How Long Do Symptoms Last
Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, health organizations advised that, for most people, symptoms would last a short amount of time. However, since then, people have reported that their symptoms last much longer than this.
A July 2020 CDC report found that 35% of people who had mild cases of COVID-19 were not back to their usual state of health 1421 days after testing positive. Among those aged 1834 years with no chronic medical conditions, one in five had not returned to their usual state of health.
This suggests that, for some people, COVID-19 symptoms last longer than original estimates, even in mild cases. By comparison, over 90% of people with influenza, or flu, recover within approximately 2 weeks of having a positive test result.
People who require hospital treatment or who experience long COVID may also have longer-lasting symptoms. Long COVID, or post-COVID syndrome, is a name for a collection of symptoms that some people continue to experience months after their initial illness.
The symptoms of post-COVID syndrome
A study from the New England Journal of Medicine investigated how long SARS-CoV-2 would survive on various surfaces, including plastic, stainless steel, copper, and cardboard. The findings suggest that the virus could survive for:
- 4 hours on copper
- 24 hours on cardboard
- 72 hours on plastic and steel
What If My State Doesn’t Have An App That Lets Me Store My Card
If your state doesn’t have an iPhone or Android app that lets you store a copy of your vaccination record, there are other ways to keep it on your phone. What qualifies as valid proof, however, can vary by state, city, county or even business.
Some places may accept a photo of your physical vaccination card: For example, concert producer AEG Presents accepts a “physical copy of a COVID-19 Vaccination Record Card, a digital copy of such card or such other proof as is permitted locally.” But you definitely want to research first if your city, county or state does the same.
Along with public school mandates, hundreds of private colleges are also requiring students and employees to be vaccinated: Seattle University, which requires students to be vaccinated to attend in-person classes, offers an online form to upload photos of the front and back of your vaccination card.
When in doubt, look for information on the business’s website or call the local health department and ask for clarification. This is bound to save you time and the risk of being turned away at the door.
Viral And Host Factors
Multiple viral and host factors affect the pathogenesis of the virus. The S-protein, otherwise known as the spike protein, is the viral component that attaches to the host receptor via the ACE2 receptors. It includes two subunits: S1 and S2. S1 determines the virus-host range and cellular tropism via the receptor-binding domain. S2 mediates the membrane fusion of the virus to its potential cell host via the H1 and HR2, which are heptad repeat regions. Studies have shown that S1 domain induced IgG and IgA antibody levels at a much higher capacity. It is the focus spike proteins expression that are involved in many effective COVID-19 vaccines.
The M protein is the viral protein responsible for the transmembrane transport of nutrients. It is the cause of the bud release and the formation of the viral envelope. The N and E protein are accessory proteins that interfere with the host’s immune response.
Human angiotensin converting enzyme 2 is the host factor that SARS-COV2 virus targets causing COVID-19. Theoretically, the usage of angiotensin receptor blockers and ACE inhibitors upregulating ACE2 expression might increase morbidity with COVID-19, though animal data suggest some potential protective effect of ARB however no clinical studies have proven susceptibility or outcomes. Until further data is available, guidelines and recommendations for hypertensive patients remain.
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Q: I Built A Diy Ventilator Using Instructions I Found On The Internet May I Sell It
A: DIY ventilator makers may request that their product be added to the Emergency Use Authorization that the FDA issued on March 24, 2020, to legally market the product in the U.S. Instructions on how to do so, and the criteria for ventilator safety, performance and labeling, may be found in the Letter of Authorization and Appendix A for the EUA related to ventilators, anesthesia gas machines modified for use as ventilators, positive pressure breathing devices modified for use as ventilators, ventilator tubing connectors, and ventilator accessories.
Fact: People Of All Ages Can Be Infected By The Covid
Older people and younger people can be infected by the COVID-19 virus. Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.
WHO advises people of all ages to take steps to protect themselves from the virus, for example by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.
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Fact: Most People Who Get Covid
Most people who get COVID-19 have mild or moderate symptoms and can recover thanks to supportive care. If you have a cough, fever and difficulty breathing seek medical care early – call your health facility by telephone first. If you have fever and live in an area with malaria or dengue seek medical care immediately.
Does A Positive Coronavirus Test Mean A Person Is Infectious
The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a major study looking at this question, after they found hundreds of people were still testing positive weeks and months after seemingly recovering from the disease.
The study investigated 285 “re-positive cases” and followed 790 friends and family those people had been in contact with after their second positive test.
After monitoring those 790 contacts for at least 14 days, the study found 27 were positive.
Of those 27 people, 24 had already contracted the virus before coming into contact with the case studies.
The remaining three were found to have other likely sources of infections.
Professor Collignon said the epidemiological study showed that people testing positive, after seeming to have cleared the virus, did not appear to be infectious.
“But just to see if there was any chance that maybe they’d missed something, they said, ‘let’s look at this in the laboratory’,” he said.
To back up their findings, the researchers took samples from 108 of those re-positive cases and tried to grow them in cell culture.
“They took a special cell line called Vero, and they put material from the people’s throats to see if it would grow up and grow in bigger numbers in those cell lines and it didn’t,” Professor Collignon said.
Similar findings have been reported in smaller studies in France and the United States.
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Q: Am I Currently Eligible For A Covid
A: Everyone ages 16 and older can get a booster shot.
The FDA amended the emergency use authorization for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine to allow for the use of a single booster dose for people ages 16 and 17 after completion of primary vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine.
The FDA-authorized Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine and the FDA-approved Comirnaty are the only COVID-19 vaccines currently available for people ages 16 and 17. Individuals ages 16 and 17 should only receive the Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine or Comirnaty as their booster dose.
If you are 18 or older and received the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine or Comirnaty for your primary vaccination series at least 6 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines. They are:
- Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
If you are 18 or older and received the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine as your primary vaccination at least 2 months ago, then you may receive a booster dose of any of the currently available COVID-19 vaccines.
The FDA-approved Comirnaty and the two authorized formulations of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for ages 12 and older, when prepared according to their respective instructions for use, can be used interchangeably without any safety or effectiveness concerns.
Which Test Should I Use
Greg Schrank, MD, MPH, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and hospital epidemiologist at the University of Maryland Medical Center, tells Verywell that rapid antigen tests and PCR lab tests can both be used to detect COVID-19 infection, but there are pros and cons of each to consider.
PCR tests are able to detect even very low quantities of virus and have a higher sensitivity as compared to rapid tests,” says Schrank. However, they have the disadvantage of taking longerin some cases up to a few days to result.
Rapid antigen tests are faster and easy to administer, allowing people to get results back as soon as the same day. Robert G. Lahita, MD, PhD, director of the Institute for Autoimmune and Rheumatic Disease at Saint Joseph Health, tells Verywell that a rapid test “can be done within minutes of exposure.” However, a caveat is that these tests may not detect low levels of the virus, as a PCR test can.
Rapid tests and PCR tests are both useful but each has its pros and cons. If you’ve been exposed to COVID or have symptoms, the best test to use is the one that you can access as soon as possible.
Both types of tests are useful, and I would encourage individuals who are testing because of symptoms or an exposure to use the test most quickly available to them,” Schrank says.
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How Is Testing Done For Covid
Be sure to follow all information and guidance from your health care provider before getting a test. Many testing facilities, including Johns Hopkins Medicine, schedule tests by appointment. Its also important to follow physical distancing and wear a mask before and after the test takes place.
The health care professional giving you the test will wear protective clothes, a mask and a face shield. He or she will collect samples of your respiratory fluids or saliva.
To collect the sample, the medical team member inserts a swab deep inside your nose and toward the back of your throat. It may be mildly uncomfortable but only takes a few seconds. The samples are then packaged according to CDC guidelines and sent to a laboratory for analysis.
The laboratory tests samples for the presence of the coronavirus , which causes COVID-19. Either your care provider or the lab will notify you with the results.
Vaccine Clinical Trial Exemptions
If you are unable to be fully vaccinated because you are participating in a Health Canada approved COVID-19covid 19 vaccine clinical trial as specified in Ministry of Health guidance, you need to show the following two items:
- your valid personal identification
- proof of participation in that trial by showing an enhanced vaccination certificate with official QR code
To obtain your vaccine trial exemption:
- your vaccine trial Principal Investigator or Study Director can submit an exemption, with your consent, directly to the Provincial Vaccine Contact Centre once your exemption is reviewed and entered into COVaxON by the public health unit, you can access your enhanced vaccine certificate with QR code through the COVID-19 covid 19vaccination portal.
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Q: Is Olumiant Approved By The Fda To Treat Covid
A: No. Olumiant is not FDA-approved for the treatment of COVID-19. However, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization authorizing Olumiant for emergency use by healthcare providers for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults and pediatric patients 2 years of age or older requiring supplemental oxygen, non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation, or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation .
Q: Can I Get The Coronavirus From Food Food Packaging Or Food Containers And Preparation Area
A: Currently there is no evidence of food, food containers, or food packaging being associated with transmission of COVID-19. Like other viruses, it is possible that the virus that causes COVID-19 can survive on surfaces or objects.
If you are concerned about contamination of food or food packaging, wash your hands after handling food packaging, after removing food from the packaging, before you prepare food for eating and before you eat. Consumers can follow CDC guidelines on frequent hand washing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds and frequently clean and disinfect surfaces.
It is always important to follow the 4 key steps of food safetyclean, separate, cook, and chill.
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Saints News In Your Inbox
Thankfully, were not in that exact situation, he said. But theres still some pieces that need to be moved around and still some guys that need to step up and assume these roles.
While none of the specialists are currently on the COVID-19 list, the special teams units are also one of the hardest hit areas by this outbreak for the Saints.
Of the six players whove suited up on more than 50% of the Saints special teams snaps this season, four of them went on the COVID-19 list on either Thursday or Friday: Pro Bowler J.T. Gray, safety Jeff Heath, linebacker Kaden Elliss and running back Dwayne Washington.
Our biggest challenge every week, regardless of COVID, is the depth chart, special teams coordinator Darren Rizzi said Thursday, before he tested positive for COVID-19 on Sunday. Its definitely like musical chairs, whos in, whos out, shuffling guys around. Theres a lot of moving pieces.
On Thursday, Rizzi told all the practice squad players that everybody has to be ready to play against the Dolphins, considering the number of active roster players on the COVID-19 list is greater than the number of practice squad players the Saints have in the fold.
Its all hands on deck right now, Rizzi said. I want you guys ready to go.
Book and cornerback Marshon Lattimore both used the word tough when describing the loss of those Thursday reps.
Lattimore said Thursday: As far as the work, its going to be hard. But we just have to be locked in.
Storing Your Nhs Covid Pass In Google Wallet
From 6 December, if you get your NHS COVID Pass through the NHS App or by using the Google Chrome web browser on an Android phone, youll be able to store your NHS COVID Pass to your device.
Youll see the Google save to phone button within the NHS App. You can then show your NHS COVID-19 status at events and venues in England and for international travel.
The NHS COVID Pass will be saved on your Android phone home screen and also accessible in Google Pay. It is available to Play Protect certified mobile devices running Android 5 or above.
You can use the NHS COVID Pass and store it using the Apple Wallet or Google Pay in the Welsh language. Access your COVID Pass using the NHS website and click the Cymraeg button at the top of the screen to change the language from English to Welsh.
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What The Barcodes And Expiry Dates Mean
On the digital version of your NHS COVID Pass for domestic use, youll see a single barcode.
On your NHS COVID Pass for international travel you will see one barcode for each vaccination dose.
You will see the barcodes either:
- within the NHS COVID Pass in the NHS App
- if you save or print a PDF of your NHS COVID Pass
- on the NHS COVID Pass letter for letters ordered from 10 December
The expiry date does not apply to your vaccination status. Any expiry date refers only to the barcode and will update automatically in the digital version of the COVID Pass. The barcodes have expiry dates to protect your data privacy.
However, if you download and save or print a copy of your NHS COVID Pass, the expiry date will eventually show as expired and will not automatically refresh. You will need to log into the COVID Pass service in order to generate a new copy.
If you order an NHS COVID Pass letter via the NHS 119 service or online via NHS.UK, the barcodes in your letter will expire after 30 days.
If You Need Another Dose Of Covid
Bring your CDC COVID-19 Vaccination Record card with you to your appointment if you need another shot of COVID-19 vaccine so your provider can fill in the information about your additional shot.
If you have lost your CDC COVID-19 Vaccination Record card or dont have a copy, contact your vaccination provider directly to access your vaccination record.
- If you cannot contact your vaccination provider site directly, contact your state health departments immunization information system . Vaccination providers are required to report COVID-19 vaccinations to their IIS and related systems.
- If you enrolled in v-safe or VaxText after your first vaccine dose, you can access your vaccination information using those tools.
- If you have made every effort to locate your vaccination information, are unable to get a copy or replacement of your vaccination card, and need another COVID-19 vaccine dose, talk to a vaccination provider.
CDC does not maintain vaccination records or determine how vaccination records are used, and CDC does not provide the white CDC-labeled COVID-19 Vaccination Record card to people. These cards are distributed to vaccination providers by state health departments.
Please contact your state health department if you have additional questions about vaccination records. Your local or state health department can also provide more information about the laws or regulations in your area.
Bring Your Card If You Get a Second Dose, Additional Dose, or Booster Dose
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