What Is The Naming System For Covid
The WHO announced a new naming system for COVID-19 variants in May 2021. The new names are intended to be easier to pronounce and will remove the stigma of a variants being associated with a particular country.
Under the new system, the variants will be named using letters of the Greek alphabet. For example:
- Alpha is the new name for the B.1.1.7 variant, first documented in the United Kingdom.
- Beta is the new name for the B.1.351 variant, first documented in South Africa.
- The P.1 variant, first documented in Brazil, will now be known as Gamma.
- The B.1.617.2 variant, first documented in India, will be called Delta.
For a complete list of new SARS-CoV-2 variant names, .
Scientists will likely continue referring to variants by strings of letters and numbers, which provide information about a variants lineage.
Multiorgan Effects Of Covid
Some people who had severe illness with COVID-19 experience multiorgan effects or autoimmune conditions over a longer time with symptoms lasting weeks or months after COVID-19 illness. Multiorgan effects can affect many, if not all, body systems, including heart, lung, kidney, skin, and brain functions. Autoimmune conditions happen when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake, causing inflammation or tissue damage in the affected parts of the body.
While it is very rare, some people, mostly children, experience multisystem inflammatory syndrome during or immediately after a COVID-19 infection. MIS is a condition where different body parts can become inflamed. MIS can lead to post-COVID conditions if a person continues to experience multiorgan effects or other symptoms.
A Poor Understanding Of Long Covid
For many clinicians who are treating COVID long-haulers and researchers who are starting to look in the phenomenon, there are a lot of questions and not many answers. There isn’t even a working definition at the moment.
“This is an area that we really have a very poor understanding of right now,” John Brooks, MD, the chief medical officer for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s COVID-19 response, said during the NIH workshop. “This is an area we’re really working on, epidemiologically, to understand.”
Comellas’ clinic is just one of many that are popping up around the country to treat patients who have prolonged post-COVID symptoms. Another is the Post-COVID-19 Clinic at UC Davis Health, where Christian Sandrock, MD, MPH, sees patients. Sandrock said the staff at the clinic first started seeing the signs of prolonged post-COVID issues in some of their colleagues who had gotten ill in the spring.
“Then we started also seeing this in patients, and we realized, as the literature and data was coming out, that there were just a number of patients with varying needs, whether it was brain fog, or shortness of breath, or chest pain, or fatigue,” Sandrock said. “We realized we needed to get on top of it.”
But he said it’s the number of patients with mild cases who have lingering symptoms, and the severity of some of those symptoms, that’s been so surprising.
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What Can Mild Covid Feel Like
Tess Hooper, 31, of Los Angeles, tested positive for COVID-19 on Nov. 29, 2021.
She had spent Thanksgiving weekend with nine friends all of whom, including Hooper, were fully vaccinated. One had received a booster shot.
One woman began to feel mildly ill a few days before the holiday weekend. She took two rapid tests, both of which came back negative, and the group figured the friend didnt have COVID-19 it was OK for her to come along.
But a couple of days into the vacation, two others began to feel sick, and by the end of the weekend, seven of the nine women tested positive.
Hooper lost only her taste and smell for 2 days before recovering. Otherwise, she felt fine and continued to work from home.
Kathryn Mulligan, fully vaccinated and living in New York City, developed her breakthrough case on Dec. 17. She had attended a few work functions that week and later learned many colleagues had tested positive.
Her illness began with a scratchy throat. By the evening, she had developed a 102-degree fever. Her condition lasted 8 days, and each day brought on new symptoms a headache and vertigo, a deep cough, and finally, sinus pressure and congestion.
But I was OK. It was like having a bad cold flu, Mulligan told Healthline.
With Omicron, a variant that is believed to be less virulent than previous variants like Delta and Alpha, combined with the protection provided by the vaccines, the percentage of cases that are mild is thought to be even higher.
What Are Symptoms Of Coronavirus
The most common symptoms are:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Nausea or vomiting
- Congestion or runny nose
Some of these symptoms are very common and can occur in many conditions other than COVID-19, the disease caused by the SARS CoV-2 coronavirus. If you have any of them, contact a doctor or health care provider so they can assess your risk and help you determine next steps.
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When Do The First Covid
Not everyone who gets COVID-19 has symptomsin fact, the World Health Organization says 80% of infections are mild or asymptomatic. Yet those who do may develop fever and chills, a cough, muscle or body aches, fatigue, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, or a loss of taste or smell. Other people with COVID-19 have reported headache, sore throat, congestion or runny nose, nausea or vomiting, and diarrhea.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. Yes, thats a pretty large window. But a recent study by US immunologists, published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, narrowed it down. They analyzed more than 180 COVID-19 cases and found that, on average, it takes just over five days for COVID-19 symptoms to hit.
The research team also found that 97% of people who get the virus will develop symptoms within 11 days from the time they are first infected. Any of these symptoms can strike at any time during the course of the illness, from day one to the last days.
How Long Are You Contagious With Covid
- You are contagious and may spread the virus that causes COVID-19, at least 2 days before you show symptoms and for up to 10 days from the day you have your first symptom.
- The highest risk of transmitting the virus to someone else in the few days before symptoms started and then for 5 days since the symptoms started.
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Omicron Subvariants In India
Even the sudden surge in COVID cases in India is thought to be due to Omicron subvariants. The Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium , India’s Covid genome sequencing lab, analyzed genomic surveillance data and discovered that Omicron sub-lineages BA.2, BA.3.36, and in some sections of the country BA.4 and BA.5 have caused a spike in COVID-19 cases. However, no new variant has been discovered so far as per official reports.
As per reports, 60 per cent of the COVID cases in India are due to BA.2 subvariant. BA.2.38 accounts for around 33 per cent of the total cases of COVID-19 in the country. However, the percentage of BA.4 and BA.5 is comparatively less than the other variants.
Other Things To Know About Fever And Covid
Despite the lack of a specific temperature range, it is clear that fever can indicate serious illness. The majority of hospitalized COVID-19 patients have fever as a symptom. However, running a high fever does not mean you will have a serious outcome.
A study involving over 7,000 COVID-19 patients in the New York City area found that initial high fever upon hospital admission did not correlate significantly with death.
However, persistent high fevers throughout the course of illness were significantly correlated with death due to COVID-19. People whose fevers spiked to 104°F or higher had a mortality rate of 42 percent.
This same study found that abnormally low body temperatures were associated with the poorest outcomes. Those with a body temperature under 96.8°F had the highest death rates.
These findings may indicate that problems with body temperature regulation are a marker of serious COVID-19 cases.
COVID-19 may present with one or more of these symptoms:
- cough, this is the second most common symptom after fever
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When Will I Feel The Worst
Again, there’s no hard and fast rule, but Professor Griffin says people often find anywhere between days three to six to be when their symptoms are most intense.
That’s because around this time we typically have the most amount of virus in our bodies.
“So for most people if they get symptoms, and don’t progress to more severe disease or long COVID, it is that sort of middle period where people will get most of their symptoms, and then start to recover relatively quickly,” he says.
“Typically, a few days after you test positive to around day five or six is when you should expect most of the symptoms.”
How Long You Must Quarantine During A Covid
Recently updated guidelines set forth by CDC officials indicate that those who test positive for COVID-19 must be isolated at home for at least five days. These guidelines indicate that sick individuals should only break their isolation if they’ve been free of a fever, without the help of medication, for at least 24 hours.
As of May 19th, over 45% of the U.S. population is in an area with a medium or high COVID-19 Community Level.At high COVID-19 Community Levels, people should be masking.At medium levels, people should consider masking based on personal risk.
Rochelle Walensky, MD, MPH May 20, 2022
But experts add that those who continue to test positive via rapid, at-home tests should still be considered infectious, and remain quarantined to minimize the risk of getting others around them sick.
“In patients who are largely asymptomatic, staying isolated to prevent spread to family members and close contacts particularly if those contacts are immunocompromised or elderly is important, with no specific treatment beyond rest indicated,” Dr. Wright says.
Your recovery period may be lessened if you take advantage of current antiviral treatments, including the prescribed outpatient treatment Paxlovid, as well as a few other options.
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Can Temperature Checks Help Prevent The Spread Of Covid
Temperature checks are often used to screen for COVID-19 in the community. Non-contact or no-touch forehead thermometers are quick and easy to use. However, they are not always accurate. Also, people can have the virus and spread COVID-19 without having a fever. Temperature screenings should always be part of other COVID-19 prevention steps including wearing face masks, physical distancing, and hand washing. If you think you might have a fever or have any other symptoms, stay home.
Coronavirus Status Report: Harvard Public Health Expert Dr Ashish K Jha Fills Us In On Where We Are Headed
The COVID-19 outbreak has caused markets to collapse and worldwide health systems to become overwhelmed. When there’s a global pandemic, it’s nice to hear from the steady, transparent and yes even reassuring voice of experts on the front lines. We spoke to Dr. Ashish K. Jha, faculty director of the Harvard Global Health Institute. Dr. Jha’s recent appearance on the PBS Newshour caused reverberations throughout the federal and state response system. Here’s his update.
Visit our Coronavirus Resource Center for more information on coronavirus and COVID-19.
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How Long Do Covid
Unfortunately, it’s impossible to know how long a breakthrough case will present symptoms, as each case is unique and your personal health history may influence the length of your recovery. But experts have eagerly documented current and earlier Omicron-based outbreaks in major cities across the country, allowing them to have a better idea of how well vaccines are protecting individuals and influencing recovery periods in 2022.
As a general rule, breakthrough COVID-19 cases often present symptoms that may affect individuals acutely anywhere from a few days up to two full weeks, Boden-Albala clarifies. But as the current viral strain of SARS-CoV-2, BA.2.12.1, often results in milder symptoms in a majority of cases, the likelihood of symptoms extending beyond a full week isn’t high.
This is why current CDC quarantine rules have been adapted in recent months, Dr. Wright explains. “I would suggest that an infection that occurs after vaccination would last, on average, about four to five days, and would be accompanied by a runny nose, sore throat and cough,” he adds.
There are exceptions for those individuals, particularly those already considered at high risk for severe COVID-19 illness, who end up experiencing post-COVID syndrome otherwise known as “Long” Covid.
How Do People Get Infected With The Coronavirus That Causes Covid
If you test positive for COVID-19, you probably inhaled droplets or virus particles transmitted from an infected person, released into the air when that person breathed, spoke, coughed, sneezed or sang, especially if he or she was not wearing a face mask.
In rarer cases, people become infected after touching something with the coronavirus on it, and then touching their face. If a member of a household has COVID-19, there is a high risk that it will be transmitted to others in the home.
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How Long Do The Symptoms Last
COVID-19 affects people in different ways. Most people experience mild-to-moderate disease. People who fall into this category often recover without hospital treatment within 12 weeks.
However, people with more severe symptoms typically take longer to recover. Depending on how COVID-19 has affected them, they may take 6 weeks or longer to feel better.
Doctors may treat COVID-19 cases causing severe symptoms with antiviral or steroid drugs, ventilation to aid breathing, or monoclonal antibody therapy.
Some people who experience mild or severe COVID-19 go on to develop lingering symptoms. People may refer to this as long COVID, or post-COVID syndrome.
It is unclear how many people will develop lingering symptoms, but early data from the COVID Symptom Study suggest that around 1 in 20 people experience symptoms for 8 weeks, while 1 in 50 have symptoms for 12 weeks or longer.
Scientists and doctors are still investigating the best treatments for cases that cause long lasting symptoms.
Causes And Risk Factors Of Long Covid
Like COVID-19, the culprit behind long COVID is a coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. Once the virus enters the respiratory system via the nose and mouth, it can multiply and infect many parts of the body. In most people, the immune system clears the virus and the person fully recovers. In a subset of people, however, symptoms continue and/or expand.
Other experts have pointed to the immune system, which perhaps mistakenly continues its attack against SARS-CoV-2 even when the virus is gone, damaging normal cells in a reaction called a cytokine storm. Researchers are investigating other possibilities, too.
Experts arent sure what might make a person prone to long COVID. Early research has pointed to several potential risk factors that seem to be associated with developing the condition, but this research is preliminary and ongoing.
- The level of coronavirus RNA in the blood early in the infection
- The presence of certain autoantibodies that might mistakenly attack body tissues
- The reactivation of a prior bout of the Epstein-Barr virus
- Having type 2 diabetes
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When And How Often To Take A Covid
Like the previous Omicron variant, BA.2 moves fast and people who do develop symptoms, may start feeling sick two to three days after an exposure to the coronavirus, said Aubree Gordon, an epidemiologist at the University of Michigan. Some of the early symptoms may be very similar to a cold or flu, and include a sore throat, nasal congestion, cough or fever. Some people also report a loss of taste or smell, muscle aches, headaches, gastrointestinal issues and skin rashes. I would definitely test as soon as I had any symptoms, Dr. Gordon said.
If you use a home test and get a negative result, you should continue taking precautions and test again 24 to 48 hours later, Dr. Gordon said. It could be that the virus simply hasnt ramped up to levels detectable on a rapid test yet. If symptoms persist and you still test negative at home a few days later, you may want to get a lab-based P.C.R. test, which is more sensitive at detecting traces of the coronavirus.
Even if youre already vaccinated and boosted, your protective antibodies can wane over time, making you vulnerable to an infection. The Food and Drug Administration has authorized second boosters for older adults and those with underlying medical conditions that put them at high risk for severe disease. And while a recent bout with Omicron may provide some immunity, it is possible to be reinfected with the new version.
How Long Does Covid Last In Kids
Every child is different. Most kids who are symptomatic recover in about two weeks. But keep in mind that many children never show symptoms, even if theyre infected with the virus.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
COVID-19 symptoms in kids can include fever, vomiting, difficulty breathing and more. Even though many children dont have symptoms, they can still be carriers of the virus. So, its important to follow all recommended guidelines to keep your family and your community safe.
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