Sharing Data Analytics And Visualization Capabilities
To advance public health science, a cloud-based suite of technology, tools, and resources that collects, organizes and connects data across CDC was created. It offers the agency a streamlined way to process data, store it, and visualize it. It provides the means for breaking down data silos in favor of a centralized data ecosystem and allows CDC scientists to catalogue, analyze and publish findings faster than previously possible. To date, CDC has saved more than $8M dollars in infrastructure investments that would have been made to build smaller versions of data silos.
CDC in Action
When the pandemic struck, there was no national system that could track both positive and negative test results. CDC and partners expanded Electronic Laboratory Reporting at breakneck speeds to deliver more than 1 million records per day directly from jurisdictions to CDC.
Cumulative Cases And Deaths By County
Totals of all reported COVID-19 cases, including those in long-term care facilities.
The numbers in this table are provisional. County case and deaths totals may change as investigation finds new or additional information.
* Note:One death previously reported in Forrest County has been corrected to Lamar County.
Accelerating Electronic Case Reporting
Since the outset of the pandemic, CDC has massively expanded Electronic Case Reporting capabilities. Electronic Case Reporting is one way data comes from healthcare providers and public health agencies to CDC.
CDC in Action
In the beginning of 2020, only a handful of healthcare facilities and states were even capable of using Electronic Case Reporting. But as of August 2021, all 50 states, Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, and 12 large local jurisdictions are now capable of receiving electronic case reports.
Before Electronic Case Reporting, reporting was slow and often relied on paper-based systems and fax machines. This impacted CDCs ability to make quick decisions. Now, Electronic Case Reporting automatically generates and sends relevant information from electronic health records to public health agencies. This has resulted in earlier disease detection and intervention as well as richer, more useful data to drive decisions. Before COVID, just 187 healthcare facilities were using Electronic Case Reporting. As of August 2021, more than 9,400 healthcare facilities in all 50 states can send COVID-19 Electronic Case Reporting. Resources have been provided from CDC to state and local partners to help modernize their systems and optimize the use of Electronic Case Reporting and other automated electronic data.
Also Check: How Much Does Covid Testing Cost At Cvs
A Surge In Unexpected Deaths In Bc
B.C. reported 9,496 excess deaths by October 2021, more than double that of Quebec and nearly as many as Ontario, a province with a much larger population.
Of those deaths, only 2,109 or 22 per cent were attributed to COVID-19. Its not clear to what degree the opioid crisis and June 2021 heat wave drove the other nearly 7,400 unexpected deaths. But over that same period, the BC Coroners Service reported 3,416 people died overdosing on illicit drugs more than suicides, murder and motor vehicle accidents combined. The heat wave is thought to have killed just shy of 600 people.
Even if those two causes of death were taken away, that still leaves roughly 3,000 deaths unaccounted for under normal conditions.
Pointing to the collision of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, public policy and climate change, McGrail noted a potential cascading effect leading to the most vulnerable facing a double or even triple crisis.
McGrail cited a Human Rights Watch report released in October 2021 that concluded an inadequate response from B.C. authorities made heat-related deaths worse in the province. But because those deaths were highly associated with social and material deprivation, COVID-19 and the poverty that came with it may well have set the stage for the most vulnerable to suffer the worst effects from extreme heat.
Even the basic recording of mortality, were very slow in Canada. That surely could and should be fixed, said McGrail.
And that requires information. That requires trust.
Grim Milestones Throughout The Pandemic
- The US reported its first 100,000 deaths about two and a half months later, by May 23, 2020, according to Johns Hopkins.
- There had been 200,000 deaths reported about four months after that, by September 22, 2020.
- There were 300,000 deaths reported less than three months after that, by December 12, 2020.
- There were 400,000 deaths reported about a month later, by January 17, 2021.
- There were 500,000 deaths reported about another month after that, by February 21, 2021.
- There were 600,000 deaths reported about four months later, by June 16, 2021.
- There were 700,000 deaths reported about three and half months after that, by October 1, 2021.
- There were 800,000 deaths reported about two and a half months after that, by December 13, 2021.
- Less than two months later on February 4, the US reported a total of 900,334 deaths.
Also Check: How Much Is Rapid Testing At Cvs
Innovation Through Partnership: World Health Data Hub
WHO’s new World Health Data Hub will leverage digital solutions and technology partners to provide a more streamlined experience, integrating existing systems from across the three levels of the Organization to improve data collection, reporting and use. This includes the use of disaggregated data to more precisely address the inequalities that have been highlighted by the pandemic.
As key technology partners, Microsoft and Avanade are working closely with WHO to deliver this ambitious, end-to-end solution with a shared commitment to establish health data as a public good.
COVID-19 global excess mortality is one of the first use cases to demonstrate the power of the collaborative research environment offered by the Hub, with this work continuing as methods are refined and additional data is attained at the regional and country level.
Currently, WHO data engineers are leveraging state-of-the-art data pipelining services including Azure Data Factory to ingest and harmonize data from various sources into a modern Data Lake project repository. After data is ingested, WHO data scientists and Technical Advisory Group members are then able to build statistical and machine learning models together in R and Python in a cloud-based collaborative research environment. This significant upgrade in tooling enables faster and easier research collaboration with partners allowing researchers to work on the most up to date versions of data and code in a shared programming environment.
How Many Have Died From Covid Toll May Be Triple The Confirmed Tally
The global death toll from the covid-19 pandemic has been alarmingly undercounted, researchers find. They estimate the total to be 18.2 million people.
Bloomberg:Covid Study Finds 18 Million Deaths, Three Times Official TallyThe pandemics death toll may be three times higher than official Covid-19 records suggest, according to a study that found stark differences across countries and regions. As many as 18.2 million people probably died from Covid in the first two years of the pandemic, researchers found in the first peer-reviewed global estimate of excess deaths. They pointed to a lack of testing and unreliable mortality data to explain the discrepancy with official estimates of roughly 5.9 million deaths.
In more news about covid cases
AP:Nevada Shifting To Weekly COVID Stats As Cases Keep Falling State health officials are moving from daily to weekly reporting of COVID-19 statistics as the public health emergency fades and new infections and hospitalizations continue to fall to their lowest levels in Nevada since last June. Beginning next week, theyll also be changing the way they track the spread and response to the coronavirus, including dropping regular reporting of positivity rates that are increasingly skewed due to widespread use of home-testing results.
Read Also: How Long Does A Cvs Covid Test Take
Cases No Longer Needing Isolation
|Cases no longer needing isolation||1,369,052|
- Cases no longer needing isolation represents individuals with confirmed or probable COVID-19 who no longer need to self-isolate.
- MDH does not track cases over time to determine whether they have fully recovered.
- Cases no longer needing isolation does not include those who have died.
How Do Death Rates From Covid
To understand how the pandemic is evolving, its crucial to know how death rates from COVID-19 are affected by vaccination status. The death rate is a key metric that can accurately show us how effective vaccines are against severe forms of the disease. This may change over time when there are changes in the prevalence of COVID-19, and because of factors such as waning immunity, new strains of the virus, and the use of boosters.
On this page, we explain why it is essential to look at death rates by vaccination status rather than the absolute number of deaths among vaccinated and unvaccinated people.
We also visualize this mortality data for the United States, England, Switzerland, and Chile.
Ideally we would produce a global dataset that compiles this data for countries around the world, but we do not have the capacity to do this in our team. As a minimum, we list country-specific sources where you can find similar data for other countries, and we describe how an ideal dataset would be formatted.
Read Also: Did Hank Aaron Die From Vaccine
How Are Excess Mortality Estimates Calculated And What Are The Main Findings
For countries with limited capacity to conduct real-time comparative analysis of observed and expected deaths, health estimates are an important in-filling mechanism. They can be calculated using a variety of statistical methods, from a minimalist approach to expert and statistical data synthesis. Regardless of the method, WHO estimates are always conducted in accordance with its Constitution and data principles and in close consultation with Member States, other UN agencies, and expert advisory groups to ensure a transparent and consensual process.
In collaboration with the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs , and in accordance with the WHO Regulations for Scientific and Advisory Groups, WHO convened a Technical Advisory Group on COVID-19 Mortality Assessment to develop harmonized methods for excess mortality and help determine the total number of direct and indirect deaths attributable to COVID-19. The COVID TAG is comprised of leading demographers, epidemiologists, data and social scientists and statisticians from a range of backgrounds and geographies.
For 2020, excess mortality attributable to COVID-19 is defined as the difference between the total observed deaths for the year and those expected in the absence of COVID-19. The measure cannot be determined for all countries due to data gaps within some countries.
Heat Dome Drives Highest Weekly Excess Mortality Rates In Canada
During the 2021 heat dome in late June, excess deaths per 100,000 people in B.C. literally spike off the chart, climbing to 90 deaths per 100,000 people. Thats higher than the weekly excess death rate anywhere in Canada at any time during the pandemic.
Alberta, B.C. and Saskatchewan stand out for having had excess mortality rates nearly double those of other provinces, wrote McGrail.
McGrail says the remarkably diverse mortality patterns across Canada likely have a number of explanations. She notes limited testing capacity, deaths occurring in the community rather than a hospital and different public health reporting practices all likely played a role in deciding whether or not to classify a cause of death as COVID-19-related.
These provincial variations suggest to me that the very first thing to understand is how the different approaches to testing, contact tracing and encoding identifying COVID-related deaths might vary across the provinces, she said.
Another wildcard factor that could have impacted how many people died in the first year of the pandemic: delayed or cancelled surgeries, diagnostic tests or doctor appointments.
To get a better understanding of which province actually had a COVID-19 problem, McGrail says differences in public health reporting practices need to be ruled out as a cause first.
Recommended Reading: Cvs Antigen Test Cost
Estimating Global Excess Mortality
On 30 January 2020 COVID-19 was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern with an official death toll of 171. By 31 December 2020, this figure stood at 1 813188. Yet preliminary estimates suggest the total number of global deaths attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 is at least 3 million, representing 1.2 million more deaths than officially reported.
With the latest COVID-19 deaths reported to WHO now exceeding 3.3 million, based on the excess mortality estimates produced for 2020, we are likely facing a significant undercount of total deaths directly and indirectly attributed to COVID-19.
COVID-19 deaths are a key indicator to track the evolution of the pandemic. However, many countries still lack functioning civil registration and vital statistics systems with the capacity to provide accurate, complete and timely data on births, deaths and causes of death. A recent assessment of health information systems capacity in 133 countries found that the percentage of registered deaths ranged from 98% in the European region to only 10% in the African region.
Countries also use different processes to test and report COVID-19 deaths, making comparisons difficult. To overcome these challenges, many countries have turned to excess mortality as a more accurate measure of the true impact of the pandemic.
You Value And Rely On The Work Of The Apm Research Lab And We Rely On You Especially During This Difficult Time If You Can Please Support Our Work With A Donation Today
Our ongoing Color of Coronavirus project monitors how and where COVID-19 mortality is inequitably impacting certain communitiesto guide policy and community responses. Last week, the United States COVID-19 death toll reached half a million. We have documented the race and ethnicity for 94% of these cumulative deaths in the United States.
Even as vaccine distribution ramps up across the U.S., the virus recent toll has been devastating for all groups. Our latest update shows death tolls accelerating in the last four weeks compared to the prior period , which had also notched record losses until this update exceeded them.
The last four weeks have yielded the highest number of new deaths since the start of the pandemic for all groups except Black and Pacific Islander Americans, for whom it was the second most deadly stretch.
Note that March 3 ends the third deadliest four-week period since the beginning of the pandemic according to data compiled by the COVID Tracking Project. Thus, it is likely that some of the apparent increase in deaths reflected below come from reclassification of deaths by race and ethnicity. In fact, over the last four weeks the number of deaths with an unknown race or ethnicity has decreased by more than 13,000.
Recommended Reading: Does Cvs Rapid Test Cost Money
Cause Of Death Is Not Straightforward
Federal Deputy Chief Medical Officer Nick Coatsworth acknowledged that determining cause of death is complex when questioned by reporters on Tuesday, saying:
I remember as a junior doctor trying to do death certificates its not always an easy thing I dont, by any stretch of the imagination, think its a reason to underplay the severe impact that COVID has on people who have conditions.
Indeed, distinguishing between dying with and dying from COVID-19 may require a more complex investigation into the cause of a death, beyond citing a positive SARS-CoV-2 test that was completed prior to the persons death.
For example, Victorias coroner is currently investigating the death of a man in his twenties, who was widely reported as being Australias youngest coronavirus death. The coroner is investigating whether his death was primarily caused by SARS-CoV-2, or whether the virus contributed less substantially to his death.
While this death was reported on August 14 in Victorias daily death toll, according to The Sydney Morning Herald, as of August 28 it wasnt counted in the federal COVID-19 death tally. It remains unclear whether the death has been added to the federal count as of today.
Generally when a person dies a medical practitioner is responsible for indicating the cause of death. The doctor will complete a medical certificate of cause of death, and inform the Registry of Births, Death and Marriages in their state or territory.
Who Is Dying From Covid
Australia’s elderly population has borne the brunt of COVID deaths, explains Professor Catherine Bennett, chair of epidemiology at Deakin University and leading researcher in public health.
“Omicron is impacting the over 80s now mostly, and particularly males,” she said.
Professor Bennett says the average age of death has risen since the Omicron wave began at the end of 2021.
“While males have always had a higher death rate than females across all age groups, there appears to be an even greater discrepancy over the past few months. The death rate per 100,000 people in those aged 80 and over are more than 400 for males and around 250 for females,” she says.
You May Like: Covid Test Cost Cvs
Latest Coronavirus News As Of 1pm 1 June
An estimated 2 million people in the UK have lingering covid-19 symptoms more than four weeks after their initial coronavirus infection
Based on the latest Office for National Statistics survey of people living in private households in the UK, an estimated 3.1 per cent of the population were experiencing long covid symptoms as of 1 May.
This is 200,000 more people than the ONSs previous estimated prevalence of 1.8 million, as of 3 April.
Of the estimated 2 million people with long covid, 1.4 million are thought to have been infected, or suspect they were infected, at least 12 weeks prior to their ongoing symptoms.
Meanwhile 826,000 are estimated to have been infected with covid-19, or had a suspected infection, at least one year earlier. About 376,000 would have first been infected at least two years ago.
Of those surveyed, 55 per cent with long covid had fatigue, the most commonly reported symptom. This was followed by 32 per cent of people experiencing shortness of breath, 23 per cent having a cough and 23 per cent experiencing muscle aches.
Other coronavirus news
Three doses of a coronavirus vaccine, regardless of what type, are the most effective defence against covid-19, a study has found.
Researchers at the Chinese University of Hong Kong analysed 53 vaccine studies conducted throughout the pandemic. The studies included over 100 million participants who together received seven different types of covid-19 vaccines in 24 dosing combinations.