Here Is What One Million Covid Deaths In The Us Looks Like
According to official estimates from the CDC, Johns Hopkins University and other organizations that collect public health data, the United States is nearing the grim milestone of one million deaths from Covid-19.
Since February 2020, Covid-19 has been listed as the underlying cause of death on at least 90% of these death certificates, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This means the disease initiated the train of events leading directly to death. For the remainder, Covid-19 contributed to death but was not the underlying cause.
A gravedigger at the Mount Richmond Cemetery, which receives Covid-19 deaths in Staten Island.
Anadolu Agency /Getty
How Does The Cdc Get The Data
Each state and the U.S. territories report certain information about COVID-19 to the CDC every day. A lot of this data actually is collected and reported at the county level. Even when there is not a pandemic, there are certain infectious diseases that states always need to report, meaning that most public health departments are aware of the need to collect and share data with the CDC.
That said, the COVID-19 pandemic has demanded more from state health departments, and having to collect and report data on COVID cases, deaths, and transmission has not been easy for everyone.
All 50 states are reporting to the CDC, as well as specific jurisdictions. For example, New York City reports its own data separate from New York state.
Understanding The Case Fatality Crude Mortality And The Infection Fatality Rate
Case fatality rate
In the media, it is often the case fatality rate that is talked about when the risk of death from COVID-19 is discussed.1
This measure is sometimes also called case fatality risk or case fatality ratio. It is often abbreviated as CFR.
The CFR is not the same as the risk of death for an infected person even though, unfortunately, journalists sometimes suggest that it is. It is relevant and important, but far from the whole story.
The CFR is easy to calculate. You take the number of people who have died from the disease, and you divide it by the total number of people diagnosed with the disease. So if 10 people have died, and 100 people have been diagnosed with the disease, the CFR is , or 10%.
But its important to note that it is the ratio between the number of confirmed deaths from the disease and the number of confirmed cases, not total cases. That means that it is not the same as and, in fast-moving situations like COVID-19, probably not even very close to the true risk for an infected person.
Another important metric, which should not be confused with the CFR, is the crude mortality rate.
Crude mortality rate
The crude mortality rate is another very simple measure which, like the CFR, gives something that might sound like the answer to the question if someone is infected, how likely are they to die?.
But, just as with CFR, it is actually very different.
Infection fatality rate
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% Of Americans Who Died From Covid Had This In Common
A new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests that 73% of Americans that died from COVID-19 have the same underlying health condition.
The common trait among these patients, according to the study, was their weight, as the CDC said that they were all overweight or obese.
A total of 3.24 million Americans who visited hospitals from March to December 2020 were analyzed for the study. Of this group, nearly 150,000 tested positive for COVID-19.
Of the nearly 150,000 adults that were diagnosed with COVID, 71,491 of these people were hospitalized, and 8,348 died from the virus. Of the people that were admitted to the hospital, 50.2% were considered obese and 27.8% were overweight, the CDC report said.
Overweight is defined as a body mass index of 25 or more, and obesity is considered a BMI of 30 or more. Just over 42% of the U.S.s population was obese in 2018, the CDC said . The CDC also reported that, in total, 74% of Americans are overweight.
According to the World Health Organization, obesity is the second most significant predictor of who would be hospitalized or die from COVID just behind old age.
The CDCs study notes those that had BMIs under 25 were at a lower risk for hospitalizations, ICU admissions, and deaths from COVID, while those individuals that had BMIs over 25 were at greater risk, especially for those people 65 or older.
Pictured: Representative image of a person measuring the waist.Photo: Photo by Pixabay
Fact Check: Have More Americans Died From Covid Under Joe Biden Than Donald Trump
The U.S. has hit another grim pandemic-related milestone, reaching 800,000 cumulative COVID-related deaths.
With cases rising again across the country as the Omicron variant of the coronavirus takes hold, politicians, journalists and social media users are taking stock of President Joe Biden‘s pandemic-handling abilities in his first year.
This week, multiple public figures and social media users attempted to directly compare how current and previous administrations fared in the battle against COVID by analyzing the cumulative number of deaths from the virus under each president.
“Joe Biden based his entire 2020 presidential campaign on the promise he would solve covid by trusting “the science.” It was all bullshit. He’s presided over more deaths, hospitalizations & cases than Trump. Yet media crushed Trump for covid, gives Biden a pass,” political commentator Clay Travis tweeted.
Others simply posted death count figures that suggested more Americans fell victim to COVID under Biden than under Trump.
BREAKING: U.S. #COVID death toll tops 800,000 with more deaths under Biden than Trump.
Kiran Kumar S
Some tied their claim to reports from Reuters and other outlets stating the total coronavirus deaths in the U.S. in 2021 have now topped those of 2020.
FACT CHECK BY NEWSWEEK
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Pacific Islander Latino Indigenous And Black Americans All Have A Covid
So, to remove the role of age differences from COVID-19 mortality rates, we have also produced age-adjusted rates. Because mortality data is not available for all states by race and age jointly , we have used indirect standardization to calculate these rates. See our NOTES section for details and cautions about our method.
Adjusting the racial data weve collected for age differences increases the COVID-19 mortality rate for all racial and ethnic groups except for White Americans , who experience a decrease, as shown below.
When age is taken into account, Pacific Islander, Latino, Indigenous and Black Americans all have a COVID-19 death rate of double or more the rate of White and Asian Americans.
What does this mean? It indicates that many younger Americans who are Black, Latino, Indigenous or Pacific Islanders are dying of COVID-19driving their mortality rates far above that of White and Asian Americans. Despite their relative youthfulness , their death rates are elevated. As Brookings Institution has reported, In every age category, Black people are dying from COVID at roughly the same rate as White people more than a decade older.
It is important to note that, while age-adjusted mortality rates help us remove the influence of age differences in racial groups to examine disparities in outcomes, they are not the actual mortality rates experienced by these groups.
Sharing Data Analytics And Visualization Capabilities
To advance public health science, a cloud-based suite of technology, tools, and resources that collects, organizes and connects data across CDC was created. It offers the agency a streamlined way to process data, store it, and visualize it. It provides the means for breaking down data silos in favor of a centralized data ecosystem and allows CDC scientists to catalogue, analyze and publish findings faster than previously possible. To date, CDC has saved more than $8M dollars in infrastructure investments that would have been made to build smaller versions of data silos.
CDC in Action
When the pandemic struck, there was no national system that could track both positive and negative test results. CDC and partners expanded Electronic Laboratory Reporting at breakneck speeds to deliver more than 1 million records per day directly from jurisdictions to CDC.
Us Life Expectancy Fell By More Than 2 Years During The Pandemic
Life expectancy in the U.S. fell by nearly two years in 2020 to 77 years. The decline, the largest in a one-year period since World War Two, was primarily driven by Covid-19, the CDC said. Life expectancy continued to fall in 2021, according to preliminary research, dropping another 0.4 years. Life expectancy in other high income countries declined less severely compared to the U.S. in 2020 and rebounded in 2021.
People’s mental health suffered from being apart from one another during the pandemic.
Who Against India: How Many People Have Actually Died From Covid
Im Hot Mike and Im Nidhi Razdan.
The World Health Organization has claimed that Covid could have killed up to 47.4 people in India in 2020 and 2021, either directly from infection or through its indirect effect. This figure is 10 times the official death toll in the country of 4.81 thousand at the end of 2021. These figures were strongly rejected by India, which led to an ugly row with the World Health Organization. So how exactly did the WHO come up with these numbers and has India significantly underestimated the number of people who died of Covid? Or is the WHO methodology problematic, as India claims? First, lets understand that in a pandemic situation, it is not always possible to determine whether or not death was from Covid. So, the number that actually becomes important to experts is the so-called excess mortality. Excess deaths are simply a measure of how many more people are dying than expected compared to previous years.
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Nearly 80% Of Americans Have Received At Least One Dose Of Covid
Around 66% of Americans are fully vaccinated and nearly half of eligible people have received a booster dose, according to CDC data. This is not evenly distributed, however, and while states like Vermont and Maine have more than 80% of people fully vaccinated, little over half are in states like Alabama , Wyoming , Mississippi and Louisiana .
Large groups of people opposed Covid vaccinations, but states with low immunization rates saw deaths skyrocket during the delta and omicron waves.
What Is Next For The Data
CDC is taking action to address immediate COVID-19 surveillance needs by:
Developing a regular synthesis of all the complex data to make it easier for people to know what is happening and understand the data being generated.
Monitoring vaccine effectiveness and breakthrough COVID-19 infections and disseminating this information to the public and policymakers. This will require:
- Advancing work on Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage to allow use of patient-level, real world healthcare data.
- Helping jurisdictions link case data to immunization information system data to better track breakthrough infections and monitor trends in cases and severe disease over time.
- Launching a new webpage on the COVID Data Tracker to monitor vaccine effectiveness and vaccine impact by age group, underlying medical conditions, time since vaccination, severity, and product.
- Working with NIH to expand the capacity of our vaccine effectiveness platforms to detect changes in effectiveness more rapidly.
Enhancing pediatric hospitalization data by working with interagency partners to implement data collection guidance for the Unified Hospital Data Surveillance System, which is a primary resource for hospitalization data.
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How Many Have Died From Covid Toll May Be Triple The Confirmed Tally
The global death toll from the covid-19 pandemic has been alarmingly undercounted, researchers find. They estimate the total to be 18.2 million people.
Bloomberg:Covid Study Finds 18 Million Deaths, Three Times Official TallyThe pandemics death toll may be three times higher than official Covid-19 records suggest, according to a study that found stark differences across countries and regions. As many as 18.2 million people probably died from Covid in the first two years of the pandemic, researchers found in the first peer-reviewed global estimate of excess deaths. They pointed to a lack of testing and unreliable mortality data to explain the discrepancy with official estimates of roughly 5.9 million deaths.
In more news about covid cases
AP:Nevada Shifting To Weekly COVID Stats As Cases Keep Falling State health officials are moving from daily to weekly reporting of COVID-19 statistics as the public health emergency fades and new infections and hospitalizations continue to fall to their lowest levels in Nevada since last June. Beginning next week, theyll also be changing the way they track the spread and response to the coronavirus, including dropping regular reporting of positivity rates that are increasingly skewed due to widespread use of home-testing results.
Unvaccinated People Are More Likely To Catch And Die From Covid
In February 2022, the risk of unvaccinated people over the age of 12 testing positive for Covid was more than three times greater than that for those vaccinated with at least two doses, according to the CDC. Their risk of dying was 20 times that of vaccinated people.
In some states, people flocked to mass vaccination events.
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Focus On Health Equity
Because health equity is a priority, we will keep working to provide greater access to data, incorporate new and non-traditional data sources, and increase our focus on behavioral health and race and ethnicity data. CDC will continue to use data to measure and address structural inequities and prioritize the socioeconomic variables that will help guide resources where theyre needed most. CDCs COVID-19 Response Health Equity Strategy prioritizes data-driven approaches to expand the evidence base for examining health and social inequities.
On a broader scale, we must continue to evolve policies and processes as a nation that better support the public health mission. We need a common approach to collect the kinds of data that are helpful to all, such as COVID hospitalizations, breakthrough hospitalizations, or race and ethnicity stratification of cases. We must bridge the current workforce crisis and reverse its decades-long erosion in ways that can sustain our skills for the long term, both at CDC and with our state and local partners. And we must bring public health into the healthcare ecosystem through better interoperability, while reducing the burden on providers of data in healthcare and at state and local health departments.
Black Indigenous And Hispanic People Died At Far Higher Rates Than White People
According to CDC data, American Indian or Alaska Natives are more than two times as likely to die from Covid-19 than white people. For Black people, the risk of dying is 1.7 times that of white people and 1.8 times for Hispanic people. Death rates were slightly lower for Asian people compared to other ethnic groups, according to the CDC, around 0.8 times that of white people.
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Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Americans
For more context about the limitations of the data, please read our note about Indigenous, Pacific Islander, Multiracial and Other Race Americans. If youd like to examine the percentage of deaths compared to the percentage of population by racial group for each state , you can find this in our complete data file, available upon request.
The Gender Gap In Death Rates
Men have had a higher crude death rate than women, as the chart using CDC data from February 2020 to August 2021 shows. By the end of August, over 65,000 more men than women had died from COVID-19 .
The gender gap is even wider when differences in the male and female age distributions are taken into account, since there are many more older women than men in the population, and age is the biggest risk factor in COVID deaths. In 2021, mortality rates for men and women have dropped sharply, but somewhat faster for men than women, leading to a slight narrowing of the gap over time. More recently, though, death rates for men and women have risen again due to the spread of the Delta variant, with greater increases among men than women.
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You Value And Rely On The Work Of The Apm Research Lab And We Rely On You Especially During This Difficult Time If You Can Please Support Our Work With A Donation Today
Our ongoing Color of Coronavirus project monitors how and where COVID-19 mortality is inequitably impacting certain communitiesto guide policy and community responses. Last week, the United States COVID-19 death toll reached half a million. We have documented the race and ethnicity for 94% of these cumulative deaths in the United States.
Even as vaccine distribution ramps up across the U.S., the virus recent toll has been devastating for all groups. Our latest update shows death tolls accelerating in the last four weeks compared to the prior period , which had also notched record losses until this update exceeded them.
The last four weeks have yielded the highest number of new deaths since the start of the pandemic for all groups except Black and Pacific Islander Americans, for whom it was the second most deadly stretch.
Note that March 3 ends the third deadliest four-week period since the beginning of the pandemic according to data compiled by the COVID Tracking Project. Thus, it is likely that some of the apparent increase in deaths reflected below come from reclassification of deaths by race and ethnicity. In fact, over the last four weeks the number of deaths with an unknown race or ethnicity has decreased by more than 13,000.