Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
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Does The Covid Vaccine Contain Live Virus

What Ingredients Are In The Covid

Does the J& J COVID vaccine contain a live virus?

The mRNA vaccines include:

  • mRNA This mRNA is for the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
  • Lipids – These are molecules that are not able to dissolve in water. They protect the mRNA, so that it does not break down before it gets into our cells. These can be thought of as little bubbles of fat, which surround the mRNA like a protective wall. There are four different lipids in the Pfizer vaccine and three in the Moderna vaccine. One of the lipids in both vaccines is cholesterol. The lipids are the most likely components of the vaccine to cause allergic reactions.
  • Salts and amines – The Pfizer vaccine contains four salts. One is table salt. The salts are used to keep the pH of the vaccine similar to that found in the body, so that the vaccine does not damage cells when it is administered. The Moderna vaccine also contains four chemicals to balance the pH, but two are in a class of organic compounds known as amines and two are acetic acid and its salt form, sodium acetate. Acetic acid is the main component of vinegar .
  • Sugar This ingredient is literally the same as that which you put in your coffee or on your cereal. It is used in both of the vaccines to help keep the bubbles of fat from sticking to each other or to the sides of the vaccine vial.

These are the only ingredients in the mRNA vaccines.

NOT in the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines:

  • Animal Products

What Should You Do If You’re Experiencing Covid Vaccine Side Effects

Mild Covid vaccine side effects are common but not everyone will get them. Side effects usually last 1-3 days, but can last up to 1 week. If you do experience symptoms, its still important to have your second dose. The second dose of the vaccine will give you the best protection against the virus.

If you are experiencing side effects:

  • Rest until you feel better.
  • Take the normal dose of paracetamol to help ease mild symptoms.
  • If your symptoms seem to get worse or if you are concerned, call NHS 111.
  • If you do seek advice from a doctor or nurse, let them know youve been vaccinated and show them your vaccination card so that they can assess you properly.

You can also report suspected side effects of vaccines and medicines online through the Yellow Card scheme.

Viral Vector Vaccines For Covid

The University of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine uses this technology to protect against COVID-19. This type of vaccine uses an unrelated harmless virus to deliver SARS-CoV-2 genetic material. When administered, our cells use the genetic material to produce a specific viral protein, which is recognised by our immune system and triggers a response. This response builds immune memory, so your body can fight off the virus in future.

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If I Am Taking Antivirals Can I Get The Covid

You do not need to stop taking antiviral medication before vaccination. Because the mRNA and adenovirus-based vaccines does not rely on viral replication, antivirals should not affect development of the immune response. However, if you are still experiencing symptoms of the infection for which the antivirals were prescribed, you should wait until you are feeling better before getting the vaccine.

Find out more in this Parents PACK article, “Medications and COVID-19 Vaccines: What You Should Know.”

Is The Pfizer Vaccine Safe


The Pfizer vaccine was tested for safety and effectiveness in more than 44,000 people before the FDA approved it for mass distribution. The vaccine’s safety will continue to be monitored as it rolls out to the larger population. People receiving Pfizers COVID-19 vaccine may experience side effects such as muscle aches, sore arms, and fever.

When vaccines roll out, those administering them know who should or shouldnt get them. Having a health condition, including pregnancy, may prevent some people from getting a vaccine.

Storage of COVID-19 vaccines:

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Can I Take Medicine For The Side Effects After I Get The Vaccine

The CDC has indicated that you can take anti-fever or anti-inflammatory medications if necessary following COVID-19 vaccination, but it is important to know that doing so could diminish the level of immunity that develops. This is true anytime you take these types of medications, whether following vaccination or to treat illness. Generally speaking, the symptoms people experience following vaccination or during illness, such as fever, redness, or fatigue, are caused by your immune system responding. For example, fever is your body turning up its thermostat to make the immune system more efficient and the pathogen less efficient. For these reasons, if you are not very uncomfortable, it is better not to take these medications.

Some wonder how long they should wait after vaccination before taking these types of medicines, so their immune response is not affected. As a rule of thumb, the immune response for the mRNA vaccines develop over a week or two after vaccination and for the adenovirus vaccines over the course of about four weeks, but the greatest chance of affecting your immune response would be in the first few days after receipt of the vaccine. Indeed, in the adenovirus vaccine studies, about 1 in 4 vaccine recipients took fever-reducing medication , and most people were still protected from severe disease and all were protected against hospitalization.

Find out more in this Parents PACK article, “Medications and COVID-19 Vaccines: What You Should Know.”

Should I Stop Taking My Daily Dose Of Aspirin Before Getting The Covid

If your daily dose of aspirin was prescribed by your physician following a stroke or heart attack, we recommend speaking to that doctor about whether to stop taking your medication for a day or two prior to vaccination. If, however, your daily dose of aspirin is because you have risk factors for a stroke or heart attack but have never had a stroke or heart attack, you should consider discontinuing the aspirin not only prior to your COVID-19 vaccine, but all together. The data show that while daily aspirin helps prevent second strokes or heart attacks, it does not help prevent first occurrences, even in people who are at increased risk. Our director, Dr. Paul Offit, carefully reviewed the data related to this topic for his book, Overkill: When Modern Medicine Goes Too Far.

Find out more in this Parents PACK article, “Medications and COVID-19 Vaccines: What You Should Know.”

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Should Cancer Patients And Survivors Get The Vaccine

Many expert medical groups recommend that most people with cancer or a history of cancer get the COVID-19 vaccine once its available to them.

The main concern about getting the vaccine is not whether its safe for people with cancer, but about how effective it will be, especially in people with weakened immune systems. Some cancer treatments like chemotherapy , radiation, stem cell or bone marrow transplant, or immunotherapy can affect the immune system, which might make the vaccine less effective. People with certain types of cancers, like leukemias or lymphomas, can also have weakened immune systems which might make the vaccine less effective.

The initial studies testing the COVID-19 vaccines did not include people getting treatment with drugs that suppress the immune system, like chemo, or people who have weakened immune systems for other reasons. This is because the studies needed to see first if the vaccines work in people with healthy immune systems. Because of this, its not yet clear how effective the vaccines might be in these groups of people.

Since the situation for every person is different, it is best to discuss the risks and benefits of getting one of the COVID-19 vaccines with your cancer doctor. They can advise you and tell you when you should receive it.

Myth: Researchers Rushed The Development Of The Covid

VERIFY: Does the COVID vaccine contain the live virus?

FACT: Studies found that the two initial vaccines are both about 95% effective and reported no serious or life-threatening side effects. There are many reasons why the COVID-19 vaccines could be developed so quickly. Here are just a few:

  • The COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna were created with a method that has been in development for years, so the companies could start the vaccine development process early in the pandemic.
  • China isolated and shared genetic information about COVID-19 promptly, so scientists could start working on vaccines.
  • The vaccine developers didnt skip any testing steps, but conducted some of the steps on an overlapping schedule to gather data faster.
  • Vaccine projects had plenty of resources, as governments invested in research and/or paid for vaccines in advance.
  • Some types of COVID-19 vaccines were created using messenger RNA , which allows a faster approach than the traditional way that vaccines are made.
  • Social media helped companies find and engage study volunteers, and many were willing to help with COVID-19 vaccine research.
  • Because COVID-19 is so contagious and widespread, it did not take long to see if the vaccine worked for the study volunteers who were vaccinated.
  • Companies began making vaccines early in the process even before FDA authorization so some supplies were ready when authorization occurred.

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Is It Necessary To Wait To Get Blood Work Done After Getting The Covid

Generally speaking, it would be recommended to wait about a week after getting the mRNA vaccine and a few weeks after getting the adenovirus-based vaccine before getting bloodwork. However, it would be better to inquire with the healthcare provider who ordered the bloodwork as they have the benefit of knowing the reason for the bloodwork, the type of tests ordered, and the patients medical history. As such, they will be in the best position to offer this guidance for each individual situation.

Does The Covid Vaccine Shed The Virus

In order to “shed” coronavirus particles, you would have to have the live coronavirus in your body, experts say – and none of the available vaccines contain the live virus in any amount.

“None of the COVID-19 vaccines can make you sick with COVID-19, nor do they contain the live virus in any amount,” says Cook County Department of Public Health’ Senior Medical Officer and Co-Lead Dr. Kiran Joshi. “COVID-19 vaccines teach our immune systems how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19.”

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If I Have Allergies Can I Still Take The Vaccine

You can safely take the vaccine with most allergies. People who have allergies to food, pets, insect bites, latex, oral medications, environmental allergens, or even a family history of anaphylaxis do not have to avoid the vaccines, said Boslett. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , people with these allergies have a low risk of having anaphylaxis in response to the COVID-19 vaccines and should still be vaccinated.

Rebecca Amirault , CNM, a UCSF professor and certified nurse midwife, celebrates receiving a COVID-19 vaccination from medical student Stacey Dojiri at the UCSF Parnassus Heights campus.

If youve had a history of anaphylaxis to a non-COVID vaccine, then you may be at a slightly higher risk. For those folks, its not necessary that you avoid the vaccine, but you might think twice about getting the vaccine right now. If you do get it, you want to wait at least 30 minutes for observation to see if you develop any type of response, said Boslett.

If youve had a history of anaphylaxis to any components of the COVID vaccines, then you should not get the vaccine. If you experience a severe allergic reaction to the first dose of the vaccine, its recommended that you do not get the second dose.

Less than a hundred out of the millions of people who have gotten the COVID-19 vaccines so far have had severe allergic reactions, so a severe allergic reaction is a rare event overall, said Boslett.

VERDICT: Probably.

So Theres No Chance Then

The Medical Minute: How the body responds to the COVID

Zero, zip, nada. Theres no chance of viral shedding as a result of your COVID vaccine. If you do need to go to the shops in an outbreak area, follow the health advice to wear a mask and socially distance.

If youre vaccinated, youre likely to pose less risk to others than if youre unvaccinated. So businesses should be wooing you rather than turning you away.

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How Long Does It Take For Covid Symptoms To Appear

Covid symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus.

The most common Covid symptoms are:

  • a new continuous cough
  • a high temperature
  • a loss of or change in your normal sense of taste or smell.

About 1 in 3 people with Covid-19 do not have symptoms, but can still infect others.

If you, or someone you know might have Covid-19, the advice is to stay at home and arrange to have a Covid test.

If youre concerned about symptoms or are unsure of what to do, get help from NHS 111 online

What Is The Difference Between The First And Second Dose Of The Covid

In the United States, the ingredients in the vial for dose 1 and dose 2 of the same brand are exactly the same. When people talk about dose 1 doses and dose 2 doses, they are just talking about vaccine supply. If you arrive for dose 1 and the person behind you is getting dose 2, they can come out of the same vial.

One vaccine used in some other countries, Sputnik V, has different components in dose 1 and dose 2. Both are adenovirus vector vaccines, but dose 1 uses adenovirus 26 and dose 2 uses adenovirus 5 .

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Can Mrna Vaccines Change The Dna Of A Person

Since mRNA is active only in a cells cytoplasm and DNA is located in the nucleus, mRNA vaccines do not operate in the same cellular compartment that DNA is located.

Further, mRNA is quite unstable and remains in the cell cytoplasm for only a limited time mRNA never enters the nucleus where the DNA is located so it cant alter DNA.

What If I Have Breast Cancer Or A History Of Breast Cancer

Does the COVID-19 vaccine have some of the virus in it? | Why Guy

Some people who get a COVID-19 vaccine might have swollen lymph nodes under the arm in which the injection was given . Because a swollen lymph node under the arm can also be a sign of breast cancer spread, most doctors recommend that people with breast cancer or a history of breast cancer get the injection in the arm on the opposite side of your breast cancer. For example, if your breast cancer/breast surgery was in the left breast, it is probably best to get the injection in the right arm. If you have had surgery on both breasts, its best to talk with your doctor about the best place on your body to get the injection.

Swollen lymph nodes after a vaccine injection might also have an effect on your mammogram results.

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Is It Ok For Cancer Caregivers To Get The Vaccine

Some vaccines for other diseases contain changed versions of the live viruses that cause the diseases. These types of live virus vaccines typically are not recommended for cancer caregivers because they might have unwanted effects on cancer patients. However, the available COVID-19 vaccines do not contain these types of live viruses, so getting one of these vaccines does not put you at risk for passing COVID-19 on to the person youre caring for.

Its important to know that if you do get a COVID-19 vaccine and are later exposed to the virus, its not yet clear if the vaccine will prevent you from infecting someone else .

For people who are fully vaccinated , the CDC has guidance on things you can now do , as well as what types of precautions you should still be taking. This guidance is being updated regularly, so check the CDC website for details. The CDC guidance may not apply if you have a weakened immune system , so its important to talk a health care provider about which precautions you still need to take.

People getting the vaccine might not feel well for a few days after each shot, so it might make sense to have someone else available to help with caregiving during this time.

The Immune Systemthe Bodys Defense Against Infection

To understand how COVID-19 vaccines work, it helps to first look at how our bodies fight illness. When germs, such as the virus that causes COVID-19, invade our bodies, they attack and multiply. This invasion, called an infection, is what causes illness. Our immune system uses several tools to fight infection. Blood contains red cells, which carry oxygen to tissues and organs, and white or immune cells, which fight infection. Different types of white blood cells fight infection in different ways:

  • Macrophages are white blood cells that swallow up and digest germs and dead or dying cells. The macrophages leave behind parts of the invading germs, called antigens. The body identifies antigens as dangerous and stimulates antibodies to attack them.
  • B-lymphocytes are defensive white blood cells. They produce antibodies that attack the pieces of the virus left behind by the macrophages.
  • T-lymphocytes are another type of defensive white blood cell. They attack cells in the body that have already been infected.

The first time a person is infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, it can take several days or weeks for their body to make and use all the germ-fighting tools needed to get over the infection. After the infection, the persons immune system remembers what it learned about how to protect the body against that disease.

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