Moderna J& j Booster Shots: What To Know As Fda Panel Prepares To Meet
With additional booster shots nearing an important milestone this week, what will that mean for those who could soon become eligible?
The Food and Drug Administrations panel of experts is expected to evaluate boosters for both Moderna and Johnson & Johnson later this week to determine if they will recommend them for emergency use.
Last month, the FDA authorized booster shots of Pfizers vaccine for older Americans and other groups with heightened vulnerability to COVID-19.
Both Moderna and Johnson & Johnson have submitted requests for emergency use authorization of their booster shots of the COVID vaccines.
Read more here.
Covid Cases Dip Below 100000 A Day In Us As Nation Faces Colder Weather And More Closed
Researchers also determined that infected individuals were more likely to be asymptomatic if they contracted the virus from a primary case.
While household members of primary cases had higher infection rates than other close contacts, close contacts were more likely to contract COVID-19 if they were exposed shortly before or after the individual developed noticeable symptoms.
According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, another study found that contagiousness both began and peaked before the first symptoms of illness 2.3 days and 0.7 days respectively. Researchers concluded that about 44 percent of COVID-19 infections spread from person to person before symptom onset.
As a result, according to MIT’s website, the CDC considers contract tracing, identifying close contacts, vital in protecting communities from further spread. A close contact is defined as someone who has been within 6 feet of a COVID-positive individual for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period.
“Time is of the essence,” the CDC’s website stated. “If communities are unable to effectively isolate patients and ensure contacts can separate themselves from others, rapid community spread of COVID-19 is likely to increase to the point that strict mitigation strategies will again be needed to contain the virus.”
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What If I Want To Travel Abroad
Whether youre fully vaccinated or not, youll need to do some prep work. First, find out if the country youre going to has entry requirements or restrictions. Youll need to follow all of its requirements, or you may get sent home. Also ask your airline about its requirements for COVID-19 testing and paperwork.
You should also find out whether COVID-19 is spreading in the country you plan to visit. Take a look at the CDCs COVID-19 Travel Recommendations by Destination to find the current level of risk.
If youre not fully vaccinated, get a COVID-19 test in time to have your result 1 to 3 days before you travel. If youre fully vaccinated, you dont need to get tested beforehand unless the place youre traveling to requires it.
Flying back to the U.S. is a different story. Everyone — even fully vaccinated people — must get a negative COVID-19 test result no more than 3 days before they travel and be able to show that result to airline officials before they get on their flight. Or they must be able to show proof that theyve had the virus and recovered within the past 3 months. The precautions for returning travelers are in place because of the COVID-19 variants still spreading around the world.
Mayo Clinic: COVID-19 travel advice.
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I Was Severely Ill With Covid
People who are severely ill with COVID-19 might need to stay home longer than 10 days and up to 20 days after symptoms first appeared. People with weakened immune systems may require testing to determine when they can be around others. Talk to your healthcare provider for more information. Your healthcare provider will let you know if you can resume being around other people based on the results of your testing.
People who are immunocompromised should be counseled about the potential for reduced immune responses to COVID-19 vaccines and the need to continue to followcurrent prevention measures to protect themselves against COVID-19 until advised otherwise by their healthcare provider. Close contacts of immunocompromised people should also be encouraged to be vaccinated against COVID-19 to help protect these people.
For How Long After I Am Infected Will I Continue To Be Contagious At What Point In My Illness Will I Be Most Contagious
People are thought to be most contagious early in the course of their illness, when they are beginning to experience symptoms, especially if they are coughing and sneezing. But people with no symptoms can also spread the coronavirus to other people. In fact, people who are infected may be more likely to spread the illness if they are asymptomatic, or in the days before they develop symptoms, because they are less likely to be isolating or adopting behaviors designed to prevent spread.
A full, 14-day quarantine remains the best way to avoid spreading the virus to others after you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19. However, according to CDC guidelines, you may discontinue quarantine after a minimum of 10 days if you do not have any symptoms, or after a minimum of seven days if you have a negative COVID test within 48 hours of when you plan to end quarantine.
If you are fully vaccinated and have been around someone with or suspected of having COVID-19 you do not need to quarantine. However, as of July 2021, the CDC recommends that you be tested thre to five days after exposure, and wear a mask in public indoor settings for 14 days or until you receive a negative test result.
If I Get Sick With Covid
It varies. Most people with mild cases appear to recover within one to two weeks. However, recent surveys conducted by the CDC found that recovery may take longer than previously thought, even for adults with milder cases who do not require hospitalization. The CDC survey found that one-third of these adults had not returned to normal health within two to three weeks of testing positive for COVID-19. Among younger adults who did not require hospitalization and who did not have any underlying health conditions, nearly one in five had not returned to normal health within two to three weeks after testing positive for COVID-19. With severe cases, recovery can take six weeks or more.
Some people may experience longer-term physical, cognitive, and psychological problems. Their symptoms may alternately improve and worsen over time, and can include a variety of difficulties, from fatigue and trouble concentrating to anxiety, muscle weakness, and continuing shortness of breath.
Dr Frank Mcgeorge Answers Covid Questions
DETROIT Since the coronavirus pandemic began, Dr. Frank McGeorge has been keeping viewers up-to-date and informed on all fronts. Hes been answering your questions about the vaccine, the vaccination process and more.
My husband and I have breakthrough cases of COVID-19. His fever and symptoms have cleared, but mine have not. He is nearing the end of the ten days since the onset of his symptoms. Should we both quarantine until after my fever is gone?
If his symptoms have resolved and ten days have passed he can come out of his isolation. Although, you are potentially still infected. He is most likely completely resolved and no longer contagious.
How long before a person exposed to COVID can be detected in a test? If a person was exposed to someone who has COVID and gets tested two hours later, will the results be accurate?
What you want to know is how long it takes before an infected person will have a positive test. Generally, the answer is three to five days with a PCR test. Testing immediately after exposure, two hours in your example, is way too early. In fact, you arent technically even infected after two hours. The incubation period for COVID is generally at least two days.
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What Counts As Close Contact And Exposure To Covid
- Being within 6 feet of someone for a cumulative total of 10 minutes or longer during the persons infectious period. This exposure can occur over multiple separate contacts or even days.
- Providing care at home to someone who is sick with COVID-19.
- Having direct physical contact with the person
- Sharing eating or drinking utensils.
- Being sneezed on or coughed on.
While wearing masks, being outdoors, and being fully vaccinated significantly reduce virus transmission, these do not eliminate the risk of infection altogether. These circumstances are still considered close contact to an infectious person, especially for prolonged periods of time.
Infectious period: A person is generally infectious 48 to 72 hours before they develop COVID-19 symptoms and for 10 days after their first symptoms appear. Some people who develop more serious or severe symptoms may be infectious for a longer period please contact your primary care provider for recommendations.
Exposure can mean being in close contact with:
- Someone who has possible symptoms of COVID-19, unless they test negative while they are sick.
- Someone who developed symptoms one to two days after you were in close contact. People with COVID-19 may be contagious 48 to 72 hours before they develop symptoms.
- Someone who has not become ill with symptoms but tested positive for COVID-19 within 7 days of your close contact.
What Types Of Medications And Health Supplies Should I Have On Hand For An Extended Stay At Home
Try to stock at least a 30-day supply of any needed prescriptions. If your insurance permits 90-day refills, that’s even better. Make sure you also have over-the-counter medications and other health supplies on hand.
Medical and health supplies
- prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood-pressure monitoring equipment
- fever and pain medicine, such as acetaminophen
- cough and cold medicines
- soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- tissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers, tampons, sanitary napkins
- garbage bags.
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What If Im Fully Vaccinated
Its safe for you to travel within the United States. Fully vaccinated means you have the most protection from your COVID-19 vaccine. Theres an exception, though: If you have a weakened immune system because of a health condition or a certain medication, ask your doctor what precautions you should keep taking.
Even though youre fully vaccinated, youll need to wear a mask when you travel on airplanes, buses, trains, or other types of public transportation. Youll also need to mask up in airports and other travel hubs. Masks are required by the CDC, the TSA, and the U.S. Department of Transportation because theres a small chance you could still catch the virus, get sick from it, or spread it to other people.
If you notice COVID-19 symptoms after you travel, get tested for the virus and stay home.
When To End Quarantine
You can end quarantine 14 days after your last close contact with a person who has COVID-19.
Even if you get tested for COVID-19, have no symptoms, and have a negative test, you should remain in quarantine for the entire 14 days. COVID-19 symptoms can appear anywhere from 2 to 14 days after exposure.
If, during your quarantine, you have close contact with a person with COVID-19, you need to begin your quarantine over from day 1 and remain there until 14 days have passed with no contact.
If you are caring for someone with COVID-19 and can’t avoid close contact, you can end your quarantine 14 days after that person has been able to end home isolation.
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How To Get Tested After Covid
If you dont have COVID-19 symptoms but are getting tested because youve been exposed to someone who tested positive, youll get a more accurate result if you get a PCR test instead of a rapid antigen test. However, it can take a few days to get your PCR test results.
After a possible COVID-19 exposure:
- wait until five days after youve been exposed to get tested
- wear your mask when you go to and from the appointment
- self-quarantine at home until you get a negative test result
- if you get a positive test result, self-isolate at home for 10 days after getting your result
- do not go out until you experience 24 hours with no fever and your other symptoms of COVID-19 improve
What To Do After Covid
After coming into contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, you should either:
- self-quarantine at home for five days, then get tested
- self-quarantine at home for at least 10 days, if you dont want to get tested and remain symptom-free
People may spread COVID-19 as soon as two to three days before developing symptoms which occur on average 5 to 7 days after exposure, with some cases lasting as long as 14 days. If you live with or care for people who are at risk for severe illness from COVID-19, consider self-quarantining for the full 14 days.
Self-quarantining after exposure should help to limit the spread of the virus in your home and community, even if you feel fine.
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When Can I Discontinue My Self
If you have not been vaccinated, a full, 14-day quarantine remains the best way to ensure that you don’t spread the virus to others after you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19.
However, according to CDC guidelines, you may discontinue quarantine after a minimum of 10 days if you do not have any symptoms, or after a minimum of seven days if you have a negative COVID test within 48 hours of when you plan to end quarantine.
If you are fully vaccinated and have been around someone with or suspected of having COVID-19, you do not need to self-quarantine. However, as of July 2021, the CDC recommends that you be tested three to five days after exposure and wear a mask in public indoor settings for 14 days or until you receive a negative test result.
Confused About What To Do After A Covid Exposure Start Here
A guide to testing, quarantining, isolating and returning to work or school, depending on whether youve gotten vaccinated fully, partly or not at all, and your own history with COVID.
Editors note: Information on the COVID-19 crisis is constantly changing. For the latest numbers and updates, keep checking the CDCs website. For the most up-to-date information from Michigan Medicine, visit the hospital’s Coronavirus webpage.
Remember those Choose Your Own Adventure books from grade school?
The ones where you turned to a different page, depending on what you wanted a book character to do?
If you find out you or your child has been around someone who has COVID-19, you might feel like youre living in one of those books.
What should you do next?
And unlike the books, theres a lot more at stake if you make the wrong choice. Plus, you cant turn back to the page you started on.
So, heres a simple Choose Your Own Adventure-style guide to get you through the current surge in cases, and the next few months, safely.
For full details, follow the Choose Your Own Adventure text below.
Wait! This guide doesnt agree with what I was told before.
So the rules about who needs to do what, after they get exposed to a person with COVID-19, have changed.
And the rules apply to children and teens as well as adults. Younger people may not be as likely to get sick, but they can still spread the virus. So where we say you below, you can also substitute your child or teen.
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You May Consider Being Around Others After 10 Days If:
- You have not had any symptoms.
- You have not had a positive test for COVID-19.
- No one in your home has COVID-19.
- You do not live or work in a building where it’s hard to stay away from others and easy to spread the virus to multiple people, like a long-term care facility.
- Your contact with someone with COVID-19 had a beginning and an end. For example, your close contact happened at:
- Social gathering
- You traveled outside of Minnesota for reasons other than crossing the border for work, study, medical care, or personal safety or security, and all of the above are true. Note: Your “exposure” period ends upon arrival back home. For more information, visit Protect Yourself and Others: Traveling.
Close Contact With Someone With Covid
You are more likely to get COVID-19 if you are in close contact with a person who has COVID-19 while they are contagious or still able to spread illness to others.
Close contact means:
- Being within 6 feet of a person who has COVID-19 for a total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period, or
- Having direct exposure to respiratory secretions , or
- Caring for a person who has COVID-19, or
- Living with a person who has COVID-19.
Exception: In K-12 settings, a student who was within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student is not considered a close contact as long as both students wore well-fitting masks the entire time. VDH expanded CDCs K-12 exception to include both indoor and outdoor settings. This exception does not apply to students on school buses. This exception also does not apply to teachers, staff, or other adults.
People with COVID-19 can pass the COVID-19 virus to their close contacts starting from 2 days before they become sick until it is safe to be around other people .
People who have had close contact with someone who has COVID-19 need to stay home and away from others. This is called quarantine.
- There are some exceptions where people are not required to quarantine . These exceptions are described below.
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