What Does It Mean Now That The Pfizer Covid
On 8/23/21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first COVID-19 vaccine. The vaccine has been known as the Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine and will now be marketed as Comirnaty , for the prevention of COVID-19 in people 16 years of age and older. Comirnaty is the same vaccine as the Pfizer vaccine. The Pfizer vaccine is also still available under emergency use authorization for people ages 5 through 15.
Compared to an EUA, FDA approval of vaccines requires even more data on safety, manufacturing, and effectiveness over longer periods of time and includes real-world data. The full approval by the FDA means that the Comirnaty vaccine now has the same level of approval as other vaccines routinely used in the U.S., such as vaccines for hepatitis, measles, chicken pox, and polio. The Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine was the first vaccine to receive emergency authorization, which is why it is the first to have enough data to receive full approval. It does not mean anything about the safety and effectiveness of the Moderna or Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Q How Long Will It Take For Covid
A. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are expected to provide some protection a couple of weeks after your first shot and reaches its greatest effectiveness after your second shot. It is very important to take the second shot within the recommended time period for maximum vaccine effectiveness. The J& J vaccine is most effective 14 days after vaccination.
Ontarios Top Doc To Give Update For First Time Since Early March
TORONTO Ontarios top doctor is set to provide an update on COVID-19 in the province Monday for the first time since early March, as a report suggests several pandemic indicators have been on the rise since the province lifted its masking mandate.
Dr. Kieran Moore is also expected to discuss access to antiviral treatment in a briefing scheduled for 1 p.m.
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Q: Is It Possible To Compare The Effectiveness Of The Three Covid
A: No. The only way to accurately compare the effectiveness of vaccines is by direct comparison in head-to-head clinical trials, which did not occur for these vaccines. Furthermore, the clinical trials for these vaccines occurred in different geographic regions and at different points in time with varying incidence of COVID-19.
Who Shouldnt Get The Shingles Vaccine
You shouldnt receive the shingles vaccine if:
- Youve had a previous severe allergic reaction to Shingrix or any of its ingredients.
- Youre pregnant or breastfeeding.
- You have no immunity to chickenpox, which means you should get the chickenpox vaccine instead.
Having a mild illness like a cold isnt a reason to not get your shingles vaccine.
However, if you have a moderate to severe illness or a fever of 101.3 or higher, you should recover before getting your shingles vaccine.
state that the COVID-19 vaccine may be given without regard to the timing of other vaccines.
This means you dont have to wait to receive your COVID-19 and shingles vaccinations.
In fact, you can get your COVID-19 vaccine and shingles vaccine at the same time. If you choose to do this, make sure to receive your injections at two different sites.
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Should You Time Your Next Booster To Future Waves
The timing of the booster is where it gets tricky, as doctors have different takes.
Yang recommended getting the second booster, i.e., a fourth dose, as soon as youre eligible. Though were in a bit of a lull, COVID-19 is still circulating and you dont want to have low immunity if exposed, especially if youre at risk, he said. Doing so could also help prevent future waves.
If youve tolerated three doses of the vaccine already without any serious problems, youre going to almost certainly tolerate the fourth dose theres so little downside, its worth getting it, Yang said.
Something else to consider, according to Yang: We need even higher levels of antibodies to fight these new variants, since theyre structurally different than the original strain that the vaccines target. This is probably one of the reasons why boosters have been recommended so quickly, he said.
Gandhi, on the other hand, recommends timing your boosters to future waves . You want your antibodies to be plump and high, especially if youre vulnerable, around the time of typical surges, Gandhi said.
Officials believe COVID-19 may end up as a seasonal illness. However, seasonality varies from region to region whereas the Northeast typically sees early fall and winter waves, Southern areas like Florida tend to experience summer surges when the hot, sticky, humid air sends people indoors.
Who Should Take A Covid
All people should take a COVID test immediately after an exposure to someone with COVID-19
- If the test is positive, they should isolate immediately
- If negative, they should retest again between five and seven days post-exposure.
- If they COVID-19 symptoms develop, they should test and isolate pending the results.
If you are exposed to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, wear a mask in public indoor settings for 14 days or until you receive a negative test result.
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How Long Do I Have To Wait Between The First And Second Dose Of The Covid
Your second shot is recommended at 21 days for Pfizer and 28 days for Moderna. However, if you get the second shot at any time after the recommended date, you are still considered fully vaccinated. You should not get the second dose earlier than 21 days for Pfizer or 28 days for Moderna. The Janssen vaccine is only one dose.
Johns Hopkins Research On Natural Immunity For Covid
Johns Hopkins has conducted a large study on natural immunity that shows antibody levels against COVID-19 coronavirus stay higher for a longer time in people who were infected by the virus and then were fully vaccinated with mRNA COVID-19 vaccines compared with those who only got immunized.
The data show that one month after they got their second shot, participants who had had COVID-19 more than 90 days before their first shot had adjusted antibody levels higher than those who had been exposed to the coronavirus more recently than 90 days. Three months after the second coronavirus vaccine, the antibody levels were even higher: 13% higher than those who were exposed to the virus less than or equal to the 90-day mark.
These study results suggest that natural immunity may increase the protection of the shots when there is a longer time period between having COVID-19 and getting vaccinated.
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Q How Long Will The Vaccine Protect Me From Covid
A. We are still learning about length of immunity. To determine how long protection lasts, follow-up studies are required to detect levels of both types of immune responses antibody and T cell as well as any repeated exposure risks. As more information becomes available, more information will be shared on the length of immunity.
Which Vaccine Will I Get
You cannot usually choose which vaccine you have. When you book, you’ll only be offered appointments for vaccines that are suitable for you.
Most people can have any of the COVID-19 vaccines, but some people are only offered certain vaccines.
- if you’re pregnant or under 40 you’ll usually be offered appointments for the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines
- if you’re under 18, you’ll only be offered the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine
You should have the same vaccine for both doses, unless you had serious side effects after your 1st dose.
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What Are The Benefits Of Getting A Covid
COVID-19 vaccination will help keep you from getting sick from COVID-19. All COVID-19 vaccines available in the U.S. have been shown to be very effective. Experts continue to conduct more studies about whether the vaccines also keep people from spreading COVID-19. Wearing masks and social distancing help lower your chance of getting the virus or spreading it to others, but these measures are not enough. The combination of getting vaccinated and following CDCs recommendations to protect yourself and others will offer the best protection from COVID-19.
What Are The Side Effects
After receiving a COVID-19 vaccine, you may have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. Side effects are typically mild to moderate, occur within the first 3 days beginning the day of the vaccination, and resolve within 1-2 days of onset. Some people have no side effects.
Common side effects on the arm where you received the shot include pain, redness, and swelling. Throughout the rest of your body, you may feel tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea.
For more information, please see the CDC’s Possible Side Effects After Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine.
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A: For Both Children And Adults Covid
COVID-19 vaccination is recommended for everyone in the US aged 5 years and up, whether or not they have had a COVID-19 infection in the past. Prior infection does give some protection against future infections, but it is highly variable. Vaccines, on the other hand, give good reliable protection AND have been shown to be both safe and effective for people who already had COVID.
Many people have had infections and are wondering when they can get their vaccines. There is no minimal interval after getting sick to get either dose of the primary series or the booster shot.
People need to wait until they have recovered from their illness and have met criteria to stop isolating. For most people, isolation can end after 10 days from the first symptom, symptoms have gotten better, and are fever free without medications for at least 24 hours. For adults who got sick between your primary series and your booster, you will need to wait until your booster is actually due to get the shot .
There are few groups that this is a little different for:
1) To get COVID-19 vaccinated, kids who had Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children from a COVID-19 infection need to be feeling better, heart function needs to be back normal and wait at least 90 days since diagnosis. Families should talk to their clinicians the COVID-19 vaccine for these children.
If you have any questions, talk with your primary care clinician! They can help steer you in the right direction.
Keep em coming!
Q What Happens If They Run Out Of The Vaccine Before I Get My Second Shot
A. CDC is structuring shipments in such a way that 21 or 28 days after the first shipment, the same number of doses will be shipped, so providers will have enough vaccine for a second dose. The 21- or 28-day requirement between doses is a minimum requirement, not a maximum. If, for some reason, you are unable to receive the second dose at the recommended interval, you can receive the second dose at a later date.
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Do People Who Have Had Covid
People who have had COVID-19 and recovered should still be vaccinated.
The protection someone gains from having COVID-19 varies from person to person.
Because this virus is new, experts dont yet know how long any natural immunity might last.
This is why vaccination is so important to protect people from severe disease.
Even if you have already had COVID-19, you should still get the COVID-19 vaccine when you can.
Read more about vaccination after testing positive to COVID-19.
You should discuss any treatments you had with your doctor before you get vaccinated.
With new COVID-19 vaccine developments every day, its normal to have questions or concerns, and possibly feel hesitant about getting a vaccine. That’s why we’re providing accurate, evidence-based answers to questions about COVID-19 vaccines.
If A Person Gets Covid
This is a decision to be made with your doctor. There is no data on the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines in persons who receive monoclonal antibodies. In theory, if you get the passive antibodies, your body might not get long-lasting immunity from the vaccine. CDCs recommendation if you get passive antibodies is to wait at least 90 days before getting the vaccine
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Many Seniors Exercised Socialized Less During The Pandemic That Needs To Change
Hilary Clark was 89 and fit when the pandemic arrived two years ago.
She went to three exercise classes a week, regularly walked on the treadmill, and had been taught at an early age to be active by her phys-ed-teacher mother.
When most fitness classes and social activities were shut down in spring 2020, she switched to daily walks around the block near her West Vancouver home, a routine that got difficult after she had a fall and had to start using a cane.
It was a poor physical replacement for her previous exercise regimen, and it also left her feeling dispirited.
Read the full story here.
Covid Vaccine Plus Infection Can Lead To Months Of Immunity
A health-care worker administers a COVID-19 vaccine in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Credit: Andres Borges/Bloomberg/Getty
Even people who have had COVID-19 receive long-lasting benefits from a full course of vaccination, according to three recent studies. What’s more, one of the studies found that the hybrid immunity caused by vaccination and infection is long-lasting, conferring highly effective protection against symptomatic disease for at least six to eight months after vaccination.
The data were collected before the Omicron variant emerged, casting some doubt on the studies relevance today. But if the findings hold up, they could inform vaccination schemes and vaccine passports, which some countries require for entry to places such as restaurants. The work also counters high-profile claims that people who have had COVID-19 dont benefit from vaccination.
Just such a claim helped to launch some of the research. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said that he already had COVID-19, and for this reason, it is not necessary to take a vaccination, says Julio Croda, an infectious-disease doctor and epidemiologist at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Croda and his colleagues drew on Brazilian vaccination and infection databases to test such assertions.
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Is It Safe To Take A Pain Reliever When Getting A Covid
Do not take a pain reliever or fever-reducing drug before receiving a COVID-19 vaccine because these drugs may impact the immune response to the vaccine. If you experience side effects after getting vaccinated, it is safe to take these drugs as needed to treat pain. Patients routinely taking low-dose aspirin or anti-inflammatory medications may continue to take these medications as instructed.
How Do The Vaccines Work
Unlike many vaccines, the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines do not contain a dead or a weakened virus that triggers an immune response. Instead, these vaccines contain a genetic instruction manual that tells your immune system how to respond and protect you from exposure to the actual virus.
The technology used in the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines is not new. It is called mRNA, or messenger RNA, and it has been around for decades. This is the first time mRNA has been used in a vaccine, but the effect is the same as other vaccines: Your body gets protection without the serious consequences of a severe illness due to COVID-19 exposure.
The J& J vaccine works like many vaccines you are already familiar with. It uses an adenovirus vector, that carries the blueprint for the spike proteins on the viruss surface. This virus works like a Trojan horse, infecting cells and replicating the coronavirus spikes. If you later become infected with the coronavirus, these replicated spikes are how your immune system recognizes and knows how to fight the real thing.
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Why Should Children And Teens Get Vaccinated For Covid
Although COVID-19 tends to be milder in children compared with adults, it can make some children very sick and can require hospitalization. In some cases, complications from COVID-19 can lead to death. Children who have underlying medical conditions are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
COVID-19 can lead to both short- and long-term complications for children.
Children who get infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 can also develop serious complications like multisystem inflammatory syndrome a condition where different body parts become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs.
Getting a COVID-19 vaccine can help protect children age 5 years and older from getting COVID-19. Vaccinating children can help protect family members, including siblings who are not eligible for vaccination and family members who may be at increased risk. Vaccination can also help keep children from getting seriously sick even if they do get COVID-19. Vaccinating children age 5 years and older can help keep them in school and help them safely participate in sports, playdates, and other group activities. In addition, getting vaccinated contributes to the protection of the community and school they attend.
Do I Still Need To Take Precautions If I Get The Covid
The COVID-19 vaccines are still being studied, as there are things we dont yet know about them. For example, researchers are still trying to determine how long the COVID-19 vaccines will help protect against the virus. And while the vaccines can clearly lower the risk of getting serious disease from COVID, its not yet clear how well they can prevent the spread of the virus to others.
For people who are fully vaccinated , the CDC has guidance on things you can now do , as well as what types of precautions you should still be taking. This guidance is being updated regularly, so check the CDC website for details. The CDC guidance may not apply if you have a weakened immune system , so its important to talk with your health care provider about which precautions you still need to take.
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