How To Get Second Dose Of Covid Vaccine

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Frequently Asked Questions About Additional Doses And Booster Doses

Local Healthcare Worker Struggling To Get Second Dose Of COVID-19 Vaccine

What data is the booster dose recommendation based on?

The CDC’s independent Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices s booster dose recommendation followed a careful examination of the latest data, and robust and deliberative discussion around booster shots. This includes:

  • Safety: CDCs vaccine safety monitoring systems show that reported side effects, which are expected with vaccination, have so far been mostly mild or moderate, and short-lived. For both Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, side effects were reported less frequently following a booster dose than the second dose of the primary series. Regardless of manufacturer, more than 93 percent of reports to VAERS following COVID-19 booster dose vaccination have been non-serious.
  • Vaccine effectiveness: Data show that vaccine effectiveness against COVID-19 infection is waning after the vaccine primary series, but protection remains high against severe disease and hospitalization. Administration of a booster shot may result in increases in antibody levels and increased effectiveness compared to primary vaccination.

The balance of risks and benefits for booster doses of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine varies by age, with older adults benefiting the most from a booster shot. However, with the emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants, the CDC recommends that everyone ages 16 and older get a booster shot when eligible for the best protection against COVID-19.

Are booster and additional doses also free?

Sticking To The Schedule

Why do COVID vaccines have the dosing schedules that they do? Liu says that vaccine makers likely did their initial COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials with three to four-week intervals between doses for several reasons:

  • To provide people with higher antibodies as quickly as possible because of the severity of the pandemic
  • To vaccinate more people in a shorter span, since people were resisting masking and failing to take the pandemic seriously
  • To make it easier to remember when to come back for the second dose

Appendix C: Ingredients Included In Covid

The following is a list of ingredients for the Pfizer-BioNTechexternal icon,Modernaexternal icon, and COVID-19 Vaccines reported in the prescribing information for each vaccine.*

Appendix C: Ingredients included in COVID-19 vaccines

Description
SucroseSucrose

* None of the vaccines contain eggs, gelatin, latex, or preservatives. All COVID-19 vaccines are free from metals such as iron, nickel, cobalt, lithium, rare earth alloys or any manufactured products such as microelectronics, electrodes, carbon nanotubes, or nanowire semiconductors.Note: Both the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines contain polyethylene glycol . PEG is a primary ingredient in osmotic laxatives and oral bowel preparations for colonoscopy procedures, an inactive ingredient or excipient in many medications, and is used in a process called pegylation to improve the therapeutic activity of some medications . Additionally, cross-reactive hypersensitivity between PEG and polysorbates can occur. Information on active or inactive ingredients for vaccines and medications can be found in the package insert. CDCs vaccine excipient summarypdf icon and the National Institutes of Health DailyMed databaseexternal icon can also be used as a resource.

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How To Get Your Second Dose

As of November 6, 2021, second doses are available at all five City-run clinics by appointment only. Residents can book their appointment online or call the provincial booking system at 1-833-943-3900. Pharmacies, some hospital clinics, some select primary clinics, and community immunization clinics also offer second dose vaccinations either by appointment or walk-in may be available.

If You Received an mRNA Vaccine for Your First Dose

City clinics offer mRNA vaccines and staff will ensure that residents are aware of which vaccine brand they will receive at the time of their appointment. The Moderna and Pfizer vaccines are incredibly similar with near identical efficacy rates. A mixed mRNA model mixing Pfizer and Moderna for first and second dose is approved by both the federal and provincial governments. Both vaccines have similar side effects and are safe, effective and interchangeable.

As of September 29, 2021, Ontarios Chief Medical Officer of Health recommends the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for individuals aged 18-24 years old, based on the current available data from Ontarios adverse events following immunization surveillance system. Individuals 18-24 years old can still receive the Moderna vaccine with informed consent. Ontario will continue using the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for youth ages 12-17 .

For more information:

The following groups are now eligible:

Reporting Of Vaccine Adverse Events

second covid jabs in march for most who have had first dose

Adverse events that occur in a recipient following COVID-19 vaccination should be reported to VAERS. Vaccination providers are required by the FDA to report the following that occur after COVID-19 vaccination under BLA or EUA:

  • Vaccine administration errors
  • Cases of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome
  • Cases of COVID-19 that result in hospitalization or death

Reporting is encouraged for any other clinically significant adverse event, even if it is uncertain whether the vaccine caused the event. Information on how to submit a report to VAERS is available at or by calling 1-800-822-7967.

In addition, CDC has developed a new voluntary, smartphone-based tool, v-safe. This tool uses text messaging and web surveys to provide near real-time health check-ins after patients receive COVID-19 vaccination. Reports to v-safe indicating a medically significant health impact, including pregnancy, are followed up by the CDC/v-safe call center to collect additional information to complete a VAERS report, if appropriate.

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What About Booster Shots

Moderna is working on a booster shot that will target the omicron variant of COVID for this fall as nations around the world prepare to distribute annual vaccinations against the virus.

“We are discussing with public health leaders around the world to decide what we think is the best strategy for the potential booster for the fall of 2022. We believe it will contain omicron,” CEO Stephane Bancel told CNBC’s “Squawk Box” on Monday.

Also Monday, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla said a vaccine that targets the omicron variant will be ready in March, and the company has already begun manufacturing the doses.

“This vaccine will be ready in March,” Bourla told “Squawk Box.” “We already starting manufacturing some of these quantities at risk.”

Bourla said the vaccine will also target the other variants that are circulating. He said it is still not clear whether or not an omicron vaccine is needed or how it would be used, but Pfizer will have some doses ready since some countries want it ready as soon as possible.

Bourla said it’s not clear whether a fourth dose is needed. He said Pfizer will conduct experiments to determine if another dose is necessary.

But Bancel on Thursday said the efficacy of boosters against COVID-19 will likely decline over time, and people may need a fourth shot in the fall to increase their protection.

However, Bancel said the efficacy of boosters will probably decline over the course of several months, similar to what happened with the first two doses.

Who Can Get A Covid

The CDC recommends a COVID-19 booster if you are:

  • 18 or older and received the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine at least two months ago.
  • 18 or older and received both required doses of the Moderna vaccine at least six months ago
  • 16 or older and received both required doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine at least six months ago. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is the only vaccine and booster authorized for individuals ages 16 and 17.

Individuals who have a medical condition associated with immunosuppression are eligible to receive an additional vaccine dose.

Please visit the CDC website for the latest information on vaccine boosters.

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After Getting Your Second Shot

You may experience side effects after getting a COVID-19 vaccine. These are normal signs that your body is building protection. Get helpful tips on how to reduce any pain or discomfort.

Cases of myocarditis and pericarditis in adolescents and young adults have been reported more often after getting the second dose than after the first dose of one of the two mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna. These reports are rare and the known and potential benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the known and potential risks, including the possible risk of myocarditis or pericarditis.

Usev-safe on your smartphone to tell CDC about any side effects after getting the COVID-19 vaccine. If you enter your second shot in your v-safe account, the system will send you daily health check-ins. Please note that v-safe is not automatically notified when you receive a second shot of vaccine, so you must enter the information yourself.

Who Can Get A Booster Dose

Here’s how to get your second COVID-19 vaccine dose across Tampa Bay

Everyone ages 16 and older is recommended to get a booster dose for the best protection against COVID-19 and circulating variants.

Booster doses are strongly recommended for people who are at the greatest risk for severe disease, such as people who are 18 years and older and live in a long-term care setting and everyone 50 years and older.

If you are eligible, you can get your COVID-19 booster dose:

  • At least 6 months after you got your last dose of your Pfizer or Moderna primary vaccine series.
  • At least 2 months after you got your Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine.

If you are 18 years or older, you can choose which vaccine you get as a booster dose, no matter which vaccine you got in your primary series. At this time, the Pfizer vaccine booster dose is the only one recommended for 16- and 17-year-olds.

While vaccination remains the most effective tool we have to prevent COVID-19, everyone should continue to practice good public health behavior. This means wearing a mask indoors, avoiding large gatherings, staying home when feeling sick, and getting testing if you have symptoms or after close contact.

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What Is In The Covid

You cant get COVID-19 from the vaccine. Vaccine components include:

  • Active Ingredient nucleoside-modified messenger RNA encoding the viral spike protein of SARS-CoV-2
  • Gene for spike protein plus weakened cold virus for viral vector vaccines

Four lipids

  • PEG is used in laxatives and in bowel preparation used before colonoscopy and is the most likely component to cause symptoms or allergic reaction
  • Four salts which act as a pH buffer
  • Sugar
  • Polysorbate 80 commonly used in foods such as some ice creams, puddings, gelatin, etc.

Current COVID-19 vaccine does not contain thimerosal, mercury, aluminum, egg, adjuvants, antibiotics, or preservatives.

Choosing Where To Receive A Second Dose

  • If you have lost your Record of Immunization and got your first dose at a New Brunswick Pharmacy, you can book an appointment through either a pharmacy or a clinic hosted by a regional health authority.
  • If you have lost your record of immunization and got your first dose at a clinic hosted by a regional health authority, you must again book through a regional health authority.
  • If you got your first dose outside of New Brunswick and have lost your record of immunization, you will need to contact the jurisdiction or organization that provided the first dose to obtain a record of that dose.

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What Happens If I Miss My Second Dose Of Covid

Two of the currently approved COVID-19 vaccines, the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, provide strong protection against COVID-19, but gaining the full protective benefit of either vaccine requires getting two shots and the timing between these doses is important.

The recommended interval between the first and second dose is:

  • Three weeks apart for Pfizer-BioNTech
  • Four weeks apart for Moderna

And while it’s best to get your second dose on time…stuff happens.

Maybe you got COVID-19 shortly after your first dose and need to recover before getting your second one. Maybe you even received monoclonal antibody therapy or convalescent plasma while ill and need to wait 90 days before your second dose. Or maybe a personal crisis or natural disaster prevented you from making it to your appointment for your second dose.

So, what happens if your second COVID-19 vaccine dose is delayed due to something unavoidable?

Book Your Booster Dose Or Additional Dose Appointment

Exclusive: Russia

To book your appointment, please visit www.covidvaccinelm.ca. NOTE: At this time, individuals who are eligible for a booster dose / third dose are only able to book an appointment based on the required interval between their second dose and booster dose / third dose. Please see the table above for details.

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I Got My 1st Dose But Cant Get My Second Dose On Time What Should I Do

Get your second dose/shot as close as possible to the recommended timeframe. For Pfizer, get your second shot 21 days after your first dose. For Moderna, get your second shot 28 days after your first shot. The CDC advises its OK if the second dose of vaccine needs to be delayed past the recommended timeframe. There is no maximum interval between the first and second doses for either vaccine.

It is best to get the second dose as close to on time as possible, but it is OK if it is delayed. CDC recommends getting the second dose within 6 weeks after the first dose.

If 2nd dose is given beyond 42 days, there is no need to restart the series.

What Is A Covid

A COVID booster shot is an additional dose of a vaccine given after the protection provided by the original shot has begun to decrease over time. Typically, you would get a booster after the immunity from the initial dose naturally starts to wane. The booster is designed to help people maintain their level of immunity for longer.

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If We Need A Booster Shot Does That Mean That The Vaccines Arent Working

No. The vaccines are working well. The COVID-19 vaccines continue to be remarkably effective in reducing risk of severe disease, hospitalization, and death, including against the Delta variant. We continue to see highly effective protection against hospitalizations and severe outcomes for people who are fully vaccinated. However, public health experts are seeing signs of reduced protection against infection and mild to moderate disease among certain populations including those older than 65 years of age and those 50-64 with underlying medical conditions. With cases of COVID-19 still high across the US and globally, boosters make sure people are better protected.

As the science and the virus evolves, so do vaccine recommendations. Booster doses are common for many vaccines. Scientists and medical experts continue to closely watch for signs of waning immunity in people of different ages and with different risk factors. They also look at how well the vaccines protect against new variants of the virus.

Who Can Get The Vaccine

How quickly can you get a second dose of the COVID-19 Vaccine?

On November 2, 2021, the CDC released its official recommendations that children ages 5-11 are now eligible for the Pfizer vaccine. This means everyone ages 5 and older is currently eligible for at least one of the available COVID-19 vaccines.

All South Carolinians 5 and older are eligible for the Pfizer vaccine, and all South Carolinians age 18 and older are eligible for the Pfizer, Moderna and Janssen vaccines. You do not need an ID or insurance to get your shots, and most clinics accept walk-ins or an appointment.

Booster shots are also recommended for everyone over the age of 18. Learn more about booster shots here.

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Register And Book With The Get Vaccinated System

You can register yourself or someone else, like a parent, grandparent or child. We will never ask you for your SIN, driver’s licence number or banking and credit card details.

Once you’ve registered, you’ll be able to book an appointment using your confirmation number. Booking an appointment online or by phone is easy, convenient and guarantees your vaccination at the clinic.

If needed, you can easily reschedule your appointment online.

What Do The Side Effects Mean

If you get side effects, they are a good sign they indicate that the vaccine is working by triggering the immune system.

When you get vaccinated, your immune system recognizes something as being foreign. The immune system automatically launches a small-scale attack against it. This process teaches your immune cells to recognize and respond to an invader. Thats why you might experience some side effects. Think of it this way: The bodys response to the vaccine is like a training mission for the real fight.

Once youre fully vaccinated, if you were infected by the virus causing COVID-19, your immune system would be ready to launch an even larger and more powerful attack to protect you.

If you dont experience any side effects, that doesnt mean that the vaccine didnt work. In the vaccine clinical trials, more than half of people didnt experience any side effects but we still know that the vaccine was effective in those people.

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Can I Choose Which Vaccine I Want To Take

Perhaps, when the supply of vaccines from all manufacturers becomes readily available. The vaccines will roll out across the country as they are approved for use by the FDA. Once there are multiple vaccines available, you will be able to inquire with providers to see which vaccine they have on hand, but individual providers may offer or only make one vaccine option available.

Who Should Get An Additional Dose

I felt totally fine after my first COVID

Individuals with specific medical conditions or receiving medical treatments that cause them to be moderately to severely immunocompromised are recommended to get an additional dose of Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Immunocompromised people have a reduced ability to fight disease, a lower immune response to the original vaccine series compared to other fully vaccinated people, and are especially vulnerable to COVID-19 infection. This includes people who have:

  • Been receiving active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood.
  • Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Received a stem cell transplant within the last two years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency .
  • Advanced or untreated HIV infection.
  • Active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids, alkylating agents, antimetabolites, transplant-related immunosuppressive drugs, cancer chemotherapeutic agents classified as severely immunosuppressive, tumor-necrosis blockers, or other drugs that may suppress your immune response.

Talk to your health care provider about:

  • whether you need to get an additional dose.
  • whether you will need to pause your treatment or medication before or after getting an additional dose of the vaccine.

If you don’t have a health care provider, call 211 or text COVID to 211-211. Language assistance is available.

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