Where Are Cases Still High
The number of daily cases is stable or falling in most regions. However, Europe is reporting its highest-ever number of daily cases and there has been a recent rise in cases in North America.
A number of countries are seeing a rapid rise in a new Covid variant, named Omicron by the World Health Organization and categorised as a “variant of concern”.
The WHO says Omicron has now been identified in at least 89 countries – and is spreading significantly faster than the Delta strain.
Early studies suggest that Omicron is more transmissible or better able to evade vaccines but further evidence is needed to confirm these findings.
Asia, which was the centre of the initial outbreak that spread from Wuhan in China in early 2020, has seen cases falling in recent weeks.
In India, where the number of new daily cases has fallen dramatically since May, the official death toll is more than 470,000 and it has recorded more than 34 million cases – second only to the US.
The World Health Organization has warned that Europe is once again “at the epicentre” of the Covid pandemic and could see half a million more deaths by February.
The WHO gave this warning before the emergence of the Omicron variant, which, along with the increase in Delta infections, has prompted several European countries to increase the scale of their vaccine and booster campaigns.
The new Omicron variant has also led to the UK and the EU tightening travel restrictions.
Analysis Of Viral Load And Variants Of Covid
Each week, we publish Cycle-threshold values, which indicate viral load and act as a proxy for the strength of the virus. We also break down infections by variant based on gene positivity patterns from our swab tests.
A “cycle threshold”, known as a Ct value, are used as a proxy for the quantity of the virus, also known as the viral load. The higher the viral load, the lower the Ct value. These values are helpful for monitoring the strength of the virus and for identifying patterns that could suggest changes in the way the virus is transmitting. The Ct values of coronavirus positive tests are provided in the technical dataset that accompanies this bulletin.
The Omicron variant of COVID-19 has changes in one of the three genes that coronavirus swab tests detect, known as the S-gene. This means in cases compatible with the Omicron variant, the S-gene is no longer detected by the current test. When there is a high viral load , absence of the S-gene in combination with the presence of the other two genes is a reliable indicator of the Omicron variant . However, as the viral load decreases , the absence of the S-gene is a less reliable indicator of the Omicron variant.
The World Health Organization have defined names for Variants of Concern. These are variants that the UK government has under surveillance. You can find out more in the latest SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and variants under investigation in England briefing document.
UK Variants of Concern:
How Many Cases Vaccinations And Deaths In My Area
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The all-time high in Covid case levels are, in part, being driven by London, where Omicron is furthest advanced. Over 70% of coronavirus cases in the capital are now likely caused by the new variant, according to UKHSA data.
It is thought the infection rate in the first peak of the virus in spring 2020 was much higher than was evident from the reported number of cases. Testing capacity was then too limited to detect the true number of daily cases.
The red and orange areas on the map below show the places currently seeing the highest number of cases per 100,000 people.
On 21 December the map’s key was updated to allow for rising case numbers.
You can use our postcode look-up to check what the rules are where you live.
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Who Is Getting Breakthrough Covid Cases
According to the CDC, most of the severe breakthrough cases about 74% had been among seniors who were 65 years or older, CNN reports.
- About 20% of the people who died from COVID-19 after a breakthrough case died from something other than COVID-19, though they had a breakthrough case when they died, according to CNN.
Covid Map: Coronavirus Cases Deaths Vaccinations By Country
Covid-19 is continuing to spread around the world, with 270 million confirmed cases and more than five million deaths across almost 200 countries.
The US, India and Brazil have seen the highest number of confirmed cases, followed by the UK, Russia and Turkey.
Very few places have been left untouched.
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Nhs And Care Home Staff
- In the week ending 14 December, on average 2,319 NHS staff, or around 1.3% of the NHS workforce, reported absent each day for a range of reasons related to COVID-19
- as at 14 December, 520 staff in adult care homes were reported as absent due to COVID-19, based on returns received from 726 adult care homes. Staff absent due to COVID-19 represents 1.4% of all adult care home staff for whom a return was provided
- we have been notified by Health Boards or the Care Inspectorate of 27 deaths of healthcare workers and 34 deaths of social care workers, related to COVID-19, since the start of the pandemic. We are not able to confirm how many of these staff contracted COVID-19 through their work
Russias Importance To Global Natural Resources
Oil and gas specifically made up six out of the 10 biggest companies in Russia. Most like Rosneft, Gazprom Neft, and Lukoil are in oilthe Russian word neft means oil or petroleum in Russian and many other languages).
In addition to the two mining companies that cracked the top 10, the biggest companies in Russia highlight the countrys relative importance to global resource sectors. Many of the top 10 companies in Russia are the largest producers of natural resources in the world:
- Gazprom: The largest natural gas company in the world by output, producing 12% of global natural gas output in 2018.
- Rosneft: The worlds largest public oil producer.
- Nornickel: The worlds largest producer of nickel , palladium, and third-largest of platinum.
- Polyus: The worlds third-largest gold producer by output.
- Sberbank: The largest bank in Eastern Europe .
Overall, Russias vast landscape is estimated to contain over 30% of all natural resources in the world. Factor in a powerful financial sector and the worlds sixth-largest labor force at 70 million strong, and its clear to see why the countrys influence is so widespread.
As global powers begin to pledge greater commitment to clean energy, however, Russian companies also find themselves navigating transitional demand and pledging support for green projects.
What other companies or industries do you associate with Russia?
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Confirmed Cases Around The World
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In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 10,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.
Coronavirus Vs Flu Deaths
The first thing to know is that deaths due to COVID-19 and the flu are not counted in the same way. This means comparing the numbers isnt as straightforward as we would like.
Each death due to influenza in the U.S. does not have to be reported, so there is never a direct count. Each flu season, the CDC estimates deaths from the flu based on in-hospital deaths and death certificate data. They continue to update the data on their website as they collect it. Therefore, numbers from the last two flu seasons are not considered final just yet.
Conversely, each death due to COVID-19 is being recorded. The numbers you see and hear about are not estimates. So you can see how comparing mortality rates between the two isnt exact at this point.
That said, heres a quick look at the number of cases and deaths for the last two flu seasons and COVID-19 to date:
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The Most Prevalent Drug In Each Country
According to the report, 275 million people used drugs worldwide in 2020. Between the ages of 1564, around 5.5% of the global population used drugs at least once.
Many countries grouped different types of the same drug class together, and a few like Saudi Arabia and North Macedonia had multiple different drug types listed as the most prevalent.
But across the board, cannabis was the most commonly prevalent drug used in 107 listed countries and territories:
|Country or territory|
How prevalent is cannabis worldwide? 72 locations or more than two-thirds of those reporting listed cannabis as the most prevalent drug.
Unsurprisingly these include countries that have legalized recreational cannabis: Canada, Georgia, Mexico, South Africa, and Uruguay.
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Rather than trying to distinguish between types of deaths, The Economists approach is to count all of them. The standard method of tracking changes in total mortality is excess deaths. This number is the gap between how many people died in a given region during a given time period, regardless of cause, and how many deaths would have been expected if a particular circumstance had not occurred. Although the official number of deaths caused by covid-19 is now , our single best estimate is that the actual toll is people. We find that there is a 95% chance that the true value lies between and additional deaths.
The reason that we can provide only a rough estimate, with a wide range of surrounding uncertainty, is that calculating excess deaths for the entire world is complex and imprecise. Including statistics released by sub-national units like provinces or cities, among the worlds 156 countries with at least 1m people we managed to obtain data on total mortality from just 84. Some of these places update their figures regularly others have published them only once.
Our excess-deaths tally will be updated every day on this page. We hope readers return to it regularly to enrich their understanding of the path of the pandemic, around the world and over time. We will also continue trying to improve our model. Below, you can see a record of all the changes we have made to it so far.
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Graphic: Coronavirus Deaths In The Us Per Day
One hundred thousand coronavirus deaths in the U.S. was the low estimate.
That figure, the bottom end of the Trump White House’s best-picture scenario of 100,000 to 240,000 deaths, was reached in May 2020 after the virus spread across the United States. The Covid-19 death count matched the upper end of that figure in early November.
Track the number of new reported deaths each day in the country and in the hardest-hit states. NBC News will update the data in these charts daily. See the number of new confirmed cases per day in each state here.
Since New York’s first recorded death in March 2020, more than 50,000 of its people have died of Covid.
Around the rest of the country, California and Texas have had the most total deaths. Note that these charts are on a different scale than the New York state chart above.
How Would Differing Assumptions Affect These Results
Changing selected assumptions in our analysis could reduce or increase the estimates we report here. For example, our model assumes that the reopening of businesses and schools, along with the increase in social gatherings that occurred during summer 2021, continued despite the Delta wave. If people had restricted social activities and travel, or businesses or schools had closed in response to the Delta surge, many deaths and hospitalizations could have been averted even in the absence of vaccination. However, it seems unlikely that the entire nation would have returned to the restrictions imposed during the first year of the pandemic.
Conversely, the number of deaths estimated by the model may be too low if hospital capacity were exceeded . Moreover, the model estimates only death attributable to COVID-19. Preventable deaths due to other causes would have increased too, as occurred early in the pandemic in cities like New York City and Los Angeles.5
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Daily Confirmed Deaths Per Million People
Why adjust for the size of the population?
Differences in the population size between countries are often large, and the COVID-19 death count in more populous countries tends to be higher. Because of this it can be insightful to know how the number of confirmed deaths in a country compares to the number of people who live there, especially when comparing across countries.
For instance, if 1,000 people died in Iceland, out of a population of about 340,000, that would have a far bigger impact than the same number dying in the United States, with its population of 331 million.1 This difference in impact is clear when comparing deaths per million people of each countrys population in this example it would be roughly 3 deaths/million people in the US compared to a staggering 2,941 deaths/million people in Iceland.
Three tips on how to interact with this map
- You can focus on a particular world region using the dropdown menu to the top-right of the map.
States Ranked By Covid
As of Dec. 21, more than 806,000 people in the U.S. had died after contracting COVID-19, according to The New York Times.
The Times used data from reports of coronavirus cases and deaths by U.S. states and counties. The database includes cases and deaths that have been identified by public health officials as probable coronavirus patients, which means they did not have confirmed tests for coronavirus infection but were evaluated using criteria developed by national and local governments. Read more about the data here.
Here is a breakdown of average daily COVID-19 deaths and COVID-19 deaths per 100,000 people over the last seven days in all 50 U.S. states and Washington, D.C. The data was last updated Dec. 21.
Note: States are ranked by deaths per 100,000. The list includes ties.
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Who Has Vaccinated The Most
Of the 197 countries and territories administering vaccines and publishing rollout data, 67 are high-income nations, 103 are middle-income and 27 low-income.
The map below, using figures collated by Our World in Data – a collaboration between Oxford University and an educational charity – shows the total number of doses given per 100 people, mostly first doses.
The Coronavirus Pandemic: Key Things To Know
Around the world.In Europe, the Netherlands, Britain and Denmark adopted tough restrictions, while France, Spain and Italy are betting on a more measured approach. New Zealand pushed back a phased opening of its borders, and Thailand said it was pausing a quarantine-free travel program.
Older people have been vaccinated at a much higher rate than younger age groups and yet the brutal effects of the virus on them has persisted. The share of younger people among all virus deaths in the United States increased this year, but, in the last two months, the portion of older people has risen once again, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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What Share Of The Population Has Been Partly Or Fully Vaccinated Against Covid
The following charts show the breakdown of vaccinations by those that have been partly or fully vaccinated. A person is considered partly vaccinated if they have received only one dose of a 2-dose vaccine protocol. A person is considered fully vaccinated if they have received a single-dose vaccine or both doses of a two-dose vaccine.
This data is only available for countries which report the breakdown of doses administered by first and second doses.
How We Conducted This Study
To evaluate the impact of the vaccination program in the United States, the researchers expanded their age-stratified, agent-based model of COVID-19 to include waning of naturally acquired or vaccine- elicited immunity, as well as booster vaccination.6,7 For the timelines of this study, the characteristics of three variants were included in the model, each with cumulative prevalence of at least 3 percent in the U.S., including B.1.526 , B.1.1.7 , and B.1.617.2 in addition to the original Wuhan-I SARS-CoV-2 strain.
The model parameters included the population demographics of the U.S., an empirically determined contact network accounting for pandemic mobility patterns, and age-specific risks of severe health outcomes due to COVID-19. The model incorporated data on daily vaccine doses administered in the U.S.8 The minimum age eligibility for vaccination was 16 years before May 13, 2021, after which children 12 to 15 became eligible for vaccination. Vaccination of children ages 5 to 11 with Pfizer-BioNTech started on November 2, 2021.
Vaccine efficacies against infection and symptomatic and severe disease for different vaccine types for each variant and by time since vaccination were drawn from published estimates. The model was calibrated to reported national incidence data between October 1, 2020, and November 30, 2021, and validated with infection, hospitalization, and death trends during the same period.
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