Global Statistics

All countries
595,168,628
Confirmed
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am
All countries
566,803,948
Recovered
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am
All countries
6,454,572
Deaths
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am

Global Statistics

All countries
595,168,628
Confirmed
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am
All countries
566,803,948
Recovered
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am
All countries
6,454,572
Deaths
Updated on August 15, 2022 3:16 am
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Is High Blood Pressure A Heart Condition For Covid Vaccine

When You Have High Blood Pressure

What Heart Patients Should Know about COVID-19 and Vaccinations

Why COVID-19 can be so serious: Its well-known that high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, makes your heart work harder and damages your arteries. This happens slowly, over years, and the damage throughout your body can lead to long-term inflammation.

All that inflammation raises your chances of having severe COVID-19 possibly because your immune system overreacts to the virus. This kicks off a dangerous response that can lead to tissue damage. This may be why COVID-19 patients with high blood pressure are more likely to suffer from pneumonia and organ failure.

How to stay safe beyond the shot: Stay in touch with your provider to make sure your blood pressure is in check. Dont delay getting the medical care you need because youre scared of going to the office, says Dr. Morrow. Be sure to ask about telehealth appointments too.

Lifestyle changes can also help lower your blood pressure and reduce chronic inflammation. These include maintaining a healthy weight, eating heart-healthy foods, getting regular exercise, and reducing stress. Deep breathing, yoga, and making time for hobbies can also help.

Medi_21_39_LS_IA_04152021Y0118_21_213A_C 04152021

Key Findings From Two Large Cohort Studies

Risk Factors Associated with In-Hospital Mortality in a U.S. National Sample of Patients with COVID-19

This study used data from the Premier Healthcare Database, which represents approximately 20% of all inpatient admissions in the United States since 2000. This retrospective cohort study of 64,781 patients with COVID-19 included both inpatients and hospital-based outpatients with laboratory-diagnosed COVID-19 between April 1 and May 31, 2020. The database included reports from 592 acute care hospitals in the United States. The study was designed to examine risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality, and the analysis was conducted using multivariable logistic regression among adults for whom sex was known, adjusting for demographic characteristics, visit characteristics, comorbidities, and hospital characteristics, among other factors.

Main Findings:

  • The risk for inpatient mortality was higher with increasing number of comorbid conditions. Among patients with COVID-19 who died, there was a higher prevalence of all comorbidities than among patients who survived.
  • The Charlson-Deyo Comorbidity Index score was used to assess the baseline comorbidities of patients with COVID-19. Comorbidities were assessed during the index visit and 6 months prior to that visit. Associations of number of comorbidities and COVID-19-associated death are shown in the table below, highlighting that there was increased risk of in hospital mortality among patients with multiple comorbidities.
  • Things People With Heart Conditions Must Know About The Covid

    Find answers to your questions about how to get the vaccine and what side effects you might experience.

    Everyday Health

    COVID-19 vaccination is ramping up across the country and is expected to continue to expand through summer. This influx is making vaccines available to more people with underlying conditions, including heart conditions that put them at a higher risk for complications if they get infected with the novel coronavirus. If you have a high-risk condition, you may have a lot of questions about how, why, and when you should get vaccinated and whether its safe.

    Here are some expert takes on what people with a history of heart conditions should know about COVID-19 vaccines.

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    Heart Inflammation More Common After Covid

    Experts say the benefits of the vaccines still outweigh the rare risk of myocarditis, especially when compared to the risks of coronavirus infection.

    In an Israeli study published last month, researchers examined the electronic health records of over 2 million people.

    They found an additional 2.7 cases of myocarditis for every 100,000 people vaccinated with an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

    But the risk of myocarditis after COVID-19 was higher, resulting in an extra 11 cases for every 100,000 people who had the infection.

    This study didnt take into account younger males specifically.

    But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    How Coronavirus Affects People With High Blood Pressure

    COVID

    While pneumonia is the most common complication of the virus, it can also damage the cardiovascular system.

    High blood pressure damages arteries and reduces the flow of blood to your heart. That means your heart has to work harder to pump enough blood. Over time, this extra work can weaken your heart to the point where it can’t pump as much oxygen-rich blood to your body.

    Coronavirus can also damage the heart directly, which can be especially risky if your heart is already weakened by the effects of high blood pressure. The virus may cause inflammation of the heart muscle called myocarditis, which makes it harder for the heart to pump.

    If you also have plaque buildup in your arteries, the virus may make those plaques more likely to break apart and cause a heart attack. Past studies have shown that people with heart disease who get a respiratory illness like the flu or earlier types of coronavirus are at higher risk for a heart attack.

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    Can Children Get Vaccinated For Covid

    It depends. The Pfizer vaccine currently can be given to kids 12 and older. But the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are still authorized only for people 18 and older.

    Moderna has recently asked the FDA for emergency use authorization for its vaccine in children ages 12 through 17, and Pfizer plans to seek authorization for children ages 5 through 11.

    Meanwhile, research is underway to learn whether Pfizers and Moderna’s vaccines are safe and effective, and what are the best doses, for infants and young children.

    /7will Your Condition Hamper The Vaccine Efficacy

    Since certain preconditions are known to weaken the immune system, it is believed that some diseases or conditions can also interfere with COVID-19 vaccine immunity.

    While this may not be true for all the vaccines available to us today, but with hypertension as well, there is some presumed risk of vaccine-driven antibodies, and the efficacy waning after a while, or the efficacy reducing faster than general estimates. Chronic hypertension can also weaken the immune response, and thus, it could be possible that the vaccine isn’t effective. The medicines used for treatment can also damper response. Hence, while it’s still important to get vaccinated, people suffering from hypertension should be doubly cautious. Whether or not we would need booster shots going forward is yet to be concluded, while preliminary studies have suggested that additional shots would be quite helpful.

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    Should I Get A Flu Shot This Year

    Yes. A yearly flu shot is recommended for everyone 6 months and older, with rare exceptions. For some young children, two doses are advised check with your childs health care team.

    Influenza vaccination can help keep you and your family healthy this winter so you might avoid a medical visit at a time when lots of people are sick and contagious. That would not only make you feel better, but it would help reduce the strain on health care systems already overtaxed by patients who have COVID-19 or other seasonal respiratory illnesses.

    Its particularly important to get a flu vaccine if you have a medical condition such as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart failure, or have had a heart attack or stroke.

    Discuss vaccination with your health care team if you have allergies to eggs or flu shot ingredients, have had a severe allergic reaction to a previous influenza vaccine, have a history of Guillain-Barré syndrome or are feeling ill.

    If youre 12 or older and havent had a COVID-19 shot yet, you can get both vaccinations at the same time, the CDC says.

    Does High Blood Pressure Increase Your Risk Of Getting Covid

    COVID AND HEART DISEASE

    Yes, having high blood pressure, especially if untreated or not well controlled, is associated with increased risk of infection. Its not quite clear as to why or how, but chronic conditions, such as high blood pressure and obesity, can weaken the immune system, making you more susceptible to infections.

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    Important: Heart Attacks And Strokes During Covid

    Should you experience any of the following symptoms, call emergency services immediately. Let them assess your condition.

    Heart attack

    • a burning or tightening pressure in the chest which can radiate to the arms and neck
    • an unusual shortness of breath
    • almost never a sharp or stabbing pain

    Stroke

    Even during the pandemic, do not delay. Every minute counts.

    Hospitals will do their utmost to treat you in a segregated, safe environment.

    Learn More About The Possible Side Effects

    The most common side effects from the mRNA vaccines are:

    • Fatigue
    • Pain where you got the shot
    • Redness and swelling where you go the shot
    • Joint pain
    • Mild fever
    • Swollen glands

    Serious side effects from the vaccine are rare. If you get any of these side effects within three days of getting the vaccine, call your health-care team right away or go to your nearest emergency department. These serious side effects include:

    • Hives
    • Swelling of the face or mouth
    • Trouble breathing

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    Are There Any Grounds For Vaccination Exemption

    The only grounds for not having a vaccine is If you’ve got a known allergy to any of the constituents of the vaccine, which is very, very rare, or if you’ve got an immune problem where you can’t mount an immune response. And there was a very interesting case recently at Harvard where somebody had a very serious immune response, and what was interesting about that case was that that patient, his virus seemed to change very quickly, and it seemed to evolve much more quickly than normal people. And we think that’s where these new strains are coming from. In fact, people who’ve got immune problems are producing different strains of virus very quickly and they’re exactly the sort of people we need to protect because they’re the ones who then shed the virus and give it out to the community and then it starts to spread.

    Dont Delay Getting Your Heart Checked

    COVID

    Many people have been reluctant to seek medical attention amid the pandemic. This includes for both urgent and routine care of heart disease. Longer delays between the onset of the symptoms and hospital treatment are being reported in countries including England, Italy and China. This makes long-term heart damage more likely.

    One study found global hospital admissions for heart attacks have decreased between 40 per cent and 50 per cent. An Australian study found a 21 per cent reduction in cardiac surgery at Sydneys Royal Prince Alfred Hospital between March and June 2020.

    Its important you dont neglect your heart health even amid the pandemic. If you ever think youre having a heart attack, call triple zero immediately.

    The author would like to thank the National Heart Foundations Amanda Buttery and Brooke Atkins for their help with this article.

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    Help Where Can I Get The Vaccine

    As the vaccine supply has increased, finding a vaccine has become much easier than it was early on. Check with your local pharmacies many are part of a federal program to increase vaccine access. You can also use the VaccineFinder tool to search for vaccine providers in your area, or check the website of your state or territorial health department. The vaccine might also be available at your primary care provider’s office if not, staff there can guide you.

    Is A Heart Attack More Likely After Covid

    That depends: Post says that heart attack has several different forms. A type 1 heart attack, caused by a blood clot blocking one of the hearts arteries, is rare during or after COVID-19 infection.

    Type 2 heart attacks are more common with COVID-19, she says. This heart attack can be caused by increased stress on the heart, such as a fast heartbeat, low blood oxygen levels or anemia, because the heart muscle isnt getting enough oxygen delivered in the blood in order do this extra work. We have seen this in people with acute coronavirus disease, but it is less common in those who have survived the illness.

    Blood tests have shown that during COVID-19, some people have elevated levels of a substance called troponin in their blood, along with EKG changes and chest pain. Elevated troponin levels are a sign of damaged heart tissue. Sometimes this is from a heart attack. This is less commonly seen after COVID-19.

    During acute COVID-19, elevated troponin levels with an abnormal EKG are linked to higher mortality, but not in patients with a normal EKG, Post says.

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    What Underlying Conditions Qualify You For The Vaccine In Your State

    Having a condition identified by the CDC as definitely or possibly high-risk doesnât automatically qualify you where you live.

    âThe criteria for vaccine eligibility vary from state to state and may not match the criteria outlined by the CDC, so it’s important to visit your state vaccination website for guidance,â Richardson explains.

    You can check your stateâs current eligibility guidelines for the COVID vaccine by selecting your state or territory in the CDCâs dropdown menu here, in the blue box labeled âHow Do I Get A Vaccine?â By checking your stateâs standards, youâll be one step closer to answering the question of the year â and getting yourself your shot.

    Experts:

    Which Vaccine Is Suitable For Patients With Heart Disease

    Why coronavirus is more deadly for those with hypertension

    Both vaccines protect people who have got heart disease and they also protect people who are older, and they also protect people from different ethnic groups. They both seem to be very protective. The Pfizer vaccine seems to protect people after you’ve had two doses to the extent of about 94% reducing serious illnesses, and the AstraZeneca about 70%, but even for those who got COVID, none of them required hospitalisation if they’ve had the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine. Both of them seem to provide very good protection from serious disease.

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    Information On Children And Teens

    While children have been less affected by COVID-19 compared with adults, children can be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and some children develop severe illness. Children with underlying medical conditions are at increased risk for severe illness compared to children without underlying medical conditions. Current evidence on which underlying medical conditions in children are associated with increased risk is limited. Current evidence suggests that children with medical complexity, with genetic, neurologic, metabolic conditions, or with congenital heart disease can be at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Similar to adults, children with obesity, diabetes, asthma or chronic lung disease, sickle cell disease, or immunosuppression can also be at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. One way to protect the health of children is to ensure that all adults in a household are fully vaccinated against COVID-19.

    Can Your Blood Pressure Meds Affect The Severity Of Covid

    The short answer is no. There was some concern early on that certain groups of drugs, ACE inhibitors and ARBs, may increase the risk of COVID-19 infection by increasing the availability of binding sites for the virus. However, randomized trials have concluded that ACE inhibitors and ARBS are safe to use.

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    What Heart And Stroke Patients Should Know About Covid

    COVID-19 vaccines offer protection against life-threatening disease caused by the coronavirus to people with heart disease and stroke, and a booster dose could bolster that protection, health experts said.

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which sets policy on vaccine use, recommended Pfizer booster vaccines for several groups last week. People 65 and older residents in long-term care settings and people 50 and older with underlying medical conditions should receive a booster at least six months after their initial Pfizer vaccine doses, the CDC said.

    People 18 to 49 with underlying medical conditions and adults 18 to 64 at increased risk for COVID-19 exposure and transmission because of their jobs or where they reside, such as a homeless shelter, may receive a Pfizer booster at least six months after their initial Pfizer vaccine doses.

    CDC Director Dr. Rochelle P. Walensky issued the recommendations two days after the Food and Drug Administration authorized a Pfizer booster on Sept. 22. Her decision aligned with the FDA but allowed for broader use than a CDC advisory panel endorsed.

    The FDA and CDC actions apply only to the Pfizer vaccine. Regulators are reviewing the data from Moderna’s request to authorize a booster, and Johnson & Johnson’s booster is in advanced trials.

    Data shows COVID-19 vaccines can become less effective at preventing infection over time. But the vaccines are still effective in preventing serious illness and death after infection.

    Which Is Riskier For People With Heart Conditions: Covid

    COVID

    Theres no question: Having COVID-19 is much riskier than the vaccine, especially for people with an underlying health condition.

    The COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. In comparison, having COVID-19 can cause severe illness or death in people with heart problems. For example, you may be more at risk for COVID-19 complications if you have:

    • A heart valve problem

    • Heart failure

    • Atrial fibrillation

    Because of this, the CDC has recommended that people with heart conditions should get the vaccine.

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    Is The Vaccine Safe For People With Heart Disease

    The answer is that both the Pfizer vaccine that’s going to be available for some of us in Australia and the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine have been shown to be safe in people with heart disease. So, I would urge you to take it because if you don’t, the chances of getting serious illness with COVID are very high in people with cardiovascular disease.

    Risk Factors For Hypertension: Recent Research

    Recent research suggests that people with the signs and symptoms of hypertension are at high risk of developing complications from COVID infection. However, this is only true for those who have uncontrolled and untreated hypertension as opposed to those who take regular medication to manage their high blood pressure. Further research into the COVID vaccine side effects also suggests that people who have obvious signs and symptoms of hypertension can have certain common side effects from the vaccine.

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