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Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am
All countries
Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am
All countries
Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am
All countries
Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am
All countries
Updated on September 27, 2022 6:56 am
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Is Heartburn A Side Effect Of Covid Vaccine

Common Side Effects Of Covid Vaccines

Virus expert says COVID-19 vaccine side effects are a good sign

After getting vaccinated for COVID-19, you might experience some temporary symptoms similar to those you might notice when you get a flu shot, such as a sore, swollen arm where you got the shot. You might run a fever and experience body aches, headaches and tiredness for a day or two. Chills and swollen lymph nodes can also occur.

These symptoms do not mean you are sick. They signal that your immune system is responding to the shot and building up protection against the coronavirus.

Relief For The Common Side Effects Of The Covid

If you are experiencing any of these side effects, there are some things that you can do to make yourself more comfortable. An over-the-counter medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be helpful in reducing inflammation and pain.

A clean, cool, wet washcloth applied to the site of the injection can help reduce some irritation. If you experience a fever, remember to drink plenty of fluids and dress lightly to make yourself more comfortable.

Can You Experience Tinnitus Or Ringing In The Ears After A Covid Vaccine

While studies cannot demonstrate a clear connection, it appears that tinnitus could be a very rare side effect of the vaccine. However, research is ongoing and there is currently no definitive information.

Tinnitus is a condition where you hear a ringing or buzzing sound in the ear that does not come from an outside source.

Adverse reactions to vaccinations are reported in the Centers for Disease Controls Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System database.

According to this database, out of 362 million vaccine doses, there were 9,166 cases where people had ringing in the ears after having the vaccine. This equates to roughly one incident per 40,000 vaccine doses.

However, it is still not clear if the tinnitus occurred as the result of the vaccine or if it was caused by something else, so researchers are still examining this correlation.

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Why Do The Common Side

The sore arm can be either due to the trauma of the needle in the muscle, or local inflammation in the muscle probably because of the chemicals in the injection, said Prof Robert Read, head of clinical and experimental sciences within medicine at the University of Southampton and director of the National Institute of Health Researchs Southampton Biomedical Research Centre.

The other common side-effects the muscle aches, flu-like illness and fatigue are probably due to generalised activation of the immune system caused by the vaccine. What this means is that the white blood cells that are stimulated by the vaccine to make antibodies themselves have to secrete chemicals called cytokines, interferons and chemokines, which function to send messages from cell to cell to become activated.

Read said that for some people the process was without symptoms, but for others it generated these common side-effects.

Older Adults Could Experience Fewer Side Effects

What to know about the side effects of the COVID

While the coronavirus vaccines have been shown to be effective in older adults, people age 50 and older experience fewer side effects than younger recipients.

Only about 25 percent of people ages 50 to 64 and 4 percent of those ages 65 to 74 who received the Moderna or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine between Dec. 14 and Jan. 13 experienced side effects, according to CDC data. Meanwhile, 65 percent of those under 50 reported a reaction.

The clinical trial data from the Johnson & Johnson vaccine showed a similar effect.

Researchers are still studying why this is the case, but they say its likely related to the declining immune response that comes with age.

Studies also show that most people experience more severe side effects after the second dose of the Moderna or Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

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Check If You Have A Hiatus Hernia

You can have a hiatus hernia without knowing and without it being a problem.

With a hiatus hernia you may:

  • have a painful burning feeling in your chest, often after eating
  • bring up small amounts of food or bitter-tasting fluids
  • have bad breath

These are the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease .

Period Problems And Unexpected Vaginal Bleeding

Some women have reported temporary changes in their periods after receiving the coronavirus vaccine. Some women have reported heavier bleeding than usual, delayed periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding. The MHRA and other experts are closely monitoring and evaluating these reports. Longer term follow-up is ongoing in the UK and elsewhere to better understand this reaction.

Current evidence suggests there is no link between period problems or unexpected vaginal bleeding and coronavirus vaccines. The number of reports is relatively low given the number of women who have taken the vaccine and how common period problems are generally. The menstrual changes reported usually do not last long. Whilst uncomfortable or distressing, period problems are extremely common and stressful life events can disrupt with your periods. Changes to the menstrual cycle have also been reported following infection with coronavirus and in women affected by long-COVID.

If you have changes to your periods that are unusual for you, persist over time, or you have any new vaginal bleeding after the menopause, following coronavirus vaccination, please speak to your GP.

As with all vaccines, you can report suspected side effects through the Yellow Card website.

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Reflux: A Common Event

The stomach makes a strong acid that breaks down food to help the body absorb nutrients. When this acid enters the esophagus, it can cause pain by irritating the esophageal lining. Reflux can occur occasionally in almost anyone, especially if they eat too much and lie down soon after eating.

Reflux is not abnormal, said Dr. Ravich. Continuous reflux monitoring studies show nine out of ten healthy people reflux daily. Reflux disease involves excessive levels of reflux or symptoms that seem correlated with reflux events such as burning in the chest, burning in the throat, and/or a sour taste in the mouth.

What Are The Most Common Covid

COVID-19 vaccine side effects

Though severe allergic reactions are uncommon, there are some side effects that may occur when receiving the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. The good news is it appears the side effects are not different from those experienced with a flu shot.

The side effects of the COVID-19 vaccines are similar to those of other vaccines, notes Dr. Susan Rehm, M.D., an infectious disease expert at Cleveland Clinic. Most reported side effects are mild, such as fatigue, muscle aches, and headache.

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However Nausea Was Much More Common With Moderna And Johnson & Johnson

Although diarrhea is more prominent with the Pfizer vaccine, those who got that shot seemed to largely evade the nausea or vomiting that occur with the others. According to the clinical trial data, 9.4 percent of people reported experiencing nausea and vomiting after their first Moderna shot, and that number grew to 21.3 percent after the second dose. For those who got the single-dose Johnson & Johnson jab, 15.5 percent experienced nausea. Meanwhile, less than 2 percent of people who got Pfizer vaccinations experienced vomiting after either shot, and nausea wasn’t even one of the top 10 side effects of that COVID vaccine. And for more news about second doses, check out The CDC Just Gave This New Warning About Your Second COVID Shot.

Fever After Vaccination Against Covid

If you develop a fever within 48 hours after receiving the vaccination, it is likely that the fever is a side-effect of the vaccination. In that case, it is best to stay home yourself, but your household members do not have to stay home. If you have a fever, but also have other symptoms that could indicate COVID-19, such as cold symptoms, coughing, or sudden loss of smell or taste, make an appointment to get tested. Except for the test, you must stay home, and your household members must also stay home until you get the results of the test. In case of doubt, you can consult the GGD infectious disease control department. If you develop a fever more than 48 hours after vaccination, you may have a coronavirus infection. In that case, get tested you and your household members must stay home until you get the results of the test.

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Allergic Reactions To The Covid

There are different types of allergic reactions that can occur in patients who receive the COVID-19 vaccine:

  • Severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis: Signs and symptoms can vary, but a few noteworthy ones may include trouble breathing, hives, or tightness of the throat. Those who experience such severe reactions usually require epinephrine and need to go to the hospital. They should also not get another shot of that same vaccine.

  • Non-severe or immediate allergic reaction: Symptoms such as hives, swelling, or wheezing may occur in this type of reaction. Although these responses may not require emergency care, individuals who experience these reactions should not receive another shot of that same vaccine.

  • Rash: Also known as COVID arm, the injection site can become red, itchy, or painful after people receive their shot. In this case, those who experience these symptoms should get another dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, but potentially in the opposite arm.

Its critical to monitor patients for allergic reactions immediately after vaccination. People with a history of anaphylaxis, immediate reaction to another vaccine of any type, or contraindication to a different COVID-19 vaccine should be monitored for at least 30 minutes. Its recommended to monitor everyone else for 15 minutes.

The overall rates of anaphylaxis have been rare. Still, it is critical for HCPs to be aware of the commonalities between patients who experienced anaphylaxis as a result of receiving the vaccine.

What Does The Pfizer Vaccine Contain

COVID &  Pregnancy

The active substance in the vaccine is BNT162b2 RNA. After dilution, the vial contains 6 doses, of 0.3 mL with 30 micrograms of mRNA each.

Messenger RNA gives our cells information about what the virus looks like so that it can make good antibodies in response. Unlike some vaccines, mRNA does not contain any fragments of the actual virus.

There have been some concerns about whether or not mRNA can alter a persons DNA. These rumours are not true. The vaccine simply instructs the body on how to create an organic defence against the virus via information about the virus structure.

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Cdc Expands Booster Recommendations In Response To Omicron Variant

“J& J knocked me out,” Alex Ossola, who received her first dose of the vaccine soon after it became available in February, told TODAY. “I had a full-blown fever, teeth chattering just ridiculous side effects.” But her booster shot, which was the Moderna mRNA vaccine, felt much milder. “This was like nothing,” she said, adding that within 48 hours she felt completely normal.

Making matters even more confusing is the fact that some people may get their flu vaccine at the same time as the booster. That’s completely safe and a convenient way to cross both shots off your to-do list in the same appointment, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But if you do experience side effects later, it will be difficult to know which vaccine is responsible.

That’s what happened to Lindsay Mann, who received her Moderna booster alongside her flu shot last month. “I’m pretty sensitive and I have a pretty low pain tolerance,” she told TODAY, so dealing with the soreness after having one shot in each arm was a challenge. She also experienced a fever, body aches, chills and “complete exhaustion.”

Remember, though, that the side effects from the vaccine and the booster, while unpleasant, are typically mild and temporary. “If you’re weighing the side effects of the vaccine versus the effects of COVID, I would take the side effects of the vaccine any day,” Milstone said.

Are Blood Clots A Side

Concerns have been raised about a particular situation whereby certain blood clots have occurred together with low levels of platelets tiny cells in the blood that help it to clot.

Earlier this month the MHRA said that while not yet proved, there was growing evidence to suggest this syndrome could be caused by the AstraZeneca jab, while the European Medicines Agency said there was a possible link and noted the syndrome should be listed as a very rare side-effect of the vaccine.

So far, most of the cases reported have occurred in women under 60 years of age within two weeks of vaccination. Based on the currently available evidence, specific risk factors have not been confirmed, the EMA said.

However, cases remain very rare: the MHRA noted 79 cases of blood clots with low platelets, including 19 deaths, following more than 20m doses of the AstraZeneca jab, with 44 of the cases and 14 of the deaths related to a rare type of blood clot in the brain called cerebral venous sinus thrombosis that occurred with a low platelet count.

Experts have stressed the rarity of such cases estimating they may occur in about one in 100,000 young adults who get the jab a risk lower than the chance of dying in a road accident in a year. What is more, they note that for most people the risk posed by Covid is much greater than the chance of serious harm from a Covid jab, and that Covid itself can cause dangerous blood clots. In other words, the benefits of the jab far outweigh the risks.

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What Can I Expect After I Get The Vaccine

Although there are some people who have not experienced any side effects, there are others who have described symptoms similar to those experienced during a hangover or the flu. For those that do have side effects, they tend to only last for a few days.

The CDC tells us to anticipate that when you have the vaccine it could affect your ability to do day-to-day activities.

Some people are questioning whether they should get the vaccine either from a fear of side effects or from mistrust due to confusion and disinformation largely distributed through social media.

Dr. Stephen Brady, Director of Cardiology at CMC fully supports the COVID-19 vaccination.

There is always the risk of side effects with any vaccine, said Dr. Brady. But I believe in the science. I like the data. And I think its important that people get their vaccination when its time to protect the people around them that they care about.

Covid Vaccine Side Effects: Here’s The Entire List Of Minor Health Issues After Getting A Shot

Possible Side Effects Of Coronavirus Vaccine Described

Many COVID-19 vaccines, especially two-dose regimens, have a variety of side effects. The debate over the safety of the AstraZeneca vaccine has many recipients wondering if their symptoms are normal. Heres a list of the most common symptoms for the main vaccines, all of which can be uncomfortable but are ultimately harmless in the vast majority of cases.

This data comes from clinical trials, conducted by manufacturers and compiled courtesy of The Guardian. The symptoms listed were reported within a week of receiving the vaccine and typically cleared up in less than three days for the Moderna vaccine.

Experiencing symptoms is actually a positive sign for recipients: Vaccines work by provoking an immune response with a defanged version of a disease, ensuring if the real deal comes along the body already remembers the illness and can better defend itself. Vaccine symptoms mean the drug is doing its job.

The furore around the AstraZeneca jab has marred the global vaccine drive and comes as several countries report spikes in new casesPhoto: AFP / JUSTIN TALLIS

Moderna Dose 1

Pain at the injection site was the only common symptom reported at a rate well above the placebo group.

  • Pain at injection site: 87%
  • Fatigue: 39%

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Very Common Side Effects

For a full list of ingredients, read the patient information leaflet for the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine .

The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is only used in adults aged 30 and over in Ireland.

If you are under 30 and had the Moderna vaccine, you should get the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine for any other doses you need.

Moderna is not recommended if you have had a severe allergic reaction to:

  • any of the ingredients in this vaccine – including polyethylene glycol or PEG
  • Trometamol – an ingredient in contrast dyes used for MRI scans

You should also not get this vaccine if you:

  • have been told by a doctor that you should not get this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine – they are both mRNA vaccines
  • had myocarditis after a previous dose of this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine

Talk to your doctor before getting this vaccine if you:

  • have had a severe allergic reaction in the past, including to any other vaccine or medication
  • had pericarditis after a previous dose of this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine

Serious Adverse Cases Reported

CARM and Medsafe investigate reports of significant adverse events, including those with a fatal outcome.

The aim of the investigation is for CARM and Medsafe to determine the likelihood the vaccine caused the reported events.

For significant cases, including deaths, the COVID-19 Independent Safety Monitoring Board review the information supplied during the investigation and provide their view on the likely relationship of the reported events to vaccination.

Causes of death are investigated and determined by the coroner not by CARM or Medsafe.

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Pain At The Injection Site

Expect to have a little localized arm pain or tenderness at the site of injection, says Dr. Mullane. You may also notice some redness or swelling where the needle went into your skin, but it will dissipate. About 70% to 80% of people feel arm pain the day of the shot, per CDC data. If it bothers you, you can soothe the area with a cool washcloth, the CDC advises.

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