Is It Ok To Take A Pain Reliever
If youre nervous about side effects from the vaccine, especially the second dose, you might be tempted to take some pain relievers ahead of time. This might not be the best course of action, as research published in the Journal of Virology has found that taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen may impair antibody production and reduce other parts of the immune response to the vaccine.
It is not known how this affects immunity outside the laboratory. Taking pain relievers after receiving the vaccine may not be a problem. In the late-stage clinical trials of the Moderna vaccine, the protocols did not prevent participants from taking these drugs if they felt they were necessary.
Do I Need To Quarantine If I’m Vaccinated But Have Been Exposed To Someone With Covid
If youve been exposed to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, you are not required to quarantine if all of the following are true, according to the CDC:
- You are fully vaccinated for COVID-19 and its been at least 2 weeks since your last dose .
- Its been less than 3 months since your final dose in the series.
- You’ve remained asymptomatic since your current COVID-19 exposure.
How Long Will Immunity Last
It is very likely that for COVID-19 vaccine, given that the length of immunity the vaccine generates is limited, we may have to be vaccinated annually, Chunhuei Chi, ScD, MPH, director of the Center for Global Health at Oregon State Universitys College of Public Health and Human Sciences, tells Verywell.
In this regard, the COVID-19 vaccines currently available are not unusual. Most vaccines, Chi says, have their specific duration of immunity that can range from a few months to decades. The flu vaccine, which immunizes against seasonal influenza for several months, represents one end of the spectrum the measles vaccine, which immunizes against measles for life, represents the other. The magnitude of variation, Chi says, is the result of the unique combination of characteristics of viruses and vaccines.
The hope, Jere McBride, PhD, director of the experimental pathology graduate program at the University of Texas Medical Branch, tells Verywell, is that the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines will confer immunity for two to three years. In reality, however, the duration could be longer or shorter and will only be determined by conducting studies of people who have received the vaccine.
On April 1, 2021, Pfizer announced that an updated analysis of its Phase 3 trial showed that the vaccine was 91% percent effective overall and 100% effective in preventing severe disease for up to six months.
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What Can We Do In The Meantime
It will be important to follow the CDCs recommendations on booster shots. The good news is that Pfizer and Moderna made their mRNA vaccines easy to update, Dr. Meyer says. It just has to be tweaked a little bit, like having a computer code that needs a couple of minor edits. Its relatively easy to build.
Its also critical that as many people as possible get their first two vaccination shots, Dr. Meyer says. The hope is that the case rate will go down and more people will be less likely to be exposed. That advice is especially important with the Delta virus, which has proven to be more contagious than previous variants, prompting the CDC to issue stricter guidelines calling for everyonevaccinated or notto wear masks indoors in areas of high transmission.
Even if Delta goes away, I think those preventive measures will become even more important as the year passes, because potentially your immunity is going to wane over time, Dr. Meyer says.
Meanwhile, people need consider the amount of virus activity in their area, and what they need to do to protect the immuno-compromised, and children and others who cant get the vaccine. I tell my family, ‘It’s great that youre vaccinated. Thats wonderful, and you will have a lot more freedom and flexibility. But even the vaccines dont have 100% guarantees, so whatever you do, you want to keep weighing the risks.'” she says.
The Immune Systemthe Bodys Defense Against Infection
To understand how COVID-19 vaccines work, it helps to first look at how our bodies fight illness. When germs, such as the virus that causes COVID-19, invade our bodies, they attack and multiply. This invasion, called an infection, is what causes illness. Our immune system uses several tools to fight infection. Blood contains red cells, which carry oxygen to tissues and organs, and white or immune cells, which fight infection. Different types of white blood cells fight infection in different ways:
- Macrophages are white blood cells that swallow up and digest germs and dead or dying cells. The macrophages leave behind parts of the invading germs, called antigens. The body identifies antigens as dangerous and stimulates antibodies to attack them.
- B-lymphocytes are defensive white blood cells. They produce antibodies that attack the pieces of the virus left behind by the macrophages.
- T-lymphocytes are another type of defensive white blood cell. They attack cells in the body that have already been infected.
The first time a person is infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, it can take several days or weeks for their body to make and use all the germ-fighting tools needed to get over the infection. After the infection, the persons immune system remembers what it learned about how to protect the body against that disease.
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Is It Ok To Get The Covid
While there have been reports of severe allergic-type reactions in a very small number of patients, the CDC says that people with allergies to certain foods, drugs, insects, latex and other common allergens can still get the COVID-19 vaccine.
If you have had a severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines, be sure to discuss the COVID-19 vaccination with your doctor, who can evaluate you and assess your risk. The vaccine provider should observe you for 30 minutes rather than the routine 15 minutes after vaccination, and if you have an allergic reaction to the first shot, you may not receive the second.
The CDC says that at this time, anyone who has a severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients should not get that vaccine.
How Do We Know a COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe and Effective?
How Long Does Coronavirus Last What To Expect If You Contract Covid
How long does a case of coronavirus last? Find out the COVID-19 symptoms to expect day by day if you contract the virus, according to experts.
As the coronavirus epidemic continues in the US, you might be wondering just how long youll be sick if you do contract COVID-19. Every case is different, but after months of scientific study and data collection, experts have a fairly good idea. Here are the symptoms youll be dealing with, when theyll likely strike, and how long it will take until youre fully recovered and can safely emerge from self-isolation.
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How You Can Reduce The Risk Of Getting Blood Clots
While alarming, its not exactly clear how common blood clots are with people who have mild cases of COVID-19. Researchers are still studying how the coronavirus affects the body. Theyre also currently working on anti-blood clotting treatments to combat this symptom.
It may seem like getting blood clots is beyond our control, but Dr. McCarthy says there are things we can do lessen the risk.
In general, the risk of blood clots can be reduced with regular activity or exercise, a healthy diet and watching your weight. If you plan to travel, stopping frequently to walk around during road trips, staying hydrated and wearing compression socks may help reduce the risk of clots. It is also important to keep up with age-appropriate cancer screenings like mammograms, pap smears and colonoscopies. Quitting smoking can also help reduce the risk of blood clots and many other health problems. And like weve been doing since the pandemic started, its still important to follow guidelines regarding social distancing, hand hygiene and mask-wearing to reduce the risk of exposure to COVID-19.
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If I Have Already Had Covid
Yes. You should still get vaccinated even if youve had COVID-19. Scientists dont know yet how long youre protected from COVID-19 after youve had it, so its important to get the vaccine to help protect yourself from getting COVID-19 again.
If you were treated for COVID-19 symptoms with monoclonal antibodies, wait 90 days after finishing treatment before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you got.
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The Brink: When You Look At Where This Pandemic Is Goingwith The Delta Variant Were Hearing A Lot More About Breakthrough Cases Indicating Not That The Vaccines Arent Effective But That Instead Delta Is Highly Contagiousdo You Think Tweaks To Vaccine Formulations Will Be Needed To Protect Against Extremely Infectious Variants Like Delta
Pierre:The wonderful thing about mRNA vaccines in general is how quickly they can be deployed. We know Moderna, for example, is already looking at new coronavirus proteins to see if they can develop enhanced vaccines that further protect against variants. I hope this will continue, and well see building out of the vaccine options. Its also important to remember that all the data were seeing are happening amongst the backdrop of a world that isnt fully vaccinated. As much as I want to shore up immunity with boosters, I recognize that no booster can protect us from evolving variants if we cannot distribute vaccines around the world, which allows the virus to keep spreading and evolving. I hope we do much better in the rollout and deployment of vaccines worldwide.
How Contagious Is The Coronavirus Disease
Itâs important to note that emerging research shows that the Delta variant is nearly twice as contagious as previous COVID-19 variants.
According to the Mayo Clinic, âThe virus appears to spread easilyâ through close contact with other people via respiratory droplets that are released anytime a person sneezes, coughs, or talks.
Those droplets may land on you or a surface that you touch before touching your eyes, mouth, nose, or face.
A number called Ro indicates how many people the virus typically spreads to from one infected individual.
Ro will vary depending on your location and potential number of exposed individuals. For example, in dense cities, Ro is likely to be higher than in rural areas because people are more likely to come into contact with more individuals.
Studies have put the COVID-19 Ro as high as 7 and as low as 2. The estimate for the Alpha variant was 1.4-3.9 and the Delta variant is estimated to be 6.
For context, the seasonal flu Ro tends to be around 1.3 and the measles could have an Ro as high as 18, making measles the highest known to humankind.
This graphic demonstrates how an Ro of 2 spreads from one person to two people and so on. Graphic source:University of Michigan
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Is There A Drug Treatment For Covid
There is only one drug that is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat COVID, which is Remdesivir. This drug is used to treat hospitalized patients over the age of 12 with COVID-19 infection, and has been shown to help prevent progression to more severe disease. However, Remdesivir seems to be less effective in those with severe coronavirus disease already, and is not recommended for use in those with liver or kidney problems.
There is one drug that has insufficient evidence for the CDC to recommend either for or against the use of this drug to treat COVID-19. Some research has shown promising results, however, more clinical trials must be completed before FDA approval can be given. Authorities have expressed that the research on Ivermectin which has been performed to date is preliminary and the studies are of low scientific quality.
There are other drugs which were previously tested and are now NOT recommended, based on lack of evidence in support, as well as evidence of possible harm to COVID-19 patients. They are:
- Hydroxychloroquine or Chloroquine or Azithromycin
- Lopinavir/Ritonavir and Other HIV Protease Inhibitors
As research and data regarding COVID-19 and treatment methods increase over time, the CDCs recommendations will continue to change and evolve. Treating this disease is a work in progress, and as time goes on, scientists will continue to learn more and hopefully be able to approve more medications for COVID-19 treatment.
Is There Anything I Should Do Before Getting My Covid
There are only two cautions before getting a COVID-19 vaccine:
- Dont medicate with over-the-counter pain relievers before coming in for your shot. We dont know yet what impact that might have on your vaccine-induced antibody response.
- If you are getting a flu shot or another vaccination, do it at least 14 days before your first COVID-19 shot. If possible, a month before is preferable but not required.
Otherwise, eat and drink as normal and go about your daily activities.
After your vaccination, its OK to take over-the-counter pain relievers if you need them for a headache, mild fever or any other discomforts.
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It Takes A Couple Of Weeks
Clinical trials show COVID vaccine protection is optimal from about two weeks after your second dose. This means they:
nearly completely protect against severe disease and death in healthy people
dramatically reduce the likelihood of symptoms with COVID-19
reduce the likelihood of infection with the virus
if you do get infected, they reduce the amount of virus you make. Emerging evidence suggests this reduces the likelihood you will pass the virus to other people.
Each dose of a vaccine essentially shifts the odds in your favour. One dose gives you a lower chance of reaping some of these benefits, while two doses gives you a much higher likelihood of these benefits.
Though even with two doses, you could still be unlucky and get infected, develop disease or pass on the virus.
Will The Vaccine Work If Ive Already Had Covid
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that people who have already had COVID-19 or tested positive may still benefit from getting the COVID-19 vaccination. There is not enough information currently available to say if or for how long people are protected from getting COVID-19 after they have had it . Early evidence suggests natural immunity from COVID-19 may not last very long, but more studies are needed to better understand this.
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How Long Does Immunity Last After Covid
Millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccines are being delivered across the world, but what do we know about how long will immunity last?
Now that we are getting over the first hurdle of vaccine delivery and millions of people around the world have been vaccinated against COVID-19, the big question now is how long that immunity will last.
Several COVID-19 vaccines have been now been granted emergency use authorisation, having demonstrated that they are both safe and effective. But when new vaccines are developed, it is only through ongoing wide-scale use that we can better understand their ability to prevent transmission and the duration of immunity. Because of this, it has been too soon to say exactly how long these COVID-19 vaccines will protect people for, and whether we might need a booster shot further down the line. However, now the first evidence is emerging
Breakthrough Covid Infections: How Long Are Vaccinated People Contagious
There has been a lot of confusion about breakthrough COVID-19 infections recently what it means to test positive after being fully vaccinated, what the risk for developing long COVID is and how vaccinated people can spread the coronavirus.
The truth is that scientists are still learning about post-vaccination infections and are still digging for answers to these questions, including how long people with breakthrough infections are contagious. But given the data available so far, most infectious disease specialist agree it is most certainly less than unvaccinated people who get COVID-19.
Numerous studies have found that vaccinated people who test positive generally clear the virus out much faster than unvaccinated people who are infected, suggesting that those with breakthrough cases are most likely contagious for a shorter period of time.
Some evidence suggests that vaccinated people, on average, clear the virus out within five to six days, whereas it generally takes unvaccinated people seven to 10 days. According to infectious disease specialists, this adds up vaccination teaches the immune system how to deal with COVID, so if youre exposed, your body can get a head start on attacking the virus and clearing it out quicker.
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Talk To A Doctor About Covid
The best thing to do if you think you have COVID-19 is first to isolate yourself, so you do not pass this potentially deadly illness to anyone else. The next thing is to contact your doctor to better understand your level of risk. Most people will be able to recover from COVID-19 at home, but higher-risk or immunocompromised people may need further guidance and support. Talking to your doctor is the best thing to do to go over your options.
Telehealth is the perfect solution to seeing a doctor while having an illness you do not want to transfer to anyone. You can talk to a board-certified, licensed doctor using your computer or smartphone, all from the comfort of your home. Getting virtually assessed by a doctor can give you an indication of what next steps you have to take, such as gathering supplies to recover at home, or for help deciding when it might be necessary to go to a hospital.
Online doctors can prescribe supportive medications* and can help guide you to places where you can be evaluated for the use of medications authorized under an EUA. Although online doctors may not be able to treat severe cases of COVID-19 online, they can assess and counsel you, and direct you to helpful in-person resources when needed.
Click here to make an appointment with an online doctor.
*PlushCare physicians do not prescribe non-approved medications for COVID-19 such as Ivermectin, Hydroxychloroquine, Azithromycin, Doxycycline, or Dexamethasone.