How Many People Get Sick After Second Covid Shot

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What Are Common Side Effects Of Covid

How soon after COVID-19 infection can you get the vaccine?

Of the three COVID-19 vaccines that have been available within the U.S., two are mRNA vaccines , and one is an inactivated viral vector vaccine . People who receive any of these vaccines may experience common side effects such as:

  • pain at the injection site
  • swelling in the arm that received the injection
  • redness at the injection site
  • feeling tired or fatigued
  • chills
  • nausea
  • COVID arm a harmless red rash that appears, on rare occasions, at the injection site about a week after the injection

How Are We Actually Doing On Getting People Second Doses

As Yglesias pointed out, state and local data tends to be somewhat more reliable than the CDCs. So I checked out the trends in Maryland and found a similar problem. The state has been averaging about 5,000 first doses per day so far in December. That would translate to as many as 140,000 people in the four-week interval between their first and second doses, if we use the longer Moderna schedule.

But the actual gap between the number of first doses versus the number of second doses? Nearly 500,000. That suggests a lot of people who got that first dose and never came back for a second.

Ohio likewise has a roughly 550,000-person gap between the number of vaccinations started and the number completed. In Washington state, a paragon of good public health practices, there are still 410,000 more people reported as having initiated their vaccination than are reported to have completed it.

None of these states are averaging anywhere near enough new vaccinations for the gap to be fully explained by people waiting the prescribed three or four weeks between shots. There is a real one-dose problem.

I think we can consider them not fully vaccinated, Paul Offit, director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia, told me. People just dont follow up because they are only so attentive to their own health or for whatever reason. Hopefully people dont think they dont need the second dose.

When To Call The Doctor

Side effects can affect you or your childs ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days.

In most cases, discomfort from pain or fever is a normal sign that the body is building protection. Contact a doctor or healthcare provider:

  • If the redness or tenderness where the shot was given gets worse after 24 hours
  • If the side effects are worrying or do not seem to be going away after a few days

If you or your child get a COVID-19 vaccine and you think you or they might be having a severe allergic reaction after leaving the vaccination site, seek immediate medical care by calling 911. Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and rare severe allergic reactions.

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How Many People Experience Pfizer And Moderna Side Effects

Most people may experience at least one side effect after getting their dose the most common being an injection site reaction . In the first few months after the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines were authorized, 70% to 75% of people reported this side effect after getting either dose.

Additionally, 50% of people reported systemic side effects after their first dose, which jumped to about 70% after the second dose.

Chills and fever, which were reported by only about 9% of people after their first dose, went up to about 30% after the second dose. Similarly, joint pain was more common after the second shot, going from about 9% to 26% .

During the Pfizer and Moderna clinical trials, side effects were reported more frequently in younger people getting the vaccine. Below well review a few other factors that might influence your likelihood of experiencing side effects.

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COVID

When the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that almost 8% of the millions who have received the first dose of a Covid-19 vaccine hadn’t returned to get the second shot they need, it raised concerns that the country might not be able reach herd immunity.

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The only causal link thats emerged so far between vaccines and deaths has occurred in some women who took the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. In April, the CDC reported three deaths from a rare blood-clotting disorder among women 18 to 49 who got the single-dose J& J. The CDC halted J& J shots April 13 but approved their resumption 10 days later, saying their advantages outweighed their potential dangers.

Q. I am a Canadian who owns a condo in Coconut Creek. I am planning on flying to Florida Dec. 6. I have had my two Pfizer vaccines. The second one was on June 5. Will I be able to get the Pfizer booster? If yes, will I be charged for it? Rosa Rudick

A. You can get your shot here, and theres no cost. COVID-19 vaccines in Florida are available to full-time and seasonal residents, according to the Florida Department of Health.

Additionally, anyone in the state for the purpose of providing goods or services is also eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in Florida, according to the department.

Many people from foreign countries are getting their boosters here, even those who dont own property and are just visiting. Few questions are being asked of anyone arriving at a pharmacy for a shot. You can find a list of sites that offer appointments or allow you to walk in at SunSentinel.com/coronavirus.

Brothels Reopen In Nevada

USA Today reports:

Brothels across Nevada reopened for business and casino capacity on the Las Vegas Strip increased to 80% as Nevada continued to ease coronavirus restrictions over the weekend.

Gov. Steve Sisolak has said he expects all businesses to be reopened at 100% capacity by June 1.

Legal sex workers returning to the workplace for the first time in more than a year are adjusting to safety measures such as masks and temperature checks.

The Reno Gazette-Journal says one county gets 30% of its discretionary income from taxes on brothels. Some of the sex workers turned to online performance when the pandemic closed the places where they worked.

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Why Do Some People Feel Worse After Their Second Covid

With COVID-19 vaccinations now available to all American adults, more people are getting their shots. And with more vaccinations come more people experiencing the vaccines side effects.

You may have heard from friends or family members or maybe it happened to you left feeling lousy after their shot. The side effects after the vaccine range in severity, with some feeling fine after their shot, some experiencing minor symptoms like soreness on the arm where they were injected, and others feeling more serious effects.

Now that vaccinations are open to a younger portion of the population, and with data showing that younger people are more likely to feel side effects, here are answers to questions you may have about side effects from experts and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What kind of side effects are we talking about? What do they mean?

Side effects as a result of the COVID-19 vaccine mean that your immune system is responding how it should and generating a reaction that allows the body to retain memory of COVID-19 to make a response in the future if you are exposed, said Dr. Vandana Madhavan, clinical director of pediatric infectious disease at MassGeneral Hospital for Children.

People who have been vaccinated might experience pain, redness, and swelling on the arm where they got the shot, according to the CDC.

Younger people are more likely to feel side effects than older people. Why?

What if I dont feel any side effects?

Here’s What Colleagues Are Saying After Their Second Shot

Why do some people feel sick after getting a COVID vaccine and others don’t?

The first shot was a breeze and felt no different than my annual flu vaccine. Shot number two came with a kick! I got my second shot on Wednesday at noon and felt mild pain at the injection site. Later that evening my axillae was sore as if I had been pulling on a machine cord for a long time. The next day, about 18-20 hours after my shot, I felt chills, myalgias and extreme fatigue as if I were finishing a long race. I did not get a fever, but I did experience chills.

When I got home, I hydrated, took ibuprofen and did a short yoga session , and I was in bed by 9 p.m. I felt fine the next day. Marcelo Gareca, MD, LVPG Infectious Diseases

I did OK with the second shot. I had some body aches for about 24 hours afterwards, along with some arm soreness. It did not keep me from my normal activities, and I felt better within 48 hours. Chantal Branco, RN, LVHN Patient Care Services

Twenty-four hours after my shot, I only had some mild soreness in my left arm thats it. I did have mild chills 36 hours after the injection. Charles Worrilow, MD, LVPG Emergency Medicine

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Can Children Age 4 Or Younger Get A Covid

Not yet. White House medical advisor Dr. Anthony Fauci previously said that he expects vaccines to be available to children under 5 by early 2022. On Dec. 17, Pfizer announced that it will be testing a third-dose protocol with children as young as 6 months old. A two-dose series of a 3-microgram version of Pfizer’s vaccine proved effective in children 6 to 24 months, but not with 2-to-5-year-olds.

In December the FDA authorized Eli Lilly’s monoclonal antibody treatment for young children, even newborns, if they’re infected or were exposed and are at high risk of severe COVID-19. Children who are at high risk for COVID-19 include kids who are obese or have diabetes, asthma or other health conditions.However, monoclonal antibodies are understood to be not as effective against treating COVID-19 when caused by the omicron variant.

Children May Be Eligible Soon

While it may seem like teenagers and younger children are being left out, they are not. Thats because those trials started after the adult trials, so theyre going to lag behind in terms of the data acquired, Dr. Rouhbakhsh explained. What you’re likely going to see is the same kind of pattern as the initial EUA .

That means Pfizer adults, then Moderna adults, then Johnson & Johnson adults, and then subsequent to that will be Pfizer 1216 year olds and so forth, he said. So that’s likely the pattern in which it’s going to go, because they likely have continued on that same pace and are in that order in terms of starting and finishing their trials.

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Extremely Rare Side Effects

‘Erythema multiforme’ is an extremely rare side effect. This is a skin reaction that causes red spots or patches on the skin. It may look like a target or ‘bulls-eye’ with a dark red centre surrounded by paler red rings.

Serious side effects, like a severe allergic reaction, are extremely rare. Your vaccinator is trained to treat any serious allergic reactions.

You should not get another mRNA vaccine if you have had a severe allergic reaction to the Moderna vaccine, any of its ingredients or have been told by your doctor not to have the Moderna vaccine.

mRNA vaccines offered in Ireland are the Moderna vaccine and the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine.

What We Know About Pfizer Vaccine Side Effects And Whether You Can Reduce Them

Safety Guidelines for Individuals Vaccinated for COVID

When Rachael McGuire rolled up her sleeve to get her first dose of the Pfizer vaccine in April, she went home with a sore arm and spent the evening feeling a little more tired than usual.

But around 12 hours after receiving the second dose, McGuire went to bed with a splitting headache that hung around for a couple of days.

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Do I Need To Give Consent For My Young Child To Get Vaccinated

Yes, parents generally need to consent to their children receiving medical care, including Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. This is especially true for younger children.

However, depending on which state you live in, there may be a legal precedent for teens and other kids to request the vaccine without your permission: Tennessee’s vaccine director, Michelle Fiscus, was fired in August, allegedly in part for sending out a memo detailing Tennessee’s “mature minor doctrine,” which explains how minors may seek medical care without the consent of their parents.

Can I Do Anything Ahead Of Time To Reduce Any Side Effects From The Vaccine

You should wait until after being vaccinated to see how you feel. If you do experience side effects, it is OK to take an over-the-counter drug to lower a fever, reduce chills, or relieve a headache or body aches. Its important that you do not take these drugs before getting your vaccine as there are theoretical concerns that some pain relieving drugs may interfere with the immune response to the vaccine. It is also unclear if taking medication ahead of time actually works to reduce post-vaccine symptoms.

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An Editor Shares Her Own Second

What it feels like to get punched by the second dose

The second dose is worse than the first. That’s what I’d been reading about the second shot of the COVID-19 vaccine. Yet, none of my friends or colleagues who’d had both rounds had found this to be true, so I was expecting my own second shot of the Moderna vaccine to cause me no more trouble than the first a sore arm and slight fatigue.

My immune system had other ideas. The second dose delivered a punch that knocked me out.

As a resident of the District of Columbia, I was qualified for vaccination in mid-January when the district widened eligibility to people 65 and older. I had a smooth first appointment from sign-up to post-injection and the second appointment, set for 12:30 p.m. on a chilly February day, was going just as well.

The prick of the needle was so light I barely felt it. That’s it? I asked the pharmacist.

“That’s it, she said.

I rolled down my sleeve, waited 15 minutes, as instructed, for any potential adverse reaction, and drove home with a clear plastic Band-Aid on my upper left arm.

About 10 hours after the jab, I climbed into bed and trailed off to an easy sleep until 3 a.m. when I awakened sweaty, shaky, with a headache, nausea and an arm so sore I couldn’t lift it.

It had been a long time since I’d been felled by illness, so this took me off guard. But I am grateful that the vaccine showed me its strength. That’s how I look at it now.

More on Vaccines

Can Exercise Or Painkillers Reduce Side Effects

Vaccine Side Effects: What to Expect After Your Covid-19 Shot | WSJ

There have been some reports that exercising before getting jabbed can help stave off side effects, but Dr Quinn isn’t so sure.

“Exercise can impact your overall immune stimulation level, but I don’t think it’s going to be a super reliable way of controlling these particular side effects,” Dr Quinn said.

It may also be tempting to take painkillers, such as paracetamol, before getting vaccinated to block any side effects from showing up in the first place.

But the World Health Organization advises against taking painkillers beforehand, as it isn’t known whether they affect how well the vaccine works.

Fortunately, it’s perfectly fine to take painkillers after the jab to reduce uncomfortable symptoms, such as a sore arm and headache, Dr Cheng said.

“They really manage the symptoms and don’t dampen the immune response itself,” he said.

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Are Some People More Likely To Have Side Effects From The Moderna And Pfizer Vaccine

Your immune systems response to the vaccine will depend on your medical history and the type of vaccine. Several factors can affect how your immune system reacts to a vaccine, including:

  • Vaccine formulation

  • The injection site

For example, infants and toddlers are less likely to have reactions at the vaccine injection site but more likely to develop a fever than adults. And in some studies, women were more likely to report side effects to the COVID-19 vaccines than men. Nearly 80% of women reported adverse events versus about 20% of men.

Where Can My Kid Get A Booster Shot

Since only Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine is approved for anyone under 18, it’s generally just available in doctor’s offices, public health clinics and other places accessible to children.

Call your pediatrician or local health clinic for a recommendation on where to go. Parents may also text their ZIP code to 438829 or use this vaccine finder link to find a clinic near them that has the child vaccine available.

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How Is Pfizer’s Child Vaccine For Kids Under 12 Different

Though it’s still delivered in two shots given three weeks apart, Pfizer’s vaccine for kids 5 to 11 is one-third the dose given to everyone 12 and up. Pfizer’s vaccine for kids can also be stored for up to 10 weeks in a fridge, making it easier to administer, and the cap on the vial is orange instead of purple and gray to avoid mix-ups.

And if it helps to put your kids at ease, the needle used to administer the child’s dose of vaccine is also smaller. For more information about Pfizer’s vaccine for younger children, check out this fact sheet by the FDA.

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