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Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
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Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
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Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
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How To Sleep If You Have Covid

Warning Signs You Have Covid Now According To The Cdc

    You might know some of the more common symptoms of . The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists a fever or chills, a cough and shortness of breath among them. But did you know there are “emergency warning signs” you should also watch forones that could make the difference between life or death? “If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately,” says the , which has been at the forefront of the pandemic. Read on to see the symptomsand to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these. 

    Help Your Lungs; Get Up And Move

    Anytime you spend extended time in bed, some of the air sacs in your lungs to shut down temporarily. If you have COVID-19, damage from the virus combines with this natural process to limit the amount of air your lungs can take in, perhaps dangerously so.

    One way to counteract COVID-19s attack on your air sacs is to get more of them working, according to William O. Lacy, M.D., pulmonologist with Norton Pulmonary Specialists.

    This virus loves the lungs. It loves to hang out in your lungs, so dont make things worse by allowing air sacs to collapse by staying in bed, Dr. Lacy said. With COVID-19, you dont want to compromise your lungs any more.

    So, get out of bed even if it hurts to breathe. Stretch, cough, walk around and take deep breaths. Naturally, we all have portions of our lungs not fully used. By putting more of your lungs to work, youll begin to offset COVID-19s effect of shutting down parts of them, according to Dr. Lacy.

    If youve ever had surgery, your providers have pushed you to blow into a tube to push a ball higher and higher. The device, an incentive spirometer, performs the same task to get your lungs reopened after general anesthesia.

    When you are in bed, spend some time on your stomach or side. Lying in a prone position can help air get into more parts of your lungs, because lying on your back puts pressure on parts of your lungs, causing them to collapse.

    Effects Of Prolonged Sleep Restriction

    Prolonged periods of sleep loss can lead to negative changes in health and immune function. In studies investigating the effects of prolonged sleep deprivation, a general enhancement in markers for inflammatory activity was reported. Eighty-eight hours of sleep deprivation or  10 days of sleep restriction to 4 hours per night increased the concentration of C-reactive protein, a biomarker of inflammation. Even mild restrictions of sleep have been shown to increase the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

    Although both sleep and sleep deprivation leads to an increase in pro-inflammatory activity, it has been suggested that the enhanced pro-inflammatory activity during sleep specifically supports cytokine production needed for adaptive immune responses, whereas during sleep deprivation it seems unspecific. The low-grade systemic inflammation associated with sleep deprivation is also associated with medical conditions such as diabetes type 2, cardiovascular disease and .

    Prolonged sleep loss or chronic sleep loss is also associated with immunodeficiency. Research has shown a weakened immune response to the influenza vaccination after 6 days of restricted sleep. There is also evidence for enhanced susceptibility to the common cold associated with chronic sleep loss.

    Chronic sleep deprivation can be considered as an unspecific state of chronic stress, which does impact immune function and general health.

    Why Is Sleep Important During A Pandemic

    Sleep is a critical biological process, and as we juggle the mental, physical, and emotional demands of the pandemic, its arguably more important than ever. For instance:

    Experts agree that getting consistent, high-quality sleep improves virtually all aspects of health, which is why it is worthy of our attention during the coronavirus pandemic.

    Here Are Some Tips For Getting A Better Nights Sleep:

    Coronavirus update: Study says to sleep on your front if ...

  • Stick to a sleep schedule  same bed/wake time, even on the weekends
  • Dim the lights 2-3 hours before bedtime to stimulate the release of melatonin
  • Power off all electronic devices 60 minutes prior to bedtime
  • Create a relaxing pre-bedtime routine
  • Watch nighttime fluid intake drink enough fluids, but not so close to bedtime
  • Avoid naps especially in late afternoon
  • Exercise daily- but if possible, not within 2-3 hours of bedtime
  • Get plenty of sunshine
  • Create a comfortable sleep environment
  • Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and heavy meals in the evening
  • If you cant sleep, get out of bed and do something relaxing until you feel tired
  • Keep a sleep diary to help evaluate common patterns.

    Stress and sleep are closely linked. We hope that these trying times soon will pass. But if your sleep issues continue, contact one of our Sleep Medicine Professionals. Stay safe out there.

    What Can Help Me Sleep Better During The Coronavirus Outbreak

    Sleep is crucial at this time. Heres how changing habits can help improve your sleep:

    Create a sleep schedule. Figure out your sleep need , then prioritize that amount of sleep each night. While six or nine hours can be appropriate for some adults, most need seven to eight hours. We are not obliged to late night social activities, so getting to bed “on time is more realistic right now take advantage of that.

    Limit screen time at night. Turn off your devices one hour before bedtime. Leave your cell phone charging in the kitchen so you are not tempted to look at COVID-19 updates during the night.

    Find time for you. Take the hour before bedtime as me time with no electronic engagement. Minimize conversations and calls during that hour. That’s not easy, especially if you have young children at home, but its important. We all need at least one hour alone per day. Take a hot bath/shower, play soothing music, try a meditation app and read a book or magazine.

    Minimize naps. Daytime sleep should be less than 30 minutes and before 2 p.m. If you have any trouble falling asleep, avoid napping.

    Try breathing exercises. Use ten slow deep breaths to fall asleep and return to sleep. It should be a slow inhale through your nose for 3 to 4 seconds and a slow exhale through your mouth for 3 to 4 seconds.

    Can Other Animals Infected With Sars

    There was evidence of at least two humans becoming infected after exposure to infected mink at farms in the Netherlands. There was also evidence that a similar event happened in Denmark. It is suspected that a human initially infected the mink at the farm, and then the infection spread back to other humans from these infected minks. Currently, this is the only reported incidence of animal to human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. There is also evidence that cats have become infected after exposure to infected mink at farms.

    The transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from humans to mink and back to humans has raised concerns in Denmark. The Danish Ministry of Healths State Serum Institute is investigating a strain of SARS-CoV-2 that may have developed during these mink transmission events. More specifically, the SSI is evaluating if the mutations in this viral strain could have an effect on future vaccines or antibody treatments.

    It is important to note that mutations occur randomly and are not rare events. Rather, the overall concern is that more cases of infection in any living being translates to more opportunity for changes in the virus. Mink are highly susceptible to the virus and farms are at risk for rapid infection spread due to mink proximity to one another. Therefore, the presence of mink farms has the potential to complicate efforts to control the spread and treatment of COVID-19.

    How Should I Be Prepared For Covid

    If you become infected with COVID-19, you will be unable to leave your home for a period of several weeks. Therefore, it is important to make sure that you have an accessible supply of pet supplies at home so that you can care for your pet while ill.

    Also, if you contract COVID-19, you will likely need to remain quarantined on your property. This may make caring for dogs a bit more challenging. If you have a private yard, you can walk your dog in this area. If you do not have a private yard, you might need to train your dog to eliminate indoors. This may prove to be challenging, as once a dog is house trained, he is usually very reluctant to eliminate indoors. If attempting to train your pet to eliminate indoors, use potty pads, pet turf, pet artificial grass trays, or another surface for elimination. Train your dog to eliminate on that surface just as you did when you housetrained him as a puppy by using treats and positive reinforcement.

    It may help to put your dogs leash on before walking him to this new elimination area, to reinforce the idea that this is his new elimination area.

    Be sure to have at least a one-month supply of the following items:

    • pet food

    Things To Do If Someone You Live With Has Covid

    Tips for helping a family member or roommate cope with coronavirus effects, while protecting yourself and others.

    versión en español.  versão em português.

    Editors note: Information on the COVID-19 crisis is constantly changing. For the latest numbers and updates, keep checking the CDCs website. For the most up-to-date information from Michigan Medicine, visit the hospital’s Coronavirus webpage

    Interested in a COVID-19 clinical trial? Health research is critical to ending the COVID-19 pandemic. Our researchers are hard at work to find vaccines and other ways to potentially prevent and treat the disease and need your help. 

    Its happened, or at least you think it has. The tiny coronavirus thats causing big problems around the world has made it into your home.

    Someone you live with is sick and you think its COVID-19. They need your help, but you dont want to get sick too, or pass the virus to others.

    What can you do? 

    Even if you dont know for sure, assume they have it.

    Even though testing is more readily available now, until someone is tested, you won’t know for sure if your family member or friend has coronavirus or something else.

    But if theyre running a fever, hacking away with a dry cough, or feeling super tired for no apparent reason, its quite possible they do. Some less common but possible symptoms include diarrhea and suddenly losing their sense of smell or taste.

    SEE ALSO: Are Digestive Issues a Symptom of COVID-19?

    Follow these ground rules without fail:

    You Might Experience Less Severe Symptoms Too

    The CDC warns that the list you just read about  “is not all possible symptoms” and advises: “Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you. Call 911 or call ahead to your local emergency facility: Notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19.”

    In addition, besides those emergency warning signs, the CDC lists the symptoms below saying, “people with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus.

    • Fever or chills
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Diarrhea

    This list does not include all possible symptoms. CDC will continue to update this list as we learn more about COVID-19.”

    Its Common For Insomnia To Spike After Big Negative World Events

    But there is some good news. Twelve months into the pandemic, some experts think that its triggered advancements in treatment of sleep disorders. Altchuler points to the rapid expansion of telehealth virtual medicine and virtual visits linked to quarantining and our inability or reluctance to visit medical facilities in person. The most common treatment for sleep problems is cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia , which improves your sleep hygiene and trains your brain to associate bed with sleep only by behavioural changes . A University of Michigan study from last year showed that patients who sought CBT-I via telemedicine received just as effective treatment as they would have had in person, potentially opening up better access to assistance.

    There are also things individuals can do to try and address the problem. One of my big rules is you cant work on your laptop in bed, Drake says. I dont care how comfortable it is. Eventually, the brain pairs work with the bed its a reinforcement kind of thing. Also limit your news consumption to avoid anxiety that keeps you up at night, dont use your phone as an alarm clock and turn the clock on your nightstand around so you dont get stressed as you try to fall asleep.

    Creating A Sick Room To Avoid Infection Spread

    But if you or a loved one do become infected, it is essential to try to prevent others in the household from becoming sick. This is especially critical if you have someone living in your home that is at high risk for complications.

    While social distancing is recommended when you go out, it is difficult to do when youâre at home. But it is important to try to create a sick room if someone in your family has tested positive for COVID-19.

    It appears COVID-19 is spread through contact with droplets from a sneeze or cough of an infected person. In addition to breathing in droplets, you can also contract the disease through contact with a surface contaminated with the virus. It is possible to get the infection by touching the surface and then touching your nose, eyes, or mouth.

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , setting up a sick room may help prevent others in the home from getting sick.

    Whether it is a bedroom or guest room, select an area in the home, which is preferably near a bathroom. Make it a space set aside for your sick family member. Other family members should avoid the room. If it is your partner, try to sleep in another room.

    Place everything the person needs in their room, such as the following:

    • Hand sanitizer

    Manage Stress And Anxiety

    Coronavirus update: Study says to sleep on your front if ...

    With so much uncertainty in the world at the moment, its no wonder so many of us are struggling to get to sleep at night. You may be anxious about whats going to happen next, stressed about work and finances, or worried about your familys health and safety as the world starts to reopen after lockdown.

    When youre stressed and desperate for some rest, it can be tempting to resort to . But medication doesnt address the underlying cause of your sleep problems and can actually make insomnia worse in the long run. Instead, there are healthy ways to tackle your stress, anxiety, and worry, and make it easier to sleep.

    Practice a relaxation technique. Incorporating a relaxation technique such as meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, or a breathing exercise into your bedtime routine can help relax and prepare you for sleep. If you wake up during the night, practicing an audio meditation can also help you stay out of your head and get back to sleep without the endless tossing and turning.

    Deal with worries. Whether worrying stops you from getting to sleep or if you wake during the night feeling anxious about something, you can learn to postpone worrying. Establish a set time each day as your worry period where you allow yourself free rein to worry about whatevers on your mind for an hour. When a worry keeps you awake at night, make a brief note of it and postpone worrying about it until your worry period the next day.

    The Role That Pain Plays In Sleep

    Painsomnia can turn into a vicious cycle of pain, too little sleep, and worsening symptoms.

    In a small study of 25 healthy young adults published in The Journal of Neuroscience, participants had a lower threshold for pain when they were sleep-deprived compared to when they were well-rested.

    Researchers found that sleep deprivation increased reactivity in the brains somatosensory cortex, which amplified pain signals. It also decreased reactivity in the striatum and insula, areas of the brain responsible for modulating pain.

    One thing we know for sure is that lack of sleep really affects your immune system, and if youre not sleeping as well as you should, that can aggravate an immune system condition like rheumatoid arthritis, says Frank Coletta, MD, sleep medicine specialist and director of pulmonary medicine and critical care at Mount Sinai South Nassau in Oceanside, New York.

    Its also important to get enough sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic because too little weakens the bodys defense system, and may make you more vulnerable to contracting germs, per The University of Chicago Medicine.

    How To Sleep When You Have A Respiratory Illness

    Please note that this article has general advice only. If you are unwell, have a high fever or are struggling to breathe, visit your doctor or health care professional immediately. This article is intended to help people with a mild respiratory illness to get restorative sleep. We do not recommend you use any treatments without consulting your doctor first. Nothing in this article claims to cure illness, merely help people get some rest.  This post may contain affiliate links.

    Importance Of Sleep During The Covid

    Sleep is paramount during the COVID-19 pandemic because of its vast benefits for both physical and mental health. These include:

    For healthcare professionals sleep is a public health and safety issue. Poor sleep has been linked to mental health issues, physical health issues and is related to stress and anxiety. It is also an occupational health hazard in the context of healthcare where so many healthcare professionals are already in a fatigued state and overworked during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Get Into A Daily Routine

    All the changes we have been through may have made it harder to maintain a consistent routine, but having a regular sleeping pattern is really important for good sleep.

    If you can wake up, wind down and go to bed around the same time each day, it will really help. Avoid napping too, if possible.

    Remember, your sleep routine starts before you actually get into bed, so build in time every evening to wind down and try to switch off from your tech.

    Things like reading, gentle stretches or meditation are a good way to unwind, and keeping chargers for your devices out of the bedroom can help you avoid absent-minded scrolling.

    Adaptive Immune Response To Infection

    The most important steps of an adaptive immune response to infection are:

  • The invading antigen is taken up by cells such as macrophages, dendritic cells or B cells, These cells are attracted to the intrusion site by danger signals .
  • These cells then migrate to the draining lymph node via afferent lymphatics.
  • The antigen is then presented to Th cells with the respective T cell receptor to form the immunological synapse.
  • The cells become activated and they proliferate and differentiate into Th1 or Th2 cells.
  • Thereby a progeny of thousands of antigen-specific Th cells is produced.
  • These Th cells help the B-cells to become antibody-producing plasma cells and leave the lymph node after several days to support macrophages in eliminating the pathogen .
  • Some of these antigen-specific cells survive and these cells represent the immunological memory which aids in a faster and more effective immune response if the antigen is ever re-encountered.

    Were Hearing And Reading About A General Increase In Reports Of Disturbed Sleep In These Times Of Covid

    Dr. Manber: Yes, but not universally so. The two main contributors to potential worsening of sleep are changes in stress levels and changes in sleep behaviors. The pandemic and related shelter in place measures to mitigate its spread have increase stress levels among many. People may worry not only about the disease itself, other health issue that might not be optimally addressed, financial issue, as well as other psychological and interpersonal stressors. In general, worries and anxieties tend to have a negative impact on sleep. Distraction and other strategies people use to deal with the stress during the day are not helpful when they go to bed at night. The intrusive thoughts then make it difficult to fall asleep initially or return to sleep if awakened in the middle of the night. But there are also people who sleep better now than before the pandemic. Working from home allows them to maintain a more balanced life, and hence less stress and better sleep. For example, they may be taking more breaks and have more interactions with the people they live with. Another example is people who have not given themselves enough time to sleep and now they can, or adolescents who had the pressure of an early school day can now get the additional sleep they need.

    About Loyola Medicine And Trinity Health

    Trinity Health is one of the largest multi-institutional Catholic healthcare systems in the nation, serving diverse communities that include more than 30 million people across 22 states. Trinity Health includes 94 hospitals, as well as 109 continuing care locations that include PACE programs, senior living facilities and home care and hospice services. Its continuing care programs provide nearly 2.5 million visits annually. Based in Livonia, Mich., and with annual operating revenues of $18.3 billion and assets of $26.2 billion, the organization returns $1.1 billion to its communities annually in the form of charity care and other community benefit programs. Trinity employs about 133,000 colleagues, including 7,800 employed physicians and clinicians. Committed to those who are poor and underserved in its communities, Trinity is known for its focus on the country’s aging population. As a single, unified ministry, the organization is the innovator of Senior Emergency Departments, the largest not-for-profit provider of home health care servicesranked by number of visitsin the nation, as well as the nations leading provider of PACE based on the number of available programs.

    Protect Yourself When Caring For A Sick Pet

    Get Some Rest: A Brief Guide for Those on the COVID

    • Follow similar recommended precautions as for people caring for an infected person at home.
    • Members of the household who are fully vaccinated should care for the pet.
    • If you are at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19, another household member should care for the pet, if possible.
    • People should wear a  and gloves in the same room or area as the sick pet.
    • Animals should not wear a mask. Do not try to put a mask on your pet.
  • Use gloves when handling the pets dishes, toys, or bedding and when picking up poop. Throw out gloves and place waste material or litterbox waste in a sealed bag before throwing away in a trashcan lined with a trash bag. Always wash your hands with soap and water immediately after cleaning up after your pet.
  • Clean your hands regularly throughout the day.
  • Wash hands: Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds each. Make sure everyone in the home does the same, especially after touching the sick pet or handling their dishes, toys, or bedding.
  • Hand sanitizer: If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Clean and then disinfect:
  • Follow cleaning and disinfecting recommendations found on CDCs Cleaning and Disinfecting Your Home
  • If You Have Brown Or Black Skin

    Pulse oximeters work by shining light through your skin to measure the level of oxygen in your blood.

    There have been some reports they may be less accurate if you have brown or black skin. They may show readings higher than the level of oxygen in your blood.

    You should still use your pulse oximeter if you’ve been given one. The important thing is to check your blood oxygen level regularly to see if your readings are going down.

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