Who Will Be Able To Get The Vaccine Is It Appropriate For Everyone
We will collaborate closely with regulatory and health authorities around the world to provide a potential vaccine to areas in greatest need;and assuming success of the development program and regulatory approval, based on patient demographic data being produced in real time and being monitored throughout our clinical development process.;
Italy Approves Booster Covid
Italy’s medicines agency AIFA on September 9 approved the use of a third dose of COVID-19 vaccines for vulnerable groups of the population, a source close to the matter told Reuters.
The agency approved the so-called booster shot for those likely to have weaker protection from the conventional two-dose inoculation schemes – immunocompromised people, those over eighty years old and nursing home residents. -REUTERS
Should I Stop Using My Birth Control If I Got The J&j Vaccine
It is not necessary to stop taking birth control pills. Individuals affected by thrombotic thrombocytopenic syndrome , which is an unusual combination of low platelet count and clotting did not share common medical histories, such as use of birth control pills; therefore, stopping usage would not change your risk for TTS.
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Questions Continue As Millions Of Americans Get Immunized
by Rachel Nania and Dena Bunis, AARP, Updated August 23, 2021| 0
Researchers around the world have been working at record speed to develop vaccines to combat;COVID-19. Less than a year after the start of the pandemic, that goal became a reality.
One vaccine has received full approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and two others are being administered under emergency use authorization . This FDA designation allows access to treatments and other medical tools during a public health emergency when no other options exist.
The EUA process is faster than standard FDA approval, which can take six to 10 months. However, data proving safety and effectiveness is still required for authorization, and the FDA and an advisory committee of experts use this data to weigh the risks and benefits of the product in question.
Five Reasons Why Covid Herd Immunity Is Probably Impossible
As COVID-19 vaccination rates pick up around the world, people have reasonably begun to ask: how much longer will this pandemic last? Its an issue surrounded with uncertainties. But the once-popular idea that enough people will eventually gain immunity to SARS-CoV-2 to block most transmission a herd-immunity threshold is starting to look unlikely.
That threshold is generally achievable only with high vaccination rates, and many scientists had thought that once people started being immunized en masse, herd immunity would permit society to return to normal. Most estimates had placed the threshold at 6070% of the population gaining immunity, either through vaccinations or past exposure to the virus. But as the pandemic enters its second year, the thinking has begun to shift. In February, independent data scientist Youyang Gu changed the name of his popular COVID-19 forecasting model from Path to Herd Immunity to Path to Normality. He said that reaching a herd-immunity threshold was looking unlikely because of factors such as vaccine hesitancy, the emergence of new variants and the delayed arrival of vaccinations for children.
Long-term prospects for the pandemic probably include COVID-19 becoming an endemic disease, much like influenza. But in the near term, scientists are contemplating a new normal that does not include herd immunity. Here are some of the reasons behind this mindset, and what they mean for the next year of the pandemic.
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How Do Vaccines Work
Vaccines help people develop immunity to a virus or other germ. A vaccine introduces a less harmful part of that germ or something created to look or behave like it into a persons body. The bodys immune system develops antibodies that fight that particular germ and keep the person from getting sick from it. Later, if the person encounters that germ again, their immune system can recognize it and remember how to fight it off.
New Variants Change The Herd
Even as vaccine roll-out plans face distribution and allocation hurdles, new variants of SARS-CoV-2 are sprouting up that might be more transmissible and resistant to vaccines. Were in a race with the new variants, says Sara Del Valle, a mathematical and computational epidemiologist at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. The longer it takes to stem transmission of the virus, the more time these variants have to emerge and spread, she says.
Brazil began widespread distribution of Sinovac Biotechs CoronaVac vaccine in January.Credit: Rodrigo Paiva/Getty
Theres another problem to contend with as immunity grows in a population, Ferrari says. Higher rates of immunity can create selective pressure, which would favour variants that are able to infect people who have been immunized. Vaccinating quickly and thoroughly can prevent a new variant from gaining a foothold. But again, the unevenness of vaccine roll-outs creates a challenge, Ferrari says. Youve got a fair bit of immunity, but you still have a fair bit of disease, and youre stuck in the middle. Vaccines will almost inevitably create new evolutionary pressures that produce variants, which is a good reason to build infrastructure and processes to monitor for them, he adds.
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When It Comes To Vaccination Testing Requirements For Air Travel Administration ‘not Taking Any Measures Off The Table’
When asked by a reported whether the Biden administration was planning to or considering requiring proof of vaccination or a negative test to travel on a plane, Jeffrey Zients stated that they have a “very strong track record” that demonstrates “we’re pulling all available levers to require vaccinations.”
While not directly answering the reporter’s question, Zients added that “we’re not taking any measures off the table.”
President Joe Biden announced Thursday that the Transportation Security Administration would double the fines imposed on travelers who don’t wear masks.
How Do Adenovirus Vector Vaccines Work
Adenovirus vector vaccines take advantage of a class of relatively harmless viruses, called adenoviruses. Some adenoviruses cause the common cold, but others can infect people without causing illness. To use these viruses for vaccine delivery, scientists choose types of adenovirus that do not cause illness and to which most people have not been exposed. They alter the virus by removing two of the genes that enable adenovirus to replicate in people, and they replace one of those genes with the one for the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.
Find out more about adenovirus vaccines in this Vaccine Update article, Getting Familiar with COVID-19 Adenovirus-replication-deficient Vaccines.
South Africa’s First Vaccine
The first doses of the vaccine are from Johnson & Johnson as its vaccine has proved effective against the COVID-19 501Y.V2 variant. The country has secured 11 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Of these doses, 2.8 million doses will be delivered in the second quarter and the rest spread throughout the year.;
What Do You Know About The Halt On The J&j Vaccine
Federal health officials recommended a pause on the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine after six women developed blood clots in their brain up to 3 weeks after their vaccine. The blood clots in the brain are called cerebral venous sinus thrombosis . While a few of these women had an underlying health condition, no pattern of pre-existing conditions emerged. These cases are similar to those caused in European countries by the AstraZeneca vaccine, which is not currently used in the United States. The J&J and AZ vaccines are similar in that both use an adenovirus vector to induce immunity to the SARS-C0V-2 surface protein, but they use different adenovirus vectors. The J&J vaccine uses a human adenovirus, and the AZ version uses a chimp adenovirus.
The pause was recommended for three reasons:
- First, the FDA and CDC needed time to review these cases and collect as much information as they could to figure out what was happening.
- Second, they needed to update healthcare providers across the country on what to watch for in their patients. In this way, physicians can properly diagnose and treat the condition. This condition is very rare and treating it with blood thinners could make this situation worse.
- Third, the pause allowed for the public to quickly become aware of the potential side effect, so that people who got the vaccine and those around them would be more likely to recognize the need to seek medical attention if they experience symptoms.
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Department Of Health Vaccine Outreach Program Has Gained 15000 Members Since Spring Launch
The COVID-19 Community Corps, a Department of Health and Human Services campaign to mobilize community members to combat vaccine hesitancy, has gained 15,000 members since it was launched in the spring, according to Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy.
Members include doctors, nurses, teachers, ministers and civilians across all 50 states who execute outreach in their community to encourage others to get vaccinated, Murthy said.
“I want to emphasize that every single vaccination is a win. It’s one more person protected against the delta variant, and all of these conversations that our Community Corps members have been having, even those that don’t end in vaccination, are essential to this effort. We’ve learned also that you don’t have to have a degree in medicine or public health to have these conversations,” Murthy said.
Compulsory Leave For Punjab Govt Employees If Vaccine Not Taken
Chief minister of Punjab Captain Amarinder Singh, File;| Photo Credit: PTI
Punjab government on Friday ordered extension of the existing Covid-19 restrictions till September 30, in view of the upcoming festival season. It imposed a limit of 300 on all gatherings, including political, and strict enforcement of wearing of masks as well as social distancing.
Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, in his order, made it mandatory for organisers, including political parties, to ensure that participants, management and staff at food stalls etc. in festival related events are fully vaccinated, or at least have had a single dose.
A decision was also taken that in case Punjab government employees fail to take even the first dose of Covid-19 vaccine for any reason other than medical, will be compulsorily sent on leave after September 15.
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What Is An Mrna Vaccine
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines differ from traditional vaccines in their use of mRNA, a relatively new technology. Instead of introducing a weakened or an inactivated germ into your body, these vaccines inject mRNA, the genetic material that our cells read to make proteins, into your upper arm muscle.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “mRNA stands for messenger ribonucleic acid and can most easily be described as instructions for how to make a protein or even just a piece of a protein.”
The mRNA vaccines contain those instructions for the distinctive spike protein found on the surface of the coronavirus and which attaches to a particular protein in our body. Once the mRNA is inside your muscle cells, the cells translate the information to make the protein or antigens and;display it on their surface, according to Pfizer. Your immune system spots the antigens, recognizes them as foreign and begins to make antibodies.;
Essentially, the vaccine teaches your body how to make the protein that triggers antibody production so if the real virus later enters your body, your immune system will recognize and fight it, according to the CDC.
Side Effects And Safety
The COVID-19 vaccines approved for use in the UK have met strict standards of safety, quality and effectiveness.
They can cause some side effects, but not everyone gets them.
Any side effects are usually mild and should not last longer than a week, such as:
- a sore arm from the injection
- feeling tired
You can get vaccinated against COVID-19 if you’re aged 16 or over and:
- you’re pregnant or think you might be
- you’re breastfeeding
- you’re trying for a baby or might get pregnant in the future
The vaccines you’ll be offered depends if you’re pregnant and how old you are. The vaccines cannot give you or your baby COVID-19.
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What Are The Side Effects Of The Vaccines
Common side effects that have been reported after getting the vaccines include:
- Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Feeling tired
- Muscle and joint pain
For the vaccines that require two shots, the side effects might be a little stronger after the second shot compared to what you might have had after the first injection. In general,;the side effects tend to go away within a few days.
Could Taking Two Different Vaccines Boost The Effectiveness
Currently, COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable. However, if a person gets one of the mRNA vaccines and the supply does not allow for them to get the second dose of the same brand, they can get the other mRNA vaccine, with the second dose at least 28 days after the first one. This should only be done in extenuating circumstances.
Additional studies are required because three scenarios can occur if a person gets vaccinated with two versions of vaccines against the same disease, particularly close in time:
- They get a stronger immune response. An example of this was when children got inactivated polio vaccine and later got oral polio vaccine.
- The second vaccine causes immunity that would be similar to receiving a second dose of the original vaccine. Using a different brand of hepatitis B vaccine for one or more doses would be an example of this.
- The immune response generated by the first vaccine interferes with components of the response to the second vaccine, in some cases causing lower immunity.;For example, when people got a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine followed by a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine with a harmless helper protein attached to it, called pneumococcal conjugate vaccine , they had lower antibody responses to one part of the PCV vaccine than people who got the two vaccines in the opposite order .
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Is It Ok To Get The Covid
While there have been reports of severe allergic-type reactions in a very small number of patients, the CDC says that people with allergies to certain foods, drugs, insects, latex and other common allergens can still get the COVID-19 vaccine.
If you have had a severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines, be sure to discuss the COVID-19 vaccination with your doctor, who can evaluate you and assess your risk. The vaccine provider should observe you for 30 minutes rather than the routine 15 minutes after vaccination, and if you have an allergic reaction to the first shot, you may not receive the second.
The CDC says that at this time, anyone who has a severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients;should not get that vaccine.
How Do We Know a COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe and Effective?
Oxford Vaccine: Dr Hilary Discusses Immunity Of Jab
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Covid-19 vaccine development in the US has yielded two highly effective working samples, with Moderna and Pfizer’s respective samples proving successful 95 percent of the time. They still have some hurdles left to pass before health officials can administer them to the general public, but the news has ushered in a distinct air of hope. Although hailed as a scientific breakthrough, people around the world have come forward with questions, namely how long it will last, and that depends on the delivery method.
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Should Cancer Patients And Survivors Get The Vaccine
Many expert medical groups recommend that most people with cancer or a history of cancer get the COVID-19 vaccine once its available to them.
The main concern about getting the vaccine is not whether its safe for people with cancer, but about how effective it will be, especially in people with weakened immune systems. Some cancer treatments like chemotherapy , radiation, stem cell or bone marrow transplant, or immunotherapy can affect the immune system, which might make the vaccine less effective. People with certain types of cancers, like leukemias or lymphomas, can also have weakened immune systems which might make the vaccine less effective.;
The initial studies testing the COVID-19 vaccines did not include people getting treatment with drugs that suppress the immune system, like chemo, or people who have weakened immune systems for other reasons. This is because the studies needed to see first if the vaccines work in people with healthy immune systems. Because of this, its not yet clear how effective the vaccines might be in these groups of people.
Since the situation for every person is different, it is best to discuss the risks and benefits of getting one of the COVID-19 vaccines with your cancer doctor. They can advise you and tell you when you should receive it.
Will The Vaccine Work If Ive Already Had Covid
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that people who have already had COVID-19 or tested positive may still benefit from getting the COVID-19 vaccination. There is not enough information currently available to say if or for how long people are protected from getting COVID-19 after they have had it . Early evidence suggests natural immunity from COVID-19 may not last very long, but more studies are needed to better understand this.
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