What Do I Need To Know About The Covid
The COVID-19 vaccine is safe and easily available throughout the United States for anyone 5 years and older. There are currently three vaccines available: Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson . The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that adults age 18 and older get booster shots after completing the primary series, or first dose. Teens age 16 to 17 can now also get a Pfizer- booster. Information on each vaccine, their recommended schedules, and boosters are detailed in the article below.
Should I Take An Antihistamine Before Covid
According to the CDC, it is not currently recommended to take an antihistamine before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. Antihistamines do not prevent anaphylaxis, and their use might mask cutaneous symptoms, which could lead to a delay in the diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis. Instead, if you are concerned about anaphylaxis to the COVID-19 vaccine, discuss with a doctor prior to receiving the vaccine. After receiving the vaccine, make sure to stay at your vaccination site so that any allergic reaction or anaphylaxis can be treated promptly.
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Clinical studies conducted so far have observed that those with fatal complications can safely take their COVID vaccine, without suffering from side-effects. Dr Pandit agrees to the same and adds that people who have had cardiac problems in the past, suffered from heart attacks, renal failure or liver problems can tolerate the vaccine well with their drugs. Those on blood thinners should check the type of medication they are on, before administration.
Doctors do suggest that people who develop a heart attack in the week prior to the vaccination date skip the dose since they are still in recovery and the heavy medicinal doses may cause abject reactions.
If you are on a therapeutic drug used to support or treat the immune system, taking a vaccine after getting a go-ahead from the doctor will be a safer bet.
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Toss Your Mask And Stop Social Distancing Afterward
You’re not considered fully vaccinated against COVID-19 until 14 days after your final dose of the vaccine. So if you’ve only received your first dose of the Moderna or Pfizer vaccine, or it hasn’t been two weeks since your second dose , you still need to follow basic COVID-19 prevention guidelines. Even after that time, you should continue to wear a mask until the CDC and World Health Organization deem that it’s OK to stop using them.
What About Allergy Shots
Out of an abundance of caution, you should avoid getting any routine allergy shots on the same day as your COVID-19 vaccination, says Abinash Virk, M.D., an infectious disease expert at the Mayo Clinic.
The reason: There isnt enough research to determine whether getting the vaccine on the same day as an allergy shot is safe and effective, since any injection has the possibility, however faint, of messing with your bodys immune response. In this case, its just best to err on the side of caution. The recommended wait is similar to how we separate vaccines from the COVID-19 vaccine by 14 days, notes Dr. Virk. We recommend 48-hour separation from allergy shots to decrease the risk of adverse effects from the vaccine.
Experts at Penn Medicine, meanwhile, recommend separating shots by at least one full week. Ultimately, the decision will be up to you and your doctor, who knows your medical history and can take a personalized approach to your needs.
The same goes for prescription steroid medications for allergies, like Depo-Medrol and Kenalog, which have the potential to meddle with your immune systems reaction to the COVID-19 vaccines, Dr. Parikh says.
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If I Was Hospitalized With Covid And Received Remdesivir Can I Still Receive The Vaccine
Yes, you can still get the vaccine if you were treated with Remdesivir, but its more complicated if you received either convalescent plasma or one of the monoclonal antibody treatments like Bamlanivimab. The antibodies received might interfere with, or react with the vaccine. Its recommended to delay vaccinations for 90 days after receiving these treatments.
What Are The Side Effects And Effects On Spreading The Virus
Q: side effects for people with underlying health issues. Do they even know?
From Dr. William Moss, executive director of the International Vaccine Access Center.
A: Both use messenger RNA technology, a really novel vaccine platform. There still remain many questions to be answered as we go forward. At this juncture, were only going to know about short-term side effects, but we need to know whether there are any potential rare, long-term side effects. Short-term side effects that we know of now appear in about 5% to 15% of participants. They include inflammation, soreness at the injection site, a low-grade fever, headaches, muscle aches and fatigue. These can last from 12 to 36 hours after vaccination.
Q: Can I get COVID-19 from the vaccine?
From Side Effects Public Media
A: No. The COVID-19 vaccine doses developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna have been in development for about three decades, but are only now being used for COVID-19. According to the CDC, mRNA vaccines teach your cells how to make a protein or even just a piece of a protein that triggers an immune response inside our bodies. That immune response, which produces antibodies, is what protects you from getting infected if the real virus enters our bodies.
Q: Do I still have to wear a mask once I have the vaccine?
From Side Effects Public Media
Q: How is the vaccine put together and what are its elements?
A: We found a good explanation in this video from Georgia Tech.
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If The Pfizer And Moderna Vaccines Are Both Mrna Vaccines Why Does One Need To Be Stored At
The temperature differences are requirements from the manufacturers and are related to proprietary information they have on what the most stable temperature is for their vaccine. Although both are MRNA vaccines, there are differences in the genetic sequences used and the coating used to get the MRNA into our cells.
With the exception of one medication, President Donald Trump received the same care and treatments as all other COVID-19 patients.
The monoclonal antibody treatments are now available for non-hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID. Both state and federal agencies that track their use have commented that there hasnt been widespread adoption of those treatments — specifically Bamlanivimab from Eli Lilly and the combination product from Regeneron. Some facilities are using them consistently, but the overall demand for the treatment hasnt been what some had thought it would be.
Preparing For Your Covid
CDC has updated its recommendations for COVID-19 vaccines with a preference for people to receive an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine . Read CDCs media statement.
COVID-19 vaccines are effective at protecting you from getting sick even if you have had COVID-19. Vaccination is an important tool to help us get back to normal. This information will help you prepare for your COVID-19 vaccination.
Learn more about the different types of COVID-19 vaccines and how they work.
- Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for everyone ages 5 years and older
- Moderna COVID-19 vaccine for adults ages 18 years and older
- Johnson & Johnsons Janssen COVID-19 vaccine for adults ages 18 years and older
Find a COVID-19 vaccine or booster: Search vaccines.gov, text your ZIP code to 438829, or call 1-800-232-0233 to find locations near you.
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Wear A Mask Or Face Covering
Your vaccine provider will likely require you to wear a mask, but wear one even if they don’t. Masks are still proven to slow the spread of COVID-19 viral particles, and you’ll be in relatively close quarters with strangers — and you’re not vaccinated yet.
It’s still important to wear a mask in public.
/13when Should You Alert A Vaccination Provider
Doctors and health bodies recommend vaccination for everyone right now facing critical danger from COVID. However, alerting your vaccinator about your condition beforehand can help them better deal with any reactions or side-effects which may happen.
Get the vaccine when you can. As a rule, inform your vaccinator if you suffer from any of these conditions:
-Have any allergies.
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If You Had A Severe Allergic Reaction To A Covid
Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction after receiving a particular type of COVID-19 vaccine should not get another dose of that type of vaccine. The vaccines made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna are considered one type of COVID-19 vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine made by Johnson & Johnson/Janssen is considered another type .
A severe allergic reaction can cause a rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, swelling of the throat, or a generalized rash or hives. A person with a severe allergic reaction needs to be treated with epinephrine and should seek immediate medical attention.
Learn about common side effects of COVID-19 vaccines and when to call a doctor.
How Many Patients Had Reactions
Of the 429 high-risk patients who received their first dose of the Pfizer vaccine under medical supervision:
- 420 experienced no immediate allergic reaction
- 6 developed minor allergic reactions
- 3 experienced anaphylaxis
The researchers gave a second dose of the Pfizer vaccine to 218 of the 429 high-risk patients. Of those patients:
- 214 did not have any allergic reaction
- 4 experienced minor allergic reactions
- None experienced anaphylaxis
While the data from the study mirrored the findings of Pfizer’s Phase 3 clinical trial, its cohort included a higher percentage of women than the Pfizer trial , because there is an overall higher incidence of allergic reactions in women.
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Answering Questions On Covid Vaccines Vaccination Process
Frank McGeorge, MD, Local 4’s Good Health Medical Expert
DETROIT Since the coronavirus pandemic began, Dr. Frank McGeorge has been keeping viewers up-to-date and informed on all fronts.
Hes been answering your questions about the vaccine, the vaccination process and more.
How To Stay Safe Before And After Vaccination
Follow Fauci’s fundamentals and help end this pandemic, no matter where you livewear a face mask that fits snugly and is double layered, don’t travel, social distance, avoid large crowds, don’t go indoors with people you’re not sheltering with , practice good hand hygiene, get vaccinated when it becomes available to you, and to protect your life and the lives of others, don’t visit any of these 35 Places You’re Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Eat This, Not That!
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People Who Should Wait To Get Vaccinated
If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma while sick with COVID-19, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. If you received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma after you were exposed to someone with COVID-19 to prevent you from getting sick, you should wait 30 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your healthcare professional if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
If you or your child have a history of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults or children , consider delaying vaccination until you have recovered from being sick and for 90 days after the date of diagnosis of MIS-A or MIS-C. Learn more about the clinical considerations for people with a history of MIS-A or MIS-C.
Dont Take A Pain Reliever Before Your Covid
As for whether you should try to preempt your vaccine side effects with a pain reliever, Cennimo advises against it.
In the COVID-19 vaccine trials, people were not given an NSAID or acetaminophen before the injection, so we do not know what if any effect premedication would have, he said. Because of these theoretical risks, it is not advised.
Cennimo said the pre-COVID-19 vaccine research in children found that taking a fever-reducing drug only affected the production of antibodies if the drug was taken before the injection.
I would recommend waiting until someone experiences side effects of fever or pain that require fever-reducing or pain-reducing medications, she said, and not to take them as a prophylaxis to prevent vaccine related symptoms.
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Should You Take Pain Relief Medications Such As Tylenol Or Motrin Before Getting The Covid
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not recommend taking pain relief medication before vaccination. It is unknown if those medications will decrease the effectiveness of the vaccine.
For pain, discomfort or fever after the vaccine, you may take these medicines as long as you have no medical reason to avoid them.
Can You Take Allergy Meds After The Covid
So far, nearly half of all Americans have received at least one dose of the available COVID-19 vaccines, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .
If your appointment is fast approaching, you might be wondering whether you can continue taking your usual allergy meds before and after your jab. Thankfully, most over-the-counter allergy drugs like antihistamines are perfectly safe to usebut the same isnt necessarily true for allergy shots or prescription meds.
Heres everything you need to know about taking allergy medications before and after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, according to doctors.
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Should You Worry About Allergic Reactions To The Covid
Allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine are possible, but rarethey occur in every two to five people per million vaccinated, per the CDC. This type of allergic reaction almost always presents within 30 minutes of the shot, which is why you have to wait 15 to 30 minutes before leaving your vaccination site.
The majority of allergy patients can take the vaccine with no problem.
Fortunately, vaccination providers have medicines available to effectively and immediately treat patients who experience anaphylaxis following vaccination, the CDC notes. This means that you should not attempt to treat any adverse reaction on your own with OTC allergy medications.
Anyone with a history of severe allergic reactions for any reason should be aware of the risks of anaphylaxis from the COVID-19 vaccine. If you are allergic to polyethylene glycol, polysorbate, or any of the components in the available COVID-19 vaccines, you should not receive the vaccine, per the CDC.
When in doubt, talk to your doctor to discuss your options. Consult an allergist if you are worried you may be allergic to the vaccine, Dr. Parikh recommends. The majority of allergy patients can take the vaccine with no problem.
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If I Have A History Of Severe Allergies What Should I Bring To My Covid
If you have a history of severe allergic reactions, it is important to take the following steps before receiving the vaccine:
- Consult with your doctor prior to getting the vaccine to make sure that you are not allergic to one of the vaccine ingredients, such as polyethylene glycol . Your doctor should conduct a risk assessment to determine the type/severity of past allergic reactions and to review the circumstances under which they occurred.
- If you have already had an allergic reaction to a first dose of the vaccine, you must consult with your doctor to make sure you are not endangering yourself.
- Whether you are getting the vaccine at a hospital, pharmacy, or pop-up site, confirm ahead of time that the facility has the appropriate supplies and staff to treat anaphylaxis and is located in a place where an ambulance can arrive within 5 to 10 minutes.
- If you have an EpiPen, bring it with you and make sure you know how to use it. Confirm that the facility administering the vaccine has staff who can administer it to you if necessary.
- Upon receiving the vaccine, wait at least 30 minutes after the vaccine injection to make sure that you can get fast treatment if you have an allergic reaction.
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COVID vaccines work to generate a robust immune response upon injection. The potential effectiveness of the vaccines may come down to how well your body responds to it.
For the ones suffering from comorbidities, a slow immune response may be a possibility, in some extreme cases. Usage of some drugs may also make the body ‘busy’, leading to a delayed immune response to the vaccine.
That being said, if you are someone enlisted to get the vaccine in the coming while, there are certain medicines and therapies which may make you want to double-check with the doctor or postpone an appointment right now.
Management Of Anaphylaxis At A Covid
If anaphylaxis is suspected, take the following steps:
- Rapidly assess airway, breathing, circulation, and mentation .
- Place the patient in a supine position , with feet elevated, unless upper airway obstruction is present, or the patient is vomiting.
- Epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis and should be administered immediately.
- In adults, administer a 0.3 mg intramuscular dose using a premeasured or prefilled syringe, or an autoinjector, in the mid-outer thigh .
- The maximum adult dose is 0.5 mg per dose.
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