If You Have Been Exposed To Someone With Covid
Be tested 3-5 days after exposure, whether you are fully vaccinated or not, and follow the quarantine procedures below.
You may need to stay at home if you have been in close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, or if you live with someone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19.
Close contact is being within six feet of an infected person for a total of 15 minutes or more in one day.
If you are fully vaccinated with no symptoms since your exposure, and it has been at least two weeks after your last vaccination dose:
- You do not need to stay at home.
- You should wear a mask in public for the next 14 days.
- 3 to 5 days after your exposure, you should be tested for COVID-19 to make sure you are not infected.
If you have already had COVID-19
You do not need to stay at home if:
- You have tested positive for COVID-19 in the last 90 days,
- and it has been at least 10 days since your test ,
- and you no longer have symptoms.
Otherwise you should quarantine at home.
End your quarantine and return to work when:
MSDH strongly encourages a full 14-day quarantine, especially for household contacts of an infected person or those in congregate living settings.
How Do Saliva Tests Compare To Nasal Swab Tests For Diagnosing Covid
Samples for COVID-19 tests may be collected through a long swab that is inserted into the nose and sometimes down to the throat, or from a saliva sample.
The saliva test is easier to perform spitting into a cup versus submitting to a swab and more comfortable. Because a person can independently spit into a cup, the saliva test does not require interaction with a healthcare worker. This cuts down on the need for masks, gowns, gloves, and other protective equipment.
Either saliva or swab samples may be used for PCR tests, which detect genetic material from the coronavirus. Swab or saliva samples can also be used for antigen tests, which detect specific proteins on the surface of the coronavirus.
A systematic review and meta-analysis published in JAMA Internal Medicine found that saliva- and nasal swab-based tests that used a technique similar to PCR were similarly accurate. A positive result on either test meant that it was accurate at diagnosing the infection 99% of the time. However, approximately 16 out of 100 people who are infected will be missed.
These results are very similar to prior studies, reinforcing that a single negative swab or saliva test does not mean you dont have COVID. If you have symptoms suggestive of COVID, presume you may still be infected to avoid transmitting the virus to others.
When Are People Most Contagious
One 2021 review suggests that a person with COVID-19 is most contagious in the first week of illness. Therefore, they may be most contagious shortly before and shortly after symptoms appear.
For this reason, people should ensure that they isolate immediately if they think that they may have come into contact with the virus or if they have developed symptoms.
Also Check: How Fast Does Cvs Give Covid Results
How Can I Help Them Treat Their Symptoms
There is no specific medical treatment for COVID-19. Most cases of COVID-19 are mild and people recover at home within a few days to a week. Make sure the sick person drinks a lot of fluids to stay hydrated and rests at home. Over-the-counter medicines may help with symptoms. Check with their healthcare provider if you have questions about the best course of care.
What You Should Keep Doing
For now, if youve been fully vaccinated:
- You will still need to follow guidance at your workplace and local businesses.
- If you travel, you should still take steps to protect yourself and others.
- Wearing a mask over your nose and mouth is required on planes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation traveling into, within, or out of the United States and while indoors at U.S. transportation hubs such as airports and stations. Travelers are not required to wear a mask in outdoor areas of a conveyance .
- Fully vaccinated international travelers arriving in the United States are still required to get tested 3 days before travel by air into the United States and should still get tested 3-5 days after their trip.
- You should still watch out for symptoms of COVID-19, especially if youve been around someone who is sick. If you have symptoms of COVID-19, you should get tested and stay home and away from others. If your test is positive, isolate at home for 10 days.
- People who have a condition or are taking medications that weaken the immune system, should continue to take all precautions recommended for unvaccinated people until advised otherwise by their healthcare provider.
Also Check: How Long Does It Take To Get Cvs Covid Results
How Long Should You Quarantine After Being Exposed To Covid
The novel coronavirus 2019 is a highly contagious illness that primarily spreads via respiratory droplets that become airborne when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks, and are then inhaled by an uninfected person. To help prevent the widespread transmission of COVID-19, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that you quarantineor separate yourself from other peoplefor 14 days after you are exposed. Exposed means you had close contact with a person who is confirmed or suspected to have COVID-19. Close contact means you were within a physical distance of 6 feet for 15 minutes or longer.
Because you can develop COVID-19 symptoms up to 14 days after an exposure, the CDC recommends the 14-day quarantine as a general guideline. Quarantining for this amount of time is the best way to confirm, without testing, that you are not infected with COVID-19 and cannot spread the virus to others.
How Covid Damages The Brain
COVID can cause damage to the brain directly by encephalitis, which may have devastating or subtle consequences. In one British study of 12 patients with encephalitis, one made a full recovery, 10 made a partial recovery, and one died. This study also found that a number of patients with COVID suffered strokes. In fact, COVID infection is a risk factor for strokes. A group of Canadian doctors found that individuals over 70 years of age were at particularly high risk for stroke related to COVID infection, but even young individuals are seven times more likely to have a stroke from this coronavirus versus a typical flu virus.
Autopsy data from COVID patients in Finland suggests that another major cause of brain damage is lack of oxygen. Particularly worrisome is that several of the patients who were autopsied did not show any signs of brain injury during the course of their COVID infection yet all had brain damage. In one patient there was loss of taste, and in two there was minimal respiratory distress, but none of these patients were thought to have any brain damage while alive.
Recommended Reading: Getting A Massage During Covid
What Is An Incubation Period
The incubation period is the number of days between when youre infected with something and when you might see symptoms. Health care professionals and government officials use this number to decide how long people need to stay away from others during an outbreak. Its different for every condition.
If youve been around someone who has the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19, youre at risk, too. That means you need to stay home until you know youre in the clear. Health professionals call this self-quarantine. But when will you know whether you have the disease? The answer depends on the incubation period.
What Were Still Learning
- How long COVID-19 vaccines can protect people.
Want to learn more about these recommendations? Read our expanded Interim Public Health Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People.
± This guidance applies to COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized for emergency use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson /Janssen COVID-19 vaccines. This guidance can also be applied to COVID-19 vaccines that have been listed for emergency use by the World Health Organization .
Read Also: How Long Covid Live On Fabric
What Does Quarantine Mean
Quarantine: This is when someone who might have been exposed to the virus but has no symptoms and hasn’t been vaccinated needs to stay home. This is because they could be infected and could spread the virus, even though they feel well.
After contact with someone who has COVID-19 , people need to quarantine if:
- They were within 6 feet of the person for at least 15 minutes.
- They care for that person at home.
- They shared dishes, cups, forks, or spoons with the person.
- The person coughed or sneezed on them.
- They touched, kissed, or hugged the person.
People also might need to quarantine if their local health department requires it after travel to an area where coronavirus is spreading rapidly.
People who do not need to quarantine after close contact with someone who’s infected include:
- Those who are fully vaccinated.
- Anyone who had a COVID-19 infection within the last 3 months, recovered, and no longer has symptoms.
Tell People You’ve Been In Close Contact With That You Have Symptoms
Tell people you’ve been in close contact with in the past 48 hours that you might have COVID-19.
You should tell them to follow advice on how to avoid catching and spreading COVID-19.
They do not need to self-isolate unless they’re contacted by the NHS Test and Trace service.
If they get any symptoms of COVID-19, they should self-isolate and get a test as soon as possible.
Don’t Miss: Breastfeeding Instead Of Vaccination
Adventure : Your Lab Test Comes Back Positive Or You Develop Symptoms
Theres no way to sugar-coat this: you need to go into isolation.
Isolation means staying home at all times and avoiding others, even the people you live with.
It means staying in a closed room It means wearing a mask to use the bathroom. It means having people leave you food, drink and medicine at your door. It means treating any symptoms you might have, such as fever and pain. And of course, it means seeking medical care if any of your symptoms become serious.
Tell your school or work whats going on. Tell people you recently had close contact with, so they can get tested with a lab test and stay home while they wait for their results.
Now Choose Which One Of These Situations Applies To You To Find Out What Happens Next:
If youre fully vaccinated: Thank science that you probably just had a much milder case than you would have if you hadnt been vaccinated. Encourage others to get vaccinated.
If youre partially vaccinated: Wait a week or two until you go get that second dose of a two-dose vaccine. If you already had an appointment, you may need to delay it. Just make sure you get it.
If you havent started the vaccination process, nows the time. Schedule your appointment for a week or two after your contagious period ended.
If you werent planning to get vaccinated, please consider doing it after all. Wait a week or two and then start the process. Talk to your doctor or a trusted medical professional if you have questions. Be wary of negative claims on social media.
If the person who tested positive or had symptoms is under age 12: Vaccination isnt authorized for this age group yet, but once it is, its important to get vaccinated, even after having COVID.
Keep reading for the final chapter.
Don’t Miss: How Long Does Cvs Take To Give Covid Results
Do I Need To Quarantine After I Am Vaccinated
DETROIT – Just over a year after the COVID-19 pandemic started in the United States, vaccines are being administered across the nation.
Currently, there are three vaccines approved for use. Health officials and leaders have said that getting people fully vaccinated is key to ending the pandemic.
I Think Or Know I Had Covid
You can be around others after:
- 10 days since symptoms first appeared and
- 24 hours with no fever without the use of fever-reducing medications and
- Other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving*
*Loss of taste and smell may persist for weeks or months after recovery and need not delay the end of isolation
Note that these recommendations do not apply to people with severe COVID-19 or with weakened immune systems .
Also Check: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
I Am Fully Vaccinated And Was Exposed To Covid
If you are fully vaccinated and have been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19 , you should seek testing 3 or more days after exposure, and monitor for symptoms for 14 days after exposure. You do not need to quarantine or isolate unless you develop symptoms.
It is also important that you wear a mask in indoor public places. Masking is particularly important for people exposed to COVID-19 to avoid infecting others.
If you test negative, continue to monitor for symptoms for 14 days after exposure.
If you have symptoms within 14 days after exposure, while waiting for your test result.
You can also use this calculator tool external link to find out if you should quarantine or isolate, and for how long.
Consequences For Failure To Comply With The Emergency Order
Failure to comply with this order is an offence under the Quarantine Act and could lead to fines, imprisonment or both.
At any time, if the Government of Canada has reason to believe you are not complying with the Emergency Order, you may be referred to law enforcement for follow up. This includes if you:
- provide false information
Violating any instructions provided to you when you entered Canada is an offence under theQuarantine Act and could lead to up to:
- 6 months in prison and/or
- $750,000 in fines
If you break your mandatory quarantine or isolation requirements and you cause the death or serious bodily harm to another person, you could face:
- a fine of up to $1,000,000 or
- imprisonment of up to 3 years or
The Contraventions Act provides police the authority to enforce the Quarantine Act. Tickets with fines of up to $5,000 may be issued for non-compliance.
If you receive a fine, you must still comply fully with the mandatory testing and quarantine requirements outlined in the Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations Order. Additionally, if you receive a fine, youre considered at high-risk of non-compliance, and flagged as a high priority for follow up by local law enforcement.
Don’t Miss: Can You Take Advil After The Covid Vaccine
Getting To Your Place Of Quarantine
While you travel, you must wear a mask and practice physical distancing at all times.
Avoid stops and contact with others while in transit to quarantine:
- Use a private vehicle if possible
- Remain in the vehicle as much as possible
- Pay at the pump for gas and use drive through when you need food
- Wear a suitable mask at all times unless you are alone in a private vehicle
- Practice physical distancing
Wear A Mask When Around Others In Your Home
If you need to be in a shared space in your home, be sure to wear a mask while around others.
In addition, practicing proper hand hygiene can help prevent the spread of the virus. Wash your hands after blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing and avoid touching your face.
In these shared spaces, be sure to clean and disinfect surfaces frequently.
Recommended Reading: Does Cvs Charge For Covid Testing
The Risks And Rules Of Travel If You Are Diagnosed With Covid Weeks Or Even Months Before You Are Due To Go On Holiday
A last-minute positive Covid test has ruined a fair few holidays this year, with many people forced to cancel or postpone getaways.
Instead of relaxing by the pool, unlucky holidaymakers have found themselves spending a full ten days off self-isolating indoors.
But what are the rules, and the risks, if you are diagnosed with Covid weeks or even months before you are due to jet off on your holidays?
Here, we explain the rules.
Local Health Officer Directive And Order
Effective March 28, 2020, individuals who have tested positive for COVID-19 or who are exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 and have a test result pending must remain in quarantine or isolation to prevent further spread, as described above. Individuals who fail to comply may be subject to involuntary detention pursuant to public health authority under RCW 70.05.070 – and WAC 246-100-036 .
For more information, see the complete order for additional details, including conditions of quarantine and isolation.
Also Check: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Caring For Someone Who Is Sick
- If someone in your household gets sick, do your best to keep them away from others in the house. Have one person take care of the person who is sick. Stay 6 feet away from the person who is sick as much as you can, even if you are vaccinated.
- CDC: Caring for Someone Sick at Home