Global Statistics

All countries
554,450,929
Confirmed
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am
All countries
526,775,539
Recovered
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am
All countries
6,361,548
Deaths
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am

Global Statistics

All countries
554,450,929
Confirmed
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am
All countries
526,775,539
Recovered
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am
All countries
6,361,548
Deaths
Updated on July 4, 2022 7:56 am
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How Long After Your Second Covid Vaccine Are You Protected

Should You Get The Second Dose If You Test Positive For Covid

You received a second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Now what?

If you get the first dose, only to test positive days later, Dr. Abunasser says this shouldnt keep you from getting the second dose. He says that you should just monitor your symptoms and quarantine accordingly. If your symptoms resolve before your next dose, which will be three or four weeks after the first, you can get the second injection.

The only cases where youd want to skip the second dose would be if you had an allergic reaction to the first dose or if you did get sick with COVID-19 and received an infusion of a monoclonal antibody drug due to being at high risk or having a chronic medical condition;. If you were put on an antibody regimen, Dr. Abunasser recommends postponing the second dose for about three months .

What Are The Health Risks Of Getting The Vaccine After An Infection

There have been some exceedingly rare adverse events, including blood clots and myocarditis. But for most of those cases, the patients recovered quickly and showed no evidence of long-term consequences.

Wherry said most of the people who had the rare blood clots and allergic reactions did not previously have COVID-19.

So the risk seems to be at least a little bit lower why that is, Im not sure. It may just be statistics, that we dont have as many previous COVID people getting vaccinated, he said.

If you get the vaccine too close to a COVID-19 infection, an inflammatory response might be provoked that would make you feel pretty sick again. Thats considered a side effect not an adverse event, Wherry said. Though people with no previous COVID infections typically get stronger side effects after the second dose of a vaccine, people who have had previous infections often get side effects after the first dose.

What Percentage Efficacy Means

Percentage efficacy for vaccines refers to the proportion of people that get full protection after a vaccine. With 80% efficacy, 80% of people have full protection, and 20% don’t.

For those who get full protection the first time around, the second shot improves the quality of the immune response and its durability.

For the people who don’t get full protection with the first shot, some will get full protection after the second dose. Some people won’t ever get full protection from a vaccine because their immune system doesn’t respond at all.

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Extending The Gap Between Doses

Early findings from a small number of well-designed studies show that an extended gap between doses of the Pfizer vaccine gives at least an equally robust immune response.

There will be some exceptions. For example, if you are on a specific clinical treatment plan or are at higher risk of contracting COVID-19, you may be advised to have a shorter gap between doses.

The minimum gap between doses will continue to be 21 days.

Access To The Vaccine

Vaccine Safety » COVID

Q. How can I get the vaccine in DC?

A. It is easy to get the vaccine now! All DC residents 12 and older are eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. The District currently offers 11 high-capacity, walk-up, no appointment needed vaccination sites. The walk-up sites are in addition to the pharmacies, clinics, and health care providers that are also administering the vaccines citywide. These sites have their own scheduling systems. See locations and hours here.

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Getting Your Second Dose Increases Protection

For the best protection, it’s important to get 2 doses of the vaccine. The standard gap between doses is now 6 weeks or more.

We are extending the standard gap because it allows us to give 1 dose to a larger number of people faster.

Clinical trials showed the Pfizer vaccine had a higher efficacy against symptomatic COVID-19 infection after receiving the second dose. This is supported by recent real-world data.The first dose primes your immune system but protection doesnt last as long because the level of antibodies falls. A second dose gives your immune response a boost with lots more antibodies to help your immune response to mature and provide longer protection.

When To Call The Doctor

In most cases, discomfort from pain or fever is a normal sign that your body is building protection. Contact your doctor or healthcare provider:

  • If the redness or tenderness where you got the shot gets worse after 24 hours
  • If your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days

If you get a COVID-19 vaccine and you think you might be having a severe allergic reaction after leaving the vaccination site, seek immediate medical care by calling 911. Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and rare severe allergic reactions.

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Highly Vaccinated Israel Is Seeing A Dramatic Surge In New Covid Cases Heres Why

So, how long does immunity last after two doses of the vaccine? Six months or so? And at that point, how much protection is left over?

It all depends on which type of immunity youre talking about, says immunologist Ali Ellebedy at Washington University in St. Louis. Six months after your vaccine, your body may be more ready to fight off the coronavirus than you might think.

If you were vaccinated six months ago, your immune system has been training for six months you are better ready to fight a COVID-19 infection, says Ellebedy.

A series of new studies, including two led by Ellebedy, suggests that mRNA vaccines like those from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna trigger the immune system to establish long-term protection against severe COVID-19 protection that likely will last several years or even longer, Ellebedy says.

To understand what hes talking about, lets say you received the second Moderna or Pfizer vaccine six months ago. Right away, your immune system got to work and began making antibodies.

These antibodies are a bit like archers outside the moat of a castle. They set up in the lining of your nose and throat, ready to shoot down any SARS-CoV-2 particles that try to enter the moat .

These antibodies can prevent an infection, says bioimmunologist Deepta Bhattacharya at the University of Arizona. They stop the virus from entering cells and setting up shop. They are the bodys front-line defense.

And reinforcements will likely come!

Efficacy In Young People

5 things NOT TO DO after getting the COVID-19 vaccine

Following;Medsafe;Provisional Approval, the decision to vaccinate young people aged 1215 years has been approved by Vaccine Ministers, Health Officials;and Cabinet.;

Pfizers study in 12- to 15-year-olds;looked for signs of a strong immune response to the vaccine. Pfizer reported 100 percent;efficacy in this age group .;

Read Also: How Many Weeks Between Covid Vaccines

What To Expect At Your Vaccine Appointment

Dr. Abunasser was among the first group of doctors to receive the vaccine when it was made available to frontline workers. He says the process took less than 30 minutes. In his case, he received a notification to schedule an appointment. He did so and filled out a vaccine questionnaire that was similar to the one that you fill out before getting a flu shot. When he arrived for his COVID-19 vaccination, he signed in and got his shot.

The vaccine takes all of 20 seconds to administer. Once you get the shot, they give you a card that has the date and the type of vaccine that you received Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson on it. Then, they use a timer to monitor you for at least 15 minutes afterward just in case you were to have that rare allergic reaction while youre there. So, its a fairly seamless process, says Dr. Abunasser.

Dr. Abunasser experienced the vaccination process from the healthcare provider side. Heres what your experience might be like.

How Long Does It Take For A Covid Vaccine To Work

It takes about two weeks for your body to build up protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. While its great to start the series, you need to get the second shot so the vaccine can work as intended. You are not considered fully vaccinated until its been at least two weeks after the second dose of a two-dose vaccine or two weeks after a single-dose vaccine .

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If Im Fully Vaccinated Am I Protected If Im Exposed To Someone Who Has Covid

The vaccine protects you from the most severe illness and death from COVID-19, but you can still catch the virus and transmit it to others. You should get tested three to five days after that exposure, Bumpus says. While you are awaiting test results, and after if the test is positive for coronavirus infection, isolate yourself from others as much as possible and wear a mask, even indoors at home, if you have unvaccinated children or other vulnerable household members.

Is It Safe To Get Together Indoors With Other Fully Vaccinated People

COVID

Because the delta variant is so contagious and breakthrough infections can occur in fully vaccinated people, Bumpus notes that safety precautions have shifted in the last few months.

All three of the COVID-19 vaccines that are authorized or approved by the Food and Drug Administration offer protection from severe COVID-19 illness, but delta coronavirus infections are still possible, she says. Even though it looked like precautions were easing earlier this summer, new data show that we need to continue wearing masks when were with other people indoors, Bumpus says. Its also important to avoid large crowds, whether indoor or outdoor, especially if some of the people are not wearing masks.

For gatherings in your home when everyone in your household is fully vaccinated, Bumpus says the smaller the group, the better.

The one-other-household rule is still a good guideline if youre getting together with other people indoors, she says. The risk goes up when people from multiple households are included on the guest list, she explains. Two or three couples, everyone fully vaccinated, is safer than larger groups.

Bumpus emphasizes that outdoor gatherings are still regarded as safer than indoor ones, and being outside is still preferable for unvaccinated childrens play dates. As long as the weather is nice in your location, gathering outdoors is always a safer option, she says.

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When Am I Considered Fully Vaccinated

According to CDC guidelines, you are fully vaccinated:

  • Two weeks after your second dose in a two-dose series of vaccines such as Pfizer or Moderna.
  • Two weeks after a single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. However, data from clinical trials is clear that there is further improvement four weeks after the single-shot vaccine, especially in preventing severe COVID-19 and having asymptomatic infection. For this reason, Johns Hopkins Medicine recommends that four weeks after the single-dose vaccine be considered full vaccination.

What Should I Do After I Get My Covid

To be sure you don’t have a serious reaction, you will have to wait 15 minutes before you leave the vaccination site . After that, you can go about your day as normal maybe with a touch of moderation. Experts say its fine to have a glass of wine or any normal meal that evening. But its probably not the time to line up stiff drinks.

As for exercise later that day or the next, its fine to go for a run, walk, bike ride or anything you normally do, as long as you feel OK. Fatigue is a possible side effect after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, so just don’t push it.

There is one caution after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, which also relates to other vaccines: Wait at least 14 days after your second COVID-19 vaccine dose to get a flu shot if you havent gotten one already or any other vaccination.

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Do All Available Covid

The FDA has currently authorized three COVID-19 vaccines for use in the U.S. Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson.;

The mRNA vaccines, Pfizer and Moderna, both require two doses for full protection. The main difference is timing youll wait 3 weeks before your second Pfizer dose and 4 weeks before your second Moderna dose.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine, on the other hand, only requires one shot. Although the company is also testing a two-dose regimen, the single-dose schedule is currently whats being used in the U.S.

Could One Type Of Vaccine Last Longer Than Another

VERIFY: How long will immunity last once you get the COVID-19 vaccine?

No one knows for sure whether one vaccine will last longer than another. Instead, one question to ask might be whether Pfizer and Modernas mRNA vaccines, which had an especially robust response, also have potential to be the longest lasting, Dr. Meyer says.

The two mRNA vaccines use a relatively new technology that delivers a tiny piece of genetic code from the SARS CoV-2 virus into the body to provide instructions for making copies of spike proteins that will stimulate an immune response. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine takes a more traditional approach that involves an inactive adenovirus .

The mRNA vaccines are a novel tool that hasnt been widely rolled out with any other virus, and so far in clinical trials they have had a much more robust immune response, Dr. Meyer says. Whatever the answer to the question of which will last the longest, the Pfizer and Moderna mRNA vaccines work similarly, so it seems likely that they will have a similar impact on immunity, she says. ;

Its also possible that the length of immunity is somewhat dependent on the patient, Dr. Meyer adds. While more research is needed, there could be variations in immune responses from person to person based on such factors as age, medical conditions, and medications they may be taking. Overall, though, the mRNA vaccines appear to be so effective that they level the playing field in terms of achieving protection from infection, says Dr. Meyer.

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Can I Get Covid

There is no way you can get COVID-19 from the vaccine. The novel coronavirus vaccine includes a small fragment of messanger RNA that encodes for a small portion of the protein. The mRNA cant replicate, and it’s very unstable so it doesn’t last long. It can’t cause COVID-19. None of the COVID-19 vaccines currently in development in the U.S. use the live virus that causes COVID-19.

Why Do You Experience Side Effects Is It Bad If You Don’t

According to Dr. Mark Loafman, chair of family and community medicine for Cook County Health, the body’s immune response creates the symptoms, but there’s no real way to tell if you will experience side effects.

“That’s simply a reflection of the immune response just the way we have when we get ill,” he said. “From our immune response to a cold virus or a flu virus or the coronavirus, you know, it’s our body’s immune response that creates the illness. The virus itself is not the direct cause, it’s directly causing the illness, and it’s our inflammatory response making the immune system respond. And that’s our body’s way of destroying the virus is having inflammation and immunity to fight back. So that’s the variation that’s there and it’s hard to know how you’re gonna respond until you get it.”

The good news is, if you do experience side effects, it’s a sign your body is responding.

“The good news on our part is that a brisk response equals an effective response,” Loafman said. “It tells us that the vaccine is working. Our body’s forming a robust immune response and we feel that that’s a positive thing. So we tend to see the vaccines that have a higher efficacy rate also have more of the so-called side effects or the symptoms because they work so well.”

But if you don’t, that’s OK too.

According to Loafman, every person’s response is unique.

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How Effective Is The Covid

As with any vaccine, the Pfizer vaccine may not fully protect everyone who gets it. However, it is highly effective if people have both doses. That means, if you do catch COVID-19, youre far less likely to fall seriously ill and less likely to transmit the virus to others.

The COVID-19 vaccine stimulates your bodys immune system to produce antibodies and other proteins that will fight the virus if youre exposed to it. This reduces the risk of getting infected and if you do get COVID-19, it means you could have no symptoms or will have much fewer, milder symptoms and recover faster.

While the data is clear that vaccines protect people from the effects of COVID-19, research is ongoing to determine whether a vaccinated person could still transmit the virus to someone else so to be safe, we must assume there is still a risk of transmission.

Can You Still Pass The Virus To Others Even If Youve Been Vaccinated

COVID

Researchers are currently studying whether someone whos been vaccinated can carry the virus and pass it on to others.;

Its looking like the vaccine actually cuts down on the transmissibility of the virus. So if youve been vaccinated, theres much less likelihood that youre going to get exposed to the virus and be able to pass it on to others.

She clarifies that some of the early data has not been peer reviewed yet, although it has been published. So researchers are still finalizing this information. But she says early research indicates that being vaccinated for COVID-19 can make you 90% less likely to have an asymptomatic infection and transmit the virus to those around you.

It looks like the vaccine truly is not only protecting you, but it is protecting those around you.;

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