protect us after being fully vaccinated. However, the CDC and experts are still working to determine the answer to this question and will keep us informed of any changes. But the one thing we do know is that getting vaccinated is still the safer choice for preventing serious illness for you, your loved ones and the benefit of our communities.
You May Have A Sore Throat
“5 -17.4% of patients have reported a sore throat as early COVID-19 symptoms, in published medical studies,” says Dr. Lee. “ENT specialists think not enough attention has been paid to a sore throat as a COVID symptom, because most medical papers focus on people with severe and more advanced COVID infections.”
Read Also: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
What To Do If You Think You Have Covid
If you’re fully vaccinated and come into close contact someone who’s tested positive for COVID-19, get tested three to five days after the exposure.
“It’s also recommended that you wear a mask for 14 days after a known exposure whether you have symptoms or not,” adds Dr. Drews.
If you ultimately test positive for COVID-19, you should isolate at home for at least 10 days even if you’re asymptomatic or have only mild symptoms.
Why Is The Pfizer Vaccine Providing More Cover How Is It Different
Both the vaccine types available are synthetic, but we have two different delivery mechanisms.
One, the mRNA vaccine, .
The other a virus vector that delivers a Covid vaccine component as a protein.
Although there are some figures suggesting higher protection in Pfizer, these are not greatly different and need to be considered in relation to different groups receiving different vaccines.
You May Like: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
When Will I Be Exempt From Restrictions
Not at the moment, but things may change.
National Cabinet has agreed to the plan to re-open Australia and ease restrictions when we meet our vaccine targets.
NSW is expected to be the first state to reach this goal as more than 70 per cent of residents over the age of 16 have now received their first jab.
The NSW government is now on the move to fully vaccinate its residents so that they can lift their lockdown restrictions.
A few other states such as Queensland, Tasmania and Western Australia are reluctant about the national reopening strategy, so it may take some time for every state to reach their vaccine targets and open up their borders.
There will be more information about this when more people are vaccinated, so the best thing you can do now is to encourage your family and friends to get the vaccine.
Which Vaccine You Will Be Offered
You will be given a booster dose of either Pfizer or Moderna vaccine . Both vaccines boost well and have already been given to millions of people in the UK.
Studies have shown that you only need a half dose of Moderna to boost the immune system well. This half dose of Moderna is expected to have a low rate of side effects including myocarditis.
You will be offered the right vaccine for you, which may be the same or different from the vaccines that you had before.
Recommended Reading: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
Is Coronavirus After Vaccination Dangerous
Breakthrough coronavirus infections can cause mild or moderate illness, but the chances of serious COVID-19 are very low, especially for people who are not living with a chronic health condition.
The COVID-19 vaccines are very effective in keeping you from having to go to the hospital, being put on a ventilator or dying due to severe coronavirus disease, including COVID caused by the delta coronavirus variant.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , as well as Johns Hopkins Medicine and other health care organizations, recommend COVID-19 vaccines for everyone 12 years old and over.
What You Can Do After Covid
When your vaccine has had time to work, you can do some things that were not recommended before you were vaccinated.
You should also get your EU Digital COVID Certificate when you are fully vaccinated. These certs are being issued by the Government, not by the HSE. Read more about the EU digital COVID cert on gov.ie
Read Also: Does Cvs Charge For Covid Testing
What The Numbers Say About Your Risk
“Breakthrough infections are occurring, but the truly good news is that vaccinated individuals who do get COVID-19 are much less likely to be hospitalized than those who aren’t vaccinated,” says Dr. Drews. “The death rate is also much, much lower for vaccinated individuals.”
According to CDC data released in August 2021, vaccinated individuals are:
- 8 times less likely to get COVID-19
- 25 times less likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19
- 25 times less likely to die of COVID-19
“This is welcome news since it reaffirms that the vaccines are very successful at their primary job preventing serious disease,” says Dr. Drews. “In fact, estimates suggest that COVID-19 vaccines have saved a quarter of a million lives and prevented more than 1 million hospitalizations.”
In most cases, fully vaccinated people who do get infected with the virus are asymptomatic or experience only mild symptoms. So, while the vaccines aren’t perfect, they’re pretty darn close.
“The major concern about breakthrough infections is that fully vaccinated people can inadvertently spread COVID-19 to others, and it may be hard to determine how common this is,” warns Dr. Drews.
This is why it’s so important for all of us to take precautions right now, especially as we head into the holiday season.
Attending A Sporting Event
Sports resumed earlier this year with social distancing and limited capacity in the stands. However, keep in mind that sporting events hosted outdoors are much safer than those indoors. It’s still important to wear your mask and maintain social distancing from other spectators . “Avoid using restroom facilities or concession areas at high traffic times, such as intermission, half-time, or immediately at the end of the event,” the CDC recommends.
You May Like: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
The Shock And Reality Of Catching Covid After Being Vaccinated
By Steven FindlayApril 16, 2021
We encourage organizations to republish our content, free of charge. Heres what we ask:
You must credit us as the original publisher, with a hyperlink to our khn.org site. If possible, please include the original author and Kaiser Health News in the byline. Please preserve the hyperlinks in the story.
Have questions? Let us know at
How Common Are Breakthrough Cases Of Covid
A study in Washington state gathered data from over 4 million fully vaccinated people. The data showed a rate of about 1 in 5,000 experienced a breakthrough infection between January 17 and August 21, 2021. More recently, some populations have shown breakthrough infection rates of approximately 1 in 100 fully vaccinated people.
You May Like: Cvs Nasal Swab Test
You’ve Lost Your Sense Of Taste Or Smell
Did you experience a weird stint where you couldn’t taste or smell anything? Dr. Sharon Chekijian, a Yale Medicine emergency medicine doctor and assistant professor at Yale School of Medicine, says it could have been coronavirus. “One sign that you were likely infected is a loss of smell and sometimes taste,” she explains. “Although other viruses or medical conditions can do this too, right now, it may mean you’re infectedeven in the absence of other symptoms.”
Are The Symptoms Of Covid
Generally, we saw the same symptoms of COVID-19 being reported in the app by people who had and hadnât been vaccinated, including loss of smell , cough, fever, headaches and fatigue. However, fewer symptoms were reported over a shorter period of time by those whoâd had a jab, suggesting that they were falling less seriously ill and getting better more quickly.
Curiously, we did notice that people who had been vaccinated and then tested positive for COVID-19 were more likely to report sneezing as a symptom compared with those without a jab. â
If youâve been vaccinated and start sneezing a lot without an explanation, you should definitely get a COVID test, especially if you are living or working around people who are at greater risk from the disease.
Recommended Reading: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Breakthrough Cases Are Extremely Rare
Now that the vaccines have been authorized and are going into the arms of millions, health researchers are closely tracking their performance in the real world and also looking at whether they protect against asymptomatic infections.
“When you do a clinical trial, that is an idealized population. Everything is as perfect as it can be, Poland says. That is different than what we call real-world effectiveness, where now unhealthy people are getting it, there aren’t strict protocols, and you’re dependent on 100,000 different vaccine administrators doing it right.”
Eating Indoors At A Restaurant
We all love to eat inside of a restaurant. However, there is a reason why indoor dining is usually one of the first luxuries to be restricted. Why? While eating and drinking people are forced to take off their masks. And, in an indoor environment the virus can spread more easily than outdoors. Play it safe: sit outside or simply get takeout.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
Hosting An Event Outdoors
If you plan to host a gathering with friends or family, there is always a risk. However, the safest way to do so is keeping the event outdoors. However, keep in mind, the more attendees you invite, the higher your risk for spreading the virus. Also, to ensure the health of everyone involved, make sure to socially distance and even ask your guests to wear a mask when they aren’t eating or drinking. Before planning a get-together at your house, you should review your local and state COVID-19 guidelines, consider your risk for severe illness, and consider your household members’ risk for severe illness, the CDC suggests.
Who Is Most At Risk For Breakthrough Covid
Although any fully vaccinated person can experience a breakthrough infection, people with weakened immune systems caused by certain medical conditions or treatments are more likely to have breakthrough infections.
The CDC recommends that patients with weakened immune systems receive a third dose of the COVID-19 vaccine 28 days or later after their second shot. A third vaccine can strengthen their protection against the coronavirus.
Ask your doctor if you are living with a medical condition or receiving treatment that puts you at risk for a lowered immune system, and if getting a third vaccine is appropriate.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
Can People Vaccinated Against Covid
When the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention changed its guidelines about mask-wearing on May 13, 2021, plenty of Americans were left a little confused. Now anyone who is fully vaccinated can participate in indoor and outdoor activities, large or small, without wearing a mask or physical distancing.
Anthony Fauci, chief medical adviser to President Biden, said the new guideline is based on the evolution of the science and serves as an incentive for the almost two-thirds of Americans who are not yet fully vaccinated to go ahead and get the shot.
But some people cannot be vaccinated because of underlying conditions. Others with weakened immune systems, from cancer or medical treatments, may not be fully protected. Children aged 12 to 15 became eligible for the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine only on May 10, 2021. And no COVID-19 vaccines are yet authorized for the nearly 50 million children in the U.S. younger than 12.
As restrictions are lifted and people start to leave their masks at home, some people worry: Can you catch COVID-19 from someone whos vaccinated?
Dinner At A Friend’s House Inside
It’s easy to assume that hanging out with a small group of friends at someone’s house is safe. However, the two most important elements to stop the transmission of COVID-19 are mask wearing and social distancing, according to the CDC. If you’re at a friend’s house with someone who’s infected, you’re in a dangerous spot. Chances are your friends aren’t socially distancing or wearing masks while having dinner inside, which may spread the virus to all dinner party attendeesnot to mention, there may be poor ventilation. Golden rule: Eat outdoors. Outside is always better than inside.
Also Check: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
Will You Need A Booster Vaccine In The Autumn
Those who received the vaccines first may do so but the data is still being monitored.
A booster will be necessary either because the immune response is waning or because the virus has changed giving rise to a variant that will escape the protection of the vaccines.
The last PHE briefing noted an increasing positivity in testing of healthcare workers, who were among the first to receive the vaccine.
Although we need to be cautious not to over-interpret this, it is perhaps suggestive a booster will be required in the autumn, certainly for those who are older.
Its Still Good To Be Cautious
While this is encouraging news, Dr. Cardona stresses that fully vaccinated people still need to be careful as everything opens up again.
Virus transmission may still occur from those who are infected and asymptomatic, or ill without knowing it, especially in crowded areas with a lack of physical distancing, respiratory precautions and hand washing. Other factors to consider are ongoing community transmission and immunization rates.
If you havent been vaccinated or havent completed the vaccination series, she recommends doing so. And if you have a unique circumstance that delays your ability to complete your series of shots as scheduled, still get the second dose. Dr. Cardona says restarting the series isnt necessary.
The CDC also recommends that fully vaccinated people wear masks indoors in public for maximum protection from the delta variant and to lessen the risks of transmission. You should also wear a mask if you have a weakened immune system, an underlying medical condition or are at high risk for severe disease.
Also Check: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Visiting Your Local Bar
Thinking of grabbing a drink at your favorite bar? Even if your local bars are open, it may not be the safest spot when it comes to spreading COVID-19. If a bar allows patrons to sit near each other, the risk is higher, especially if they’ve taken off their masks to enjoy a cold one. Coronavirus is more easily transmitted at a bar when “seating capacity is not reduced and tables not spaced at least 6 feet apart,” according to the CDC. In fact, when asked about the riskiest places during the pandemic, health experts are pretty unanimous that bars should be a no-no.