Do I Have Long Covid Or Is It The Menopause
Many of the symptoms of long COVID, such as fatigue, brain fog and low mood, are also common during menopause and the time leading up to it . So theres a possibility that your symptoms could be dismissed, misdiagnosed or untreated.
If you have lingering symptoms after being ill with COVID-19 and youre not sure whats causing them, talk to your doctor. They will look at your medical history, and if necessary they may order tests to help work out whats causing your symptoms. Read about how menopause is diagnosed.
Remember that long COVID is a recognised condition. It isnt something thats psychological, or all in your head. And whether its long COVID, menopause or something else thats causing your symptoms, its important that you get medical help if you need it.
Find out more about how to get the right diagnosis in do I have long COVID or is it something else?
Can People Without Symptoms Spread The Virus To Others
“Without symptoms” can refer to two groups of people: those who eventually do have symptoms and those who never go on to have symptoms . During this pandemic, we have seen that people without symptoms can spread the coronavirus infection to others.
A person with COVID-19 may be contagious 48 hours before starting to experience symptoms. In fact, people without symptoms may be more likely to spread the illness, because they are unlikely to be isolating and may not adopt behaviors designed to prevent spread.
But what about people who never go on to develop symptoms? A study published in JAMA Network Open found that almost one out of every four infections may be transmitted by individuals with asymptomatic infections.
Getting vaccinated once you are eligible is important for protecting not just yourself but others as well early evidence suggests that you’re less likely to infect others, or may be contagious for a shorter period of time, once you’ve been vaccinated.
Should I Wear A Face Mask
The CDC recommends wearing a cloth face coverings in public, especially in places where its hard to maintain at least six feet of distance between yourself and another person. Face masks protect both you and the people around you. Cloth face masks are being recommended because we now know individuals with COVID-19 could have mild or no symptoms, while still spreading the virus to others.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Weve come a long way since the first cases of coronavirus were confirmed in the United States. Weve learned a lot about the virus and how to treat patients who have it. Weve also greatly increased our ability for testing. You our communities have made tremendous efforts to adapt, too. Its heartening to see so many people protecting each other by wearing face masks in public and finding ways to have fun while respecting the rules of social distancing.
The changes weve all made to stay safe and healthy can feel challenging. But please stay vigilant. We know its not easy, but its critical. COVID-19 shouldn’t be taken lightly. While most people get only mild symptoms, others develop serious complications of the lungs, brain and heart. There may also be other long-term effects that we dont yet know about. And, so far, theres no cure. Fortunately, there are steps we can all take to prevent this. But for them to be effective, we all need to do them all of the time.
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Icu Admission And Stay
A key symptom that often leads to ICU admission is acute respiratory distress syndrome or ARDS. That is lung inflammation and fluid build-up in the lungs that stops air from getting in and causes blood oxygen levels to drop. Acute respiratory distress syndrome typically requires life support such as mechanical ventilation that must be administered in the ICU.
Rochwerg said at his hospital in Hamilton it’s not unusual for patients with ARDS to be admitted straight from the emergency room into the ICU.
ARDS is part of an exaggerated immune response called a “cytokine storm,” that can also lead to complications such as acute kidney damage.
Dr. Rob Fowler, chief of Sunnybrook Hospital’s trauma and critical-care program in Toronto, told CBC News earlier in April that dozens of COVID-19 patients have come through his ICU and required care lasting for “many, many days to many, many weeks.”
Are Kids Any More Or Less Likely Than Adults To Spread Coronavirus
Most children who become infected with the COVID-19 virus have no symptoms, or they have milder symptoms such as low-grade fever, fatigue, and cough. Early studies suggested that children do not contribute much to the spread of coronavirus. But more recent studies indicate that children are capable of spreading the infection.
Though the studies varied in their methods, their findings were similar: infected children had as much, or more, coronavirus in their upper respiratory tracts as infected adults. And a November 2021 study conducted by Harvard researchers again confirmed that children carry live virus capable of infecting others.
The amount of virus found in children their viral load was not correlated with the severity of their symptoms. In other words, a child with mild or no symptoms may have just as many viral particles in their nose and mouth as a child that has more severe symptoms. So, the presence of a high viral load in infected children increases the likelihood that children, even those without symptoms, could readily spread the infection to others.
The bottom line? Public health measures are as important for kids and teens as they are for adults.
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What Are The Rules Around Pcr And Travel
Boris Johnson has removed pre-departure Covid tests and requirements for PCR tests for those who are fully-vaccinated or under 18 on the UK side.
However, Covid restrictions on point on entry abroad will differ depending on which country youre travelling to. Some countries require you to have a negative PCR test no longer than 72 hours before arrival or a vaccine certificate. Other countries will require you to take a PCR test before leaving the country.
What If There Are No Symptoms
In people without symptoms, determining contagiousness is difficult, as many people without symptoms may never know that they have COVID-19.
If a person has no symptoms, they are asymptomatic. If a person does not have symptoms but later develops them, they are pre-symptomatic before they experience the symptoms.
A 2020 study found that both asymptomatic people and pre-symptomatic people can and do spread the virus.
Researchers looked at 31 people hospitalized for other reasons who tested positive for COVID-19 but did not have any symptoms. Of these participants, 22 eventually developed symptoms, while nine never did.
Overall, the length of time that the study participants shed potentially contagious virus particles was in the range of 516 days.
say that a person who has had COVID-19 can be around other people again if all of the below statements are true:
- It has been 10 days since they first developed symptoms.
- They have not had a fever for 24 hours and have not used fever-reducing medications.
- Their other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving.
If a person is only experiencing a loss of taste and smell as a lingering symptom, they do not need to continue isolating.
It is important to note that this recommendation is for people who have had symptoms. Also, it does not apply to people who have had severe COVID-19 or those who have a severely weakened immune system. Other recommendations exist for these groups.
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How Could Contact Tracing Help Slow The Spread Of Covid
Anyone who comes into close contact with someone who has COVID-19 is at increased risk of becoming infected themselves, and of potentially infecting others. Contact tracing can help prevent further transmission of the virus by quickly identifying and informing people who may be infected and contagious, so they can take steps to not infect others.
Contact tracing begins with identifying everyone that a person recently diagnosed with COVID-19 has been in contact with since they became contagious. In the case of COVID-19, a person may be contagious 48 to 72 hours before they started to experience symptoms.
The contacts are notified about their exposure. They may be told what symptoms to look out for, advised on when to get tested for the virus, whether and for how long to isolate themselves, and to seek medical attention as needed if they start to experience symptoms.
What’s The Difference Between Self
Self-isolation is voluntary isolation at home by those who have or are likely to have COVID-19 and are experiencing mild symptoms of the disease . The purpose of self-isolation is to prevent spread of infection from an infected person to others who are not infected. If possible, the decision to isolate should be based on physician recommendation. If you have tested positive for COVID-19, you should self-isolate.
You should strongly consider self-isolation if you
- have been tested for COVID-19 and are awaiting test results
- have been exposed to the COVID-19 virus and are experiencing symptoms consistent with COVID-19 , whether or not you have been tested.
You may also consider self-isolation if you have symptoms consistent with COVID-19 but have not had known exposure to the new coronavirus and have not been tested for it. In this case, it may be reasonable to isolate yourself for a minimum of 10 days from when you begin to experience symptoms.
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Are There Medicines To Treat Covid
Not everyone infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 needs to be treated. But if treatment is needed, several different drugs might be used, depending on how sick a person is, how old they are, and other factors. These treatments can be used in most people, including people with cancer.
Some of these drugs work by targeting the virus that causes COVID-19. Examples include:
- Casirivimab and imdevimab
Some drugs work by helping to reduce inflammation in the body. Examples of such drugs include:
- Corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone and prednisone
People who have fully recovered from COVID-19 have antibodies against the virus in the liquid part of their blood . Treatment with this plasma might be helpful in some people with COVID-19.
Many other drugs that might help treat COVID-19 or its symptoms are now being studied as well.
The Fda Has Granted Emergency Use Authorization To A Rapid Antigen Test For Covid
The BinaxNOW COVID-19 Ag Card, as the test is known, detects antigen proteins on the surface of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Unlike other diagnostic tests for COVID-19, BinaxNOW does not require a laboratory or other equipment to process or analyze the test results. This makes it portable and fast results are available within 15 minutes.
This test is approved for use in people who are suspected of having COVID-19, and must be done within seven days of when their symptoms began. A prescription is needed to get this test, which can be performed in authorized locations including doctor’s offices and emergency rooms.
To perform the test, a sample obtained using a nasal swab is inserted into the BinaxNOW test card. The test is a lateral flow immunoassay, which works like a pregnancy test. The appearance of colored lines on the test strip indicates whether or not you have tested positive for COVID-19. The test comes with a smartphone app that can be used to share test results.
Positive test results are highly specific, meaning that if you test positive you are very likely to be infected, particularly if you are tested during the first week of infection when you are experiencing symptoms. False negatives are a bigger concern. As with other antigen tests, BinaxNOW can miss infections, producing negative test results in people who are actually infected.
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Am I Still Infectious After Recovering
Probably to some extent, though the first batch of studies is far from conclusive as to how long it lasts. Provisional research from Germany has suggested that COVID-19 infectiousness in contrast to the 2003 SARS outbreak peaks early and that recovering patients with mild symptoms become low-risk around 10 days after they first fall ill. But another study, following four medical professionals treated at a Wuhan hospital, revealed that traces of the virus could persist in the body for up to two weeks after symptoms had vanished as the patients were no longer coughing or sneezing, the potential means of transmission were albeit much reduced. Less optimistic was a study published last week in The Lancet medical journal that showed the virus survived in one Chinese patients respiratory tract for 37 days well above the average of 24 days for those with critical disease status.
How Does The Virus Spread
According to the CDC, the most common way for the virus to spread is during close contact with another person:
- When somebody who is infected coughs, sneezes, talks, raises their voice , or even breathes, they can create respiratory droplets that contain the virus.
- These droplets might reach the mouths or noses of people who are in close contact , which could lead to an infection.
But there are other ways the virus might spread as well:
- Some small droplets and particles can linger in the air for minutes to hours. They might travel farther than 6 feet or might remain in the air even after the infected person has left, and they might be able to cause new infections, especially in enclosed spaces that arent well ventilated. This form of spread, known as airborne transmission, isnt thought to be as common as spread through close contact.
- Respiratory droplets can also land on surfaces, which people might then touch. This could potentially lead to an infection if a person then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes. However, this is not thought to be a common way for the virus to spread, according to the CDC.
Some people who are infected but do not have symptoms may still be able to spread the virus. Because of this, its important that everyone follow the CDCs and other health departments recommendations on how to protect yourself and others.
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Have Certain Ethnic Groups Been Harder Hit By Covid
Yes. Many researchers have analyzed data across the country and in some large cities, looking at number of confirmed cases and deaths based on race and ethnicity and related factors. They found that African Americans and the Latino-Hispanic populations have disproportionately higher rates of hospitalizations and deaths due to COVID-19.
Researchers suspect this might be because these ethnic groups tend to:
- Live in more crowded housing situations living in densely populated areas and in multi-generational households making social distancing practices difficult.
- Work in consumer-facing service industries and are more likely to use public transportation to get to work, putting them at risk for increased exposure to COVID-19.
- Be at increased risk of severe illness if they get COVID-19 because of higher rates of existing medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, asthma, and heart, liver and kidney diseases.
- Be more likely to be uninsured or lack a consistent care source, which limits access to COVID-19 testing and treatment services.
Researchers are still studying other factors that may make ethnic groups more susceptible to negative COVID-19 outcomes, including:
- Inability to wake up from sleep.
- Bluish lips or face.
This list does not include all possible symptoms. Contact your healthcare provider if you are concerned you may have coronavirus or have any severe symptoms.
How Will I Feel If I Have Covid
The coronavirus affects people differently. Some people have no symptoms at all and may not even know they are ill, even though they can transmit the coronavirus to others.
If you have any of the following symptoms, call your doctor. He or she will say whether you need a test and recommend what you should do.
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Nausea or vomiting
- Congestion or runny nose
In some people, COVID-19 can start out mild and become serious quickly. If you experience shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, call 911 immediately or go to an emergency department.
Most people with a mild case of COVID-19 can rest at home and self-isolate.
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Should I Get A Flu Shot
While the flu shot won’t protect you from developing COVID-19, it’s still a good idea. Most people older than six months can and should get the flu vaccine. Doing so reduces the chances of getting seasonal flu. Even if the vaccine doesn’t prevent you from getting the flu, it can decrease the chance of severe symptoms. But again, the flu vaccine will not protect you against COVID-19.
Can You Travel Without A Pcr Test
Jackson says it depends on individual circumstances, so, where you want to go and whether or not youre fully vaccinated. But there are scenarios where that is possible. If youre fully vaccinated, you can go to Spain with proof of vaccination but these entry points do change.
As she stresses: Every country has set out its own requirements, and they are subject to change depending on whats happening, either here or there.
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