Will People Who Have Already Had Covid
Yes. Once they have completed their isolation period, people previously infected with COVID-19 should receive the vaccine. According to the CDC, people appear to become susceptible to reinfection after more than 90 days from the time they were initially infected. Reinfection appears to be rare during the first 90 days after someone was infected with COVID-19. It is currently unknown how long immunity from natural infection lasts, and being vaccinated can help prevent re-infection, serious illness, hospitalization and death.
What You Need To Know
- COVID-19 vaccines are available for everyone ages 5 years and older at no cost.
- Vaccines were paid for with taxpayer dollars and will be given free of charge to all people living in the United States, regardless of insurance or immigration status.
- COVID-19 vaccination is an important tool to help stop the pandemic.
- CDC recommends you get a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as you can.
Are There Any Drawbacks To Getting Another Dose Of Vaccine
Scientists have discussed the possibility of immunity fatigue, where the body is overexposed to a vaccine and stops reacting to it. At this point, it’s only a theoretical problem. But UCSF’s Gandhi said, “This many shots in such a short time — it’s unprecedented.”
“There’s also the idea of ‘original antigenic sin,’ where you keep training your T cells to fight against the original strain, but we keep getting newer and newer variants.” As a result, your system is less able to fight off coronavirus infection.
B cells, another kind of immune cell, can adapt to whatever COVID variant they face, Gandhi said. But it’s not clear T cells have that versatility. “It’s still theoretical, but I wouldn’t get a booster unless I really felt it had benefit,” she added.
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I Got My 1st Dose But Cant Get My Second Dose On Time What Should I Do
Get your second dose/shot as close as possible to the recommended timeframe. For Pfizer, get your second shot 21 days after your first dose. For Moderna, get your second shot 28 days after your first shot. The CDC advises its OK if the second dose of vaccine needs to be delayed past the recommended timeframe. There is no maximum interval between the first and second doses for either vaccine.
It is best to get the second dose as close to on time as possible, but it is OK if it is delayed. CDC recommends getting the second dose within 6 weeks after the first dose.
If 2nd dose is given beyond 42 days, there is no need to restart the series.
What Are Your Questions About The Coronavirus Vaccine
ideastream’s health team is answering as many questions as possible, with help from local experts in a range of fields. You can send us your questions with our online form, through our social media group, or call us at 216-916-6476. We’ll keep the answers coming on our website and on the air.
Nora asked on Twitter: I’m wondering why my husband, who works in a school, has to provide information about his health insurance prior to getting the vaccine. I didn’t think insurance companies were being charged?”
The COVID-19 vaccine shouldn’t cost you anything regardless of your insurance coverage, but someone is paying for it.
The Ohio Department of Health said that while vaccines are free to people who receive them, they are purchased with taxpayer dollars.
Providers, like hospitals and drug store chains, can still seek reimbursement for administration fees.
Sometimes additional staff members are needed to administer the vaccine and manage quality control, to handle vaccine appointment sign-ups, and to perform data entry, said Case Western Reserve University law and bioethics professor Sharona Hoffman.
Theres a lot of administration involved and presumably theyre having to hire some extra people to do all of that work, Hoffman said.
But even if you dont have insurance, you can still get the vaccine for free, Hoffman said.
In that situation, providers can apply to the government for reimbursement instead of an insurance company.
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Schedule Your Vaccination Appointment
There are a few ways Californians can schedule an appointment to receive their COVID-19 vaccine. One is to use the myturn.ca.gov site or call Californias COVID-19 Hotline at 422-4255. You can also check to see if your local health jurisdiction has its own portal for accessing appointment scheduling.
Another way is to contact a local provider that is administering COVID-19 vaccines directly to schedule an appointment. You can use the CDCs VaccineFinder tool to locate a vaccination site near you. Vaccination sites may be health care facilities like hospitals, clinics and pharmacies, or they may be community facilities.
Keep in mind that you may not be able to get an appointment right away as the demand for vaccines is extremely high. Be wary of scams that ask for a fee to secure your appointment, get you onto a waitlist or give you early access to the vaccine. No legitimate method of scheduling vaccine appointments will involve this sort of expense.
Domestic Travel For Unvaccinated Travelers
As recently as Jan. 12, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to recommend delaying travel until youre fully vaccinated. If you choose to travel, the CDC reminds travelers that “wearing a mask is required on planes, buses, trains and other public transportation within and out of the U.S.”
However, any additional requirements are up to each city and state. Hawaii, for example, requires that unvaccinated travelers submit a negative COVID test taken within 72 hours of departure. It’s the only way to bypass a five-day quarantine.
While Illinois doesnt have statewide restrictions, its recommendations differ based on the daily COVID-19 case rates of the state the traveler is arriving from. Unvaccinated travelers arriving from states with higher case rates are encouraged to secure a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of travel to Illinois. At the city level, unvaccinated travelers going to Chicago are asked to get tested for COVID-19 before and after arrival and to quarantine upon arrival.
Meanwhile, all travelers 16 and older who enter California via Los Angeles International Airport, Van Nuys Airport or Los Angeles Union Station are required to fill out a City of Los Angeles Traveler Form, agreeing to follow CDC travel guidance or face up to a $500 fine.
Other states may be more flexible and have no recommendations or requirements related to vaccination, quarantine, forms or testing for visitors.
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Tips For Traveling Internationally Without A Vaccine
Get travel insurance with Cancel For Any Reason coverage since entry requirements are changing constantly. What happens if you book a nonrefundable flight and hotel, and a week before your departure, your destination stops allowing in unvaccinated travelers? If you have travel insurance with CFAR, youll be able to cancel your trip and get your nonrefundable deposits back so long as changes arent made at the last minute. For example, with CFAR coverage from Berkshire Hathaway Travel Protection, “you may only be eligible if you purchase CFAR at the time of your base policy purchase, insure your full trip cost, and cancel more than 48 hours prior to departure,” according to the company’s website.
Confirm entry eligibility for your must-have experiences, like restaurants, museums, shopping malls or bars and clubs. Double-check that your hotel will allow you entry as well.
Research COVID-19 testing sites in the area before departure. Will you need to travel far to get your test? Consider travel time when making a test appointment.
Check if there’s an app that your destination country uses that will accept your pre-departure negative COVID-19 test result. This step could make it easier to visit any bars, hotels, shops, restaurants and museums youd like to check out.
Can I Get More Than One Covid
It’s recommended that both of your first two shots of a two-shot series vaccine be the same brand. If your first shot was Moderna, your second shot should also be Moderna, and the same for Pfizer. However, after completing your two-shot series of either Pfizer or Moderna, you may choose to “mix and match” and receive a different brand for your booster shot. Learn more about booster shots here.
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What Are The Side Effects
After receiving a COVID-19 vaccine, you may have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. Side effects are typically mild to moderate, occur within the first 3 days beginning the day of the vaccination, and resolve within 1-2 days of onset. Some people have no side effects.
Common side effects on the arm where you received the shot include pain, redness, and swelling. Throughout the rest of your body, you may feel tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea.
For more information, please see the CDC’s Possible Side Effects After Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine.
International Travel For Unvaccinated Travelers
Traveling internationally may present a greater number of obstacles, especially due to different systems and a potential language barrier. Some countries don’t allow unvaccinated travelers to enter, period. For example, travel to the majority of European countries is possible only to those who are vaccinated. If youre not vaccinated, make sure the country you want to visit will allow you entry.
In addition, before returning to the U.S., youre required to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of the flight’s departure. While abroad, youll need to go to a COVID-19 testing center. Unlike getting tested in the U.S., COVID-19 tests abroad aren’t covered by insurance, so you’ll need to budget for the out-of-pocket cost.
Furthermore, you should book your accommodations wisely. Does the hotel you want to stay at allow unvaccinated guests? Will you be able to dine at the hotel restaurant? Can you use the spa or gym facilities? These are important questions youll need to consider before booking an international hotel stay.
Scrutinize your access to activities and other places youd like to visit during your trip, too, like restaurants and museums. On my recent trip to Germany, I had to show my proof of vaccination and identification in every bar, restaurant, shop and hotel I entered.
If youre unvaccinated, you may be refused entry to all these places, which can ruin your trip.
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If You Paid To Get A Covid
When you get a COVID-19 vaccine, your provider cant charge you for an office visit or other fee if the vaccine is the only medical service you get.If you get other medical services at the same time you get the COVID-19 vaccine, you may owe a copayment or deductible for those services.
If you paid a fee or got a bill for a COVID-19 vaccine, check this list to see if your provider should have charged you:
- Check the receipts and statements you get from your provider for any mistakes.
- If you have Original Medicare, review your Medicare Summary Notice for errors. Report anything suspicious to Medicare by calling 1-800-MEDICARE .
- If you have other coverage like a Medicare Advantage Plan, review your Explanation of Benefits. Report anything suspicious to your insurer.
If you think your provider incorrectly charged you for the COVID-19 vaccine, ask them for a refund. If you think your provider charged you for an office visit or other fee, but the only service you got was a COVID-19 vaccine, report them to the Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by calling 1-800-HHS-TIPS or visiting TIPS.HHS.GOV.
Be alert for scammers trying to steal your Medicare Number. Medicare covers the vaccine at no cost to you, so if anyone asks you for your Medicare Number to get access to the vaccine, you can bet its a scam.
Heres what to know:
Where Can I Get A Second Booster Shot
Additional vaccine boosters are available at pharmacies, health care clinics and doctor’s offices, much as previous shots were:
- Walgreens is now offering additional Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccine boosters to eligible customers on a walk-in basis.
- CVS has an online appointment portal to schedule your second booster. Eligible individuals can also walk in for their shots, including at on-site CVS pharmacy locations at Target, subject to local demand.
- Grocery chain Albertsons is also offering second-round boosters to walk-ins or scheduled appointments at more than 1,700 Albertsons, Safeway, Vons, Jewel-Osco, Shaw’s, Acme, Tom Thumb, Randalls, United Supermarkets, Pavilions, Star Market, Haggen and Carrs locations.
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Additional Primary Dose And Boosters
Who is recommended to get a COVID-19 booster shot?
According to CDC, several groups are authorized to receive a COVID-19 booster shot:
- People ages 18 and older who received a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine may get a booster of any of the COVID-19 vaccines authorized in the United States at least 6 months after last dose in the primary series.
- People age 50 years and older who received Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 should get a booster of any of the COVID-19 vaccines authorized in the United States at least 6 months after last dose in the primary series.
- People age 18 and older and living in a long term care setting who received Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 should get a booster of any of the COVID-19 vaccines authorized in the United States at least 6 months after last dose in the primary series.
- People age 18 and older who received the Johnson & Johnson Janssen COVID-19 vaccine should get a booster at least 2 months after last dose in the primary series of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine , which is preferred over the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine for booster vaccination. Recipients of an mRNA vaccine primary series ages 18 + who are unable to receive an mRNA booster dose may be offered a Janssen vaccine booster dose following discussion of the benefits and risks.
- People age 16 or 17 may get a Pfizer-BioNTech booster at least 6 months after second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
Which COVID-19 booster should I get?
Where can I get a COVID-19 booster shot?
Who Were The Vaccines Tested On
The safety of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was evaluated in people 16 years of age and older, most from the United States. Overall, 50.6% of participants were male and 49.4% were female, 83.1% were White, 9.1% were Black or African American, 28.0% were Hispanic or Latino, 4.3% were Asian, and 0.5% were American Indian or Alaska Native. Additional studies were done with 2,260 adolescents ages 12-15 and 3,000 children ages 5-11.
The safety of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine was evaluated in people 18 years of age and older in the United States. Overall, 52.7% of participants were male, 47.3% were female, 79.2% were White, 10.2% were Black or African American, 20.5% were Hispanic or Latino, 4.6% were Asian, 0.8% were American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 2.1% were Other, and 2.1% were Multiracial.
The safety of the was evaluated in people 18 years of age and older in the U.S., Brazil, South Africa, Colombia, Argentina, Peru, Chile, and Mexico. Overall, 45% of participants were female, 55% were male, 58.7% were White, 19.4% were Black or African American, 45.3% were Hispanic or Latino, 3.3% were Asian, 9.5% were American Indian/Alaska Native 0.2% were Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 5.6% were from multiple racial groups and 1.4% were unknown races.
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Should People Who Have Had Covid
Yes, people who have previously had COVID-19 should be vaccinated. Experts do not yet know how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Evidence is emerging that people get better protection by being fully vaccinated compared with having had COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possiblealthough rarethat you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again.
Why You Should Get A Covid
Fully vaccinated people can participate in many of the activities that they did before the pandemic for some of these activities, they should wear a mask. Although infections happen in only a small proportion of people who are fully vaccinated, even with the Delta variant, preliminary evidence suggests that fully vaccinated people who do become infected can spread the virus to others. People who are fully vaccinated should:
- Wear a mask in all indoor public spaces if you live in area of high or substantial levels of transmission as defined by the CDC until more people are vaccinated and viral transmission decreases.
- Wear a face covering in all K-12 schools, child care, indoor settings with a large number of children or child-focused activities , public transportation, healthcare settings, high density congregate settings , and large crowded indoor venues .
- Get tested if you have any symptoms of COVID-19. After an exposure to COVID-19, you should get tested 5-7 days after exposure and wear a mask indoors in public until you get a negative test result. If your test result is positive, isolate at home for 10 days.
- More information can be found from the CDC here.
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Final Thoughts On Traveling Without A Covid Vaccine
Traveling domestically and internationally may pose a new set of challenges for those who are unvaccinated. Be sure to keep up to date with the latest requirements to make sure that your trip goes smoothly. International travel may result in many more difficulties, so if youre not prepared to deal with all the uncertainties of being abroad, consider travel to a location within the U.S.