There May Still Be Times When You Should Opt To Gather Outdoors Wear A Mask And Social Distance
Gathering indoors is still risky for people who aren’t vaccinated. Families with unvaccinated loved ones should consider hosting a gathering outdoors. This is also the safer option for families with kids who aren’t yet eligible for vaccination or aren’t quite fully vaccinated just yet. And keep in mind, if you have a family member who is unvaccinated, digital tools can help you safely gather with them virtually.
For families that are fully vaccinated, a small indoor gathering at home is fairly low risk although you may still choose to wear masks indoors or move outdoors if you’re gathering with loved ones with weakened immune systems. If you’re gathering with your vaccinated family members in an indoor public setting, you should still wear a mask.
In general, be sure everyone attending the gathering is comfortable with the setup.
Summary Of Key Findings
The current evidence includes the following limitations:
What If I Need Intensive Care
The WHO estimates one person in 20 will need intensive care treatment, which can include being sedated and put on a ventilator.
It will take time to recover from any spell in an intensive or critical care unit , no matter what the illness. Patients are moved to a regular ward before going home.
Dr Alison Pittard, Dean of the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine, says it can take 12 to 18 months to get back to normal after any spell in critical care.
Spending a long time in a hospital bed leads to muscle mass loss. Patients will be weak and muscle will take time to build up again. Some people will need physiotherapy to walk again.
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A Harvard Infectious Diseases Doctor Looks At Covid
Dr. Todd Ellerin is on the front lines of infectious disease containment and mitigation as the director of infectious diseases at South Shore Health in Weymouth, Massachusetts. He’s an instructor at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital. We spoke to him this week to get an update on the rapidly developing story surrounding the coronavirus Covid-19.
Are Certain People More Likely To Experience Side Effects
There are also some factors that could make you more likely to experience side effects.
Experts say younger people are more likely to experience side effects because they have more robust immune systems.
Women are much more likely to report side effects than men. Some of this may be because they may just be better reporters, but it could be more than just that.
Why is that?
Estrogen can elevate immune responses, while testosterone can decrease it. Many immune modulating genes also live on an “x” chromosome, which women have two of, while men have one.
Data from the CDC also reported women were more likely to experience side effects than men, according monitoring from the first month of vaccinations.
From Dec. 14 through Jan. 13, more than 79% of side effects were reported by women, the data showed. Meanwhile, women received roughly 61.2% of the doses administered during that same time.
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How Reliable Are At
We’re a year and a half into this pandemic and somehow COVID-19 testing can still feel like a total mystery at times.
Where do I go to get tested? Which test do I need? How soon will I get my results?
In particular, many of us are looking for easier and faster ways to know if we’re virus-free. And taking an at-home COVID test seems like a really convenient answer especially considering that some deliver rapid results.
A quick test, a negative result and you’re in the clear to go to that birthday party you don’t want to skip, right?
Unfortunately, it’s not that simple. Plus, since not all at-home COVID-19 test are rapid, how do you know which you need?
“The gold standard of COVID-19 testing is still a PCR test of a nasopharyngeal, or sometimes nasal, sample collected by a medical professional. At-home COVID tests can play a role during this pandemic. Just be sure to know the caveats of these tests and follow the instructions very closely,” says Dr. Wesley Long, director of diagnostic microbiology at Houston Methodist.
What If I Have Only Mild Symptoms
Most people who get Covid-19 will develop only the main symptoms – a cough or fever. But they could experience body aches, fatigue, sore throat and headache.
The cough is initially dry, but some people will eventually start coughing up mucus containing dead lung cells killed by the virus.
These symptoms are treated with bed rest, plenty of fluids and pain relief such as paracetamol.
People with mild symptoms should make a good and speedy recovery.
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When Do You Stop Being Contagious
Generally a person is officially in the clear and can be around others if they meet these criteria:
- 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared
- 24 hours have passed with no fever
- Other symptoms of COVID-19 are also improving or are gone
Being completely cleared wouldnt happen any sooner than 14 days, though, since the virus incubation period is two weeks. That is why you are required to quarantine for a full two weeks in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
Face Masks And Respiratory Hygiene
The WHO and the US CDC recommend individuals wear non-medical face coverings in public settings where there is an increased risk of transmission and where social distancing measures are difficult to maintain. This recommendation is meant to reduce the spread of the disease by asymptomatic and pre-symptomatic individuals and is complementary to established preventive measures such as social distancing. Face coverings limit the volume and travel distance of expiratory droplets dispersed when talking, breathing, and coughing. A face covering without vents or holes will also filter out particles containing the virus from inhaled and exhaled air, reducing the chances of infection. But, if the mask include an exhalation valve, a wearer that is infected would transmit the virus outwards through it, despite any certification they can have. So the masks with exhalation valve are not for the infected wearers, and are not reliable to stop the pandemic in a large scale. Many countries and local jurisdictions encourage or mandate the use of face masks or cloth face coverings by members of the public to limit the spread of the virus.
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In What Order Do Symptoms Typically Appear
Symptom order can vary from one person to the next, but you may be curious about which COVID-19 symptoms are most likely to appear first.
An used mathematical modeling to predict the likely order of certain COVID-19 symptoms. Data from 55,924 people with confirmed COVID-19 was used for the study.
The symptoms investigated included fever, cough, and digestive symptoms. The researchers found that the predicted order of symptoms was:
A separate dataset of 1,099 people with confirmed COVID-19 was then used in the model. This group was divided into two categories severe and non-severe illness.
The predicted symptom order was the same for this smaller dataset as it was in the first dataset for 55,924 people. It was also the same between individuals with severe and non-severe illness.
Can Diarrhea Be A Preliminary Signs And Symptom Of Covid
Thats due to the fact that looseness of the bowels is the bodys method of rapidly getting rid of of infections, microorganisms, and also contaminants from the gastrointestinal system. Actually, a research study reported in The American Journal of Gastroenterology discovered that looseness of the bowels was the initial and also just COVID-19 signs and symptom experienced by some clients
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How Common Is Post Covid
The burden of post COVID-19 health issues is not very well documented. Yet, preliminary results from a nationally representative sample survey by the UK Office for National Statistics estimate that around 1 in 10 respondents who tested positive for COVID-19 may exhibit symptoms for a period of 12 weeks or longer. Other studies in the USA and Switzerland indicate that around a third of people who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 had not returned to their usual state of health when interviewed 3 to 6 weeks after diagnosis.
Another recent study in the USA found that 30% of COVID-19 patients surveyed still had persistent symptoms after nine months. The majority of patients surveyed were outpatients with mild illness. Patients that are admitted to intensive care units may experience Post-Intensive Care Syndrome which is a condition where health problems remain after critical illness. A person of any age who has had COVID-19 can later develop a post-COVID condition.
Mild To Moderate Symptoms
Even those who go on to experience more severe symptoms typically begin with mild symptoms, most often fever and a dry cough, although they can also include more unusual symptoms such as loss of taste and smell.
Symptoms will remain mild in about 80 per cent of cases, the WHO says, and recovery takes about two weeks in mild cases. Typically, the cough lasts a week longer than the fever, a Chinese study found. Patients with mild or moderate symptoms are told to recover at home.
A key, more severe symptom that sometimes leads to hospitalization is shortness of breath or dyspnea, which shows up on average five to six days after symptoms began, Chinese researchers reported in medical journals JAMA and The Lancet.
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Mild Or Moderate Illness Can Cut The Risk Considerably
Many news reports have suggested that the risk of getting long COVID-19 after a mild or moderate infection appears similar to the risk after a severe case. Indeed, some studies have found that up to 60% of people report one or more lingering symptoms six months after catching the coronavirus, including fatigue, brain fog, difficulty breathing, chest pain, coughing, joint and muscle pain, abdominal symptoms, headaches and anxiety or depression.
But many of these studies are missing what’s known as a control group. That is, they don’t take into account that these symptoms may be common in people who haven’t had COVID-19 â or who have had other kinds of infections. In other words, scientists aren’t sure whether these symptoms are linked specifically to COVID-19 or are typical for recovery from many infectious diseases that no one has paid attention to.
“There’s this belief that you have an infectious disease, you get your treatment for it and you’re finished with it. You go back to work and you’re fine,” Berger says. “But for a lot of people, being sick isn’t like that.”
Take, for instance, a bout of pneumonia caused by bacteria. Antibiotics can end the infection. But then many people endure symptoms weeks later. “Half of the people have problems breathing a month after pneumonia,” Berger says. “That’s a lot of people, right?”
“Plenty of people have lingering symptoms after infectious diseases,” Berger says. “I think that’s something we need to realize.”
How Long Will It Last
Toby said that about 10 to 20 percent of people will experience long COVID symptoms for weeks or even months.
Roche added, however, that we really cant predict for sure right now exactly how long it might last.
He said data he and the team have gathered revealed that people with SARS had lingering symptoms even at a 4-year follow-up.
This is indeed disturbing, said Roche. I have been in touch with patients who had COVID-19 during the first waves of infections and have still not recovered completely.
While I am hopeful that patients with post COVID-19 condition will improve over time, my genuine concern is that some patients may never recover completely.
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Is A Lost Sense Of Smell A Symptom Of Covid
A lost sense of smell, known medically as anosmia, is a common symptom of COVID-19. This is not surprising, because viral infections are a leading cause of loss of sense of smell, and COVID-19 is a caused by a virus. Still, loss of smell with COVID-19 appears to occur much more often compared to other viral infections. So, this symptom may help doctors identify people who do not have other symptoms, but who might be infected with the COVID-19 virus and who might be unwittingly infecting others.
In addition to COVID-19, loss of smell can also result from allergies as well as other viruses, including rhinoviruses that cause the common cold. So anosmia alone does not mean you have COVID-19.
Tell your doctor right away if you find yourself newly unable to smell. He or she may prompt you to get tested and to self-isolate.
Loss of smell can last for several months after COVID infection, but in nearly all cases, it returns within one year. A study of nearly 100 COVID patients who lost their sense of smell found that 86% recovered their sense of smell by six months after infection, and 96% recovered their sense of smell within 12 months after infection.
What Are The Symptoms Of This Type Of Coronavirus
It can be difficult to tell the difference between novel coronavirus symptoms and the seasonal flu, but the CDC lists the main tell-tale symptoms as: cough and shortness of breath. With a severe case of COVID-19, a person may experience weakness, lethargy, and fever for a prolonged period of time. However, in some cases, a person might not even show symptoms of having the virus but could still test positive if theyve been exposed to it. Each case of COVID-19 presents differently, but the CDC lists the following as possible COVID-19 symptoms:
- Fever or chills
- Nausea or vomiting
Recent evidence also suggests that people diagnosed with COVID-19 are starting to develop rashes on the skin. These rashes can vary in severity and location on the body, but most of them are erythematous, which means that they look patchy, red, and sometimes cause mild itching. We dont understand exactly why, but many viruses that cause upper respiratory tract infections also cause rashes in the skin known as exanthems,Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, previously told WH.
If you’re showing any of these symptoms and think you’ve been exposed or in contact with someone with the virus, the CDC recommends calling your doctor first before showing up to their office to get testedthey’ll be able to determine if it’s worth it for you to come in and receive testing at that time.
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Do Vaccines Protect Against Long Covid What The Data Say
Allison Navis assesses Esteban Giron at a clinic for people with post-COVID symptoms at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City.Credit: Mount Sinai Health System
Physiotherapist David Putrinos neurological rehabilitation clinics used to treat about 50 people each week with conditions such as chronic pain, Parkinsons disease and sports injuries. Then came long COVID.
Now, Mount Sinai Hospitals Abilities Research Center in New York City, one of three clinics that Putrino directs, treats another 50100 people each week who are coping with issues such as extreme fatigue, breathlessness, difficulty concentrating or any of the many other symptoms of long COVID the long-lasting, poorly understood syndrome that can occur after infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. He has 1,600 clients with long COVID, and more on a waiting list.
Putrino has noticed that even being fully vaccinated doesnt necessarily protect against long COVID. Many of his clients were infected before vaccines were rolled out, and had been coping with symptoms for a year or more before they were referred to him. But he has seen about a dozen people who experienced long COVID from breakthrough infections in which vaccinated people catch the coronavirus. It is noticeably less common than in unvaccinated people, but its still there, he says. He thinks that clinics could see more such cases as the months tick by.