How To Make Sense Of Covid
Lets start with the basics: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says these are the most common COVID-19 symptoms:
Fever or chills
Nothing about sore eyes in there, so whats up?
Well, the CDC notes that this is not the full list of COVID-19 symptoms its just a list of what COVID patients experience most often. Research published in December 2020 in the journal BMJ Ophthalmology suggested less than one-fifth of COVID-positive people had eye-related symptoms. The researchers called eye soreness the most significant eye-related symptom among the research study subjects.
Moreover, a study published in JAMA Ophthalmology in August 2020 reported that young children infected with COVID-19 were rubbing their eyes, developing pink eye and showing other eye-related symptoms.
Of course, our knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 , which causes COVID-19, is changing every day. As of this writing , researchers have documented symptoms similar to those of conjunctivitis in some COVID-19 patients.
Thus, there are lots of questions about the ocular issues of COVID-19. Lets walk through a few of them.
What To Know About Strep Throat
Strep throat, a bacterial infection in the throat and tonsils, causes a sore or scratchy throat, as well as white patches on your tonsils.
It is highly contagious during the incubation period the two to five days after youre infected and before symptoms appear and stays contagious until your symptoms resolve, according to Jake Mefford, PA, clinical director for OSF OnCall Urgent Care clinics.
Hand hygiene and disinfecting commonly used surfaces frequently can decrease the risk of transmission of strep, Jake said.
Jake took time to answer more questions about strep:
Is It Just A Sore Throat Or A Symptom Of Covid
A sore throat, also known as pharyngitis, is the swelling of the pharynx as a manifestation of an underlying medical condition or a temporary injury. It is more common in children, especially during winter when the humidity and temperatures are low, causing air to dry out the mucous membrane in your throat and cause irritation.
While sore throats are prevalent in viral respiratory diseases such as flu and the common cold, they can also result from bacterial infections and physical injury, as per the National Health Service. It is worth noting that a sore throat is one of the COVID-19 symptoms. However, you can have a sore throat without necessarily testing positive for COVID-19. Heres some more information on this topic.
How Common a Symptom is a Sore Throat for COVID-19 Patients?
You could be wondering, Is sore throat a COVID symptom? While a sore throat could be a symptom of COVID-19, its not enough to make the conclusion considering its not a common symptom. For instance, so far, only about 5% to 17.4% of COVID-19 patients have been found to have sore throats, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information .
Given this relatively lower figure, medical professionals should not use a sore throat as the basis for identifying potential COVID-19 patients. Even if you have a sore throat, there’s a good chance you’ll test negative for COVID-19.
When Could A Sore Throat Be Possibly Because of COVID-19?
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What If I Am Very Unwell
People with coronavirus have a wide range of symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. Some will have none at all, but can still be infectious.
Symptoms may appear up to two weeks after exposure to coronavirus, but usually around day five.
Feeling breathless can be a sign of a more serious coronavirus infection.
If you are having trouble breathing, contact your doctor online or over the phone, or the NHS 111 online coronavirus service.
If you are very worried about sudden shortness of breath ring 999.
And the NHS advises:
- If your child seems very unwell, is getting worse or you think there’s something seriously wrong, call 999
- Do not delay getting help if you’re worried. Trust your instincts
Protection Measures For Everyone
Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks. Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.
You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:
Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited areas where COVID-19 is spreading:
- Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people.
- Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
- If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
- Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
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Is Your Sore Throat Caused By Covid Or Something Else
David Cuthbertson, MD
So youve woken up with a sore throat.
Even though COVID numbers are looking better lately, youre still trying to be cautious and want to make sure you dont spread COVID to those around you.
You know sore throats can have lots of different causes, and you wonder: is this sore throat COVID? Is it just a cold? How can you know what the cause is so you know what precautions to take?
Sore Throat Vs Strep Throat
Worried your sore throat may be #strep? Viruses, bacteria, & allergens can all cause a sore throat. Strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. A quick test by a doctor can see if it is #strepthroat.
The CDC outlined symptoms of a sore throat versus symptoms of strep throat.
The symptoms of a sore throat often include cough, runny nose, hoarseness and a sore throat is also sometimes accompanied by conjunctivitis or pink eye. Sore throats are typically caused by viral illnesses, although they can sometimes be caused by a bacterial illness, such as strep.
The common symptoms of strep throat are that the sore throat comes on quickly rather than gradually, there is a fever and the tonsils can become red and swollen with white patches or streaks of pus,the CDC reports. Other symptoms of strep include tiny red spots dotting the roof of the mouth, swollen lymph nodes at the front of the neck and sometimes it is accompanied by scarlet fever . Other symptoms that typically occur in children can include headache, stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting .
Both, of course, can involve incredibly painful swallowing and, like the coronavirus, strep throat is also contagious and can also occur with no symptoms at all, Minnesotas Department of Health says.
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What Is The Naming System For Covid
The WHO announced a new naming system for COVID-19 variants in May 2021. The new names are intended to be easier to pronounce and will remove the stigma of a variants being associated with a particular country.
Under the new system, the variants will be named using letters of the Greek alphabet. For example:
- Alpha is the new name for the B.1.1.7 variant, first documented in the United Kingdom.
- Beta is the new name for the B.1.351 variant, first documented in South Africa.
- The P.1 variant, first documented in Brazil, will now be known as Gamma.
- The B.1.617.2 variant, first documented in India, will be called Delta.
For a complete list of new SARS-CoV-2 variant names, .
Scientists will likely continue referring to variants by strings of letters and numbers, which provide information about a variants lineage.
Your Lymph Nodes Feel Swollen And Tender
Your sore throat could also be the result of a strep throat infection. According to Goldstein, a strep throat will often leave your lymph nodes swollen and tender, causing pain when you swallow. You may also see redness, white patches, or pus on the back of your throat or tonsils. And for tell-tale coronavirus symptoms, find out The Earliest Signs You Have COVID, According to Johns Hopkins.
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Are Swollen Glands A Sign Of Covid
It’s possiblebut you probably won’t feel them.
It’s pretty common to get swollen glands when you have an infectionso it’s understandable to wonder if COVID-19a SARS-CoV-2 infectionmight cause swollen glands like other infections, including colds, the flu, and even ear infections do.
For what it’s worth, swollen glands aren’t on the official list of COVID-19 symptoms shared online by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention those include:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Nausea or vomiting
But here’s the thing: The CDC also says that the list “does not include all possible symptoms.” So, if you’re dealing with swollen glands, you might start to wonder if there could be a COVID-19 link. The answer, according to experts: Maybe. Here’s what you need to know.
Booster Side Effects May Be Different
The side effects you experience after your booster dose may be different than what you felt after your first dose. They may be more or less severe than the ones you experienced previously, Dr. Aaron Milstone, associate hospital epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and pediatric infectious disease specialist at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, told TODAY.
“J& J knocked me out,” Alex Ossola, who received her first dose of the vaccine soon after it became available in February, told TODAY. “I had a full-blown fever, teeth chattering just ridiculous side effects.” But her booster shot, which was the Moderna mRNA vaccine, felt much milder. “This was like nothing,” she said, adding that within 48 hours she felt completely normal.
Making matters even more confusing is the fact that some people may get their flu vaccine at the same time as the booster. That’s completely safe and a convenient way to cross both shots off your to-do list in the same appointment, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But if you do experience side effects later, it will be difficult to know which vaccine is responsible.
That’s what happened to Lindsay Mann, who received her Moderna booster alongside her flu shot last month. “I’m pretty sensitive and I have a pretty low pain tolerance,” she told TODAY, so dealing with the soreness after having one shot in each arm was a challenge. She also experienced a fever, body aches, chills and “complete exhaustion.”
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Other Medical Causes Of A Sore Throat: The Common Cold
The common cold can be caused by several different viruses although the class of rhinoviruses are most common. Health symptoms of a cold commonly occur 2 – 3 days after an individual comes into contact with the virus. A cold is usually relatively harmless and the body’s immune system can fight the virus on its own although sometimes symptoms like Sore throat may last a couple of days. Children are particularly prone to spreading colds. As colds are caused by viruses, antibiotics from an urgent care medical group and pharmacy services do not aid in fighting the infection. A cold commonly only lasts a few days and does not have many unique symptoms of COVID and coronavirus such as shortness of breath and loss of smell or taste. The most prevalent health symptoms of the common cold are:
- Runny nose
/6is Sore Throat A Common Symptom Of Covid
Besides being a common symptom of a common cold and the flu, as per the CDC reports, it has also been declared a common symptom of COVID-19. However, it is a less common symptom which may vary from one person to another. While the novel coronavirus is a respiratory illness, the viruses easily enter into the nose and throat, causing soreness and pain.
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Immunity In The Netherlands
The Dutch policy in response to COVID-19 is aimed at maintaining the Dutch healthcare system and protecting vulnerable groups in society. Most people who have had COVID-19 recover. That means that the Netherlands is building up immunity to the disease. That is not a goal, but a consequence of the fact that the virus is present in the Netherlands. It has also become apparent that a more severe course of illness due to infection with the virus leads to a corresponding increase in the levels of antibodies in the blood. People who have only mild symptoms develop fewer antibodies. Also, more and more people are building up immunity as a result of vaccination. Among others, the PIENTER Corona Study is currently researching how many people have antibodies against SARS-CoV.
Other Non Covid Medical Causes Of A Sore Throat: Strep Throat
Strep throat is an infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, also known by the name group A Strep. Although strep throat and COVID may share some health symptoms such as fever, headache, and Sore throat, there are also several symptoms that may help to separate the strep throat from COVID sore throat. Treatment and care of strep throat may require an antibiotic prescription from an urgent care medical group, community hospital, and/or pharmacy services. Coronavirus is more likely to cause loss of smell/taste, diarrhea, and body aches. These health symptoms are uncommonly associated with strep throat. On the other hand, the following symptoms are more associated with strep throat than COVID-19:
- Painful Swallowing
- Swollen Red Tonsils
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Reduce The Risk Of Illness
So, youve decided you want to avoid all of the above.
How do you protect yourself from COVID-19?
- Wear a face mask when you go out in public
- Wash your hands often with soap and clean, running water for at least 20 seconds.
- If you dont have access to soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer often. Make sure it has at least 60% alcohol.
- Dont touch your eyes, nose, or mouth unless you have clean hands.
- As much as possible, dont touch high-touch public surfaces such as doorknobs. Dont shake hands.
- Clean home and work surfaces often with disinfectant.
- Cough or sneeze into a tissue, then throw the tissue into the trash. If you dont have tissues, cough or sneeze into the bend of your elbow.
- Stay away from people who are sick.
- Stay informed about COVID-19 in your area. Follow local instructions about being in public. Be aware of events in your community that may be postponed or canceled, such as school and sporting events. You may be advised to not attend public gatherings and to stay about 6 feet from others as much as possible. This is called social distancing.
- Check your home supplies. Consider keeping a 2-week supply of medicines, food, and other needed household items.
- Dont share eating or drinking utensils with sick people.
- Clean surfaces often with disinfectant.
How do you prevent the common cold?
And how do you prevent the flu?
And what about allergies?
Theres not much to do to prevent allergies, but you can help prevent the symptoms by:
Main Symptoms Of Coronavirus
The main symptoms of coronavirus are:
- a high temperature this means you feel hot to touch on your chest or back
- a new, continuous cough this means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours
- a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste this means you’ve noticed you cannot smell or taste anything, or things smell or taste different to normal
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Is My Sore Throat Covid
A sore throat is pretty common, as far as symptoms of illness go. Sore throat can be caused by illnesses ranging from the non-serious to the dangerous.
You can get a sore throat from the common cold. And if youve ever woken up with a sore throat after spending the day before cheering your heart out at a football game or screaming along to the lyrics at your favorite bands concert, you also know you dont need to be sick at all to get a sore throat.
So, when should you worry about a sore throat? Thats a question made even more pressing by the COVID-19 pandemic. A sore throat is also a common symptom of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.
What Do I Need To Know About The Ay42 Variant
As viruses replicate, they may mutate, or slightly alter their genetic sequence. If a mutation is advantageous making the virus more transmissible or able to sidestep immune protection its more likely to survive and thrive. Thats what happened with the Delta variant, which was many times more contagious than the original SARS-CoV-2 virus and quickly became the dominant variant around the globe. A new variant called AY.4.2 , a descendent of the Delta variant, is now gaining attention.
The AY.4.2 variant makes up about 11% of sequenced cases in the United Kingdom. It has also been identified in a handful of US states, but at present is responsible for less than 0.1% of COVID-19 cases in the US. The WHO has not classified AY.4.2 as a variant of concern or a variant of interest.
Preliminary evidence from the United Kingdom suggests that AY.4.2 is not more likely to lead to hospitalization or cause severe disease. And in a White House briefing, the CDC director said there is no evidence that this variant is less susceptible to current vaccines and treatments. It also does not appear more adept at evading immune protection.
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