Do I Need A 4th Covid Shot
Pfizer and Moderna have both petitioned the FDA to authorize another dose of their COVID-19 vaccines.
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As pharmaceutical companies request approval for another COVID booster, questions remain about who needs it.
Last week, Pfizer and Moderna petitioned the US Food and Drug Administration to authorize an additional COVID-19 booster shot. Pfizer’s request was for adults 65 and older, a particularly vulnerable population, while Moderna seeks approval for all adults.
Because vaccine potency is known to wane over time, a fourth vaccine dose has long been a topic of study among researchers.
When Can I Get The Additional In
You can get the additional payment for administering the COVID-19 vaccine in Medicare patients homes when either of these situations applies:
- The patient has difficulty leaving the home to get the vaccine, which could mean any of these:
- They have a condition, due to an illness or injury, that restricts their ability to leave home without a supportive device or help from a paid or unpaid caregiver
- They have a condition that makes them more susceptible to contracting a pandemic disease like COVID-19
- They are generally unable to leave the home, and if they do leave home it requires a considerable and taxing effort
Unlike the requirements under the Medicare home health benefit, you or another allowed practitioner dont need to certify that the Medicare patient is homebound, but you must document in the patients medical record their clinical status or the barriers they face to getting the vaccine outside the home.
Are The Vaccines Safe What Does Fda Authorization/approval Mean
Yes, the vaccines are safe and effective. FDA grants full approval for a vaccine after the manufacturer demonstrates the product is safe, pure, and effective which generally means completing robust, well-controlled clinical trials. By contrast, an authorization for the emergency use of a vaccine is granted to allow an otherwise unapproved product to be used during a public health emergency.
All three COVID-19 vaccines used in the US were authorized last year to be used to address the pandemic. Authorization for these vaccines followed clinical trials and an extensive review of the results of those trials.
Today, the Pfizer vaccine has been fully approved by the FDA. This approval is expected soon for the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines.
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Are The Vaccines Effective
Based on evidence from clinical trials, all three vaccines are 100% effective at preventing serious hospitalizations and deaths. Thats our most urgent, important goal. A recent CDC study of essential workers in real-world conditions found the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines reduced the risk of infection by 80% after 1 dose and 90% after 2 doses. The CDC will continue to provide updates as it learns more about how the vaccines work in real-world conditions.
If It’s Free For Everyone Then Whos Paying For The Vaccine
The federal government is picking up the tab for the vaccine. It has invested $10 billion in research, production, and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines. The vaccines are to be free to the public under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act, signed into law in March 2020, as well as a patchwork of other laws.
If youre covered under Medicare or Medicaid, your vaccine will be paid for by Medicares trust fund, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Administrator Seema Verma told NPR. CMS plans to spend nearly $3 billion to vaccinate about 130 million Americans on Medicare and Medicaid. For Medicare beneficiaries, the vaccine is covered under Part B.
If you have commercial insurance and end up at an out-of-network provider, you wont have to worry about balance billing or surprise billing when getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Wherever you get it, you wont have out-of-pocket costs. That means if you go to a pharmacy or doctors office when its your turn for a vaccine, you wont have the extra hassle of finding out ahead of time if its in your insurers network.
If you dont have insurance, your vaccine is still covered. Healthcare providers who vaccinate you can get reimbursed through the Provider Relief Fund, officials said. The fund is a pool of money the government distributed to support healthcare workers and hospitals on the frontlines of the pandemic.
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Vaccine Efficacy Effectiveness And Protection
This article is part of a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. Learn more about vaccines from how they work and how theyre made to ensuring safety and equitable access in WHOs Vaccines Explained series.
COVID-19 vaccines have proven to be safe, effective and life-saving. Like all vaccines, they do not fully protect everyone who is vaccinated, and we do not yet know how well they can prevent people from transmitting the virus to others. So as well as getting vaccinated, we must also continue with other measures to fight the pandemic.
Could The Subvariant Trigger Another Surge
Over the weekend, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, President Joe Biden’s chief medical advisor, warned the virus is likely to lead to an increase in cases nationwide but not necessarily another surge.
Infection with BA.1 should protect many residents against BA.2, but vaccination plus that natural infection is even more protective, Gigi Gronvall, an immunologist and senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, told the Baltimore Sun.
Dr. Kimberly Shriner, an infectious disease specialist at Huntington Hospital, told Patch last week that the ongoing conflict in Ukraine could contribute to worldwide spread.
“There’s this BA.2 variant of omicron that’s circulating in Denmark, and what worries me a lot in that situation is with all of this movement of people out of Ukraine into Eastern Europe,” she said. “Understandably, you don’t have time to put a mask on when you’re going to have a bomb dropped on your head.
“With the movement of all these people crammed together, you can have another surge,” she said.
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How Worried Do Floridians Need To Be About Ba2
Counties may see an uptick of BA.2 infections in the next few months, but people who were fully vaccinated or had a previous infection will have protective immunity that could strengthen defense against severe disease.
Florida set a new low last week with fewer than 35,000 residents receiving a COVID vaccine, NBC Miami reported, with about half of those getting their first shot. More than 5.4 million Floridians are unvaccinated, which makes them most vulnerable to BA.2.
According to the New York Times COVID tracker, Florida has averaged 1,244 cases a day for the past seven days as of Friday. That’s a decrease of 19 percent in COVID cases statewide.
The Sunshine State has averaged 1,341 hospitalizations from COVID per day in the past week, the third-highest average in the country. But, that rate is a 33 percent decrease is patients requiring hospital care in the last 14 days.
The newspaper says an average of 71.9 deaths daily are caused by COVID-19.
Sixty-six percent of Floridians are fully vaccinated against the disease.
The biggest concern among health officials was that the U.S. lagged behind other countries when it comes to vaccination rates, despite having one of the world’s most robust arsenals of shots.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
How Can Someone Report An Adverse Reaction To A Covid
Any COVID-19 vaccine reaction that requires hospitalization should be immediately reported to the Office of Public Health at 1-800-256-2748.
In addition, anyone can make a report to the Vaccine Adverse Events Reaction System . This is a national early warning system designed to detect possible safety problems in U.S.-licensed vaccines. VAERS accepts and analyzes reports of adverse events after a person has received a vaccination. Anyone can report an adverse event to VAERS at this link:
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Astrazeneca: A Few Dollars Per Dose
British pharma giant AstraZeneca said at its quarterly earnings release on July 30 that its COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 might cost just a few dollars per dose.
If true, AstraZeneca will be a clear winner in the vaccine price war. But nothing is definite just yet. AstraZeneca recently signed a $1.2 billion agreement with the U.S. government to produce up to 300 million doses of the vaccine. But the funding will support both the vaccines phase 3 trials and manufacturing, so per dose cost isnt clear.
Browse By Vaccine Pharmacy Or State
While vaccine eligibility is now open to all adults, it may still be difficult to understand how and where you can get vaccinated. Our resources below can help you find and request an appointment, as well as help you understand what to expect after you receive the vaccine.
Browse by vaccine brand:
Browse by pharmacy:
Browse by state:
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Where Can I Get A Vaccine
All nine public health regions and 64 parishes of the state have at least one vaccine location. To find one near you, visit covidvaccine.la.gov and click/tap on the Vaccine Locations button. Vaccines are available at select:
- Chain pharmacies
- Rural health clinics
- Other healthcare providers
In addition to these providers, community vaccination events are taking place across the state and are listed at covidvaccine.la.gov.
Who Is Eligible For The Vaccines
Everyone in Louisiana ages 5 and older is eligible to get vaccinated against COVID-19.
Having a large portion of the population vaccinated is our best shot at a return to some form of normalcy. Based on conversations with our federal partners, we are encouraged that Louisiana will receive enough doses to vaccinate everyone who wants a shot.
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Who Needs To Quarantine
LDH and CDC advise that fully vaccinated individuals do not need to quarantine following an exposure to COVID-19. Anyone who tests positive should immediately isolate. Isolation typically consists of:
- If symptomatic, at least 10 days since symptoms first appeared, symptoms are improving, and at least 24 hours with no fever without fever-reducing medication.
- If asymptomatic but with a positive test, 10 days from the time the test sample was collected.
Are The Vaccines Ok If I Am Pregnant Or Breastfeeding
The CDC advises all pregnant people be given access to the vaccines. In Louisiana, anyone currently pregnant is currently eligible to be vaccinated.
While specific studies are ongoing, there has been no indication that there are negative effects for this population. Pregnant and breastfeeding people should discuss whether they should receive their vaccine with their providers.
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How Is It Different From The Original Omicron Variant
The difference between the original omicron variant, BA.1, and the subvariant, BA.2, is “extremely small,” according to researchers at UCLA.
The biggest difference is that the new subvariant is likely to be more contagious.
“I think the main problem with BA.2 is even more transmission,”Troels Lillebaek, a molecular epidemiologist at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, told Nature.com. “You risk even more people testing positive within a short time, putting strain on the hospital system.”
Q: Is It Possible To Compare The Effectiveness Of The Three Covid
A: No. The only way to accurately compare the effectiveness of vaccines is by direct comparison in head-to-head clinical trials, which did not occur for these vaccines. Furthermore, the clinical trials for these vaccines occurred in different geographic regions and at different points in time with varying incidence of COVID-19.
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How Much Will The Covid
Short answer: probably $0. Ramzi Yacoub, PharmD, chief pharmacy officer at SingleCare, believes it should be relatively inexpensive for citizens to gain access to the coronavirus vaccine. “According to the Centers For Disease Control, the COVID-19 vaccine will be distributed to US citizens at no cost to the patient, since the vaccines were purchased with US taxpayer dollars,” Dr. Yacoub told POPSUGAR via email. “Vaccination providers may charge a small administration fee for giving the shot, but this will likely be covered by the patient’s insurance provider, or by the Health Resources and Services Administration’s Provider Relief Fund if uninsured.”
A representative at One Medical primary care group confirmed this to POPSUGAR as well: “According to Operation Warp Speed , a partnership between the US Department of Health and Human Services, including the CDC and the Department of Defense, the objective is to ensure that ‘no one desiring vaccination will face an economic barrier to receiving one.'” This includes any out-of-pocket expenses for distribution or administration of the vaccine.
Pfizer: $1950 Per Dose
Last month, Pfizer and its German vaccine partner, BioNTech, entered a contract with BARDA to provide 100 million doses of their mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine, BNT162, for $1.95 billion, or $19.50 per dose, by the end of this year.
The contract also includes a government pledge to purchase another 500 million doses next year, possibly at a lower price.
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Do I Still Have To Wear A Mask If I Get A Vaccine
The CDC continues to monitor the spread of COVID-19 and makes recommendations for wearing face masks, both for those who are fully vaccinated as well as people who are not fully vaccinated.
The CDC also recommends that masks and physical distancing be required when going to a doctors office, hospital or long-term care facility, including all Johns Hopkins hospitals, care centers and offices.
Johns Hopkins Medicines mask safety guidelines have not changed, and we still require everyone to wear masks inside all of our facilities.
Q Do I Need A Vaccine If I Have Already Had Covid
A. Yes, people who have already had COVID-19 should plan to take the COVID-19 vaccine. A CDC report found the odds of COVID-19 among unvaccinated, previously infected adults were higher than the odds among fully vaccinated recipients with no previous documented infection. The CDC currently suggests that if you were infected with COVID-19 during the previous 90 days, it is likely that you still have immune protection and that you will be asked to wait to receive your vaccine to allow others to be vaccinated first.
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What You Need To Know
- COVID-19 vaccines are available for everyone ages 5 years and older at no cost.
- Vaccines were paid for with taxpayer dollars and will be given free of charge to all people living in the United States, regardless of insurance or immigration status.
- COVID-19 vaccination is an important tool to help stop the pandemic.
- CDC recommends you get a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as you can.
Q: What About Vaccines Received Outside The Us
A: If you have received all recommended doses of a COVID-19 vaccine listed for emergency use by the World Health Organization , you do not need additional doses of an FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccine . If you have not received all the recommended doses of a WHO-approved vaccine, you should complete an FDA-authorized vaccine series.
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Moderna: $32 To $37 Per Dose
In its second-quarter earnings release Wednesday morning, Moderna revealed that its mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccine candidate, mRNA-1273, will cost between $32 to $37 per dose for some customers.
The Boston-based company is currently in discussion with the U.S. government to provide larger volumes at a lower per-dose price, CEO Stephane Bancel told investors in a call on Wednesday. He said Moderna is also in talks with other countries to supply the vaccine and has received about $400 million in deposits as of July 31.
Moderna has received nearly $1 billion from the federal Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority , an office under the Department of Health and Human Services , to fund its vaccine development.