Which Vaccines Are In Use
The vaccine produced by Pfizer and BioNTech was the first approved by the WHO, followed by several others.
The Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine is now the most widely used around the globe.
Unlike Pfizer’s jab – which has to be kept at an extremely cold temperature – the Oxford vaccine can be stored in a normal fridge, which makes it easier to distribute.
Most governments have started with doses for the over-60s, health workers and people who are clinically vulnerable. After priority groups have been vaccinated, there is a wider rollout among younger age groups.
The Pfizer vaccine has been approved for 12 to 15-year-olds in the US, UK, Europe and other countries. The Sinovac vaccine is being used for children as young as three in China and Colombia.
Early studies suggest the newly identified Omicron variant of coronavirus is better able to evade vaccine protection than previous strains, though vaccination still offers strong protection against serious illness and hospitalisation.
A third ‘booster’ dose of a vaccine does appear to offer protection against infection from Omicron and at least 89 countries have begun booster vaccination programmes.
Worldwide, more than 100 possible vaccines are undergoing trials to test their efficacy and safety.
Is There Enough Vaccine
Currently, the Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and one-shot Janssen vaccines are approved for use throughout the UK.
Others, such as those produced by Novavax and Valneva, have not yet been given the green light.
The UK had ordered more than 540 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines, including the four so far approved for use.
In addition, the government has now signed deals to buy 114 million more doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to use in 2022 and 2023.
French vaccine maker Valneva said the UK government had scrapped a deal for 100m doses of its vaccine, which is yet to be approved.
*Note on map data: Booster analysis must be viewed with caution as towns and cities tend to have younger populations who have had access to second jabs and boosters for a shorter amount of time. This means these areas may have a lower percentage uptake for logistical reasons compared with parts of the country with older populations.
Vaccination Rates By County Social Vulnerability
Counties are ranked according to the Social Vulnerability Index, a C.D.C. indicator used in public health crises that is based on socioeconomic status, housing, transportation, race, ethnicity and language. Each countys vaccination rate is its share of all residents that have been fully vaccinated, a figure that does not reflect those who have only received one dose of a two-shot vaccine.
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Details About The Data
Doses administered: Total vaccine doses administered to individuals. This is not a measure of fully vaccinated individuals.
First dose: People who have received the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine series from Pfizer or Moderna.
Final dose: These are fully vaccinated individuals, who have either received the second dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, or one dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Population first dose %: First doses completed, divided by the Census population count.
Population final dose %: The percentage of fully vaccinated individuals in the population.
Census Population: Based on 2019 Census data. Includes all Maine residents, though COVID-19 vaccine is currently authorized only for people age 5 and older. None of the vaccines are currently authorized for persons under age 5.
Who Is Eligible For A Vaccine
The United States has reached a new milestone in its vaccine rollout: children ages 5 to 11 are now eligible for a vaccine, after the F.D.A. authorized use of the Pfizer vaccine for this age group.
In May the F.D.A. had expanded its emergency use authorization of that vaccine for children 12 and older, allowing young adolescents to start getting vaccinated before school started in the fall of 2021.
And in April every state had made those 18 and older eligible for the shots, according to a Times survey. This universal eligibility followed months where states relied on complicated phase-based plans that prioritized certain vulnerable individuals like older Americans, critical workers and those with certain medical conditions. Often, county plans differed from state plans.
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Registering Your Vaccination If You Got It Out Of The Province
If you received a COVID-19covid 19 vaccine outside of Ontario or Canada, you can register your vaccination by contacting your local public health unit .
You must provide proof, such as an immunization record or a proof of vaccination certificate to your PHU to be registered in the system.
If needed, you can book your second dose through:
- the provincial booking system or calling the Provincial Vaccine Contact Centre
- your primary care setting
- public health units that use their own booking system
If you received both doses of a Health Canada authorized vaccine, you only have to provide proof of vaccination to your PHU. No other action is needed. If you received one or two doses of a COVID-19covid 19 vaccine not authorized by Health Canada, please contact your public health unit to see if you need any additional doses.
For more information, read the Ministry of Health COVID-19 Guidance for Individuals Vaccinated Outside of Ontario/Canada.
Vaccine Development: Vaccines Approved For Use And In Clinical Trials
The speed at which the first COVID-19 vaccines were developed was extraordinary. We have previously looked into the history of vaccine development. The measles vaccine was found relatively rapidly: it took only 10 years from the discovery of the pathogen to the development of the first vaccine. But for typhoid it took more than a century, and for some diseases for which weve known the pathogens for more than a century we still havent found an effective vaccine.
The development of a vaccine against COVID-19 has been much faster than the development of any other vaccine. Within less than a year several successful vaccines have already been announced and were approved for use in some countries.
The hope is that even more manufacturers develop vaccines for COVID-19. This will be important because eventually a very large share of the world population needs to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
We are on the way to several vaccines against COVID-19 vaccine trackers monitor the progress:
Several institutions maintain websites on which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed:
|Oxford/AstraZeneca, Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinovac, Sputnik V|
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Effectiveness Against New Strains
The COVID-19 virus has changed over time due to mutations that result in a different strain of the virus. This is common for viruses, but some changes have greater impact than others. They may spread more rapidly, cause more or less serious illness, or fail to respond to the existing vaccines.
The CDC will classify some strains as a “variant of concern” when they have the potential for this greater impact. As of December 2021, there were two variants of concern in the U.S. They were:
- Omicron first identified in Botswana and South Africa
- Delta first identified in India
Does My Covid Booster Or Additional Dose Have To Be The Same Brand That I Got Before
No, you can mix and match brands. The FDA has authorized three vaccine boosters Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Janssen/Johnson & Johnson and determined that it is safe to get a COVID-19 vaccine booster or additional dose that is a different brand than your initial dose or doses.
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is the only vaccine and booster authorized for individuals ages 16 and 17.
If you get the Moderna booster, you will receive half of the original Moderna dose. Please be sure to confirm this with the person giving you the shot.
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What This Means For You
More research needs to be done, but it’s become clear that COVID-19 vaccines will need to be given more than just once. It’s likely that boosters and annual vaccineswhether the existing shots, or other therapies yet to be developedwill be needed throughout your life.
Like most vaccines, the COVID-19 vaccines work in more than one way to prevent infection. The first involves the production of antibodies.
Your body uses antibodies to fight off infection, but not as easily when it has never seen a novel, or new, virus. Because COVID-19 was a new virus, human bodies had not developed an antibody defense for it. The vaccines help it to achieve that.
The second way the vaccines work is to help the body develop responses in what are called memory B cells and T cells. These are immune cells that store information for future reference.
However, immunity does wane. Your individual response and other factors contribute to this loss of protection. Like human memory, cellular memory is short. Booster shots help to “remind” it to respond to a virus or other pathogen. Here’s how each of the current vaccines work.
Covid Vaccine: How Many People Are Vaccinated In The Uk
The UK is ramping up its Covid vaccine booster campaign – part of an attempt to reduce the impact of the new Omicron variant, currently spreading across a number of countries.
With nine in 10 of those aged 12 or over having had a single jab and eight in 10 having had a second, the focus has shifted to boosters, which show promising signs of protecting against illness and death from Omicron.
About 32 million boosters or third doses have been given so far.
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Vaccines Administered To Illinoisans
Fully Vaccinated: # At Least 1 Dose: #
Information provided in this section is provided by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, which includes data available from federal programs not included in Illinois vaccine database. CDC reports the total number of people who reside in Illinois who have been vaccinated, including Illinois residents who have been vaccinated in other states. This data also includes vaccination records from Illinois vaccine database, I-CARE.
What Share Of The Population Has Been Fully Vaccinated Against Covid
The following chart shows the share of the total population that has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. This represents the share that have received all doses prescribed by the vaccination protocol. If a person receives the first dose of a 2-dose vaccine, this metric stays the same. If they receive the second dose, the metric goes up by 1.
This data is only available for countries which report the breakdown of doses administered by first and second doses.
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How Is The Vaccine And Booster Rollout Going
So far, more than 51 million people have had a first vaccine dose – some 90% of over-12s. More than 47 million – 82% of over-12s – have had both doses.
While uptake of first and second doses has dropped off, there has been a steep rise in people having boosters.
About 32 million booster doses have been administered across the UK, with a daily average of almost 890,000 jabs.
Vaccination rates have now levelled off in every age group in England apart from the youngest bands, as the chart below shows.
The highest rates of vaccination can be seen in the oldest age groups – among the first to be vaccinated.
Latest Coronavirus News As Of Midday 21 April
About 5 million new covid-19 cases were reported worldwide between 11 and 17 April, a 24 per cent reduction on the previous week
The number of official covid-19 cases is continuing to decline across the globe, according to a report by the World Health Organization.
This reduction occurred across all of the six regions monitored by the WHO, but is most pronounced in the Western Pacific, where reported cases declined by 28 per cent week-on-week.
This is followed by Eastern Mediterranean , Europe , South East Asia , Africa and the Americas .
Reported deaths similarly declined globally by 12 per cent week-on-week.
The WHO has stressed these figures should be interpreted with caution. Changes in how countries are testing for SARS-CoV-2 virus may mean fewer swabs are being carried out, leading to a lower number of cases being detected.
For example, England has scrapped free universal testing, while rules around free tests are also tightening in Wales and Scotland. Covid-19 tests are more widely available in Northern Ireland.
Other coronavirus news
Exposure to air pollution may increase your risk of catching SARS-CoV-2 virus. Zhebin Yu at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, and his colleagues looked at 425 people, average age 25, who tested positive between May 2020 and March 2021.
A single dose of AstraZenecas dual-antibody treatment Evusheld could reduce the risk of symptomatic covid-19 by 83 per cent over six months, compared with a placebo.
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China Has Administered 2 Billion Covid Vaccine Shots But Coercive Measures Are Sparking Anger
A version of this story appeared in CNN’s Meanwhile in China newsletter, a three-times-a-week update exploring what you need to know about the country’s rise and how it impacts the world.
Hong Kong China’s coronavirus vaccination drive has surpassed 2 billion doses, authorities announced Friday, but heavy-handed tactics intended to boost inoculation rates are triggering backlash in some areas.
How Many Cases Vaccinations And Deaths In My Area
Enter a full UK postcode or council name to find out
A booster campaign, originally targeted at people over 40 or belonging to a number of other vulnerable groups, has been extended to all over-18s.
The government says every eligible adult will be offered a booster jab by the end of the year.
The minimum gap between the second jab and booster dose has also been reduced from six to three months, to speed up the process.
So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen three of which require two doses for maximum protection.
All those aged under 40 are being offered an alternative to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine due to evidence linking it to rare blood clots.
The vaccine currently being used for under-18s in the UK is Pfizer-BioNTech, but the Moderna vaccine has also been authorised for use in children.
Those eligible for boosters will receive one dose of Pfizer or half a dose of Moderna.
There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.
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The Tables And Graphs Refresh Automatically Live As Cbc News Updates With The Latest Information
CBC News is tracking the data so you can follow the progress as vaccines are rolled out across the country. CBC’s vaccine data comes from provincial and territorial websites, news briefings and releases and the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Health Canada has announced that the eligible age for COVID-19 vaccines has been lowered from 12 to five. Vaccination rates for the eligible population have been updated with new population numbers.
Cdc Recommends Pediatric Covid Vaccine For Children 5
Following the recommendation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices , the Georgia Department of Public Health and health districts throughout Georgia are offering Pfizer pediatric COVID vaccine to children 5-11 years old.
- The Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine is over 90% effective at preventing COVID-19 in children ages 5 through 11 years.
- After getting a COVID-19 vaccine, children may have some side effects similar to those seen in adults and with other vaccines. The most common side effect was a sore arm.
- Vaccinating children will help protect them from getting COVID-19 and reduce their risk of severe disease, hospitalization, or long-term COVID-19 complications.
- Getting your children vaccinated can help protect them against COVID-19, as well as reduce disruptions to in-person learning and activities by helping curb community transmission.
- COVID-19 vaccines have undergoneand continue to undergothe most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history.
To schedule an appointment, go to or .
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States Progress Unevenly In Vaccine Rollout
In the race to vaccinate their residents, Puerto Rico, along with some states with smaller populations in the Northeast, have been leading the way. Some states in the Southeast and Midwest are lagging.
States receive vaccine allocations based on their total adult populations. Each state has its own plan for how to get those vaccines out to its residents through county health offices, hospital systems, pharmacies, mass vaccination sites and mobile clinics. Some states are encountering hesitancy and resistance to getting vaccinated among their populations.
The federal strategy for giving out shots has pivoted from mass vaccination sites, which served millions of people per day at stadiums and conference centers in the spring, to targeted efforts at local pharmacies, doctors’ offices, schools, work sites and community health centers.
The Biden-Harris administration says equity is central to the country’s vaccination efforts. As of November 2, anyone in the U.S. 5 and older is eligible to get a vaccine.
Selena Simmons-Duffin, Ruth Talbot, Thomas Wilburn and Carmel Wroth contributed to this report.
Which Vaccine Will I Get
You cannot usually choose which vaccine you have. When you book, you’ll only be offered appointments for vaccines that are suitable for you.
Most people can have any of the COVID-19 vaccines, but some people are only offered certain vaccines.
- if you’re pregnant or under 40 you’ll usually be offered appointments for the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines
- if you’re under 18, you’ll only be offered the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine
You should have the same vaccine for both doses, unless you had serious side effects after your 1st dose.
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