And Plan Not To Do Much
âThe best tips I have there are to clear your work schedule the day after, plan for your family to have take out for meals, and expect to be in bed,â Kate says. This may not be the kind of day off where you can do laundry and catch up on chores. âI watched a lot of Netflix after my second shot,â Megan, 39, tells Bustle. âI definitely took advantage of my favorite take-out restaurant and made sure to ask my family for help in the next couple of days while the fatigue was still around.â
When To Seek Medical Attention
New, unexpected or persistent symptoms
Speak with a health professional if you are worried about a potential vaccine side effect, have new or unexpected symptoms, or if you have an expected side effect that hasnt gone away after a few days.
The COVID-19 vaccine side effects symptom checker can help and you can contact the Adverse Medicine Events line for information about side effects and to forward reports to the TGA. The service is, however, unable to provide medical advice.
Symptoms more than 4 days after vaccination
A very rare condition called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome has been reported as confirmed or probable in 139 Australians who receive their first dose of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine .18 There have been over 13.2 million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine given. Australian data show that the risk of this very rare side effect is lower in people that are older. It appears that the condition is also more severe in younger people.19 Current estimates of risk are summarised in the following table.
- rash or bruising not at the injection site that cannot be explained.21
Myocarditis and pericarditis are rare side effects that typically occur within 10 days of vaccination with the Pfizer or Moderna mRNA vaccines. Cases are usually short lived and resolve following treatment and rest.
Seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms
Severe allergic reactions
If A Cluster* Of Aefis Occur Will The Vaccination Be Paused
Epidemiology and Surveillance Units will be notified immediately to investigate the reported clustering of AEFIs. The RAEFIC/NAEFIC will ultimately issue a recommendation whether or not to pause the vaccination.
*two or more AEFI cases of a similar effect occur in the same place, within the same time frame, or after the use of the same vaccine
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Reporting Vaccine Side Effects
You can make a report to the Swedish Medical Products Agency if you suspect that the vaccine has caused any side effects. The page is in Swedish.
Healthcare staff also report any side effects that they suspect were caused by the vaccine.
Information on suspected side effects is collected. The side effects are then investigated to see if there is any link to the vaccine.
Who Will Be Liable For And Shoulder Expenses Related To Aefi
The government will have an indemnification fund for all those who will experience adverse events following immunization. In cases of AEFIs needing hospitalization, costs for management of the adverse events may be claimed through existing PhilHealth case rates.
PhilHealth coverage of hospitalization shall be in accordance with the rules and regulations of the National Health Insurance Program.
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Try To Avoid Pain Relievers If Possible
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention doesn’t recommend taking pain relievers before your vaccine. That’s because medications like Tylenol, Advil, or Aleve lower your immune response when you’re banking on your body to do the opposite.
If you need to take a pain pill after your shot, Nachman said Tylenol is the least likely to interfere with your immune response.
“Immediately after the vaccine, I would prefer for you not to take anything,” she said. “On the next day, though, if you feel like you have to take something, I would prefer you take some Tylenol.”
Experts generally recommended trying some natural methods of pain relief first.
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Responding to CNAs queries, MOH said that based on local cases reported since Apr 11, the median length of stay in an acute hospital was five days for a fully vaccinated patient and eight days for a non-fully vaccinated patient.
In many cases, the hospital stays are to enable multiple tests to be completed to ascertain the individuals infectious status and to keep patients long enough to check that their conditions are unlikely to deteriorate, said MOH, adding that patients are discharged once they are no longer deemed infectious, regardless of their vaccination status.
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Throughout The Rest Of Your Body:
Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after getting a mRNA COVID-19 vaccine , should not get another dose of either of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after receiving Johnson & Johnsons Janssen COVID-19 vaccine, should not receive another dose of that vaccine.
Reminders For After Your Covid
So you got a vaccine! That means you’re immediately and totally safe, right? Not quite.
Both the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines require two doses per patient to be as effective as possible. The first Pfizer-BioNTech dose is more than 50% effective in preventing COVID-19, and the second dose increases that protection to about 95%.
It can also take weeks for a persons body to build up immunity after getting vaccinated, the CDC said.
Since the vaccine is neither 100% nor immediately effective, public health measures such as avoiding crowds, physical distancing and wearing masks helps reduce the risk of contracting all strains of the coronavirus, as well as other respiratory diseases.
Daignault explained, “It’s only until we get that herd immunity… that we may be able to return to a little bit of normalcy… but we’re not there yet.”
Pan echoed that “even after you’ve gotten the vaccine, you should still continue to wear your mask try to keep your physical distancing to try to minimize your exposure.”
Contributing: Adrianna Rodriguez, USA TODAY, and Liz Szabo, Kaiser Health News
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What To Read Watch And Listen To About Coronavirus
New Scientist Weeklyfeatures updates and analysis on the latest developments in the covid-19 pandemic. Our podcast sees expert journalists from the magazine discuss the biggest science stories to hit the headlines each week from technology and space, to health and the environment.
The Jumpis a BBC Radio 4 series exploring how viruses can cross from animals into humans to cause pandemics. The first episode examines the origins of the covid-19 pandemic.
Why Is Covid Killing People of Colour?is a BBC documentary, which investigates what the high covid-19 death rates in ethnic minority patients reveal about health inequality in the UK.
Panorama: The Race for a Vaccineis a BBC documentary about the inside story of the development of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine against covid-19.
Race Against the Virus: Hunt for a Vaccine is a Channel 4 documentary which tells the story of the coronavirus pandemic through the eyes of the scientists on the frontline.
The New York Timesis assessing the progress in development of potential drug treatments for covid-19, and ranking them for effectiveness and safety.
Humans of COVID-19is a project highlighting the experiences of key workers on the frontline in the fight against coronavirus in the UK, through social media.
Belly Mujinga: Searching for the Truthis a BBC Panorama investigation of the death of transport worker Belly Mujinga from covid-19, following reports she had been coughed and spat on by a customer at Londons Victoria Station.
How Will I Feel Afterwards
Your arm may feel sore, or you may have a headache or feel tired for the first 24 hours after the vaccination. You may also get the chills or a fever, or have joint and muscle aches. These are called side effects and are common in children and adults who have received the vaccine.
The side effects are usually mild and go away within a few days.
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What Is The Paxlovid Rebound
The treatment of Paxlovid has some mixed reviews from experts, mainly because of what’s being called the “Paxlovid rebound.” Dr. Adalja says the rebound refers to some individuals who, after taking a course of Paxlovid, “experience a recurrence of symptoms and test positive.” According to CBS News, the rebound has been reported to occur two to eight days after taking the Paxlovid dosage. Despite the rebound effect, the CDC says the benefits of taking Paxlovid in the populations its emergency approval extends to outweigh the risks – especially because, per CBS News, Pfizer said it is currently seeing a rebound rate of only about 2 percent of patients. While Dr. Adalja confirms it is unclear what is behind this phenomenon, how common it is, and what its clinical significance could mean, this has made many people question Paxlovid’s effectiveness or safety. Ultimately, anyone considering taking the medication should work closely with a trusted healthcare professional to determine whether it’s appropriate for them.
A Water Bottle To Stay Hydrated
One of the CDC’s top tips for anyone getting vaccinated is to drink plenty of fluids. An easy way to make sure you’re getting enough H2O? A reusable water bottle. Of all the ones we’ve tested at Reviewed, we found the Brita Stainless Steel Filtering Water Bottle to be the best. It keeps your water refreshingly cold and filters out any odors while you sip.
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First A Recap On What Causes Covid
COVID-19 vaccine side effects are either a physical manifestation of your bodys immune response which is the case for most people or an allergic reaction, said Jesse Erasmus, acting assistant professor in the department of microbiology at the University of Washington School of Medicine.
Erasmus said the side effects you have from a shot typically depend on the type of vaccine technology thats used to create the immunization and how those components interact with your immune system.
In terms of the coronavirus shots, all the vaccines that are currently in emergency use authorization have very similar side effect profiles, said Colleen Kelley, an associate professor of infectious diseases at Emory University School of Medicine and principal investigator for Moderna and Novavax Phase 3 vaccine clinical trials at the Ponce de Leon Center clinical research site in Atlanta.
Kelley thinks the COVID-19 shot side effects mainly stem from the body responding to the spike protein the vaccine introduces to the immune system, which helps it recognize the spike protein on the coronavirus should it enter the body.
When it comes to allergic reactions to the vaccine, which are rare, a hypothesis for mRNA vaccines is that people may be allergic to a component called polyethylene glycol, a common food additive, Erasmus said.
How Do You Treat Post
To make your post-vaccine nausea more manageable, Dr. Bhuyan suggests treating your body just like you would for any old bout of queasiness. âStay hydrated,â she says. âWhen eating, try to focus on light foods, such as soup or crackers.â Dr. Green says that letting your body rest is another excellent way to care for yourself when youâve got a case of post-vaccine stomachaches.
In the event that your nausea escalates to vomiting, try to keep yourself hydrated to replace lost fluids. If thatâs proving difficult because you canât keep liquid down, try little sips of sports drinks with electrolytes so you can get some nutrients and water in one fell swoop. Your nausea will likely pass soon enough â resting and treating yourself well can help move the process along.
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Getting Vaccinated Against Covid
A healthcare worker prepares a dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at Tanjong Pagar Community Centre on Jan 27, 2021.
SINGAPORE: While getting vaccinated against COVID-19 may not prevent you from contracting the disease, it could lessen the severity of your symptoms, according to experts and published data on the Ministry of Healths website.
As of Tuesday , out of 610 local cases reported since Apr 28 who had not received any dose of the vaccine, 9.2 per cent developed serious illness, needing oxygen supplementation or admission into intensive care units . Six died from complications related to COVID-19.
In contrast, no COVID-19 fatalities have been reported from the pool of 289 patients who had either received one or two doses of the vaccine.
The proportion of patients developing serious illness was also lower in the partially vaccinated group, with 7.3 per cent of patients who had received one dose of the vaccine requiring supplemental oxygen or admission into ICU. As for those who were fully vaccinated, only 1 per cent needed supplemental oxygen.
During a recent surge of cases between and , the National Centre for Infectious Diseases said it observed that those who were aged 60 and above made up 35.5 per cent of the total number of cases.
The Delta variant has an age-associated severe outcome, it added.
This means that the older a person is, the higher the risk of severe illness, explained Professor Leo Yee Sin, executive director of NCID.
Cover Your Nose And Mouth When You Cough And Sneeze
Coughing and sneezing increases the number of particles released by a person, the distance the particles travel and the time they stay in the air. If an infected person coughs or sneezes without covering their nose and mouth, it will significantly increase the risk of infecting others around them. By covering your nose and mouth, you will reduce the spread of particles carrying the virus.
Cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissues when you cough or sneeze. Put used tissues in a bin and immediately wash your hands or use hand sanitiser. If you do not have a tissue, cough or sneeze into the crook of your elbow, not into your hand.
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Taking These Simple Steps May Help Reduce Side Effects Of The Covid Vaccine
It’s common to experience side effects after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, with the most common symptoms being soreness at the injection site, fatigue, headache, chills, fever, and joint pain. Fortunately, these side effects are short-lived and if you’re really uncomfortable, doctors have said it’s OK to take an over-the-counter pain reliever after getting the shot. But it’s also worth trying more natural methods for reducing the side effects.
Uzma Syed, DO, a board-certified infectious-disease specialist and chair of the COVID-19 task force at Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center in New York, explained that you can get a jump start on easing side effects by staying well-hydrated and getting a full night of sleep before your appointment. In addition to drinking plenty of fluids, avoid alcohol after getting vaccinated. “Alcohol can predispose to a state of dehydration, and excessive alcohol intake can lead to a postconsumption hangover, which can exacerbate the postvaccination side effects,” Dr. Syed said.
Both doctors also emphasized the importance of resting if you’re feeling any side effects. “Make sure you’re getting sleep,” Dr. Brinley said. “Taking a nap or going to bed early helps your body recover from stresses like vaccines.”
Study Data And Design
Data were obtained from the COVID-19 Infection Survey, a longitudinal survey of people aged 2 years or older in randomly sampled UK households .
Enrolment rates were as high as 51% in the initial pilot phase of the survey from April 2020, when eligible households comprised previous respondents to ONS surveys who had consented to participate in future research. As the sample was expanded and transitioned to random selection from address lists in August 2020, however, the enrolment rate dropped to 12% . Once participants are enrolled into the study, the attrition rate is generally low using a definition of either formally withdrawing from the study or having not attended the three most recently scheduled follow-up visits, the attrition rate among enrolled survey participants was less than 1% in 2021.
A study worker visited each selected household, after verbal agreement to participate had been obtained, to provide written confirmed consent . At the first visit, participants could consent for follow-up visits every week for the next month and then monthly for 12 months or longer.
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Two Research Proposals To Solve Transmissibility Puzzle
It is a question that is now so important to the rollout of vaccines that Schiffer and key vaccine experts involved in the trials are considering different approaches to provide rapid answers.
One option is human challenge studies â in which about 100 paid volunteers are deliberately exposed to the coronavirus. In a paper posted on Dec. 14 on the preprint server MedRxiv, Schiffer and his colleagues discuss how measuring levels of virus among participants in such studies might provide the information they need. Preprints are not peer-reviewed prior to publication but serve as a quick way to present new research for public critique by other scientists.
The teamâs proposed study would go like this: In the controlled environment of a human challenge trial, about 50 young adult volunteers would receive a vaccine, and the same number would get a placebo. Then, all the participants would be deliberately infected with a strain of the COVID-19 virus. Only young volunteers would be recruited for the study, because they are most likely to come down with just a mild case of COVID-19.
Isolated in a safe location for two weeks, participants would get regular swabs for a test that not only detects virus but can measure how much of it â the viral load â is in their specimens. The higher the viral load, the more likely a person is likely to transmit the virus to others.
However, such a trial would have to be large and capable of handling massive amounts of testing and data.