Ive Heard A Lot Of Rumours About The Vaccine How Can I Find Out If They Are True Or False
It is best to first check the source of the information you have received. We are aware that there are a number of rumours and misinformation and we understand why some people may feel apprehensive. The NHS has set up a webpage with lots of information on the vaccine as well as links to other trusted sources of information www.nhs.uk/CovidVaccine or www.gov.uk/coronavirus
In Leeds we are developing a range of resources in different formats so you can make an informed choice about the vaccine. The vaccine is not compulsory however it does give us the greatest chance of beating COVID-19. This will help protect you and your loved ones as well as helping your NHS.
How Long Should You Isolate If Youre Fully Vaccinated But Have Covid
Health officials warn that more people are expected to get infected with the omicron and delta coronavirus variants and they need to stay home and isolate themselves so they don’t spread the virus to others.
As the highly transmissible omicron and delta coronavirus variants continue to sweep across the United States, health officials warn that more people are expected to get infected even those who are fully vaccinated and they need to stay home and isolate themselves so they dont spread the virus to others.
How Has The Vaccine Been Developed So Quickly
There has been an unprecedented worldwide scientific collaboration and funding to create the vaccine. This global effort has allowed scientists to work at speed, and complete years of work within months.
For COVID-19 research , the set-up process has been streamlined by establishing a single, collective UK system-wide approach involving all the appropriate bodies, meaning that it can move through the process much quicker.
As well as this, the COVID-19 vaccines have been developed under extraordinary circumstance. Under usual circumstances, the development of vaccines from the trials that test them to the processes that approve them can take many years, due to administrative and bureaucratic processes.
No clinical trial can take place if there arent volunteers. In the case of COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials, which were developed during a pandemic, thousands of volunteers were recruited to trials very quickly. Under normal circumstances, its likely that this would have taken a lot longer, because people would have been unable or unwilling to participate for a variety of reasons including work commitments.
Also Check: How Much Does Cvs Charge For Covid Test
Are The Vaccines Safe For Black Asian And Minority Ethnic Communities
The trials demonstrated that the vaccines are consistently safe and effective across different ethnic groups.
For the Pfizer trial, participants included 9.6% black/African, 26.1% Hispanic/Latino and 3.4% Asian. For the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine 10.1% of trail recipients were Black and 3.5% Asian. Full details are available in the Public Assessment Reports, which contain all the scientific information about the trials and information on trial participants. These can be found at:
What Do We Know About A Single Dose Of Pfizer
Clinical trials of the Pfizer vaccine were designed to test the efficacy of the vaccine more than one week after the second dose. However, these trials also provided the first hints that a single dose could offer some protection as early as 12 days afterwards.
Real world data now supports these early observations a single dose is highly effective against hospitalisation four weeks after vaccination.
Preliminary data also suggest people who become infected with SARS-CoV-2 after one dose of the Pfizer vaccine are up to 50% less likely to transmit that infection to other members of their household.
You May Like: Cvs Pcr Test For Travel Cost
How Much Do Boosters Protect Against Infection
While Moderna and Pfizer’s lab trial numbers are very promising, it’s unclear how those results will translate to fighting omicron in the real world. But recent studies based on emerging real-world data show that Pfizer’s boosters provide roughly 75% protection against symptomatic omicron infection.
In other studies based on real-world data, that number rises to 85% protection against severe disease and hospitalization, according to world-renowned virologist and Columbia University professor Dr. David Ho.
In other words: Even if you test positive, you’re far less likely to experience Covid symptoms particularly those severe enough to hospitalize or kill you if you’re boosted. “The real protection of the vaccine is largely against disease, and not against acquisition of infection,” Ho says.
Omicron is about twice as contagious as delta, according to models and epidemiologists from the U.K., Ho says. And a recent study Ho conducted on the variant shows that it is “markedly resistant” to the antibodies found in even fully vaccinated people who aren’t yet boosted.
” is going to rip right through the population,” says Ho. “Those who are vaccinated and boosted are largely going to do OK, even if infected. Those who are vaccinated and not boosted probably will have it slightly worse. But I really fear for those who are not vaccinated.”
Don’t Let Omicron Crash Your Holiday Gathering Here’s How To Keep Your Family Safe
And those laboratory findings fit with what health officials have observed in the U.K.: “Moderate to high vaccine effectiveness of 70 to 75% is seen in the early period after a booster dose,” the U.K. Health Security Agency reported two weeks ago.
Altogether, these studies show that a third dose gives you the best chance of preventing an omicron infection this winter. For some young and healthy people, catching a mild case of omicron might not be that big of a burden, but a booster still reduces your risk of spreading it to older loved ones or other vulnerable people.
“We definitely need to give this to everyone if we want to prevent omicron from spreading like wildfire or at least, curtail its spread,” Garcia Beltran adds.
Katherine Thompson, an emergency medical technician working as a FEMA contractor, administers a booster shot at a COVID-19 vaccination clinic in Federal Way, Wash., in December. Ted S. Warren/APhide caption
Katherine Thompson, an emergency medical technician working as a FEMA contractor, administers a booster shot at a COVID-19 vaccination clinic in Federal Way, Wash., in December.
Don’t Miss: How Much Is The Rapid Test At Cvs
What Are The Side Effects Associated With Covid
More than 10 million people have gotten at least one dose of their coronavirus vaccine, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tracker. The vast majority who talked about their COVID-19 vaccine side effects or reactions described them as similar to a flu shot.
The most common side effects are a sore arm and sometimes fever, chills, tiredness and headaches for a day or two, according to the CDC. As reported in both studies, the majority of reactions beyond a sore arm happen after the second dose. Those are all signs your body is building an immune response. Read more: COVID-19 vaccine clinical trial volunteers talk about living with the vaccine since August
In a study released in January, the CDC said the risk of anaphylaxis a severe allergic reaction is extremely low. Based on data from people who have received the first of the two recommended doses, only about one in every 90,000 people will experience this adverse reaction. The people most at risk of an adverse reaction are those who have had severe allergic reactions to other medications or food. There have been no deaths. On the other hand, the COVID-19 pandemic has killed more than one out of every 1,000 Americans.
Concerns Over Mrna Vaccine
According to Dr. Kenyon, misinformation surrounding mRNA vaccines stems from a concern that the vaccine infects people with the virus.
Nobody is getting infected with a COVID-19 vaccine. It is only the surface protein that would be replicated because we have given you the messenger RNA. It is not the entire virus, he explained.
One misconception is that an mRNA vaccine would not be useful when the virus mutates.
A July 2020 study that appears in Frontiers in Microbiology confirms that the virus mutates. After analyzing 48,635 samples of SARS-CoV-2, the researchers identified an average of 7.23 mutations per sample.
While mutations are a certainty, Dr. Sun said that this should not be a cause for alarm.
There has been an estimated 250,000 variants or strains of SARS-CoV-2 sequenced in the lab. For the most part, the virus has a low mutation rate compared to the mutation rate of the influenza virus , Dr. Sun explained. The spike protein is important for the ability of the virus to infect humans cells. I think it would not mutate enough for the vaccines to be ineffective.
Another concern is whether natural immunity would be more effective than a vaccine. However, a CDC study from November 2021 found that COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are about five times more effective in preventing hospitalization than a previous infection.
Dr. Kenyon said that before any clinical trial can start, a data monitoring and safety board must approve a study protocol.
Recommended Reading: How Much For Covid Test At Cvs
How Long Does The Booster Take To Be Effective
Unfortunately, it’s not possible to know the exact moment when your booster vaccine becomes fully effective. It’s unlikely you’d have extra protection the day after you get your booster because it usually takes days or weeks for the memory cells to produce more antibodies. “The only way we could make an estimate is extrapolating how the immune response behaves with other viruses,” Penaloza-MacMaster says. “We know between the first and second week you have a massive increase in protection, but there haven’t been experiments looking at hours or days.”
Infectious disease expert Amesh A. Adalja, MD, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, agrees that most people will experience some positive effects from the booster within a week, but the full effect is believed to kick in two weeks after the booster. “In general, that’s how the immune system responds and how long it takes to arrive at peak level of protection,” he says.
CDC data that tracked Pfizer vaccine trial participants for 100 days after their boosters suggest that positive effects of the shot may start as soon as seven days after getting boosted. In the trial, people who received Pfizer boosters had a much lower incidence of experiencing symptomatic COVID-19 infections between a week to two months after getting a booster compared to people with just two shots who had received a placebo booster.
Ive Got A Health Condition How Will I Find Out If The Vaccine Is Safe For Me
Tell healthcare staff before you are vaccinated if youve ever had a serious allergic reaction .
You should not have the vaccine if youve ever had a serious allergic reaction to:
- a previous vaccine
- a previous dose of the same COVID-19 vaccine
- some medicines, household products or cosmetics
Serious allergic reactions are rare. If you do have a reaction to the vaccine, it usually happens in minutes. Staff giving the vaccine are trained to deal with allergic reactions and treat them immediately.
Recommended Reading: Does Cvs Rapid Test Cost Money
How Long It Takes For The Coronavirus Vaccine To Work
Coronavirus vaccines are finally being administered to people across the country, and with them comes a dose of hope for curbing the pandemic.
Even when you get the vaccine, itll take some time for your body to build an immune response thatll keep you safe and protected. Because of that delay and other unknowns related to the vaccine, doctors are asking people not to let their guard down even after getting vaccinated.
In other words, itll take time for the vaccine to kick in, and we should still plan to play it safe after getting the immunizations.
Do I Need To Get Vaccinated If I Have Already Had Covid
You should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19 infection, as reinfection is possible. It is not yet known how long someone is protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19 and the natural immunity developed by people who have had COVID-19 varies from person to person.
It is recommended to still receive COVID-19 vaccines as long as you are feeling well and no longer have confirmed infection.
There is no known disadvantage to having the COVID-19 vaccine when previously exposed or infected with COVID-19.
Also Check: Cvs Pcr Test For Travel Price
Ial Vaccination Can Be Risky
While a single dose of either vaccine provides some benefits, relying on partial vaccination for people who are vulnerable or working in high-risk roles is problematic. Its critical we fully vaccinate frontline health-care workers, quarantine workers and people who work and live in aged and disability care as soon as possible.
Another challenge is that all current COVID vaccines are based on the original virus strain but variants now make up the majority of infections in many countries. Some variants are targeted less effectively by vaccines, particularly after only one dose.
Preliminary data suggests that while two doses of the Pfizer vaccine are 88% protective against symptomatic infection with the B.1.617.2 variant, a single dose is only 33% effective.
A similar variant, called B.1.617.1, is behind the current outbreak in Victoria and may respond similarly. This makes it even more important to ensure frontline workers receive both vaccine doses as quickly as possible.
In a pooled analysis of Pfizer and AstraZeneca, older people had lower rates of protection than younger people after a single dose, although older people were protected just as well as younger people after two doses.
When Does It Start Working
The Pfizer vaccine is given in two doses scheduled three weeks apart. It’s not ideal but, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the second dose may be given up to 6 weeks after the first dose, if necessary. You should not get the second dose early.
These doses are given as injections and offer full protection two weeks after the second dose, the CDC says. The data suggest that after the first dose, some immune response is present in about two weeks.
A CDC report that tracked almost 4,000 healthcare personnel, first responders, and other frontline workers under real-world conditions found that the mRNA vaccines were 80% effective at least 14 days following the first dose and 90% effective at least two weeks after the second dose.
Don’t Miss: How Long Cvs Rapid Test
Some Parents Want To Wait To Vaccinate Their Kids Here’s Why Doctors Say Do It Now
Here in Nashville, it’s still remarkably easy to get a free PCR test with no appointment. And that night Turner’s results arrived by email “virus detected.”
At that point we now had two little COVID-19 patients. Louisa, whom we call “Lou,” was snotty and coughing. But neither kid had a fever.
We alerted their schools. Fortunately, Turner’s elementary in Metro Nashville Public Schools strictly enforces a mask requirement despite the Tennessee legislature effectively outlawing mask mandates. So no one else had to quarantine. He was sent home to isolate for 10 days.
But Lou’s preschool class got the dreaded email: Sorry parents, class is out for at least a week.
Moriah felt guilt and shame. My take was more philosophical: Sorry, but this is just life in the age of COVID.
As for the two of us, we were putting our own vaccines to the test. I’ve been fully Pfizer’d since mid-April. Moriah had snagged Moderna shot a few weeks before me. Neither of us had made time yet to get the booster, though we were planning on it. But Moriah probably did have a little more protection than me, since she also had antibodies after falling ill with a pretty mean case of COVID-19 back in 2020.
And to my surprise, I was positive.
I had no symptoms that I noticed, though I began thinking maybe my sniffer was a little off. Could have been my imagination. But at least I no longer had to pretend I was keeping my distance from my COVID-ridden kids.
Booking Your 2nd Dose
People aged 16 or over are eligible for a 2nd dose.
People aged 18 or over should have their 2nd dose from 8 weeks after their 1st dose.
Most people aged 16 or 17 should have their 2nd dose from 12 weeks after their 1st dose.
- If you book online, you’ll be asked to book appointments for both doses. You can manage your COVID-19 vaccination appointments to view your appointments and rebook if you need to.
- If you had your 1st dose at a walk-in vaccination site, you can book your 2nd COVID-19 vaccination appointment online. You’ll need to wait 24 hours after your 1st dose before you can book.
- If you have your 1st dose through your GP surgery, you’ll be contacted when it’s time to book your 2nd dose.
Recommended Reading: Coronavirus Test Cost Cvs
Is It Common To Have A Stronger Reaction After The Second Covid
It is normal to have a stronger reaction after the second dose because that’s when your immune system really kicks into gear. That big immune response is what causes the stronger reaction. It’s called a boosting phenomenon, and it builds an even greater ability to defeat COVID-19. Here’s how it works:
When you get the first dose, your body learns to make antibodies to fight COVID-19. Then you get the second vaccine, and you already have the antibodies ready to go, so that shot kicks them into action. That more robust immune response accounts for the stronger reactions. Those reactions tell you the vaccine is working.
Although stronger reactions after the second dose are common, experts say some people may have little or no reaction.
To help with the stronger side effects, it’s OK to take Tylenol or other over-the-counter pain relievers after your shot but not before to help ease discomfort. As always, you will want to consult with your physician.