How Can I Help Covid Vaccine Research
Itâs vital that we continue to gather as much data as possible on the spread of COVID and the impact of vaccination.
You can now log any COVID vaccine in the ZOE COVID Study app, including boosters and vaccines received as part of a clinical trial. And weâll soon be adding the ability to log vaccines for other diseases including flu.
To get involved, simply and start logging daily health reports as well as your vaccinations. It only takes a minute, but youâll be contributing to life-saving research.
Stay safe and keep logging.
Natural Immunity Alone Is Weak
One study compared natural immunity alone to natural immunity plus vaccination. They found that, after infection, unvaccinated people are 2.34 times likelier to get COVID-19 again, compared to fully vaccinated people. So vaccinated people have half the risk of reinfection than people relying on natural immunity alone.
“Studies show that the vaccine gives a very good booster response if you’ve had COVID-19 before,” says Dr. Rupp.
Furthermore, there is no country on the globe in which natural infection and natural immunity has brought the pandemic under control. In countries like Iran or Brazil very high levels of natural infection have not prevented recurrent waves of infection.
Who Is Exempt From Arrival Testing
- Already recovered: Travellers who provide a positive COVID-19 molecular pre-entry test result, conducted at least 14 and no more than 180 days before their scheduled flight or arrival at the land border crossing, are exempt from arrival testing
- Travellers arriving by boat
- Children under the age of 5
- Crew and essential service providers already exempt from arrival testing continue to be exempt
Read Also: Cvs Antigen Test Cost
But Don’t People Who’ve Had Covid
Yes, sometimes. The problem is that the level of immunity varies greatly between people who’ve been previously infected, Stephen Russell, MD, PhD, CEO, and co-founder of Imanis Life Sciences, told Health. “Higher levels of neutralizing antibodies provide better protection against new infection,” explained Dr. Russell. “More severe symptoms of infection often lead to higher levels of neutralizing antibodies, while less severe symptoms may lead to lower or no measurable neutralizing antibody production.”
In other words, if you had a very mild COVID-19 infection, your immune system may not have formed enough antibodies. But those who experienced a more severe form of the disease may have enough antibodies that stick around. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in February 2022 found that antibodies were present in unvaccinated people up to 20 months after a positive COVID-19 test result.
However, the study also cautions that antibody levels alone are not necessarily correlated with immunity in unvaccinated healthy US adults. So, if you’re unvaccinated, you could still get COVID-19 again even if you have antibodies.
Is There Any Extra Risk If I Get The Vaccine After Having Had Covid
There are a lot of anecdotal reports that many people who have had COVID-19 experience stronger side effects after their first vaccine dose, while most people who have never had COVID-19 have a stronger response after the second dose. But each persons experience is unique. Different people have different side effects and some people who havent had COVID-19 report very strong side effects, too.
Its also important to note that its possible many people who are being vaccinated were exposed to COVID-19 and had an asymptomatic infection without realizing it, which could contribute to the variation in side effects.
Personally, I found the side effects of my first vaccine to be pretty strong it felt like I had COVID-19 again but this time without the scary cough and shortness of breath. I had a high fever, chills and muscle aches, but it was not as overwhelming as I had feared. After a day or two, I was back to normal, and the side effects were certainly easier to manage than being sick with COVID-19. It was helpful to expect the side effects and to know my immune system was getting a boost. I was lucky to be able to plan to spend a day or two in bed. After my second vaccine, I just had a sore arm.
Recommended Reading: How Long Does The Cvs Rapid Test Take
When Should I Get Vaccinated After Having Covid
The current guidance says that as long as you are no longer at risk of exposing other people to the virus, you can get your vaccine at any time. That means that once you are no longer in isolation and are no longer infectious, any time is fine.
The exception is for people who received monoclonal antibodies as part of their COVID-19 treatment. The current recommendation is that these patients wait at least 90 days after their treatment to be vaccinated, because they will already have COVID-19 antibodies circulating in their system and we just dont know enough about the virus or its antibodies to know if this particular treatment could interfere with the vaccines effectiveness.
Arriving Without An Accepted Covid
- If a Canadian citizen, person registered under the Indian Act, or permanent resident does not provide proof of a valid molecular test result they:
- will be allowed entry, but may be subject to a fine of up to $5,000 plus additional surcharges or face criminal prosecution
- may also be required to go to a designated quarantine facility if they are symptomatic on arrival at the border and do not have a suitable quarantine plan
- How to isolate upon returning to Canada
Foreign nationals without a valid negative pre-entry COVID-19 molecular test result, proof of a previous positive test result or who have symptoms of COVID-19 be denied entry into Canada.
Canadians or individuals who have right of entry, qualify as fully vaccinated travellers and who depart and re-enter Canada within 72 hours of leaving, wont have to provide a pre-entry molecular test result. This will also apply to their accompanying children under 12, regardless of whether or not the children are vaccinated.
All travellers arriving in Canada are required by Canadian law to respond truthfully to all questions. Providing false information to a Government of Canada official upon entry to Canada is a serious offence and may result in penalties and/or criminal charges. Foreign nationals who provide false information could also be denied entry to the country and/or be barred from returning to Canada.
To be ready for your trip, create your free ArriveCAN account
Locate the proof you’ll need to upload
The proof you use:
Read Also: How Much Is A Pcr Test At Cvs
If I Have Natural Immunity Do I Still Need A Covid Vaccine
Yes, the COVID-19 vaccines are recommended, even if you had COVID-19. At present, evidence from Johns Hopkins Medicine and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention supports getting a COVID-19 vaccine as the best protection against getting COVID-19, whether you have already had the virus or not.
Here are recent research studies that support getting vaccinated even if you have already had COVID-19:
Vaccines add protection.
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report on Oct. 29, 2021, that says getting vaccinated for the coronavirus when youve already had COVID-19 significantly enhances your immune protection and further reduces your risk of reinfection.
- A study published in August 2021 indicates that if you had COVID-19 before and are not vaccinated, your risk of getting re-infected is more than two times higher than for those who got vaccinated after having COVID-19.
- Another study published on Nov. 5, 2021, by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at adults hospitalized for COVID-like sickness between January and September 2021. This study found that the chances of these adults testing positive for COVID-19 were 5.49 times higher in unvaccinated people who had COVID-19 in the past than they were for those who had been vaccinated for COVID and had not had an infection before.
- A study from the CDC in September 2021 showed that roughly one-third of those with COVID-19 cases in the study had no apparent natural immunity.
What Is Natural Immunity To Covid
When you get the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes COVID-19, your immune system creates search and destroy antibodies that can recognize the virus and better resist it next time.
Natural infection with COVID-19 does induce some antibody, but the level of antibody seems to be below that which is necessary to keep you from getting reinfection, says Don Middleton, MD, vice president of family medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. Although uncommon, we do know that coronavirus reinfection is possible.
These natural COVID-19 antibodies dont stick around forever and doctors arent sure how long they will protect you.
One major gap in knowledge with respect to COVID-19 is how long immunity lasts after infection, says Michael Chang, MD, an assistant professor of pediatric infectious disease at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth in Houston. There have been some mixed reports about how long immunity lasts, but it depends on how the various publications are measuring immunity. Mixed results anywhere from weeks to months have been reported for detectable antibody levels, he says.
You May Like: Cvs Rapid Testing Cost
Why Boosters Are Necessary
People who have been vaccinated and have had a breakthrough case of COVID-19 may be reluctant to get boosted because they believe they already have both vaccine and natural immunity.
However, the CDC recommends that people with breakthrough cases get boosted as soon as they are feeling well. If you have questions or concerns about the booster after recovering from COVID-19, reach out to your doctor or another healthcare professional.
All of the experts agree that even if you had COVID-19 you should get a booster, said Dr. Elizabeth Connick, the chief of the division of infectious diseases at the University of Arizona. Not everyone who gets COVID-19 gets a good immune response, but almost everyone who gets the booster does.
That increased immune response translates into more lasting immunity, Dr. Joseph Basile, the interim chair of the department of emergency medicine at Staten Island University Hospital in New York, told Healthline.
The booster also will decrease your chances of having severe COVID illness leading to hospitalization or death, Basile said.
What Does It Mean Now That The Pfizer Covid
On 8/23/21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first COVID-19 vaccine. The vaccine has been known as the Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine and will now be marketed as Comirnaty , for the prevention of COVID-19 in people 16 years of age and older. Comirnaty is the same vaccine as the Pfizer vaccine. The Pfizer vaccine is also still available under emergency use authorization for people ages 5 through 15.
Compared to an EUA, FDA approval of vaccines requires even more data on safety, manufacturing, and effectiveness over longer periods of time and includes real-world data. The full approval by the FDA means that the Comirnaty vaccine now has the same level of approval as other vaccines routinely used in the U.S., such as vaccines for hepatitis, measles, chicken pox, and polio. The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was the first vaccine to receive emergency authorization, which is why it is the first to have enough data to receive full approval. It does not mean anything about the safety and effectiveness of the Moderna or Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
You May Like: Does Cvs Rapid Test Cost Money
Are There Special Precautions That People With Cancer Should Take
People with cancer, people who are in active cancer treatment, older patients, and people with other serious chronic medical conditions, such as lung disease, diabetes, or heart disease, are at higher risk for the more severe form of COVID-19 that could lead to death. Studies have shown that people with active or progressing cancer may be at higher risk than those whose cancer is in remission. The same rules apply for people with cancer as for those without cancer: Be sure to wash your hands well. Avoid touching your face, and avoid close contact with people who are sick.
People who are at higher risk of getting very sick from COVID-19 should think carefully about non-essential travel during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially if the travel will involve areas with high or increasing rates of COVID-19. This is especially important for people who have not yet been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. If you are not vaccinated, stay at home to reduce your exposure to the virus, practice physical distancing, and avoid social gatherings, including smaller gatherings with family or friends who don’t live with you. Wear a face covering or mask, and make your trip out as brief as possible. If you have been vaccinated and live in an area with low COVID-19 transmission rates, you are able to return to normal activities. In places with high or increasing rates of COVID-19, masking is still important. Always follow local government guidelines for masking and social distancing.
Are You At Risk Of Experiencing An Autoimmune Disease Flare
There is a risk that flare-ups may occur. That being said, it has been observed that people living with autoimmune and inflammatory conditions are at higher risk of experiencing severe symptoms from a COVID-19 infection.
Most people who’ve recovered from COVID-19 do make antibodies against the virus.
Recommended Reading: How Long Does A Cvs Rapid Test Take
How The 14 Days Are Calculated:
- Your last dose must have been given a full 14 days before the day you board your flight to the United States.
- You are considered fully vaccinated on the 14th day after the vaccination series was completed. For example, if your last dose was any time on October 1st, then October 15th would be the first day that you meet the 14-day requirement.
What Can I Do To Avoid Getting Covid
Three vaccines have received emergency use authorization from the FDA, and one of those has received formal FDA approval for ages 16 and up. Data collection from clinical trials to test the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines are still ongoing. These trials will give scientists valuable information that can help patients and the general public in the long run. If you would like to participate in a COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial, ClinicalTrials.gov has a full listing of available studies.
The most important way to protect yourself is to be vaccinated against COVID-19. If you are not vaccinated, stay at home as much as possible and avoid areas where people gather. Follow guidance on travel restrictions issued by the CDC or the World Health Organization .
On December 8, 2021, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization to Evusheld, a monoclonal antibody treatment containing tixagevimab and cilgavimab, for the prevention of COVID-19. Evusheld is for use in children 12 and older and adults who are in a high-risk category. This authorization only applies to individuals who are not currently infected by the virus and have not been recently exposed to someone who tested positive. This drug is authorized for people who have:
- a moderate to severely compromised immune system, or
- a history of severe adverse reaction to a COVID-19 vaccine and who are unable to receive the complete vaccination series
In addition to washing your hands frequently, its important to:
Also Check: How Much Does Covid Testing Cost At Cvs
What Do I Need To Know About Covid
There are several COVID-19 vaccines that are now in use in different parts of the world. In the United States, the 3 vaccines authorized for use are made by Pfizer-BioNTech , Moderna , and Janssen, manufactured by Johnson & Johnson. Globally, other vaccines are available or are in process of receiving Emergency Use Listing by the World Health Organization .
The available COVID-19 vaccines are effective against most variants of the virus. However, variants may still cause illness in some people who are vaccinated. The Omicron variant, for example, is more infectious than the Delta variant and may cause breakthrough infections in people who are vaccinated. Booster doses are important in helping lower the risk of a breakthrough infection.
There are plenty of vaccine doses available in the United States. You can find COVID-19 vaccines near you by searching vaccines.org, checking with major retail pharmacies, or calling 1-800-232-0233. Vaccine distribution varies from country to country. Check your local or national health department to learn more about how vaccines are being distributed in your area.
One rare side effect of 2-shot COVID-19 vaccines is swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit, which could be mistaken as a sign of breast cancer. Because of this unusual side effect, delay your mammogram for at least 1 month after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.
If you have more questions about the vaccine, you can find answers at www.getvaccineanswers.org.
Can I Still Get Covid
Yes, you can still get COVID-19 after getting the vaccine. In fact, were sometimes seeing people pop up with reinfections. In the majority of cases, these are people who are being screened asymptomatically and just happen to be positive for the virus, or who show mild symptoms of the virus. The vaccine is intended to prevent severe infections and hospitalizations and its doing an excellent job!
We can predict who might not have the best immune response to the vaccine these are usually people who have other health conditions affecting the strength of their immune system, such as organ transplants or cancer. These people are likely to have already been taking precautions to prevent illness even before the pandemic and will most benefit from continuing to follow other guidance on preventing COVID-19 even after their vaccination, such as mask wearing and social distancing.
We also think that the amount of virus a person is exposed to can influence the severity of infection. So even as masking guidance changes and people start gathering in larger crowds again, individuals should be aware of their own comfort levels and remember that even after vaccination, there is still some risk of possible infection.
Recommended Reading: Covid Test Cost Cvs