How Can I Protect Myself And Others From Covid
No vaccine is 100% effective, even for the healthiest among us, and our research shows that some people are less well protected by their jab than others.
Itâs particularly important that people working with frail older adults, such as health and social care workers, continue to use their lateral flow tests because younger people who are infected with COVID-19 might not have any symptoms if theyâve been vaccinated.
We all still need to be careful to follow the advice on âhands, face, space, fresh airâ to cut the chances of catching or spreading the virus.â
Even if youâve had both COVID jabs, itâs important to stick to public health guidelines to help protect your own health as well as those around you in your family, workplace and community.â
Dr Claire Steves at Kingâs College London, who is the lead author on the study, says, âItâs great to see this evidence that vaccinated people experience fewer symptoms, are less likely to be hospitalised and that the risk of developing long COVID is lower in older people at least.
âOur work shows there are still groups to protect, especially frail older adults, and people living in more disadvantaged areas. These groups may need to be prioritised for second and booster vaccinations.â
At the moment, it looks like the vaccination programme is helping to control the pandemic across the UK but we must stay alert for the emergence of local hotspots, especially in light of new variants.
How Can I Prevent Breakthrough Coronavirus Infection
We advise that even fully vaccinated people continue to follow all safety precautions while the COVID-19 pandemic continues.
Immunocompromised patients should contact their doctors and discuss getting a third dose of the coronavirus vaccine.
The CDC recommends boosters for certain groups of people. A COVID booster is an additional dose of the COVID-19 vaccine that can help maintain your immunity for longer if the protection of your initial vaccine has begun to decline over time. Getting a booster may help prevent a breakthrough infection or having symptoms.
Avoid indoor gatherings, especially when many people are present, mask-wearing is inconsistent, or ventilation is poor.
The basic coronavirus precautions are effective in lowering your chances of becoming infected with the coronavirus, even after you have been fully vaccinated.
Who Is Most At Risk For Breakthrough Covid
Although any fully vaccinated person can experience a breakthrough infection, people with weakened immune systems caused by certain medical conditions or treatments are more likely to have breakthrough infections.
The CDC recommends that patients with weakened immune systems receive an additional, or third, dose of the COVID-19 vaccine 28 days or later after their second shot to strengthen their protection against the coronavirus.
Ask your doctor if you are living with a medical condition or receiving treatment that puts you at risk for a lowered immune system, and if getting a third vaccine is appropriate.
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Studies Show Pfizer Vaccine Less Effective Against Omicron
According to a preprint study by researchers at the UKs University of Oxford in England, theres a substantial fall in neutralization of antibodies in the fully vaccinated with evidence of some recipients failing to neutralize at all.
According to the study, breakthrough infections in those previously infected or double-vaccinated individuals could increase, although there is currently no evidence of increased potential to cause severe disease, hospitalization or death.
© 2021 Childrens Health Defense, Inc. This work is reproduced and distributed with the permission of Childrens Health Defense, Inc. Want to learn more from Childrens Health Defense? for free news and updates from Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and the Childrens Health Defense. Your donation will help to support us in our efforts.
Why Are We Seeing More Covid Cases In Fully Vaccinated People
by Nathan Bartlett, The Conversation
A breakthrough infection is when someone tests positive for COVID after being fully vaccinated, regardless of symptoms.
The good news is most breakthrough infections usually result in mild symptoms or none at all, which shows us that vaccines are doing exactly what they’re supposed to doprotecting us from severe disease and death. Vaccines aren’t designed to protect us from getting infected at all .
However, if you’re vaccinated you’ll clear the virus more quickly, reducing the length of time you’re infectious and can pass the virus on.
Here’s why breakthrough cases are happening, and why you shouldn’t worry too much.
Two studies from the United Kingdom suggest the immunity we get from COVID vaccines wanes over time, after about four to six months.
While the more-infectious Delta variant continues to circulate, waning immunity will lead to more breakthrough infections.
But the reduction isn’t large currently. Vaccine effectiveness is very high to begin with, so incremental reductions due to waning won’t have a significant effect on protection for some time.
We’ll probably need booster doses
A silver lining
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Federal Data On Covid
The CDC reports demographic characteristics, including race/ethnicity, of people receiving COVID-19 vaccinations at the national level, including both people who have received one dose and people who have been recently vaccinated . As of December 13, 2021, CDC reported that race/ethnicity was known for 70% of people who had received at least one dose of the vaccine. Among this group, nearly two thirds were White , 10% were Black, 19% were Hispanic, 6% were Asian, 1% were American Indian or Alaska Native , and < 1% were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander , while 6% reported multiple or other race. White people make up a smaller share of people who have received at least one dose and people who have recently received a vaccination compared to their share of the total population . The same pattern is observed among Black people, who make up 10% of people who have received at least one dose and 11% of those recently vaccinated, compared to 12% of the population. In contrast, Hispanic people make up a larger share of vaccinated people and people who recently received a vaccination compared to their share of the total population . The share of vaccinated people who are Asian is proportionate to their share of the total population , while they make up a higher share of people initiating vaccination in the last 14 days. .
Vaccination Is The Best Protection Against Delta
The most important thing you can do to protect yourself from Delta is to get fully vaccinated, the doctors say. The CDC endorses a clinical preference for vaccination with the Pfizer and Moderna shots, both of which are two-dose vaccines. You must get both of those shots and then wait the recommended two-week period for them to take full effect. All adults are eligible to be vaccinated . Boosters are also recommended.
Although fully vaccinated people with a breakthrough infection can infect others, the CDC reports that the amount of viral genetic material may decrease faster in vaccinated peopleso, while they have been found to carry the same amount of virus in their noses and throats as unvaccinated people, studies have also found they may spread virus for a shorter time.
There are additional CDC prevention guidelines available for both vaccinated and unvaccinated people. As efforts continue to vaccinate more people in the U.S., the CDC is recommending layered prevention strategies for everyone, and that includes wearing face masks in public indoor settings in areas of substantial or high transmission. The agency has also recommended universal indoor masking for all teachers, staff, students, and visitors to K-12 schools. There also may be mask mandates in place depending on your geographic location.
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How Effective Are Covid Vaccines Against The Omicron Variant An Epidemiologist Explains
Understanding how much protection a vaccine offers is not as simple as it sounds.
The pandemic has brought many tricky terms and ideas from epidemiology into everyones lives. Two particularly complicated concepts are vaccine efficacy and effectiveness. These are not the same thing. And as time goes on and new variants like omicron emerge, they are changing, too. Melissa Hawkins is an epidemiologist and public health researcher at American University. She explains the way researchers calculate how well a vaccine prevents disease, what influences these numbers and how omicron is changing things.
1. What do vaccines do?
A vaccine activates the immune system to produce antibodies that remain in your body to fight against exposure to a virus in the future. All three vaccines currently approved for use in the U.S. the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines showed impressive success in clinical trials.
Clinical trials are used to calculate the efficacy of a vaccine but dont necessarily represent real-world conditions.
2. What is the difference between vaccine efficacy and effectiveness?
All new vaccines must undergo clinical trials in which researchers test the vaccines on thousands of people to examine how well they work and whether they are safe.
Effectiveness, on the other hand, describes how well a vaccine performs in the real world. It is calculated the same way, by comparing illness among vaccinated and unvaccinated people.
How Many Cases Vaccinations And Deaths In My Area
Enter a full UK postcode or council name to find out
A booster campaign, originally targeted at people over 40 or belonging to a number of other vulnerable groups, has been extended to all over-18s.
The government says every eligible adult will be offered a booster jab by the end of the year.
The minimum gap between the second jab and booster dose has also been reduced from six to three months, to speed up the process.
So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen three of which require two doses for maximum protection.
All those aged under 40 are being offered an alternative to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine due to evidence linking it to rare blood clots.
The vaccine currently being used for under-18s in the UK is Pfizer-BioNTech, but the Moderna vaccine has also been authorised for use in children.
Those eligible for boosters will receive one dose of Pfizer or half a dose of Moderna.
There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.
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Unvaccinated People Are At Risk
In the U.S., there is a disproportionate number of unvaccinated people in Southern and Appalachian states including Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, and West Virginia, where vaccination rates are low, but cases are rising in other parts of the country as well. In September, health leaders in Idaho, which has one of the lowest vaccination rates in the country, expanded health care rationing throughout the state after the Delta surge led to a scarcity of resources for all hospitalized patients.
Children, teenagers, and young adults are a concern, too. A study from the United Kingdom showed that children and adults under 50 were 2.5 times more likely to become infected with Delta, says Dr. Yildirim. The U.S. has allowed Pfizer-BioNTech vaccinations for adolescents and teenagers since May, and, in early November, the CDC approved FDA authorization of the Pfizer vaccine for children ages 5-17.
As older age groups get vaccinated, those who are younger and unvaccinated will be at higher risk of getting COVID-19 with any variant, says Dr. Yildirim. But Delta seems to be impacting younger age groups more than previous variants.
Should People Who Are Pregnant Get A Booster Shot
The COVID-19 booster recommendations apply to all people 18 years and older, including those who are pregnant. In fact, the CDC urges pregnant people to get a COVID-19 vaccine — and a booster is half a full vaccine dose.
“People who are pregnant or recently pregnant are more likely to get severely ill with COVID-19 compared with people who are not pregnant,” the CDC says on its website.
A recent study also linked COVID-19 infection in pregnant people to higher risk of stillbirth. However, there is no evidence that getting vaccinated decreases fertility in women or men.
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Physicians And Scientists Say Kids Shouldnt Get Covid Vaccines
COVID vaccines are irreversible and potentially permanently damaging, said Dr. Robert Malone, in a statement explaining why 16,000 physicians and medical scientists around the world signed a declaration publicly declaring healthy children should not be vaccinated against COVID.
Malone said the viral gene injected into childrens cells forces the body to make toxic spike proteins that could cause irreparable damage to critical organs. The novel technology used by the vaccines has not been adequately tested, Malone said.
Malone said there is no benefit for children to be vaccinated against the small risks of a virus, given the COVID injuries parents, or their children, may have to live with for the rest of their lives.
How Effective Is The Moderna Booster Against The Omicron Variant
On Monday, Moderna’s Hoge said early lab research shows its COVID-19 vaccine booster should provide “good protection against the omicron variant,” raising antibody levels approximately 37 fold. For comparision, Pfizer said earlier this month its booster raises antibody levels 25 fold, creating “robust protection” and offering “a sufficient level of protection” against omicron, the company said.
Studies of US cases of the omicron variant appear to support the concern about weakened protection for those who are fully vaccinated with two doses of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines or one of Johnson & Johnson’s. Dr. Rochelle P. Walensky, CDC director, said on Dec. 10 that 80% of first confirmed US cases with the mutated virus had been fully vaccinated against the disease.
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Us Vaers Data From Dec 14 2020 To Dec 10 2021 For All Age Groups Combined Show:
- 19% of deaths were related to cardiac disorders.
- 54% of those who died were male, 42% were female and the remaining death reports did not include the gender of the deceased.
- The average age of death was 72.7.
- As of Dec. 10, 4,584 pregnant women reported adverse events related to COVID vaccines, including 1,446 reports of miscarriage or premature birth.
- 791 reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome , with 42% of cases attributed to Pfizer, 29% to Moderna and 27% to J& J.
- 2,206 reports of anaphylaxis where the reaction was life-threatening, required treatment or resulted in death.
- 11,680 reports of blood clotting disorders in the U.S. Of those, 5,198 reports were attributed to Pfizer, 4,159 reports to Moderna and 2,275 reports to J& J.
- 3,405 cases of myocarditis and pericarditis with 2,118 cases attributed to Pfizer, 1,137 cases to Moderna and 140 cases to J& Js COVID vaccine.
Fully Vaccinated People Getting Covid
As new variants emerge, fully vaccinated people testing positive for COVID-19 won’t be uncommon, Vin Gupta, MD, said Dec. 16 on the Today show.
Dr. Gupta, physician and affiliate assistant professor of health metrics sciences at Seattle-based University of Washington, said forecasts are predicting rising COVID-19 cases among both the vaccinated and the unvaccinated “well into March,” noting that “this is going to be a very difficult three to four months ahead.”
“We have to get comfortable with fully vaccinated folks testing positive,” Dr. Gupta said. “The purpose of the vaccines is not to prevent a positive test for a respiratory virus like omicron, but to keep you out of the hospital and that’s exactly what they’re doing.”
Dr. Gupta said vaccines for respiratory viruses aren’t necessarily expected to prevent positive tests or mild symptoms, but instead prevent severe disease.
Preliminary findings Dec. 15 in preprint server MedRxiv suggest that two doses of Moderna’s mRNA vaccine are less effective against the omicron coronavirus variant. However, a booster dose strengthened the antibody response against omicron at levels comparable to the shot’s effectiveness against the delta strain. The study has yet to be peer reviewed.
Preliminary real-world data from South Africa also suggests that the omicron variant is more resistant to Pfizer’s vaccine but causes less severe infections.
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Cases Hospitalizations And Deaths Over Time
- Cases, Hospitalizations, and Deaths Over Time Data File
- Data within the lag period may change significantly due to delays in reporting and the need to deduplicate and confirm reports.
- Weekly rate per 100,000 people among the vaccinated is calculated as the number of fully vaccinated people who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 in a given week divided by the total number of people who were fully vaccinated by that week multiplied by 100,000.
- Weekly rate per 100,000 people among the not fully vaccinated is calculated as the number of not fully vaccinated people who test positive for SARS-CoV-2 in a given week divided by the total number of people who were not fully vaccinated by that week multiplied by 100,000.
- Age-adjusted rates are used to directly compare mortality and disease risk in two groups that have different age compositions. The age composition of the vaccinated population is different from the age composition of the not fully vaccinated population. For example, the vaccinated population in Minnesota is older than the not fully vaccinated population. Older adults are also at greater risk of developing, becoming hospitalized, or dying from COVID-19. Any population that has more older adults will have a higher risk of COVID-19 disease, hospitalization and death. Age adjustment is necessary in order to accurately compare fully vaccinated people to not fully vaccinated people.
- This data only includes individuals age 12 and older.