Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
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How Are People Getting Covid

Q: What Is The Fdas Role In Approving Vaccines And What Is Being Done To Produce A Covid

More people getting COVID booster shots

A: The FDA regulates vaccines. Vaccines undergo a rigorous review of laboratory, clinical and manufacturing data to ensure the safety, effectiveness, and quality of these products. Vaccines approved for marketing may also be required to undergo additional studies to further evaluate the vaccine and often to address specific questions about the vaccine’s safety, effectiveness, or possible side effects.

On August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine, known as the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, now known as Comirnaty , for the prevention of the disease in individuals 16 years of age and older. The vaccine also continues to be available under emergency use authorization , including for children 5 through 15 years of age, and for the administration of a third dose in certain immunocompromised individuals. More information on the approval can be found here.

On December 11, 2020, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization for the use of thePfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine. On December 18, 2020, the FDA issued an EUA for the use of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. And on February 27, 2021 the FDA issued an EUA for the use of the . The issuance of an EUA is different than an FDA approval of a vaccine.

In addition to supporting product development for high priority COVID-19 vaccines, the FDA continues to expedite clinical trials for additional vaccine candidates, providing timely advice to and interactions with vaccine developers.

Could Wearing Masks Prevent Covid Deaths

According to a study published in the journal Nature Medicine, widespread use of masks could prevent nearly 130,000 of 500,000 COVID-related deaths estimated to occur by March 2021.

These numbers are based on an epidemiological model. The researchers considered, state by state, the number of people susceptible to coronavirus infection, how many get exposed, how many then become infected , and how many recover. They then modeled various scenarios, including mask wearing, assuming that social distancing mandates would go into effect once the number of deaths exceeded 8 per 1 million people.

Modeling studies are based on assumptions, so the exact numbers are less important than the comparisons of different scenarios. In this study, a scenario in which 95% of people always wore masks in public resulted in many fewer deaths compared to a scenario in which only 49% of people always wore masks in public.

This study reinforces the message that we can help prevent COVID deaths by wearing masks.

Should People Still Get Screened For Cancer During This Pandemic

At the start of the pandemic, many places put elective medical procedures, including cancer screening, on hold to conserve medical resources and reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19 in healthcare settings. Since then, many states and other authorities have re-opened businesses and eased restrictions. Likewise, many health systems are scheduling cancer screening tests and exams again. So, what should you do if youre due for a cancer screening?

Talk to your health care provider about the risks and benefits for you of being screened now, and whether or not it might make sense to postpone it at this time. Remember that cancer screening can save lives, so it’s important to not just forget about it. Getting back on track with cancer screening should still be a priority.

For more information, see Cancer Screening During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Screening tests are different from tests your doctor might order if you have symptoms that could be from cancer. If youre having symptoms youre concerned about, contact your health care provider about the best course of action for you at this time. Do not put off getting medical care if you have signs or symptoms that might be from cancer.

More on coronavirus and cancer:

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If Your First Dose Was Received Outside Of New Brunswick

If you received your first dose outside of New Brunswick and have lived in New Brunswick for at least four weeks, you can register for your second dose.

If you received a dose of COVID-19 vaccine outside of New Brunswick, please reach out to your local Public Health office. Contact information can be found online.

Who Do Masks Protect: The Wearer Others Or Both


We’ve known for some time that masks help prevent people from spreading the coronavirus to others. Based on an analysis of existing information, a new study contends that masks may also protect mask wearers from becoming infected themselves.

Different masks, writes the study author, block viral particles to varying degrees. If masks lead to lower “doses” of virus being inhaled, then fewer people may become infected, and those who do may have milder illness.

Researchers in China experimented with hamsters to test the effect of masks. They put healthy hamsters and hamsters infected with SARS-CoV-2 in a cage, and separated some of the healthy and infected hamsters with a barrier made of surgical masks. Many of the “masked” healthy hamsters did not get infected, and those who did got less sick than previously healthy “maskless” hamsters.

A similar experiment cannot ethically be done in humans. But researchers have studied doses of flu virus and found that people who inhaled a higher dose of flu virus were more likely to get sick and experience symptoms. Observations of coronavirus outbreaks in processing plants and on cruise ships also support the idea that masks may help protect mask wearers.

Without more research, we can’t be certain that masks protect the wearer. But we do know they don’t hurt, and that they protect others.

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What Are Other Ways That I Can Protect Myself

Aside from vaccination, the most effective way to prevent COVID-19 is to avoid being exposed to the virus that causes it. People at high risk for developing serious illness from COVID-19 can help protect themselves by limiting contact with other people as much as possible and by taking precautions to prevent getting COVID-19 when they do interact with others.

To protect yourself and prevent the spread of COVID-19:

  • Get a COVID-19 vaccination.
  • Wear a well-fitting mask that covers your nose and mouth.
  • Stay 6 feet away from people who dont live with you.
  • Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use hand sanitizer if soap and water arent available.
  • Cover coughs and sneezes.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily.
  • Be alert for symptoms of COVID-19.

What Is Long Covid

Many COVID-19 survivors battle lingering symptoms for weeks or months after infection, even if the initial infection was mild or asymptomatic. Sometimes called long-haulers, they suffer from dizziness, insomnia, confusion, a racing heart or a host of other lasting effects that keep them from getting back to their normal lives. A report published by the CDC found that as many as one-third of people with COVID-19 had lingering symptoms two months after a positive test result.

Experts encourage COVID-19 patients experiencing long COVID to seek care from a medical provider. Several U.S. hospitals and research centers have set up special clinics and rehabilitation services for survivors.

This story will be updated periodically with new developments. Check back regularly.

More on Coronavirus

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Do I Still Need To Take Precautions If I Get The Covid

The COVID-19 vaccines are still being studied, as there are things we dont yet know about them. For example, researchers are still trying to determine how long the COVID-19 vaccines will help protect against the virus. And while the vaccines can clearly lower the risk of getting serious disease from COVID, its not yet clear how well they can prevent the spread of the virus to others.

For people who are fully vaccinated , the CDC has guidance on things you can now do , as well as what types of precautions you should still be taking. This guidance is being updated regularly, so check the CDC website for details. The CDC guidance may not apply if you have a weakened immune system , so its important to talk with your health care provider about which precautions you still need to take.

How Do People Get Infected With The Coronavirus That Causes Covid

People getting charged for COVID-19 shots

If you test positive for COVID-19, you probably inhaled droplets or virus particles transmitted from an infected person, released into the air when that person breathed, spoke, coughed, sneezed or sang, especially if he or she was not wearing a face mask.

In rarer cases, people become infected after touching something with the coronavirus on it, and then touching their face. If a member of a household has COVID-19, there is a high risk that it will be transmitted to others in the home.

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Why Do Some People Keep Getting Covid While Others Never Fall Ill

  • 10:40 ET, Jan 6 2022

WE all know at least one person who seems to be especially good at dodging Covid.

There are those who, despite being in very close contact with positive people, just don’t pick up the bug – while others catch every new variant.

For those who have caught the variant, a string of hugely positive studies show Omicron is milder than other strains.

Covid booster jabs protect against Omicron and offer the best chance to get through the pandemic, health officials have repeatedly said.

The Sun’s Jabs Army campaign is helping get the vital extra vaccines in Brits’ arms to ward off the need for any new restrictions.

At the moment, as the majority of Brits have been blighted with Omicron in recent weeks, many will be asking pals who have never isolated: “How have you escaped it again?”

Could it be to do with luck, winning the vaccine protection lottery or down to genes…

Top immunologists think there could be a reason behind it – with some lucky people having a natural built in immunity.

Q: Are The Monoclonal Antibodies Bamlanivimab And Etesevimab Fda

A: No. Bamlanivimab and etesevimab are not FDA-approved to treat any diseases or conditions, including COVID-19. However, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for bamlanivimab and etesevimab to be administered together for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients. Learn more about bamlanivimab and etesevimab for COVID-19.

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What Types Of Masks Are Most And Least Effective

We know that wearing masks can help prevent the spread of coronavirus by blocking droplets, and smaller particles called aerosols, that are emitted when someone coughs, sneezes, talks, or breathes. But which masks are best and worst? For the general public, a properly fitted surgical mask is the best option, and should be worn whenever possible.

Researchers at Duke University created a simple setup that allowed them to count the number of droplet particles released when people spoke the phrase “Stay healthy, people” five times in a row. First, the study participants spoke without a mask, and then they repeated the same words, each time wearing one of 14 different types of face masks and coverings.

As expected, medical grade N95 masks performed best, meaning that the fewest number of droplets got through. They were followed by surgical masks. Several masks made of polypropylene, a cotton/propylene blend, and two-layer cotton masks sewn in different styles also performed well.

Gaiters ranked dead last. Also called neck fleeces, gaiters tend to be made of lightweight fabric and are often worn by athletes. Bandanas also ranked poorly.

Although the CDC recommends masks made of two or more layers of washable, breathable fabric, surgical masks are more effective than cloth masks at filtering out smaller particles. Regardless of the type of mask you wear, make sure it completely covers your nose and mouth and fits snugly against the sides of your face without leaving any gaps.

What Else Do Cancer Patients And Caregivers Need To Know About Covid

Why some officials are asking people to get COVID

Some cancer patients might be at increased risk of serious infection in general because their immune systems can be weakened by cancer and its treatments. Most people who were treated for cancer in the past are likely to have normal immune function, but each person is different. It’s important that all cancer patients and survivors, whether currently in treatment or not, talk with a doctor who understands their situation and medical history.

Doctors are still learning about the possible risks of COVID-19 infection for people with cancer. Avoiding being exposed to the virus that causes COVID-19 is especially important for cancer patients, who might be at higher risk for serious illness if they get infected. This can be particularly true for patients with blood cancers and those getting chemotherapy, long courses of corticosteroids, certain types of immunotherapy, or a stem cell or bone marrow transplant, because their immune systems can be severely weakened by the cancer itself or the treatment.

The pandemic has also affected the way many people get medical care, including patients with cancer. Depending on the COVID-19 situation where you live, this may mean a delay in getting some types of cancer tests, or even treatments. Some people may need to reschedule appointments.

The issues with getting cancer treatment and testing during this pandemic are slowly improving, but there will likely continue to be changes in the way cancer patients receive their care.

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Q: Is There A Shortage Of Personal Protective Equipment Such As Gloves Masks And N95 Respirators Or Of Ventilators

A: The FDA has been working closely with PPE and ventilator manufacturers to understand their supply capabilities during this pandemic. The agency is also aware of challenges throughout the supply chain that are presently impacting the availability of PPE products and is taking steps to mitigate shortages that health care facilities are already experiencing.

The FDA issued new guidance to give ventilator manufacturers and non-medical device manufacturers more flexibility to start making new ventilators and parts. We adjusted our screening of PPE and medical devices at U.S. ports of entry to expedite imports of legitimate products into the U.S. With CDC we took action to make more respirators, including certain N95s, available to health care personnel for use in health care settings. Read more about PPE.

The FDA encourages manufacturers and health care facilities to report any supply disruptions to the device shortages mailbox at .

What To Expect At The Clinic

Arrive prepared

Get ready for your appointment:

  • Bring your medicare card.
  • Wear a short-sleeved shirt or a shirt with sleeves that can easily be rolled up.
  • Bring a mask with you. You will be required to wear a mask at all times.
  • Arrive 5 minutes early to your appointment and expect to stay at least 15 minutes after your vaccine.

If this is your second dose:

  • Your Record of Immunization

Follow signage and instruction to complete the registration process, get your vaccine, and wait in the observation area.

Please be patient, even with appointments the clinic could be running behind schedule.

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In People Who Have Not Been Exposed To The Virus

For certain people who are less likely to get adequate protection from COVID-19 vaccines, a combination of the monoclonal antibodies tixagevimab and cilgavimab , given as an injection into a muscle once every 6 months, can help lower the risk of infection.

These medicines can be used in people who do not have COVID-19 and who have not recently been exposed to the virus, AND who:

  • Arent likely to have an adequate immune response to the COVID-19 vaccine because they have a weakened immune system , OR
  • Cant get the vaccine because of a previous severe reaction to the vaccine

Its important to note that in people who are able to get the COVID-19 vaccine, this treatment should be used in addition to, not instead of getting the vaccine.

Q: Products Online Claim To Prevent Or Treat Covid

Breakthrough cases: Some people still getting COVID-19 after getting vaccinated

A: The FDA advises consumers to be beware of websites and stores selling products that claim to prevent, treat, or cure COVID-19. If you have a question about a product sold online that claims to treat, prevent, or cure COVID-19, talk to your health care provider or doctor.

Watch this video and read this Consumer Update to learn how to protect yourself and your family from coronavirus fraud.

Please report websites selling products with fraudulent claims about treatment or prevention of COVID-19. If you have experienced a bad reaction to a product sold with COVID-19 claims, report it to the FDAs MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program:

  • Complete and submit the report online or
  • Download and complete the form, then submit it via fax at 1-800-FDA-0178.

Include as much information as you can about the product that caused the reaction, including the product name, the manufacturer, and the lot number .

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Q: Are There Any Vaccines Or Other Medical Products Available To Prevent Covid

A: Yes. The FDA issued emergency use authorizations for three COVID-19 vaccines and on August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine. More information on the approval can be found here.

Additionally, the FDA is working with other vaccine developers, researchers, and manufacturers to help expedite the development and availability of medical products such as additional vaccines,monoclonal antibodies, and other drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19.

For information about vaccine clinical trials for COVID-19 visit and the COVID-19 Prevention Network. Note: The information on is provided by the sponsor or principal investigator of a clinical trial. The listing of a study on the site does not reflect evaluation or endorsement of the trial by the Federal government.

Strategies For Reaching People With Limited Access To Covid

Feedback from Jurisdictional Listening Sessions

One of the seven goals of the National Strategy for the COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparednesspdf iconexternal icon is to protect groups at higher risk for COVID-19 and advance health equity.

On this page, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention outlines practices reported during jurisdictional listening sessions conducted in February and March 2021 with CDCs Vaccine Task Force. These listening sessions focused on how to leverage relationships with existing systems to reach populations who might need help accessing COVID-19 vaccination.

The strategies reported by jurisdictions on this page are not formal recommendations from CDC they are listed as broad considerations other jurisdictions can consider adapting in their communities.

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