Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 2:34 am
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Is Covid A Natural Disaster

Which Areas Are Most Vulnerable

Restoring power after a natural disaster could look different in a COVID-19 world

In the face of a pandemic, they now also have to think about disease transmission and not just in individual emergency shelters but also on a larger scale. When a large population moves from an area with a high rate of disease spread to a less affected area, it can put the local population at higher risk.

Using data on social vulnerability, pandemic risk and hazard probability, my lab created an interactive map that pinpoints sources of vulnerability. The goal is to enable disaster response managers and decision makers to recognize the compound risks posed by the confluence of the pandemic and any natural hazard.

The compound hazard risk index takes into consideration the social, physical and pandemic risks at the local level, enabling each county or community to make informed decisions. It also raises warnings about vulnerable groups, such as the elderly and low-income communities, which may suffer a disproportionate risk of infection.

We found several counties with significantly high levels of compound risks.

For example, Harris County, Texas, home to Houston, has a large number of COVID-19 cases and is also vulnerable to the impacts of hurricanes. When a hurricane like Laura heads for the region, the index can help raise red flags, particularly for local health officials and hospitals, about the risks of exacerbating the pandemic there and in counties where people may go in an evacuation.

Natural Disasters Severe Weather And Covid

Planning and preparing for hurricanes and other natural disasters can be stressful, even more so during the COVID-19 pandemic. Know how the COVID-19 pandemic can affect disaster preparedness and recovery, and what you can do to keep yourself and others safe.

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Countries Must Not Wait This Out

UN representatives serving throughout Asia and the Pacific met on Wednesday at the seventh session of the ESCAP Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction, where they were called on to intensify efforts to prepare for and tackle these complex, overlapping crises and increase the resilience of people as well as economies.

The string of record-breaking weather events show that we do not have the luxury of waiting this out: Action must be taken now to address these risks, said Mami Mizutori, UN Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction.

This includes increasing international funding for disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation, especially for countries graduating from the least-developed category, she added.

Despite progress made by many countries in devising more robust systems of early warning and responsive protection, which have led to far fewer people deaths resulting from natural disasters, ESCAP chief Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana said, the COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that almost without exception, countries around the world are still ill-prepared to deal with multiple overlapping crises, which often cascade, with one triggering another.

Tropical cyclones, for example, can lead to floods, which lead to disease, which exacerbates poverty, she elaborated.

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‘as Prepared As We Can Be’

Fire Chief Brian Fennessy, with the Orange County Fire Authority, says if the pandemic had gotten started in July or August instead of late winter “we would not have been nearly as prepared as we are going into this fire season”.

Those months have “given us the time to consider, it’s given us the time to prepare”, he says.

“We’re about as prepared as we can be for something unknown to us.”

But he says: “We’ll get pretty good at this pretty quick.”

Mr Fennessy has started working with a wildland fire industry consulting firm that has set up a database that allows fire departments to share lessons learned during the Covid-19 response.

The men and women of OCFA remain dedicated to helping our community during this pandemic. #COVID19#COVID19OC

â Chief Brian Fennessy

The pandemic has already changed how fire fighters respond to emergency calls and smaller brush fires that require a two- or three-day response.

Mr Fennessy says his fire engines are now equipped with kits that hold about 48 hours worth of personal protective gear.

Still, no matter how much preparation is done “there are going to be some miscues out the door,” says the IAFF’s Mr Swan.

“This is going to be a learn on the fly type of event.”

Model Scenarios: Eruption Of Vesuvius In Campania Italy

Covering the coronavirus is like covering a natural disaster, but ...

Campania is Italyâs third most populated region and is home to its third largest city . It is also home to active volcano Vesuvius. For the Campania model runs, we simulate the full 5.8 million inhabitants for 6 different scenarios. Due to the large population size in this scenario, we adapt the code to run on a 24 core Haswell E5-2680v3 processor node of the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute. One of these scenarios is comparable to reality, with no natural disaster and a lockdown implemented. We evaluate the results of it against real-world data from the wave of COVID-19 infections in spring 2020. The other five scenarios are counterfactual scenarios- one in which no natural disaster occurs but no lockdown is implemented, and the other four in which a natural disaster occurs on day 2, 25, 50 or 100 of the simulation. We use a real-world natural disaster, the eruption of Vesuvius. The key mitigation strategy for a volcanic eruption at Vesuvius is a timely evacuation , for which evacuation plans have been designed . This disaster response results in widespread population displacement – a key risk factor in disease spread .

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Can The Current Covid

Sandrine Revet: This question suggests several responses. It is interesting in that it invites us to reflect upon how we frame such an event and what consequences this can have in terms of the way we analyse it and deal with it. Even if the virus is naturally occurring, this pandemic is no more natural than disasters caused by tsunamis, hurricanes, or floods. The social sciences have for a long time shown that disasters occur when a phenomenon, which may be of natural or technological origin, meets a society made vulnerable by political decisions, economic choices, or forms of social organisation.

What seems interesting to observe is the way in which we think about what is happening and what this tells us about the means that are deployed to deal with the situation. Lets consider UN agencies, for example: the international coordination concerning pandemics is managed by the International Health Organization and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs . For these agencies, the current situation is considered a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. In France, the frame is similarly that of a health crisis .

For me, such wording bears two risks:

Bigger Storms Bigger Problems

Two cyclones ripped through eastern and western India between mid-May and early June, felling electric poles and disrupting power to hospitals and quarantine centers.

First, Super Cyclone Amphan, with wind speeds reaching 260 kilometers per hour, pounded the states of Odisha and West Bengal in eastern India before moving on to Bangladesh. Two weeks later, Nisarga, a severe cyclone with wind speeds reaching 118 kilometers per hour, tore into Maharashtra in western India, blowing away the roof of a hospital just north of Mumbai. Maharashtra was already struggling with the countrys highest number of coronavirus cases.

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Model Scenarios: Theoretical Region

We run two different experiments, one based on a theoretical region to evaluate the effect of different disaster timings and durations in the absence of real-world complexity and a second based on the region of Campania, Italy.

The theoretical region includes an idealised town or city with high population densities that radially decay away from the town centre. Initial effective population densities vary from 1 for the centre of town to 0.3 in rural areas. A concentric geological hazard is located within this study area, with the medium hazard region overlapping moderate population density outskirts of the city and rural areas. Hazard NH is divided into high and medium hazard zones, with the high hazard zone entirely enveloped by the medium hazard zone. The theoretical region has a population of 100,000 individuals. We find that a population of 100,000 is sufficiently large to accurately reproduce disease spread, yet low enough to remain computationally efficient. We test 35 different scenarios, described in detail in supplementary Table . These scenarios vary the presence or absence of lockdown measures, the timing and duration of the natural disaster, and the type of evacuation. We conduct 100 different runs for each scenario.

Cares Act For Municipal Government

Coronavirus ‘equivalent of a natural disaster’

The federal Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act includes funds for Massachusetts governments to use to pay costs incurred in responding to the COVID-19 outbreak. See CARES Act for Municipal Government webpage for details, eligibility, reporting, memos and guidance regarding the CARES Act.

Municipalities should contact the Federal Programs Office at the Executive Office for Administration and Finance at with any questions regarding CARES Act funding. Municipalities located in Plymouth County should contact county officials for information about the Coronavirus Relief Fund.

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Just As States And Societies Prepare Themselves For The Advent Of Natural Disasters Such As Earthquakes Or Landslides Do You Think Our Governments Could Have Prepared For This Pandemic Is It At All Possible To Avoid This Type Of Pandemic

S.R: Obviously, very few countries were prepared for this type of pandemic, which is rather surprising given that, since the 1990s at least, the possibility that this type of event would occur has been high in many areas, and there have been many warnings. Preparation exercises that simulate such events have been developed in many countries. In September 2019, the WHOs Global Preparedness Monitoring Board published a report on preparedness for such pandemics, reminding states of the urgency to prepare for the worst, the worst being identified then as a a rapidly spreading, lethal respiratory pathogen pandemic.

Simulation of a disaster in Sendai, Japan, March 2015. Photo: Sandrine Revet

Even though we have known for a long time that using such preventive measures costs less than reacting in a crisis situation, such structural measures aimed at reducing the factors of vulnerability are less visible than crisis management measures. And it is always difficult to convince authorities to invest in preventive measures once the crisis is over.

How Is The Average Daily Self

Average daily self-employment income is an amount equal to the net earnings from self-employment for the taxable year, or prior taxable year, divided by 260. A taxpayers net earnings from self-employment are based on the gross income that he or she derives from the taxpayers trade or business minus ordinary and necessary trade or business expenses.

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Preparing For Disaster During Covid

COVID-19 continues to pose a serious public health risk, but hazards like wildfires and hurricanes still happen. Use this guide to help you prepare now so you can stay safe, while also protecting yourself and others from COVID-19.

Get a COVID-19 vaccine.

Get a vaccine to protect yourself, your loved ones and your community.
  • Everyone ages 5 and up should get a COVID-19 vaccine.
  • Everyone ages 12 and up should get a booster shot.

There are three easy ways to find a nearby location where you can get the COVID-19 vaccine:

Text your zip code to 438829.

Call 1-800-232-0233.

Wear a mask in indoor public places.

Vaccines will protect you from severe illness and death. After you are fully vaccinated, wear a mask in indoor public places. You can still be infected and transmit the virus to others. If you are not vaccinated, get your vaccine, and wear a mask in indoor public places.

Make sure your mask covers your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin.

Understand your risks.

Some hazards, such as floods and home fires, can happen anywhere. Others, including earthquakes and hurricanes, are more common in certain areas. Learn about your local risks.

Plan to stay connected.

In a disaster, it is important to stay connected and informed.

  • Sign up for free emergency alerts from your local government.
  • Have a backup battery or a way to charge your cell phone.
  • Have a battery-powered radio.
  • Plan to monitor weather conditions near you.

Learn emergency skills.

Gather emergency supplies.

Covid Natural Hazards And Climate Crisis In Asia And The Pacific Expand Riskcape

Can your community handle a natural disaster and coronavirus at the ...

The convergence of the COVID-19 pandemic with natural hazards, made worse by climate change, has reshaped and expanded the disaster riskscape in Asia and the Pacific, according to a new report published on Wednesday by the UNs regional commission there.

In the Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2021, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific described how while dealing with the pandemic, countries in the region have also been hit by multiple biological and natural disasters, such as cyclones, landslides, heatwaves and volcanic eruptions.

At the same time, as climate change has continued to warm the world it is also exacerbating many of these disasters.

“The string of record-breaking events show that we do not have the luxury of waiting this out: action must be taken now to address these risks”- Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Mami Mizutori #DRWeek2021

United Nations ESCAP

The capacity of disaster management and public health systems to respond to this expanded risk environment will determine the recovery path for COVID-19 and beyond, the report argues.

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Hybrid Forecasting To Project Fatalities

Our team used a publicly available epidemic forecasting platform to look at how the effectiveness of COVID-19 responses can influence projections of the infection rate and fatalities in United States, Australia, Bangladesh and China.

These projections are worked out by minimising the difference between the number of confirmed fatalities and those predicted by an epidemic model for a given period of time, which takes into account factors such as how contagious COVID-19 is and how effective counter COVID-19 measures are .

Our projections, although quite simplistic and uncertain, emphasise the need for sustainable effective COVID-19 counter measures.

Looking at Figure 3 the projected fatalities in the United States could rise from around 92,000 to 220,000 if the counter measures are relaxed by only 10 per cent.

To give this some context, we also looked at the seasonal hazard curves alongside COVID-19 projection curves. Seasonal natural hazards like floods, hurricanes and tropical cyclones, heat waves, wildfires and tornadoes have the potential to exacerbate the impact of COVID-19.

The overall probability of these natural hazards occurring in the United States, Bangladesh and China actually increases over the next few months, while here in Australia, their probability diminishes over the same period.

So, during the Northern hemispheres summer, countries like the US, Bangladesh, and China are particularly exposed to compound risks of the pandemic and natural disasters.

The Next Natural Disaster Is As Foreseeable As Covid

Unemployed men queued outside a Depression soup kitchen opened in Chicago by Al Capone — February, … 1931

The news this morning is sobering: over twenty million Americans lost their jobs in April, causing the unemployment rate to jump to its highest level in post-War history.

To the extent that is natural, biological processes came together to create the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, you might be tempted to view the economic destruction wrought by the disease as a natural occurrence.

However, after watching Bill Gatess TED Talk from 2015, it is clear to your correspondent that the destruction COVID-19 has inflicted on human civilization is almost entirely man-made the result of policy short-sightedness leading to a lack of commitment to sensible, easily executed preparatory steps.

These political shortcomings are inextricably linked to the human tendency to inappropriately allocate resources to predictable events outside personal experience because of a systematic underestimation of their probability of occurring.

Through this crisis, pundits have discussed the possibility that the relatively low mortality rates of COVID-19 have given human civilization the chance for a dress rehearsal for The Big One the outbreak of a communicable disease that would remain asymptomatic in carriers for several weeks before being suddenly fatal to a much higher percentage of sufferers.

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Storm Prep And Evacuations Raise The Risks

During the three days before Hurricane Harvey hit, the number of grocery store and gas station visits in the Houston area increased by 50% to 100%. People didnt think twice about running to the store.

As Hurricane Laura headed for the Louisiana and Texas coasts, residents were in very a different situation. The rise of COVID-19 illnesses and deaths across the South during the summer meant people were encouraged to self-quarantine and limit their social contact to prevent transmitting the coronavirus. They could still wear masks in stores, but keeping the recommended six feet apart gets harder when stores get crowded. It means spending more time waiting with others in lines and jostling in the aisles. Research shows that both the amount of virus and the amount of time a person is exposed to it have an impact on whether they get infected and how severely.

An even more onerous complication for both authorities and residents is evacuation.

The decision to evacuate in the face of even a single hazard, whether a wildfire or a hurricane, is difficult. Sheltering in place can mean prolonged power outages and disrupted access to critical facilities. Evacuating means leaving behind ones house and possibly animals to an uncertain fate.

Thats complicated further when an emergency shelter is the best choice but staying there means a higher risk of being exposed to someone infected with the coronavirus.

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