What About Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is caused by bacterial infection that affects cells in the airways and causes irritation and secretion.
Symptoms include coughing fits that end in a loud, “breathing in” noise that often sounds like a long “whoop” and leaves you gasping for air. Mucus is often expelled.
Prolonged, forceful coughing can damage your airways, or cause rib fractures or muscle tears so it’s important to know when medical help is required.
So whatever your cough sounds like, keep an eye on it and see a doctor if it doesn’t go away or gets worse.
Allergies Have Chronic Symptoms
COVID-19, like the flu or common cold, is an acute illness, meaning people feel fine until symptoms start showing up.
Allergies, on the other hand, are usually chronic, presenting with symptoms off and on for weeks, months, or even years, Dr. David M. Cutler, family medicine physician at Providence Saint Johns Health Center in Santa Monica, California, told Healthline.
Allergies should not cause a fever or body aches, Arthur said. Generally, no cough unless you have a lot of nasal drainage.
Allergies may also cause wheezing, she added, especially in people with asthma.
Allergy symptoms tend to vary with the environment: worsening with exposure to dust, pollen, or animal dander, whereas cold symptoms tend to persist regardless of time of day, weather, locality, or other environmental factors, Cutler said.
Also, as with COVID-19, Colds are more likely to have generalized symptoms like fever, headache, and body aches, whereas allergies usually affect only the respiratory tract, Cutler said. Allergy symptoms tend to improve with antihistamine and other allergy-specific medication. Colds are more likely to respond to decongestants, acetaminophen, fluids, and rest.
The CDC issued guidance on the differences in symptoms between COVID-19 and seasonal allergies.
The agency noted that things such as shortness of breath, coughing, fatigue, headache, and sore throat can be symptoms of either COVID-19 or allergies.
If Youre Sick Or Caring For Someone Whos Sick
If youre infected with COVID-19, even if not ill, follow the advice of your local public health authority for isolating at home. Most people with mild symptoms will recover on their own.
Adults and children with mild COVID-19 symptoms can stay at home while recovering. You dont need to go to the hospital.
If youre caring for someone at home who has or may have COVID-19, you should follow the appropriate precautions to prevent the spread of illness.
Learn more about:
The only way to confirm you have COVID-19 is through a laboratory test.
Follow the testing directions provided by your local public health authority if you have:
- been exposed to a person with COVID-19
People who are partially or fully vaccinated may still be asked to get a COVID-19 test.
If youve been tested and are waiting for the results, follow instructions:
- on how to quarantine or isolate and
- from your local public health authority
Read Also: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Understanding Progression Of Symptoms Is Key
Its critically important to understand the progression of symptoms of COVID-19-infected persons so you stop the spread of the disease in effect, isolate and then initiate effective contact tracing, Glatter said. This is quite relevant for a virus that is two to three times more transmissible than influenza, leading to outbreaks in clusters.
He also said that understanding the first symptoms not only helps patients seek testing more rapidly, but also to begin physically or socially distancing themselves after the first symptoms begin.
It also underscores the importance of wearing masks and hand hygiene upon learning of symptoms, Glatter said.
He also finds that sudden loss of smell and taste and inflammatory skin reactions like chilblains may be important clinical clues that may distinguish COVID-19 from seasonal influenza.
, there are multiple variants of the coronavirus circulating around the world.
These are three highly monitored variants:
- Variant B.1.1.7. It was first identified in the United Kingdom in the fall. Its found to spread more quickly than other variants. It may be associated with an increased risk of death compared to other variants, but more research is needed to confirm this. It was detected in the United States in December.
- Variant B.1.351. It was first identified in October in South Africa, and later detected in the United States in December.
She added that the variants behave much like SARS-CoV-2 and cause similar disease.
What Is A Dry Cough Exactly
Theres actually no specific medical criteria to classify a dry cough and a wet cough, explains David Cutler, M.D., a family medicine physician at Providence Saint Johns Health Center in Santa Monica, Calif. Thats because its open to interpretation. Your wet cough might seem like a dry cough to me, he says.
But, in general, a dry cough means youre coughing but nothing is coming up, like phlegm or mucus, says Purvi Parikh, M.D., an allergist with Allergy & Asthma Network. If youre regularly producing phlegm when you cough, youre likely dealing with a wet cough.
Many things can cause a dry cough, including allergies and being indoors with dry air all day , Dr. Holmes says. Any irritation in your throat can also cause a dry cough, she says. Postnasal drip, gastroesophageal reflux , asthma, and smoking are also common triggers.
Also Check: Cvs Covid Test Results Delay
If You Live With Someone Who Is At Higher Risk From Covid
Its particularly important to try to avoid spreading the infection to someone who is 70 or over, who has a long-term condition, is pregnant or has a weakened immune system. If you live with someone at higher risk, its a good idea to find somewhere else for them to stay while you are self-isolating.
If you have to stay at home with other people at higher risk or not there are things you can do to reduce the chance of spreading the virus. For example, try to keep 2 metres away from each other and avoid using shared spaces like kitchen at the same time. Read about how to avoid spreading the virus to people you live with.
Here’s How To Tell If Your Cough Is A Sign Of Coronavirus Or Something Else
For centuries, doctors and care givers have listened to the different types of cough in search of clues to help diagnose underlying disease.
Coughs are a valuable diagnostic tool, but how do you know if you’ve got a relatively harmless cough, a coronavirus cough or something else altogether?
An occasional cough is healthy, but one that persists for weeks, produces bloody mucus, causes changes in phlegm colour or comes with fever, dizziness or fatigue may be a sign you need to see a doctor.
You May Like: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Just How Rare Is A Breakthrough Covid
Internal CDC slides obtained by the Washington Post suggest breakthrough infections with the delta variant are not that rare. About 35,000 fully vaccinated people are contracting symptomatic coronavirus infections in the U.S. each week, the slides show.
Still, they suggest the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine works against severe illness and death from the delta variant. It’s 80% to 90% effective against symptomatic infection and 90% to 95% effective against severe disease in data from other countries, said Dr. Ashish Jha, dean of the Brown University School of Public Health, in a series of tweets about the CDC documents. Because the Moderna vaccine uses a similar mRNA technology, scientists say it can be assumed it performs similarly against the delta variant.
Vaccinated people are three times less likely to contract the delta variant and 10 times less likely to die from it than those who are unvaccinated, the leaked documents show, but vaccinated people are just as contagious as unvaccinated people.
The CDC documents suggest the delta variant is more transmissible than Ebola, smallpox, and polio, and spreads as easily as chicken pox. They urge public health officials to “acknowledge the war has changed,” and insist that “given higher transmissibility and current vaccine coverage, universal masking is essential to reduce transmission.”
If you’ve been vaccinated and suspect you’re sick, doctors agree that you should be tested for the coronavirus.
What About A Cough
If you have a cold or flu you may well have a cough, along with other symptoms.
Flu usually comes on suddenly and sufferers will often experience muscle aches, chills, headaches, tiredness, a sore throat and a runny or stuffed nose, along with the cough. It feels worse than a heavy cold.
Colds tend to develop more gradually and are less severe, although they do still make you feel unwell. Along with a cough, there may be sneezing and a sore throat and runny nose. Fever, chills, muscle aches and headaches are rare.
A coronavirus cough means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or three or more coughing fits or “episodes” in 24 hours.
If you usually have a cough because of a long-standing medical condition like COPD, it may be worse than usual.
You should get tested for coronavirus if you develop a new, continuous cough.
You May Like: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
/7you Have A Sore Throat
A sore throat can be caused by illnesses ranging from non-serious issues to COVID-19. However, it is a less usual symptom and may vary from person to person. In COVID cases, the virus enters the membranes associated with the nose and the throat, which can make them swell, leading to a sore throat. The pain and soreness felt by the patient are called ‘pharyngitis’. In the case of COVID-19, one may also experience other pre-dominating symptoms such as fever, dry cough and fatigue along with sore throat, which is missing in normal cold and flu.
Examples Of Possible Development Of Symptoms
A man in his 40s in Japan:
- Day #1: malaise and muscle pain
- later diagnosed with pneumonia
A man in his 60s in Japan:
- Day #1: initial symptoms of low-grade fever and sore throat.
A man in his 40s in Japan:
- Day #1: chills, sweating and malaise
- Day #4: fever, muscle pain and cough
A woman in her 70s, in Japan:
- Day #1: 38° fever for a few minutes
- Day #2-3: went on a bus tour
- Day #5: visited a medical institution
- Day #6: showed symptoms of pneumonia.
A woman in her 40s, in Japan:
- Day #1: low-grade fever
- Day #6: being treated at home.
A man in his 60s, in Japan:
- Day #1: Cold
Read Also: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs
When Should You Be Worried About A Dry Cough As A Sign Of Covid
If you have trouble breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, new confusion, blue lips, or cannot stay awake, seek medical attention ASAP.
If you develop a dry cough, its very possible that you could simply be dealing with allergies, being inside all day , or other environmental factors.
But it may also be pointing to COVID-19so its important to pay attention to other signs of the virus, too. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, those symptoms can include but are not limited to:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Nausea or vomiting
Any cough thats linked with a fever over 100.4° F should be concerning, Dr. Parikh says. If you feel generally okay, call your doctor instead of rushing to the hospital. A physician will be able to guide you with next steps on getting tested, home isolation tips, and how to treat your symptoms at home if you have a mild case of the virus.
Go here to join Prevention Premium , subscribe to the magazine, or get digital-only access.
Patient Prevention And Education
It is the duty of health care workers everywhere to provide accurate and helpful information to patients during times of uncertainty or panic. If pharmacy staff come across an individual seeking anything other than general health care advice, remember to redirect to their primary care provider.
Health care workers play a crucial role in keeping the public accurately informed and referring them to the correct level of care, said Kenny Kadar, president of Coast Medical Service, a health care staffing agency focused on per diem and travel nursing. As health care professionals, they also need to leverage their medical authority to combat misinformation and direct misguided patients towards recommended health measures.
Pharmacists should continue to encourage patients to get vaccinated against the flu. Studies show that although COVID-19 and influenza are 2 different viral strains, trained immunity can help reduce the chance of COVID-19 infection.5
Patients who are at a higher risk of contracting severe coronavirus symptoms due to preexisting health conditions or pregnancy should be vaccinated against the flu unless told otherwise by their physician.6 Other OTC preventative means can also be taken.
Also Check: How Long Covid Live On Fabric
When To Seek Emergency Medical Attention
Look for emergency warning signs* for COVID-19. If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately:
- Trouble breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion
- Inability to wake or stay awake
- Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone
*This list is not all possible symptoms. Please call your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning to you.
Test And Trace Service
Test and trace services will help identify, contain and control coronavirus to reduce the spread of the virus and save lives. If you havent already and your smartphone supports it, you should download the free NHS COVID-19 app. This app is a vital part of the NHS Test and Trace services in England and Wales.
If you test positive for coronavirus, youll be contacted by a test and trace service. Youll be asked where youve been recently and who youve been in close contact with.
Close contact includes people in your household, people with whom you have had direct contact, or people you have been within 2 metres for more than 15 minutes.
- In Wales, the service is run by NHS Wales. Read more about Test, Trace, Protect.
Read Also: Does Cvs Charge For Covid Testing
/7signs Your Cough Could Be A Symptom Of Covid
As the country is reeling under the second wave of COVID-19 it is important to follow the basic norms of keeping distance, wearing a mask and maintaining hygiene to stay safe. Apart from that, the focus should also be on flattening the curve and the best practice in the COVID-19 era is to stay at home when you suspect you’re sick. By detecting the symptoms early you can protect others from getting infected and yourself from severe infection. It might be a little tricky to detect the symptoms of coronavirus in the beginning as most of them are overlapping with normal cold and flu. But there are some sure shot ways to differentiate if your cough is normal or a sign of the COVID infection.
So Who Should Get Tested For Covid
Here’s what Dhar recommends:
- People who have symptoms of COVID-19.
- Most people who have had close contact with someone with confirmed COVID-19.
- Unvaccinated people who have taken part in activities that put them at higher risk for COVID-19 because they cannot physically distance to avoid exposure, such as travel, attending large social or mass gatherings, or being in crowded or poorly ventilated indoor settings.
- People who have been asked or referred to get tested by their health care provider, or health department.
The CDC recently recommended that fully vaccinated people who have a known exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 be tested three to five days after exposure, and to wear a mask in public, indoor settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.
Dhar, who responded to questions from the Free Press in an email, noted that the CDC recommends that anyone with any signs or symptoms of COVID-19 get tested, regardless of vaccination status or prior infection.
Read Also: Cvs Covid Testing Result Time
If Youve Tested Positive
If you’ve tested positive for COVID-19, you must isolate at home and away from others, even if you dont have any symptoms.
If you develop symptoms during your isolation period:
- continue isolating and
- follow directions provided by your local public health authority or health care provider
Learn more about:
/7common Cold Vs Covid
Both common cold and COVID-19 cold develop after coming in contact with a virus that affects the upper respiratory tract. The pathogens spread from one person to another through tiny respiratory droplets that come from the nose and mouth of the infected person while speaking, coughing or talking. However, it is important to remember that both types of virus are different and lead to different symptoms. A person can develop COVID-19 after contracting the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is a type of coronavirus.
As compared to common cold, COVID-19 cold:
- causes more diverse symptoms
Don’t Miss: Did Hank Aaron Get Covid Vaccine
How Worried Should I Be
The great majority of people with coronavirus will have mild or moderate disease and will make a full recovery within 2-4 weeks. But even if you are young and healthy – meaning your risk of severe disease is low – it is not non-existent. And a significant proportion of people who do recover are left with debilitating long-term symptoms – so-called ‘long covid’.
We ALL need to play our part in reducing the spread of coronavirus by following government rules.
If you develop symptoms:
- Check for red flags on the NHS 111 online checker.
- Isolate yourself from the outside world and anyone you live with, for at least ten days.
- If you have symptoms, you can book a free test online.
- Ensure everyone you live with isolates for ten days from the onset of your symptoms or positive test result or ten days from when they develop symptoms, whichever is the longer.
- Look after yourself with plenty of rest, fluids and painkillers if needed.
- Look out for the worsening symptoms above.
- Seek medical help as needed.