Global Statistics

All countries
547,115,085
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
519,385,360
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
6,346,653
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
547,115,085
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
519,385,360
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
6,346,653
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
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How Is Sweden Doing With Covid

Sweden Becomes An Example Of How Not To Handle Covid

Is Sweden’s lack of coronavirus lockdown a fatal mistake? | ITV News

Stockholm As many nations introduced strict lockdowns as the coronavirus pandemic took hold earlier this year, Sweden took a totally different approach. You might call it lockdown-lite.

The public health authorities banned gatherings of over 50 people, closed high schools and universities, and advised people to maintain a safe distance. But stores and restaurants have remained open throughout the pandemic, as have elementary and middle schools.

The Swedish authorities argued this was a sustainable plan, one the public would back even if the measures had to stay in place for many months. In the long term, they believed it would protect both lives and the economy.

But the death toll from Sweden’s outbreak is now the fifth-worst in the world, per capita. The country’s mortality rate from the coronavirus is now 30% higher than that of the United States when adjusted for population size.

CBS News correspondent Elizabeth Palmer went to Stockholm and found that, despite the worrying statistics, most Swedes still back the public health agency’s approach.

“I think the people are taking their responsibility to social distance, so I am fine,” said Stockholm resident Mia Soderberg. “I am glad because I think people are in better shape mentally, because we’ve been able to go out.”

Did Sweden’s Coronavirus Strategy Succeed Or Fail

Brightly coloured beach towels line the shores of Lake Storsjon, two hours north of Stockholm.

Staycations are popular here this summer, thanks to a slew of travel restrictions imposed on Sweden by other countries, due to its coronavirus infection rate.

More than 5,500 people have died with Covid-19 in this country of just 10 million. It is one of the highest death rates relative to population size in Europe, and by far the worst among the Nordic nations. Unlike Sweden, the rest all chose to lock down early in the pandemic.

“Maybe we should have taken some more care of each other,” says Dan Eklund, 31, visiting the lake on his friend’s boat.

Latest figures suggest Sweden is getting better at containing the virus. The number of daily reported deaths has been in single digits for much of July, in contrast with the peak of the pandemic in April, when more than 100 fatalities were logged on several dates.

There has also been a marked fall in serious cases, with new intensive care admissions dropping to fewer than a handful each day. Though still not as low as elsewhere in Scandinavia, it’s a clear improvement.

“It feels good. I mean, finally, we are where we hoped we would be much earlier on,” says Anders Tegnell, the state epidemiologist leading the strategy. He’s admitted too many have died, especially in Swedish care homes. But he believes there is still “no strong evidence that a lockdown would have made that much of a difference”.

More: Who On A Coronavirus Second Wave Lockdowns And How The World Responded To The Pandemic

Yet as with so much of the data relating to COVID-19, proponents of the policy say that reading the data is a matter of perspective.

Sweden may be faring comparably better in terms of excess deaths — those greater than the usual number of deaths expected in a certain time period. Experts say excess deaths can indicate whether policies intended to combat the pandemic have unintended consequences, such as delaying treatment for other ailments and is an important measure of the overall efficacy of policy.

While still performing worse than other Nordic countries on data from Eurostat, the official European Union statistics agency, and the University of Oxford, shows that Sweden recorded 7.9% excess deaths last year compared to the years 2016-19, according to the independent health news site Dagens Medicin.

That means that the country had the 23rd lowest annual excess deaths out of 30 European countries — lower than the U.K. , France and Spain . Sweden also has a lower number of coronavirus deaths per million than those countries, all of which have gone under strict lockdowns during the pandemic. Pointing to the recent excess mortality studies, Nils Karlson, an economist and political scientist who jointly wrote an op-ed last year in Foreign Affairs entitled Swedens Coronavirus Strategy Will Soon Be the Worlds, is more optimistic.

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More: Even As Pandemic Restrictions Ease 6 In 10 Prioritize Covid

According to the review, the Prime Minister and Minister of Health and Social Affairs “mainly referred to the authority of the Public Health Agency,” a stark contrast from past collaboration between the government and scientists.

Unlike the strict lockdowns implemented by most of Europe, the PHA merely recommended staying at home if feeling ill, washing hands regularly, social distancing and avoiding unnecessary travel.

Meanwhile, restaurants, bars and shops remained open children under 16 were required to attend school in person with no exceptions for those with at-risk family members and no mask mandates were ever implemented.

The review noted that the PHA did eventually recommend face masks in hospitals and care homes in June 2020, but only when treating confirmed or suspected COVID patients.

The authors said the PHA discouraging the use of masks and claiming they were ineffective helped spread fear in the population and misinformed the public about how COVID spreads, that asymptomatic people can be infectious and that masks protect the wearer and those around them.

According to the review, there was also a lack of transparency from public health authorities. The number of ICU beds per region was not publicly available and schools often did not inform parents or teachers when students tested positive for the virus.

Then there were efforts to actively squash medical researchers who criticized Sweden’s strategy and accused authorities of not being properly prepared.

Sweden: What Is The Daily Number Of Confirmed Cases

Architect of Swedens relaxed Covid
Related charts:

This chart shows the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases per day. This is shown as the seven-day rolling average.

What is important to note about these case figures?
  • The reported case figures on a given date do not necessarily show the number of new cases on that day this is due to delays in reporting.
  • The number of confirmed cases is lower than the true number of infections this is due to limited testing. In a separate post we discuss how models of COVID-19 help us estimate the true number of infections.

We provide more detail on these points in our page on Cases of COVID-19.

Five quick reminders on how to interact with this chart

  • If you click on the title of the chart, the chart will open in a new tab. You can then copy-paste the URL and share it.
  • You can switch the chart to a logarithmic axis by clicking on LOG.
  • If you move both ends of the time-slider to a single point you will see a bar chart for that point in time.
  • Map view: switch to a global map of confirmed cases using the MAP tab at the bottom of the chart.

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Sweden To Lift Ban On Entry From All Countries

The restrictions on entry into Sweden from countries outside the EU/EEA have ceased to apply as of 1 April 2022. As of 9 February 2022, entry from the Nordic countries and other EU and EEA countries is no longer subject to any entry restrictions.

Lifted Travel Restrictions 1 April 2022

As of 1 April 2022, there are no restrictions on entry to Sweden from any countries. This also means that travellers no longer need to present vaccination and test certificates when entering Sweden.

More details about the lifted travel restrictions at government.se

One of the heroes of the Covid-19 pandemic. Photo: Naina Helén Jåma/imagebank.sweden.se

Worklife balance has looked slightly different during the pandemic. Photo: Melker Dahlstrand/imagebank.sweden.se

One of the heroes of the Covid-19 pandemic. Photo: Naina Helén Jåma/imagebank.sweden.se

Worklife balance has looked slightly different during the pandemic. Photo: Melker Dahlstrand/imagebank.sweden.se

One of the heroes of the Covid-19 pandemic. Photo: Naina Helén Jåma/imagebank.sweden.se

Worklife balance has looked slightly different during the pandemic. Photo: Melker Dahlstrand/imagebank.sweden.se

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What Accounts For The Different Approaches

The differences in each countrys approach to the pandemic can be attributed in part to pre-existing governing structures, the role of academia, and experience in crisis management, the researchers said.

Communication and media responses also affected public confidence in the governments decisions.

A media structure which is prepared to communicate science and facilitate debate seems to support resilience. Cross-country learning should trump nationalism.

In Germany there was heavy academic involvement and societal debate, but it didnt have enough population-based data on which to make decisions. The study found the countrys news media reflected the evolving science and the difficulty of using that science to make decisions.

Unlike in the other two countries, the uncertainty was explicitly communicated in Germany. While this appeared to be appreciated during the first wave, during the second wave the government faced heavy criticism as a result of the changing messages.

Swedens response relied heavily on handing over control to the Public Health Agency. This meant a lack of public engagement and debate with different perspective on how to react.

Researchers say while this resulted in less loss of public trust than in the UK and Germany, it remains to be seen what the longer-term impact of this delegation of responsibility will have.

Were Expectations Of Science Advice Realised

Swedish scientist blames UK Covid spike on lockdown strategy

There was no official, democratic, or multi-disciplinary science advice during the pandemic. The Swedish strategy has been going against the international consensus from the start. Several things which have been considered proven, or at least most probable by the international scientific community, have been or are still denied by the Swedish authorities. This includes asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic spread, airborne spread , the importance of testing and tracing, the efficacy of face masks, the waning immunity after COVID-19 infection and possibility for re-infection, the role of schools and children in the spread of infections, symptomatic and infectious children , and long-COVID. The precautionary principle followed by most countries, was not followed, since officials even said symptomatic individuals could go to work and pick up their children at school. The Public Health Agency also downplayed the severity of the pandemic and community spread in Swedenclaiming repeatedly in the media that COVID-19 would never spread in Sweden, that the number of infections was decreasing , that COVID-19 was not a bigger threat than previous corona virus infections and influenza, that natural herd-immunity was within close reach, and that there would never be a second/third/fourth wave .

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People’s Republic Of China

The was reestablished in February 1950 with its headquarters in Wuhan. From June to September 1954, the were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Due to an unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 Yangtze River floods.

Before construction of the , built two extra heavy locomotives for loading the for crossing the Yangtze River in Wuhan.

The project of building the , also known as the First Yangtze River Bridge, was regarded as one of the key projects during the first five-year plan. On October 25, 1955, construction began on the bridge proper. The same day in 1957, the whole project was completed and an opening-to-traffic ceremony was held on October 15. The First Yangtze River Bridge united the with the into the , making Wuhan a ‘thoroughfare to nine provinces’ in name and in fact.

After Chengdu Conference, Mao went to Chongqing and Wuhan in April to inspect the countryside and factories. In Wuhan, he called all the leaders of provinces and municipalities who had not attended Chengdu Conference to report their work. Tian Jiaying, the secretary of Mao, said that Wuhan Conference was a supplement to Chengdu Conference.

Opinion: Sweden Continues To Stand Out On Covid

While strict rules still apply elsewhere, Sweden is lifting all coronavirus restrictions. The country has always charted its own, distinctive course when it comes to tackling the pandemic, says DW’s Miodrag Soric.

Sweden’s laissez-faire approach to the coronavirus pandemic has drawn both praise and criticism

Seen from the outside, all Scandinavians seem to resemble each other: very progressive, accustomed to affluence and a high standard of living, and they pay extremely high taxes on beer. But all this is, of course, nonsense. In reality, there are differences between individual Scandinavian nations that run as deep as a Norwegian fjord.

It starts with the fact that Scandinavians don’t see eye to eye among themselves. If you talk to a Dane, you will hear, without being asked, that the Swedes are arrogant. The Swedes in turn consider the Danes to be eccentrics. Both are united by a common envy of the newly rich Norwegians because of their huge oil and gas deposits.

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Characterisation Of The Roles Played By Official And Informal Scientific Advisors And Mechanisms

The Swedish paradigm to handle COVID-19 was evidently different from the majority of countries, failing to follow international advice of the WHO/ECDC or scientific evidence.

Categorising the roles of scientists using Roger Pielkes Honest Broker framework, it is clear there have been few people officially involved. The Government has relied entirely on the Public Health Agency and delegated operative responsibility to them. Other official organisations have also relied on this agency without assessing scientific evidence or other expert advice themselves.

Many individuals in the above-mentioned informal science advisory section could be described as Pure Scientists within the Honest Broker framework, including Science Forum COVID-19 and The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. With limited experience considering policy making prior to the pandemic, these groups primarily focused on presenting facts and scientific evidence. Although several members of these groups have attempted to engage in dialogue with decision-makers, these actions were mostly unsuccessful. The Public Health Agency was created with the goal of this role being sourced outside of the Agency, however, as outlined in this paper this does not appear to have occurred during this pandemic.

What Was Sweden’s Strategy

Did Sweden

Sweden has largely relied on voluntary social distancing guidelines since the start of the pandemic, including working from home where possible and avoiding public transport.

There’s also been a ban on gatherings of more than 50 people, restrictions on visiting care homes, and a shift to table-only service in bars and restaurants. The government has repeatedly described the pandemic as “a marathon not a sprint”, arguing that its measures are designed to last in the long term.

The unusual strategy has attracted global criticism, with even some of Dr Tegnell’s early supporters saying they now regret the approach. Annika Linde, who did his job between 2005 and 2013, recently told Sweden’s biggest daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter she believed tougher restrictions at the start of the pandemic could have saved lives.

But according to clinical epidemiologist Helena Nordenstedt, there’s no consensus in Sweden’s scientific community that the strategy as a whole has failed.

The strategy was to flatten the curve, not overwhelm health care capacity. That seems to have worked. If you take care homes out of the equation, things actually look much brighter Helena NordenstedtClinical epidemiologist and researcher in global health

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The Principle Of Responsibility

In Sweden, crisis management is built on the principle of responsibility. This means that the government agency responsible for a particular matter under normal circumstances is also responsible for that matter in a crisis situation.

In Sweden, independent expert government agencies have been giving the government advice about which measures were needed to limit the spread of Covid-19 and combat the effects of the spread of infection in the community. The government has then made the decisions. These agencies can also make certain independent decisions concerning infection control.

Informal Science Advisory Processes

Several Swedish experts warned about the pandemic already in January 2020but this was dismissed by the authorities and even ridiculed in the media . From the start of the pandemic, there was critique from within the medical and scientific communitystressing the lack of preparedness of healthcare and society.

Yet, from early on, the Swedish strategy seemed to have a general and widespread support at all levels of the population. The Public Health Agency and supporters of the Swedish strategy also actively discredited any critique and national/international scientific evidence, cherry picking papers or parts of papers disregarding the larger amount of evidence suggesting the opposite .

Questioning the strategy, even in academic settings, the media, or the Government, was apparently not accepted by the Swedish society and considered disloyal, and critics were discredited as hobby-epidemiologists or lacking competence .

As a result, scientific debate appears to have only occurred by means of newspaper opinion pieces, without direct discussions or debates between the relevant parties.

To give a few examples: .

Johan Carlson called criticism against Anders Tegnell and the Public Health Agency unworthy . From early March, similar communication likely contributed to the glorification of Anders Tegnell as Swedish hero and idol .

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Science Forum COVID-19

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