Ba5 Omicron Subvariant Spreading Quickly Could Become Dominant Strain Of Covid In Us: Cdc
According to the latest estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an omicron subvariant that has been the dominant strain of COVID-19 in the U.S. for more than a month is beginning to lose steam, and yet another variant of omicron is quickly gaining momentum.
Those estimates indicate that the BA.2.12.1 lineage of omicron continues to be the dominant strain of COVID-19 in the United States, and is responsible for an estimated 56% of cases.
Read more here.
Will I Display Symptoms Of Coronavirus After Getting Vaccinated
After vaccination, you may develop certain symptoms like fever, chills, fatigue, headache, body aches, swollen lymph nodes, and arm pain. These are common signs of your body starting to mount its immune response and prepare protection against COVID-19. Of course, some of those symptoms are similar to symptoms of COVID-19, but less severe.
Its always possible that you could contract COVID-19 infection before your body has fully mounted its immune response, especially if you were exposed shortly before receiving the vaccine or prior to becoming fully vaccinated.
So how do you tell the difference between side effects and illness? Vaccine side effects typically go away after 24 to 72 hours, so if they are not improving be sure to speak with your provider. Importantly, loss of taste and smell are not symptoms of the COVID-19 vaccine and may be signs of COVID-19 infection. If you develop those symptoms, speak with your provider.
How About Antibody Testing
While PCR testing is used to look for current infection, antibody testing also known as serology testing picks up past infections.
Laboratories look to see if your immune system has raised antibodies against the coronavirus, a sign your body has been exposed to it. As it takes time for antibodies to develop, testing positive with an antibody test may indicate you were infected weeks or months ago.
But your body also produces antibodies as a response to vaccination. Thats the way it can recognise SARS-CoV-2, the next time it meets it, to protect you from severe COVID.
So as COVID vaccines are rolled out, and people develop a vaccine-induced antibody response, it may become difficult to differentiate between someone who has had COVID in the past and someone who was vaccinated a month ago. But this will depend on the serology test used.
The good news is that antibody testing is not nearly as common as PCR testing. And its only ordered under limited and rare circumstances.
How Long Does Immunity Last After Vaccination
This is the big question. Unfortunately, we dont know that exact information yet. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , experts are still working to determine how long immunity lasts after vaccination. This takes time and careful, controlled monitoring. The new variants also add another unknown piece to the puzzle and are being studied now as well.
Even though we dont have answers just yet, the clinical trials indicate that vaccine-induced immunity should last 3 months minimum. Recently, Pfizer released an official update confirming their vaccine had high efficacy for up to 6 months following the second vaccine and no serious safety concerns in clinical trial participants.
The New England Journal of Medicine also recently published a study that suggests the Moderna vaccine has efficacy for up to 6 months, similar to the Pfizer vaccine. However, Moderna has yet to issue an official update.
As time goes on and the trial participants in all vaccine trials are monitored for a longer period, we expect the efficacy time frames for the vaccines to increase.
Cdc Guidelines For Covid Testing
Lastly, the Centers for Disease Control and prevention also have CDC guidelines for COVID testing. There are different types of tests available in the United States, both free and paid. You should follow guidelines issued by the CDC for COVID testing.
- You can take a self-test or a home test anytime you want. You dont have to wait till you develop any symptoms related to COVID-19.
- Apart from that, if you develop any symptoms related to COVID-19, then you should get yourself tested with a home COVID test immediately.
- In case you are going to any indoor event or gathering, you should test yourself immediately before the gathering and at least two days after the gathering.
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Could Getting A Covid
CHICAGO When someone gets a COVID-19 vaccine, it triggers an immune response that will help them fight the virus that causes the deadly disease.
But could it also lead to a false positive if someone is tested after theyre vaccinated?
Northshore University Health System pathologist Dr. Karen Kaul said the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna both work differently than traditional vaccines.
It is a messenger RNA vaccine, so unlike old vaccines that inject either an inactivated virus or a piece of viral protein, what this does is inject a little snippet of viral RNA which is taken up in the muscle and into the cells to help us make antibodies, Kaul said.
For years, people have been taking the flu vaccine to boost an immune response against the flu virus. But when they take it in a mist form it can elicit a false positive flu test.
What we have seen with flu mist, theres a little bit of that inactivated virus still in the nasal area or pharynx, Kaul said. So if one samples a patient for an influenza test too soon after theyve received the flu mist you can pick up the virus and detect it. It will give you a positive PCR.
Since they use RNA, the COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna are designed differently and do not contain the actual virus, but rather a part of the spike protein in the virus that helps it invade and take hold of healthy cells.
What Happens If You Get Covid
It’s possible to become infected with COVID-19 between the first and second shots of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines and immediately following the second shot of these vaccines. If you do catch COVID-19 between the two vaccine doses, you should make sure to get the second shot once you’re feeling better.
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If You Are Experiencing Symptoms Of Covid
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and new loss of taste or smell. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. If you have been exposed to someone with COVID-19, and are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, you should contact your doctor to see if you need to be tested. Learn more about COVID-19 illness and other symptoms here: .
Dr Matthew Binnicker An Expert In The Diagnosis Of Infectious Disease Explains The Benefits And Limitations Of Diagnostic Testing As More People Receive Covid
More than 61 million Covid-19 vaccine doses have been administered in the United States since December 2020. As more people are vaccinated, this means the role of other mitigation measures, such as diagnostic testing, are starting to change.
Even as the pace of vaccine manufacturing and distribution has increased, some experts estimate that it may be mid- to late-summer before the majority of Americans have the opportunity to be vaccinated. Until then – and likely for months after – measures including masking and physical distancing will continue to be needed to prevent a resurgence in Covid-19. Diagnostic testing will remain an important tool, but it has certain limitations. Here are the answers to some common questions around Covid-19 vaccines and testing.
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What Testing Positive For More Than 10 Days Could Mean For Your Long
Last month, the CDC issued an alarming warning that as many as one in five adult COVID-19 survivors may develop long Covid, potentially including long-term symptoms from fatigue and brain fog to circulation and digestive issues. Women, older people and those with chronic health conditions all appear to be at higher risk.
Covid isn’t the only pathogen that can cause such issues: Dr. Jeremy Kamil, a virologist at Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, notes that other viruses, like human papillomaviruses, can also wreak havoc on the body weeks or even years after the initial infection.
More than 10 days of positive tests are not a known risk factor for long Covid, but they do raise questions about where the virus could linger. Some viruses are known to hide in tissues that don’t produce symptoms like fat cells or the gut, for example before reemerging once it thinks the coast is clear.
Incidentally, this is one theory for why some people test positive for Covid beyond 10 days but for now, it’s just a theory. Experts stress that if you do keep testing positive after your week-and-a-half stint is over, you probably don’t need to worry: The precautions are important to take, but you’re unlikely to harm yourself or those around you by ending your isolation.
That’ll remain true unless further research proves otherwise.
Correction: This story has been corrected to reflect Dr. Jeremy Kamil’s affiliation with Louisiana State University Health Shreveport.
What Are You Supposed To Do If You Miss Your Second Vaccine Dose The Place I Got The First Dose Is No Longer Giving Shots And Im Having A Terrible Time Getting It Scheduled Anywhere Else
If you arent able to get your second coronavirus vaccine dose from the same site where you got your first dose, I recommend calling your county health department right away and explaining the situation. Many viewers have struggled to schedule a second dose through automated systems, and you really need to talk to a human being to get it sorted out.
Its extremely important not to miss your second dose appointment, unless its a true emergency or youve been quarantined. If you must miss it, start working to reschedule that second dose immediately.
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Are Covid Symptoms Changing With New Variants Chicagos Top Doc Explains
Are COVID symptoms shifting with the newer omicron subvariants now spreading across the U.S.?
According to Chicagos top doctor, the answer remains unclear. Arwady noted that milder cases of the virus can make determining symptoms more challenging.
Were seeing a lot of COVID that is often quite mild, she said, though she added that some early studies may show more intense illness specifically with newer BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants.
Read more here.
Chicagos COVID-19 community risk level is now at medium. But as the use of at-home coronavirus tests becomes widespread, questions about the accuracy of the citys COVID metrics are also increasing.
Registering For A Covid
Where can I get vaccinated? How do I register or make an appointment?
You can get a COVID-19 vaccine at 700+ pharmacy providers, 400+ primary care providers, hospitals, urgent care clinics, and local health departments across the state. You can find the site nearest you, information about which sites require an appointment, or sites that offer vaccines for ages 5+ by visiting covidvax.maryland.gov or calling the states multilingual call center seven days a week at 1-855-MD-GOVAX.
What do I need to know before I go get the vaccine?
You can make an appointment to get a vaccine, or you can go to a vaccination site or clinic that offers walk-up appointments. If you receive a two-dose vaccine, make sure you have a second appointment scheduled from the same site or know how to schedule it.
What can I expect at my vaccination appointment?
When you go to get the vaccine, you and your healthcare worker will both need to wear masks that cover your nose and mouth. Stay 6 feet away from others while inside and in lines.
You can still get your COVID-19 vaccine without insurance, an ID, or a Social Security number.
The site should give you a vaccination card that tells you what COVID-19 vaccine you received, the date, and the place you got it. Keep this card in a safe place. You will need it for your second shot and to keep for your records. Consider taking a picture of the card for safe keeping.
How do I set an appointment for my second vaccine?
Do I have to pay for the vaccine?
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Questions Of Vaccine Effectiveness In People With Compromised Immune Systems
Vaccinations have played a critical role in bringing down those rates of new infection, hospitalization and death, easing pressure on vaccinated individuals to adhere to strict social distancing and behavioral measures. On May 13, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, who directs the CDC, announced that those who are fully vaccinated can shed your mask.
But an often-overlooked part of that new guidance cautions that people who have compromised immune systems either because of a condition that affects the immune system directly, or because of treatment that works by suppressing the immune system may still be at risk even after vaccination. For people whose immune systems dont function normally, the vaccination process of training immune cells might not always play out successfully.
If you have a condition or are taking medications that weaken your immune system, you may NOT be fully protected even if you are fully vaccinated, the new guidance says. Talk to your healthcare provider. Even after vaccination, you may need to continue taking all precautions, including wearing masks.
That uncertainty has led some immunocompromised people to take antibody tests to check if their immune system is responding to the vaccines.
I am hearing that immunocompromised individuals are doing that and some physicians are doing that for their patients, Goodman said.
Faqs About Mental Health Stress And Anxiety
What should I do if I have an existing mental health condition?
During and following an emergency, people with pre-existing mental health conditions should seek or continue treatment, following their treatment plans as set up through their provider. Individuals may experience a worsening of their symptoms if this happens, contact your provider for additional services immediately.
What if I am feeling anxious or stressed related to COVID-19?
Everyone reacts differently to stressful situations. The emotional impact of an emergency on a person can depend on the persons characteristics and experiences, the social and economic circumstances of the person and their community and the availability of local resources. People can become more distressed if they excessively see repeated images or hear repeated reports about the pandemic in the media.
Reactions during an infectious disease outbreak can include:
- Fear and worry about your own health status and that of your loved ones
- Changes in sleep or eating patterns
- Difficulty sleeping or concentrating
- Worsening of chronic health problems
- Increased use of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs
Feelings of fear, anxiety, sadness and uncertainty are normal during a pandemic. Fortunately, being proactive about your mental health can help to keep both your mind and body stronger.
What can I do to support myself?
Continue to maintain proper infection control techniques such as hand-washing and social distancing, and get vaccinated.
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How Long After Covid
This swelling is a normal sign that your body is building protection against COVID-19. However, it is possible that this swelling could cause a false reading on a mammogram. Some experts recommend getting your mammogram before being vaccinated or waiting four to six weeks after getting your vaccine.
Can You Get Covid
After New York Times writer Melinda Wenner Moyer’s daughter tested positive for the coronavirus, she assumed the whole family would “finally” get Covid-19. However, no one else in the family tested positiveeven after they started experiencing “classic” Covid-19 symptoms.
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How Long Should You Wait To Be Vaccinated If Youve Had Covid
The time frame that we recommend for being vaccinated after having a COVID-19 infection is as soon as youre out of quarantine, says Dr. Englund.
There is one caveat, however.
If youve received monoclonal antibodies, you must wait 90 days after recovering from COVID-19 to receive the vaccine. According to the Food and Drug Administration , monoclonal antibodies are proteins made in a laboratory that mimic your bodys immune response. Dr. Englund says some people might not need to be hospitalized for COVID-19, but might receive these antibodies from their doctor as an infusion treatment to help fight the virus.
If youve had that monoclonal antibody, it is going to keep you from being able to develop a nice, robust response to the vaccine. So thats why we have to wait for 90 days until that monoclonal antibody has gotten out of your system.
Retesting After A Positive Diagnostic Test
If you recently recovered from COVID-19, you should not get retested for COVID-19 for at least three months after your symptoms began or, if you had no symptoms, from the date you were tested. You may continue to test positive for COVID-19, even though you are no longer contagious. If you develop new symptoms, talk to your health care provider.
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Coronavirus Faq: How Soon Covid Symptoms Can Start What To Do If You Keep Testing Positive
Even though the COVID-19 pandemic has been going on for more than two years, there are still plenty of questions that individuals may have if they end up testing positive for the virus.
Upon that positive test, patients may be curious about how long theyll be contagious, how to isolate and for how long, and what to do if they continue to test positive for the virus even after their symptoms have cleared.