Should Cancer Patients/survivors Return To School During Covid
Parents of childhood cancer and survivors have been faced with many challenges and questions during the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the biggest questions on everyones mind is: Is it safe to send my child back to school? There is not a blanket answer for all childhood cancer patients and survivors. Each childs situation is different.
How To Treat A Fever After Getting The Covid
Plus, why you might get one in the first place.
You’ve heard it from your friends who’ve already gotten their shots â getting the COVID vaccine can knock you off your feet for a couple of days. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , getting a fever is a common side effect of vaccination, so it’s important to know what to do when you have a fever after getting the COVID vaccine.
How To Tell If You Have A Covid
The co-founder of technology giant Apple, Steve Wozniak shared a tweet that had zero in it.
Telling people that you are a zero may not get much attention. Telling people that you are a patient zero? Thats a different story.
Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, who also goes by the nickname Woz, momentarily caused a stir with the following tweet:
Yeah, thats not going to get zero reaction with the ongoing COVID-19 causing coronavirus outbreak occurring. The possible suggestion that he and his wife, Janet, may have been the patient zeros who brought the new coronavirus to the U.S. got all kinds of responses, ranging from people tweeting that Macs dont get viruses to those wondering angrily why the Wozniaks took so long to see doctors.
A patient zero is the first human to get infected by a pathogen like a virus and then subsequently spread it to other human beings. There can be a patient zero for the overall SARS-CoV2 outbreak, that is the first human to have contracted the virus from a non-human source such as another animal. There can also be patient zeros for outbreaks in different locations, such as the persons who first introduced the virus to each country. It can be very, very difficult to identify who really was the patient zero in each of these cases because that person may have had very non-specific symptoms or even no symptoms at all.
How Long Do The Symptoms Last
COVID-19 affects people in different ways. Most people experience mild-to-moderate disease. People who fall into this category often recover without hospital treatment within 12 weeks.
However, people with more severe symptoms typically take longer to recover. Depending on how COVID-19 has affected them, they may take 6 weeks or longer to feel better.
Doctors may treat COVID-19 cases causing severe symptoms with antiviral or steroid drugs, ventilation to aid breathing, or monoclonal antibody therapy.
Some people who experience mild or severe COVID-19 go on to develop lingering symptoms. People may refer to this as long COVID, or post-COVID syndrome.
It is unclear how many people will develop lingering symptoms, but early data from the COVID Symptom Study suggest that around 1 in 20 people experience symptoms for 8 weeks, while 1 in 50 have symptoms for 12 weeks or longer.
Scientists and doctors are still investigating the best treatments for cases that cause long lasting symptoms.
What Are Symptoms Of Coronavirus
The most common symptoms are:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Nausea or vomiting
- Congestion or runny nose
Some of these symptoms are very common and can occur in many conditions other than COVID-19, the disease caused by the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus. If you have any of them, contact a doctor or health care provider so they can assess your risk and help you determine next steps.
Does A Fever Mean I Have Coronavirus
A high temperature is 37.8C or above. A fever like this can happen when the body is fighting off any infection – not just coronavirus.
It is best to use a thermometer. But if you don’t have one, check if you, or the person you are worried about, feels hot to the touch on the chest or back.
A high temperature is unlikely with a cold.
If you have a fever, arrange a coronavirus test – you can use the NHS 111 coronavirus service online.
How Do I Take My Temperature To Check For A Fever
- Based on the guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics :
- Mouth: Place the probe under the tongue and close the mouth. Use the lips to hold the thermometer tightly in place. Leave the thermometer in the mouth for 3 minutes or until the device beeps.
- Rectum: Place petroleum jelly on the bulb of a rectal thermometer. Place the child face down on a flat surface or lap. Spread the buttocks and insert the bulb end about 1/2 to 1 inch into the anal canal. Be careful not to insert it too far. Remove after 3 minutes or when the device beeps.
- Armpit: Place the thermometer in the armpit. Press the arm against the body. Wait for 5 minutes before reading.
- Ear: Pull the top of the earlobe up and back. Place the tip of the thermometer in the ear-canal opening. Press the button until it beeps. Make sure excess earwax isnt built up before using this method as this can cause less accurate results.
How To Avoid Catching Coronavirus
You can reduce your risk of getting and spreading the infection by:
- avoiding direct hand contact with your eyes, nose and mouth
- maintaining good hand hygiene
- avoiding direct contact with people that have a respiratory illness and avoiding using their personal items such as their mobile phone
- covering your nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing with disposable tissues and disposing of them in the nearest waste bin after use
- following the guidance for households with possible coronavirus infection and arranging to be tested if someone in your household has symptoms
- making sure everyone in your household follows theScottish Governments coronavirus advice as much as possible and to stay away from other people
- making sure your household follows the protective measures, especially anyone in a vulnerable group
How Are Coronavirus Symptoms Different From Allergy Symptoms What About Flu Colds And Strep Throat
COVID-19 shares symptoms with other conditions such as allergies, the flu or strep throat. It may be very hard to tell the difference between COVID-19 and flu without a test.
If you have symptoms that might be due to the coronavirus, contact a health care provider, describe your symptoms and follow their recommendations.
What Is The Difference Between Isolation And Quarantine
Home isolation means that a person has confirmed or suspected COVID-19 and is being cared for at home. During isolation, patients should stay home and separate themselves from others. Patients should isolate until symptoms have improved and they are no longer contagious. During this time, it is important to take steps to prevent the spread of COVID-19 to others. This is especially important if other household members are at risk for serious illness.
Quarantine means that a person has had a close contact with someone who has COVID-19 and is staying away from other people. Quarantine is important after exposure to COVID-19 because people can spread the virus even when they are not having symptoms. Family or household members of someone with COVID-19 should self-quarantine for 14 days after the last close contact with the patient or 14 days after the patient ends isolation. Learn more about when to quarantine.
How To Take A Temperature
The provides these tips for taking a temperature:
- Wait 30 minutes after eating, drinking or exercising
- Wait at least six hours after taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen or aspirin
- Turn on the thermometer by pressing the button near the screen
- Hold the tip of the thermometer under your tongue until it beeps; dont bite the thermometer
- When the thermometer beeps, read your temperature on the screen: If your temperature is 100.4º F or 38º C or higher, you have a fever
- Keep track of your temperature and symptoms in a journal, such as this handy provided by the CDC
- Clean your thermometer with soap and water and dry it well
For babies and children under the age of four, use an ear thermometer or place a regular thermometer under their arm in the middle of their armpit. For the armpit method, a temperature reading of 99.4º F or 37.4 º C or higher indicates a fever.
Coronavirus Symptoms: Mild Vs Moderate Vs Severe
How your body responds to this new coronavirus infection depends on your:
- General health
- Any underlying health conditions
Conditions such as diabetes, lung, kidney or heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity can make you more vulnerable to COVID-19.
Its possible to have the infection and not show any coronavirus symptoms at all.
According to the CDC, of COVID cases can be asymptomatic.
Why Do Fevers Happenand What Do They Feel Like
It’s important to note that a fever isn’t actually a disease on its own, but a sign that your body is trying to fight an illness or infection, per MedlinePlus. The resource explains that viruses and bacteria that cause infections can thrive in a normal human body temperature environment. A fever results from your body trying to kill the pathogen, through essentially making your body an inhospitable environment for it. Fevers also activate your body’s immune system, in an added attempt to kill the pathogen.
Here’s where fevers become a little more complicatedat least in regards to COVID-19: With other viruses, like influenza, there’s a short period time from when the virus enters your body to the time you start showing symptoms like a feverand that usually signals to the average person to stay home and get better.
How Often Should Temperatures Be Taken
Twice daily. Try to take your temperature at the same times each day. Its also worthwhile to note your activities before taking your temp. For example, if you suddenly decide to take your temperature after running outside, its going to be different than if youve been taking it after watching television for 30 minutes.
What Do I Need To Know About The Delta Variant
The Delta variant is different from previous SARS-CoV-2 variants that have made their way to the US. Its highly contagious and may cause more severe disease. It is also more likely than previous variants to be spread by vaccinated people experiencing breakthrough infections.
Evidence presented to the CDC showed the Delta variant to be much more contagious than previous variants, with a risk of transmission similar to chickenpox. It also appears that people who are infected can spread the virus for longer periods of time.
In addition, people who are vaccinated and then get infected can also spread the virus to others, perhaps to the same extent as those who are unvaccinated. This is also new; vaccinated people were much less likely to spread previous variants.
Finally, international studies point to the Delta variant being more likely to cause severe disease.
The good news is that while vaccination may be less effective at preventing infection and spread of the Delta variant, it is still highly protective against severe disease, hospitalization, and death. Get the COVID-19 vaccine if you have not already done so.
In July 2021, the CDC advised all people vaccinated and unvaccinated to wear masks in public indoor places, in areas of the country with substantial or high transmission of the virus. Given the threat posed by the Delta variant, its reasonable for everyone to start wearing a mask in indoor public spaces, regardless of the level of virus in your area.
One Covid Symptom Found As Main Sign Of Virus And It’s Not A Cough
A cough and high fever are no longer the main signs of coronavirus
One coronavirus symptom has been revealed as the most reliable indication you’ve got covid and it’s not a high fever or a persistent cough.
Researchers from the ZOE Covid app study at King’s College London, have found the most common symptom is the loss of taste or smell.
Early in the pandemic, the app used symptom reports and testing from millions of contributors to confirm anosmia , fever and cough could predict someone had the virus without even being tested.
And months later, the latest research still shows watching out for changes to smell and taste are still key, especially if you don’t have access to a test.
The team has been working alongside scientists in Israel and the US to go back over data from the first wave and compare it with other foreign community science platforms to see if the same symptoms hold up in different populations.
ZOE data was combined with that from The University of Maryland Facebook COVID-19 Symptom Survey and the Israel Corona Study.
The results of the study are in a paper published in the Lancet Digital Health.
Each platform is different but all ask users to self-report symptoms and test results.
Taking A Clients Temperature Using A Temporal Thermometer
Temporal thermometers use an infrared scanner to measure the temperature of the temporal artery in the forehead. Temperature takers should keep as much distance from clients as they can, wear a mask and provide one to the client to wear, wash their hands with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer regularly, and use gloves if available.
To use thermometer:
Should I Get A Flu Shot
While the flu shot won’t protect you from developing COVID-19, it’s still a good idea. Most people older than six months can and should get the flu vaccine. Doing so reduces the chances of getting seasonal flu. Even if the vaccine doesn’t prevent you from getting the flu, it can decrease the chance of severe symptoms. But again, the flu vaccine will not protect you against COVID-19.
How Do You Treat A Fever
In most cases, a slightly elevated temperature isn’t necessarily cause for concern. “In general, fevers by themselves are not cause for immediate medical attention in adults unless they persist more than a day or two or are higher than 103,” says Dr. Grimes.
According to the Mayo Clinic, adults with fevers up to 102 degrees should rest and drink plenty of fluids. While medication isn’t needed for a lower-grade fever, if it’s accompanied by a severe headache, stiff neck, or shortness of breath, it warrants a visit to the doctor. In fevers above 102 degrees, acetaminophen , ibuprofen , or aspirin can be used to reduce the fever, but if it doesn’t respond to the medication or is higher than 103 degrees, medical attention may be necessary.
What Will The Doctor Or Nurse Do
The doctor or nurse will ask you about the person’s symptoms. They may look into other reasons why theyhave a high temperature, such as a urinary infection. They can also talk about their treatment options and wishes. They may discuss things like where they would prefer to be cared for and what treatments and care are suitable.
Are There Any Medications That Have Been Approved For Treating Covid
Remdesivir is an antiviral medication that is showing some promise in speeding up the recovery time for those with COVID-19. The improvement is minimal so far but researchers are optimistic and studies are ongoing. Keep in mind that this medication does not prevent someone from catching the virus and it doesnât reverse the virusâ effects. The primary objective of treating patients with Remdesivir is to stop the virus from replicating and getting worse.
Hydroxychloroquine is another medication youâve likely heard about. It is being trialed in patients with COVID-19 as a potential treatment, but thereâs not enough data available yet to determine if itâs helpful alone or in combination with other medications. It has been studied for decades as a possible treatment for many viruses, it hasnât yet been proven successful. Absolutely do not take this medication unless your doc has approved its use.
Coronavirus Patients Describe Symptoms: The Fever Is So High That You Hallucinate
People who have contracted the coronavirus have described symptoms including high fevers, a dry cough, and shortness of breath. While symptoms may differ from person to person, more than 79,000 people worldwide have recovered from the virus, according to experts at Johns Hopkins University.
A.N., who preferred to only be identified by her initials, described a bout with COVID-19 that’s lasted for more than two weeks.
“Excuse me, but it feels like hell. I’ve had the flu before, it’s not even comparable. The fever is so high that you hallucinate,” she said. “I’m still having a fever, but it’s coming down slowly. I’m only at about 100.8 at the moment, which is a dramatic improvement.”
Initially treated at a Seattle area hospital in early March, she was not offered a test for COVID-19, but said the medical staff were concerned.
“I could see them through the window when they were preparing to come in, and they were utterly panicked, and they had no idea what they were doing. It was unnerving to be completely honest,” she said.
From home, A.N. dialed into a telehealth appointment and was promptly told to report to a clinic, where she was swabbed in her vehicle and confirmed for COVID-19 in under 24 hours.
“It was like a weight off my shoulders, honestly. It was like, ‘I’m not crazy,'” she said.
Across the country and still hospitalized in Rome, Georgia, Clay Bentley used a baseball analogy to describe his current state of health.
What The Thermometer Number Means
There are different types of thermometers and ways to use them. Most used today are digital and can be used orally, rectally, or under the arm. But there are also some designed to be used in ears, called tympanic thermometers, or on your forehead, called temporal artery thermometers.
More important than which kind you use is using it according to the directions that come with it, experts say.
They also caution that you shouldnt get too focused on the exact number on your thermometer. “A temperature in the low 99s could be a cause for concern in some people, while someone with a fever of 102 may be feeling and doing okay,” says Mary E. Schmidt, M.D., an associate professor of clinical medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond and president of Schmidt & Libby Health Advisory Group.
Whats more, how healthcare professionals treat fever depends on age, accompanying symptoms, and any individuals underlying conditions.
For example, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that you call your doctor right away if your infant 3 months and younger develops a fever of 100.4° F.
For babies older than that and for adults, there is no exact reading that dictates that you need to call the doctor. Instead, you should consider your overall health along with your temperature reading.
Temperature Check: Tips For Tracking A Key Symptom Of Coronavirus Contagion
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Why We Develop Fevers
We tend to think of normal body temperature as a static number, but in fact a persons body temperature can vary throughout the day, says Georgine Nanos, M.D., a family physician and CEO of the Kind Health Group, a telemedicine service. Nor is there a single number that constitutes normal for everyone. Recent research has even found that the average body temperature has changed over the years. Scientists say it is now around 97.5° F, not 98.6° F.
A fever is technically defined as a body temperature of 100.4° F or higher, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This is true for both babies and adults.
And a fever isnt necessarily a bad thing. It indicates that your body is doing what it should do in response to an infection, Nanos says. Indeed, its a sign that your immune system is doing its job, fighting off an invader, like a virus or bacteria, in an attempt to prevent it from overtaking your body.
But a fever can be concerning. Aside from how miserable it may make you feelwith sweating, chills, headaches, and fatigueit could indicate that a serious illness is developing. And an uncontrolled fever could cause seizures or brain damage. So it’s important to pay attention to fevers and respond appropriately.
Coronavirus Incubation Period And Recovery Time
The COVID incubation periodthe time between when youre infected with the virus and when symptoms startis two to 14 days, with a median of four to five days. Research shows that the vast majority of people infected with the virus will start to show symptoms by about 11 to 12 days. Recovery for those with severe cases can take three to six weeks, and even longer in some cases.
Its possible to start out with a mild case of coronavirus and have it turn severe. The timing of this will depend on each individuals immune system and underlying health conditions. There have been reports of symptoms developing very rapidly, over the course of hours, and other cases that take days to evolve, says Libby Richards, Ph.D., RN, CHES, associate professor at the Purdue University School of Nursing.
Can you get reinfected with the virus after you recover? Experts are still researching this. But the CDC does say that reinfection with COVID-19 is highly unlikely in the first three months after youve been infected.
When To Call A Doctor
If your temperature is between 100 and 102, drink plenty of fluids and rest. You can take a fever reducer if you like.
If you have a fever with a cough or shortness of breath and think you might have come into contact with someone who has COVID-19, call your doctor to talk about the next steps.
Always call your doctor if you have any kind of fever along with a severe headache, a stiff neck, throat swelling, or confusion. They may be signs of a serious condition, such as strep throat or meningitis.
Even if you dont have these symptoms, your doctor may tell you to take your temperature at certain times, like first thing in the morning or at night. You can record the readings and report back.
How Do I Talk To Stubborn Loved Ones About The Seriousness Of Coronavirus
Whether itâs a loved one, a neighbor or that acquaintance on Facebook, we all know someone who is not taking âthis coronavirus stuffâ seriously. If you are taking it seriously, it can be extremely frustrating to witness others refusing to wear a mask or wash their hands. Even more so if this person lives in your household.
Hereâs my recommendation:
How Could Contact Tracing Help Slow The Spread Of Covid
Anyone who comes into close contact with someone who has COVID-19 is at increased risk of becoming infected themselves, and of potentially infecting others. Contact tracing can help prevent further transmission of the virus by quickly identifying and informing people who may be infected and contagious, so they can take steps to not infect others.
Contact tracing begins with identifying everyone that a person recently diagnosed with COVID-19 has been in contact with since they became contagious. In the case of COVID-19, a person may be contagious 48 to 72 hours before they started to experience symptoms.
The contacts are notified about their exposure. They may be told what symptoms to look out for, advised to isolate themselves for a period of time, and to seek medical attention as needed if they start to experience symptoms.